• The Baron's Retainers, Mesdames Blythe and Gay, giving him the results of their readings
    The Baron's Retainers, Mesdames Blythe and Gay, giving him the results of their readings
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v retain keep in one's mind "I cannot retain so much information"
    • v retain secure and keep for possible future use or application "The landlord retained the security deposit","I reserve the right to disagree"
    • v retain allow to remain in a place or position or maintain a property or feature "We cannot continue several servants any longer","She retains a lawyer","The family's fortune waned and they could not keep their household staff","Our grant has run out and we cannot keep you on","We kept the work going as long as we could","She retained her composure","this garment retains its shape even after many washings"
    • v retain hold back within "This soil retains water","I retain this drug for a long time","the dam retains the water"
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: It is very common for babies in New Zealand to sleep on sheepskins. This is to help them gain weight faster, and retain their body heat
    • Retain To belong; to pertain. "A somewhat languid relish, retaining to bitterness."
    • Retain To continue to hold; to keep in possession; not to lose, part with, or dismiss; to restrain from departure, escape, or the like. "Thy shape invisible retain .""Be obedient, and retain Unalterably firm his love entire.""An executor may retain a debt due to him from the testator."
    • Retain To keep in pay; to employ by a preliminary fee paid; to hire; to engage; as, to retain a counselor. "A Benedictine convent has now retained the most learned father of their order to write in its defense."
    • Retain To keep; to continue; to remain.
    • Retain To restrain; to prevent.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Heat is better retained in moist air than in dry air,which is why tropical nights are warm and desert nights are cold.
    • retain To hold back; restrain; hinder from action, departure, or escape; keep back; detain.
    • retain To hold or keep in possession; reserve as one's own.
    • retain To continue in the use or practice of; preserve; keep up; keep from dying out: as, to retain a custom; to retain an appearance of youth.
    • retain To keep in mind; preserve a knowledge or idea of; remember.
    • retain To keep in pay; hire; take into service; especially, to engage by the payment of a preliminary fee: as, to retain counsel.
    • retain To entertain.
    • retain =Syn. 2–4. Reserve, Preserve, etc. See keep.
    • retain To keep on: continue.
    • retain To pertain; belong; be a dependent or retainer.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Most landfilled trash retains its original weight, volume, and form for 40 years.
    • v.t Retain rē-tān′ to keep in possession: to detain: to employ by a fee paid: to restrain: to keep up, as to retain a custom: to keep in mind
    • ***


  • Samuel Johnson
    “He that fails in his endeavors after wealth or power will not long retain either honesty or courage.”
  • Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe
    “What I possess I would gladly retain. Change amuses the mind, yet scarcely profits.”
  • Tryon Edwards
    “Compromise is but the sacrifice of one right or good in the hope of retaining another -- too often ending in the loss of both.”
  • Andre Breton
    “Nothing retains less of desire in art, in science, than this will to industry, booty, possession.”
  • Joe Davis
    Joe Davis
    “Study the best and highest things that are; but of yourself humble thoughts retain.”
  • Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe
    “In the end we retain from our studies only that which we practically apply.”


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. retainir, L. retinere,; pref. re-, re- + tenere, to hold, keep. See Tenable, and cf. Rein of a bridle, Retention Retinue
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.,—L. retinērere-, back, tenēre, to hold.


In literature:

Kuhlmann retains it in year VII.
"The Measurement of Intelligence" by Lewis Madison Terman
The flesh is eaten and the skin retained as wage for the work.
"The Tribes and Castes of the Central Provinces of India - Volume IV of IV" by R.V. Russell
Bavaria retains the administration of her own railways.
"The Governments of Europe" by Frederic Austin Ogg
Hence, the influence of revolution is felt, however low the velocity may be, provided sufficient striking force is retained to enter the body.
"Surgical Experiences in South Africa, 1899-1900" by George Henry Makins
They retain their vitality from seven to ten years.
"The Field and Garden Vegetables of America" by Fearing Burr
She retains the child, but it has no claim to succeed to her husband's property.
"The Tribes and Castes of the Central Provinces of India" by R. V. Russell
She died on the 7th of November 1838, in the eighty-fourth year of her age, and retaining her faculties to the last.
"The Modern Scottish Minstrel, Volumes I-VI." by Various
The product retains its solubility in water for a short period.
"Researches on Cellulose" by C. F. Cross
It is the biggest part of us that retains its voice.
"My Daily Meditation for the Circling Year" by John Henry Jowett
The body thus became hard and stony, and would retain its form for years.
"Campaigns of a Non-Combatant," by George Alfred Townsend
Aren't you his retainer?
"The Pirates of Ersatz" by Murray Leinster
These he retained to aid him to discover the secret of the philosopher's stone by a bolder method.
"Memoirs of Extraordinary Popular Delusions and the Madness of Crowds" by Charles Mackay
Luther insisted in retaining all that was not expressly forbidden.
"A Modern History, From the Time of Luther to the Fall of Napoleon" by John Lord
And yet am I quite sure of retaining them?
"Hortense, Makers of History Series" by John S. C. Abbott
To retain his health, therefore, is the first impulse to be conveyed to the boy.
"The Eugenic Marriage, Vol 2 (of 4)" by W. Grant Hague
After yielding a crop for some seven to nine weeks the beds are pretty well exhausted and hardly worth retaining longer.
"Mushrooms: how to grow them" by William Falconer
In 1821 he was appointed Surrogate of New York, a position which he retained for twenty years.
"As I Remember" by Marian Gouverneur
The elbow should not be retained in the extended position for more than three weeks.
"Manual of Surgery Volume Second: Extremities--Head--Neck. Sixth Edition." by Alexander Miles
Today the site is occupied by a large modern office building, which still retains the name of Tontine.
"All About Coffee" by William H. Ukers
The next day they journeyed quietly into Nottingham, taking only a few retainers with them.
"Robin Hood" by Paul Creswick

In poetry:

Their tones yet breathe as sweet a strain,
Their hearts are still as true,
And still their wonted love retain,
My friend, for me and you.
"Dwelling In Heaven" by James Avis Bartley
Happy, indeed, and sweet our pain,
However torn, however tost,
If, like the rose, our hearts retain
Some vestige of the heaven we've lost.
"The Progress Of The Rose" by Denis Florence MacCarthy
The face of the one
Is like the sun,
With its warmth, and light, and cheer;
But the faun looks down
With ugly frown,
And his lips retain a sneer.
"The Cascade" by John Lawson Stoddard
Your whole way with shining evil's coal
Margaret, they all do bravely judge.
What's your fault? The body sinned as such,
Innocent you have retained your soul.
"Lady With Camelias" by Marina Ivanova Tsvetaeva
Sweet Faun, whence comes thy power of retaining
Through storm and sunshine thine unchanging smile?
Forsaken thus, what comfort, still remaining,
Makes life worth while?
"Beside Lake Como" by John Lawson Stoddard
But still one touch retain'd it to the ground;
So that the love that beam'd up from its eyes
Flow'd evermore towards the distant skies,
And yet to earth the shape remain'd spell-bound.
"The Sculptor" by Walter Richard Cassels

In news:

Since it was a large chain store, I retained a lawyer to handle the case.
Does art retain the power to shock.
LENS DRYNESS Use Your Ears to Identify Lens Related Dryness Help retain contact lens wearers by "listening" to their symptoms.
Wilson County Election Commission voted 3-2 to retain Lynn Harris as administrator of elections during the panel's meeting on Wednesday.
Has reached an agreement with health insurer EmblemHealth Inc that allows EmblemHealth and Connecticare members to retain access to the Walgreens pharmacy network in 2012.
Endicott 's Jon Jones stops "Rampage" Jackson to retain UFC title in Denver.
A trio of Republicans will seemingly retain their seats as El Paso County commissioners as Sallie Clark, Amy Lathen and Dennis Hisey appear headed for victory in early returns Tuesday.
Record and retain for 1 year from each broadcast.
"Wicked" retains its magic at the Wharton Center.
The Broadway blockbuster retains its magic and spectacle at the Wharton Center.
Some of the darker tales can be a bit Grimm (yes, I had to go there), so it's nice to find a version that retains the storyline but with a new spin.
A living trust allows you to retain control of the trust property while you are alive.
The person who retains, manages and controls the property is called the trustee.
So in 2007, they retained LocumTenens .com, selected a cardiologist for a two-month period – and ended up hiring him.
Available in five different fragrances, the packaging retains the brand's gold text and informational hierarchy to ensure that the brand is still recognizable on the shelf.

In science:

They coincide Both time flows there and retain their commutativity property.
Solutions to WDVV from generalized Drinfeld-Sokolov hierarchies
Moreover in the large N limit with p fixed, we retain the W ’s with the maximal number of vertices.
Random incidence matrices: moments of the spectral density
We consider a bosonic model which can be treated analytically, while retaining salient features of more complex theories.
Two-Body Random Ensembles: From Nuclear Spectra to Random Polynomials
However, the relative precision has been retained.
Global VLBI Observations of Compact Radio Sources in M82
However, with the choice τ 00 = τ n0 = 0, τ mn 6= 0, we can suppress some of the potentially unphysical acausal behavior of the non-anticommutative amplitudes and retain some of the standard features of quantum field theory such as the canonical Hamiltonian formalism.
Non-Anticommutative Quantum Gravity
At finite N this vanishes by the Jacobi identity, but we shall retain it for the reasons noted above.
M(atrix) Theory: Matrix Quantum Mechanics as a Fundamental Theory
The gauge variables must be retained as quantum operators.
Quantum general invariance and loop gravity
In retaining the gauge variables it becomes possible to construct operators representing true spacetime distances, areas and volumes.
Quantum general invariance and loop gravity
Reducing the number of Fourier components retained would not help this problem.
A Search for Gamma-Ray Bursts and Pulsars, and the Application of Kalman Filters to Gamma-Ray Reconstruction
Such flux trapping corresponds directly to the ability of the qubit to retain its state in the experimental environment.
Exotic order in simple models of bosonic systems
We obtain Zn+1 from ω by retaining the states of all edges except possibly that of en .
The Random-Cluster Model
Suppose now that ζ is an mth primitive root of unity and retain the notations of 4.5–4.6.
Quantum loop modules
We hence use the lowest-Landau-level approximation of retaining only ˜∆(0) .
Theory of de Haas-van Alphen Effect in Type-II Superconductors
As long as the Gaussian nature of the dynamics is retained, the only relevant difference between different Gaussian polymer models is through the static size hR2 i and the equilibrium pair correlation φ(t).
Non-Gaussian dynamics from a simulation of a short peptide: Loop closure rates and effective diffusion coefficients
On a Dirichlet boundary, ˜ζ1 retains its standard value ˜ζ1 = 1, which can be derived directly, e.g., from the Green function formalism.
Conformal Fractal Geometry and Boundary Quantum Gravity