response

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n response a bodily process occurring due to the effect of some antecedent stimulus or agent "a bad reaction to the medicine","his responses have slowed with age"
    • n response the manner in which an electrical or mechanical device responds to an input signal or a range of input signals
    • n response a phrase recited or sung by the congregation following a versicle by the priest or minister
    • n response the manner in which something is greeted "she did not expect the cold reception she received from her superiors"
    • n response a statement (either spoken or written) that is made to reply to a question or request or criticism or accusation "I waited several days for his answer","he wrote replies to several of his critics"
    • n response the speech act of continuing a conversational exchange "he growled his reply"
    • n response a result "this situation developed in response to events in Africa"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Vampire bat saliva has been responsible for many advances in research into stroke recovery
    • Response A kind of anthem sung after the lessons of matins and some other parts of the office.
    • Response A repetition of the given subject in a fugue by another part on the fifth above or fourth below.
    • Response An answer or reply.
    • Response Reply to an objection in formal disputation.
    • Response The act of responding.
    • Response The answer of the people or congregation to the priest or clergyman, in the litany and other parts of divine service.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: It has been suggested that shepherds are responsible for inventing the game golf. It is said that they used to use their staffs to hit the stones
    • n response An answer or reply, or something in the nature of an answer or reply.
    • n response More specifically— An oracular answer.
    • n response In liturgics: A verse, sentence, phrase, or word said or sung by the choir or congregation in sequence or reply to the priest or officiant. Among the most ancient responses besides the responsories (which see) arc Et cum spiritu tuo after the Dominus vobiscum, Habemus ad Dominum after the Sursum Corda, Amen, etc. Sometimes the response is a repetition of something said by the officiant. A verse which has its own response subjoined, the two together often forming one sentence, is called a versicle. In liturgical books the signs and are often prefixed to the versicle and response respectively. Also (formerly) responsal.
    • n response A versicle or anthem said or sung during or after a lection; a respond or responsory.
    • n response Reply to an objection in formal disputation.
    • n response In music, sume as answer, 2 .
    • n response The act of responding or replying; reply: as, to speak in response to a question.
    • n response In biology, the reaction of a living being to a stimulus by a change that is brought about by its organic machinery and is fitted to prepare it for or protect it from some external change of which the stimulus is the sign, signal, or constant antecedent in that order of events which has prevailed in the ordinary or average environment of its species; the reaction of a living being to a stimulus by a change that, so far as we understand it, commends itself to our reason as prudent and judicious. Winking when a blow is threatened, considered as a means for protecting the eyeball from threatened danger, and the growth of the radicle of the germinating seedling toward moisture and soluble food under the stimulus of gravity, while the plumule grows toward the sunlight and the air under the same stimulus, are illustrations of response as an answer, as contrasted with ‘reaction’ in the ordinary meaning of the latter word. While a response may commend itself to the reason, it is not essential that it be understood by the being that exhibits it. The chick runs to its mother for protection from threatened danger when its auditory machinery is stimulated by her warning cry, although it may not know the source of danger nor even what danger and protection are. Since the stimulus that leads to a responsive act is a signal which may be misinterpreted, any living being may make blunders or be misled, as we may ourselves be deceived when we think we know more than the facts warrant. The study of the physical properties of stimuli and the study of the structure and functional activity of organisms are valuable aids in the study of response, but its essential characteristic—that which makes it an answer, its meaning—is not to be found in the living body. Its existence is in the relation between the living being or its ancestors and the average environment of the species.
    • n response In physiology, the reaction of a living body or an organ or part of such a body to a stimulus, considered apart from any biological meaning that it may or may not have.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Americans are responsible for generating roughly 20% percent of the garbage in the world
    • Response a reply: an oracular answer: the answer made by the congregation to the priest during divine service: reply to an objection in a formal disputation: a short anthem sung at intervals during a lection
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Quotations

  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “None of us are responsible for all the things that happen to us, but we are responsible for the way we act when they do happen.”
  • Rabindranath Tagore
    Rabindranath%20Tagore
    “What is Art? It is the response of man's creative soul to the call of the Real.”
  • Richard Bach
    Richard%20Bach
    “The way to avoid responsibility is to say, I've got responsibilities.”
  • Louise L. Hay
    Louise L. Hay
    “We are each responsible for all of our experiences.”
  • John Enoch Powell
    John Enoch Powell
    “I will not surrender responsibility for my life and my actions.”
  • Anthony Robbins
    Anthony%20Robbins
    “Whatever happens, take responsibility.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OF. response, respons, F. réponse, from L. responsum, from respondere,. See Respond
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.,—L. respondēre, responsumre-, back, spondēre, to promise.

Usage

In literature:

Herr Carovius said to himself: somebody is responsible for all this.
"The Goose Man" by Jacob Wassermann
Responsibility comes to him who seeks responsibility.
"The Armed Forces Officer" by U. S. Department of Defense
What larger responsibilities may devolve upon him can only be guessed.
"An African Adventure" by Isaac F. Marcosson
The U.S. Army has principal responsibility for Baghdad and the north.
"The Iraq Study Group Report" by United States Institute for Peace
For it is not often a lad of fourteen is given such responsibility, even though brought up on the railroad.
"The Young Railroaders" by Francis Lovell Coombs
Now he saw, not only that she was happy, but that he was responsible for her happiness.
"The Creators" by May Sinclair
Other questions got the same response.
"New York Times Current History; The European War, Vol 2, No. 4, July, 1915" by Various
Saving life has its responsibilities, little gal.
"Northern Lights" by Gilbert Parker
The position you occupy, then, is one of most fearful responsibility.
"Select Temperance Tracts" by American Tract Society
The form cannot be laid on from the outside; it is born and must develop in response to vital need.
"The Gate of Appreciation" by Carleton Noyes
Besides, she understood the man's responsibility and wished to help him.
"The Watchers of the Plains" by Ridgewell Cullum
You've got to wake up to your social responsibilities.
"Otherwise Phyllis" by Meredith Nicholson
It seemed to him that selling the shares was very like running away from the responsibility.
"Changing Winds" by St. John G. Ervine
But woman must be responsible to herself; no longer must she follow men.
"The Truth About Woman" by C. Gasquoine Hartley
In response some 540 hours of work were given by volunteers.
"The History of Woman Suffrage, Volume VI" by Various
He took an ultra serious view of matrimonial responsibilities.
"The One-Way Trail" by Ridgwell Cullum
But to judge, we are taught, is a great responsibility.
"St. Paul's Epistle to the Romans, Vol. I" by Charles Gore
As a part of this responsibility the assembly appoints and recalls the supreme commander of the armed forces.
"Area Handbook for Romania" by Eugene K. Keefe, Donald W. Bernier, Lyle E. Brenneman, William Giloane, James M. Moore, and Neda A. Walpole
Part of your new-found responsibilities.
"Lady Cassandra" by Mrs George de Horne Vaizey
And the response he had prayed for, the response he had made up his mind to force at all hazards, came quavering from the upper floor.
"The Gray Mask" by Wadsworth Camp
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In poetry:

For a while
Let it be enough:
The responsive smile,
Though effort goes into it.
"Late Evening Song" by Weldon Kees
And as I clasp all this at once,
And feeling no alloy,
I teach my heart to give response
To each sweet call of joy.
"Summer Dreamings" by Alexander Anderson
"Still may my melting bosom cleave
To sufferings not my own;
And still the sigh responsive heave,
Where'er is heard a groan.
"Addressed To Miss Macartney, Afterwards Mrs. Greville, On Reading The Prayer For Indifference" by William Cowper
"Lo, here I stand, at your command,
To chant your deeds, O king!"
And weapons clash and hauberks crash
Responsive to his string.
"The Bard Of Wales" by Janos Arany
An answer to our cries—
A brave response to our most valiant hope.
Unto the light of day this word might ope
A million mysteries.
"Reality" by Emma Lazarus
With notes combin'd, alike they sing,
Responsive to the tuneful string,
Harmoniously alike they laud
With harp and voice th' eternal God.
"Concerning The New Jerusalem" by Rees Prichard

In news:

Déjà vu all over again Residents, city evaluate superstorm response and consider how to do better.
I got a lot of great responses from my last Singletrack about Idaho backcountry biking, so one good ride deserves another.
Anti-hero Sean Avery's return to Dallas for the first time since he was run out of town early in the 2008-09 season following 23 games of employment elicited little response from the paying customers.
The authors will review your responses and give their feedback in coming weeks.
White House knew 2 hours after Libya attack that Ansar al-Sharia claimed responsibility, emails show.
These results don't prove for sure that the antibodies are responsible for clearing out the virus, Kobinger says.
Catania has sent a letter to the District's chief financial officer seeking a response to an internal audit that questioned oversight of the city's property appraisal database.
The industry's blunder-buss response doesn't help.
Phillip Cameron Dean received his Order to Report for Induction' on September 13, 1961, one of the first to report in response to the new draft.
"I love seeing kids' response or just even adults' responses to the art once it's complete," said Myers.
Direct response marketers tend to pioneer marketing technology, especially when it is cost-effective and measurable QR codes, or quick response codes, are just that.
Strong anti-US protests have swept across more than a dozen countries in response to an inflammatory video, but Pakistan's response has been comparatively muted because of preemptive government action.
Obama's response to the Iranian election is the proper response.
The Council For Responsible Sport is developing an updated list of standards for races to be certified as environmentally and socially responsible.
Responsible antibiotic use is everyone's responsibility.
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In science:

Figure 4. Block d iagram o f the system decompos ition implied by the slice represen ta tion . Each of the paralle l channels corresponds to a primary signa ture. It comprises a cascade consis ting of a DSNL fo llowed by a linear filter. The full system response is the sum o f all of the parallel channel responses.
Improved Volterra Kernel Methods with Applications to the Visual System
Input 1 and 2 contributions are each of similar magnitude to that of the total response. Therefore, it is not surprising that the mutual contribution is negative going and roughly of the same size, because the compression puts a limit on the magnitude of the system response for large inputs.
Improved Volterra Kernel Methods with Applications to the Visual System
We expect this orientation-change response to be symmetric, given that horizontal and vertical stimulus orientations are both strongly represented and not distinguishable in the mass response of the EEG.
Improved Volterra Kernel Methods with Applications to the Visual System
These fluctuation interactions have two distinct components: (i) a classical or thermal component due to the zero frequency response of the dipoles and (ii) a quantum component due to the non zero frequency/quantum response of the dipoles.
Thermal Casimir effect between random layered dielectrics
IO chips used in telecommunications are usually required to show a flat response on short bandpasses ( ∆λ ≈20-30nm) while here we have extended the couplers and tricouplers and phase shifter response to more than ≈ 150 nm around 1.6µm (Labeye 2008).
An integrated optics beam combiner for the second generation VLTI instruments
Of utmost importance, however, is the linearity of the detector response, or the ability to control and correct for a non-linear response.
Compton Cherenkov Detector Development for ILC Polarimetry
Another two methods were developed to measure the DNL: one measures the difference between the PD’s response to the initial (variable) pulse Pi and its response to the pulse Pi + p with p being a very small fix pulse.
Compton Cherenkov Detector Development for ILC Polarimetry
As an alternative to the Boltzmann response, one may consider the ‘no response’ model, δfe ≈ 0.
The theory of gyrokinetic turbulence: A multiple-scales approach
Note that a modified Boltzmann response (see equation 2.69 of Dor93) would be more correct than this pure Boltzmann response.
The theory of gyrokinetic turbulence: A multiple-scales approach
The response is described either by known regression function with unknown parameters or by multivariate linear or quadratic model which is valid at a design subspace. A primary ob jective is to estimate parameters or find conditions which maximize response.
Improvement of random LHD for high dimensions
However the use of GFR shows how, in both examples, the response is given by a sum of different contributes, and in some special limits, the cross correlation term can be neglected and a comparison between the response and the autocorrelation does make sense.
The fluctuation-dissipation relation: how does one compare correlation functions and responses?
On the contrary, when this approximation is not correct, a response-autocorrelation plot shows strong deviations from linearity, but can be predicted by taking into account all the contributes in the computation of the response.
The fluctuation-dissipation relation: how does one compare correlation functions and responses?
These fluctuation interactions have two distinct components: (i) a classical or thermal component due to the zero frequency response of the dipoles and (ii) a quantum component due to the non-zero frequency/quantum response of the dipoles.
The effects of dielectric disorder on van der Waals interactions in slab geometries
This effect was noted by Kilic et al [53, 54] for the response to a sudden dc voltage, but its influence on strongly nonlinear ac response is more complicated.
Strongly nonlinear dynamics of electrolytes in large ac voltages
The simplest way to measure the relative gains of PMTs is to provide light flashes to the camera and plot the response of each PMT against the response of some kind of monitor which measures the absolute light output of the flasher.
An LED-based Flasher System for VERITAS
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