reserve

Definitions

  • The Headquarters Company of the Reserve Mallet taking its bath at Chavigeny Farm
    The Headquarters Company of the Reserve Mallet taking its bath at Chavigeny Farm
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v reserve give or assign a resource to a particular person or cause "I will earmark this money for your research","She sets aside time for meditation every day"
    • v reserve obtain or arrange (for oneself) in advance "We managed to reserve a table at Maxim's"
    • v reserve hold back or set aside, especially for future use or contingency "they held back their applause in anticipation"
    • v reserve arrange for and reserve (something for someone else) in advance "reserve me a seat on a flight","The agent booked tickets to the show for the whole family","please hold a table at Maxim's"
    • n reserve the trait of being uncommunicative; not volunteering anything more than necessary
    • n reserve formality and propriety of manner
    • n reserve armed forces that are not on active duty but can be called in an emergency
    • n reserve a district that is reserved for particular purpose
    • n reserve an athlete who plays only when a starter on the team is replaced
    • n reserve something kept back or saved for future use or a special purpose
    • n reserve (medicine) potential capacity to respond in order to maintain vital functions
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Additional illustrations & photos:

AN INDIAN RESERVATION AN INDIAN RESERVATION

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Reserves from the Irish army were used as extras in the movie "Braveheart."
    • Reserve (Mil) A body of troops in the rear of an army drawn up for battle, reserved to support the other lines as occasion may require; a force or body of troops kept for an exigency.
    • Reserve A preparation used on an object being electroplated to fix the limits of the deposit.
    • Reserve (Calico Printing) A resist.
    • Reserve A tract of land reserved, or set apart, for a particular purpose; as, the Connecticut Reserve in Ohio, originally set apart for the school fund of Connecticut; the Clergy Reserves in Canada, for the support of the clergy.
    • Reserve (Banking) Funds kept on hand to meet liabilities.
    • Reserve Hence, to keep in store for future or special use; to withhold from present use for another purpose or time; to keep; to retain; to make a reservation{7}. "Hast thou seen the treasures of the hail, which I have reserved against the time of trouble?""Reserve your kind looks and language for private hours."
    • Reserve In exhibitions, a distinction which indicates that the recipient will get a prize if another should be disqualified.
    • Reserve Restraint of freedom in words or actions; backwardness; caution in personal behavior. "My soul, surprised, and from her sex disjoined,
      Left all reserve , and all the sex, behind."
      "The clergyman's shy and sensitive reserve had balked this scheme."
    • Reserve (Finance) That part of the assets of a bank or other financial institution specially kept in cash in a more or less liquid form as a reasonable provision for meeting all demands which may be made upon it;
    • Reserve That which is excepted; exception. "Each has some darling lust, which pleads for a reserve ."
    • Reserve That which is reserved, or kept back, as for future use. "The virgins, besides the oil in their lamps, carried likewise a reserve in some other vessel for a continual supply."
    • Reserve The act of reserving, or keeping back; reservation. "However any one may concur in the general scheme, it is still with certain reserves and deviations."
    • Reserve (Finance) The amount of funds or assets necessary for a company to have at any given time to enable it, with interest and premiums paid as they shall accure, to meet all claims on the insurance then in force as they would mature according to the particular mortality table accepted. The reserve is always reckoned as a liability, and is calculated on net premiums. It is theoretically the difference between the present value of the total insurance and the present value of the future premiums on the insurance. The reserve, being an amount for which another company could, theoretically, afford to take over the insurance, is sometimes called the reinsurance fund or the self-insurance fund. For the first year upon any policy the net premium is called the initial reserve, and the balance left at the end of the year including interest is the terminal reserve. For subsequent years the initial reserve is the net premium, if any, plus the terminal reserve of the previous year. The portion of the reserve to be absorbed from the initial reserve in any year in payment of losses is sometimes called the insurance reserve, and the terminal reserve is then called the investment reserve.
    • Reserve To keep back; to retain; not to deliver, make over, or disclose. "I have reserved to myself nothing."
    • Reserve To make an exception of; to except.
    • Reserve (Mil) troops trained but released from active service, retained as a formal part of the military force, and liable to be recalled to active service in cases of national need (see Army organization, above).
    • Reserve (Finance) Usually, the uninvested cash kept on hand for this purpose, called the real reserve. In Great Britain the ultimate real reserve is the gold kept on hand in the Bank of England, largely represented by the notes in hand in its own banking department; and any balance which a bank has with the Bank of England is a part of its reserve. In the United States the reserve of a national bank consists of the amount of lawful money it holds on hand against deposits, which is required by law (in 1913) to be not less than 15 per cent (U. S. Rev. Stat. secs. 5191, 5192), three fifths of which the banks not in a reserve city (which see) may keep deposited as balances in national banks that are in reserve cities (U. S. Rev. Stat. sec. 5192).
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: In Georgia, movie houses that want to show films on Sunday must reserve one showing a month for religious material.
    • reserve To keep back; keep in store for future or other use; preserve; withhold from present use for another purpose; keep back for a time: as, a reserved seat.
    • reserve To preserve; keep safe; guard.
    • reserve To make an exception of; except, as from the conditions of an agreement.
    • reserve Synonyms Reserve, Retain, etc. See keep.
    • n reserve The act of reserving or keeping back.
    • n reserve That which is reserved or kept for other or future use; that which is retained from present use or disposal.
    • n reserve Something in the mind withheld from disclosure; a reservation.
    • n reserve Self-imposed restraint of freedom in words or actions; the habit of keeping back or restraining the feelings; a certain closeness or coldness toward others; caution in personal behavior.
    • n reserve An exception; something excepted.
    • n reserve In law, reservation.
    • n reserve In banking, that part of capital which is retained in order to meet average liabilities, and is therefore not employed in discounts or temporary loans. See bank, 4.
    • n reserve Milit.:
    • n reserve The body of troops, in an army drawn up for battle, reserved to sustain the other lines as occasion may require; a body of troops kept for an exigency.
    • n reserve That part of the fighting force of a country which is in general held back, and upon which its defense is thrown when its regular forces are seriously weakened or defeated: as, the naval reserve. In countries where compulsory service exists, as Germany, the reserve denotes technically that body of troops in the standing army who have served in the line, before their entry into the landwehr. The period of service is about four years.
    • n reserve A magazine of warlike stores situated between an army and its base of operations.
    • n reserve In theology, the system according to which only that part of the truth is set before the people which they are regarded as able to comprehend or to receive with benefit: known also as economy. Compare discipline of the secret, under discipline.
    • n reserve In calico-printing and other processes, same as resist, 2.
    • n reserve Same as reservation, 3.
    • n reserve Synonyms Retention.
    • n reserve Restraint, distance.
    • reserve In ecclesiastical, to retain or preserve (a portion of the consecrated elements) for certain purposes.
    • n reserve In postal service, a fixed amount of cash retained at a money-order station to meet orders payable at that station.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In India and Iran, the part of the house reserved for women is called a "zenana."
    • v.t Reserve rē-zėrv′ to keep back: to keep for future or other use: to retain, except: to keep safe
    • n Reserve that which is reserved: that which is kept for future use: a part of an army or a fleet reserved to assist those engaged in action: that which is kept back in the mind: mental concealment: absence of freedom in words or action: caution: that part of capital which is retained to meet average liabilities
    • ***

Quotations

  • W. H. Sheldon
    W. H. Sheldon
    “Happiness is essentially a state of going somewhere wholeheartedly, one-directionally, without regret or reservation.”
  • Elton Trueblood
    Elton Trueblood
    “Faith is not belief without proof, but trust without reservation.”
  • Henry David Thoreau
    Henry%20David%20Thoreau
    “One of the most attractive things about the flowers is their beautiful reserve.”
  • Robin G. Collingwood
    Robin G. Collingwood
    “Perfect freedom is reserved for the man who lives by his own work and in that work does what he wants to do.”
  • Thucydides
    Thucydides
    “Ignorance is bold and knowledge reserved.”
  • Pythagoras
    Pythagoras
    “In this theater of man's life, it is reserved only for God and angels to be lookers-on.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. réserver, L. reservare, reservatum,; pref. re-, re- + servare, to keep. See Serve

Usage

In literature:

Should the cavalry be in reserve behind the infantry, or should it be placed upon the wings?
"Elements of Military Art and Science" by Henry Wager Halleck
Do not become absorbed in the story; reserve all your attention for the technique and the force of the acting.
"The Art of Public Speaking" by Dale Carnagey (AKA Dale Carnegie) and J. Berg Esenwein
Van, on his horse, gazed over towards the Indian reservation idly.
"The Furnace of Gold" by Philip Verrill Mighels
A Company was held in reserve in isolated trenches.
"The Story of the 6th Battalion, The Durham Light Infantry" by Unknown
The day at Pond's Farm was more than a sad one when the old Ninth was made into a Reserve Battalion.
"Private Peat" by Harold R. Peat
I am far from blaming this scrupulous reserve; when moderation is united to firmness, it becomes power.
"Biographies of Distinguished Scientific Men" by Francois Arago
Of course, then, by the tenth amendment, the power is reserved to the State.
"Memoir, Correspondence, And Miscellanies, From The Papers Of Thomas Jefferson" by Thomas Jefferson
On the 18th the Battalion moved to reserve at Vaughan's Bank by Epehy, from whence on the 22nd it moved into reserve at Tincourt.
"The Story of the "9th King's" in France" by Enos Herbert Glynne Roberts
Jicarilla Apache (Southern Ute Reservation, Colorado) 808 Lipan with Tonkaway on Oakland Reserve, Indian Territory 15?
"Indian Linguistic Families Of America, North Of Mexico" by John Wesley Powell
But he felt now that in her simplicity she had always been reserved, almost strangely reserved for such a woman.
"Bella Donna" by Robert Hichens
The fighting here was of such a desperate nature, that General Leman hastened to reenforce with all his reserve.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume III (of 12)"
A gray-haired lieutenant was with the party striving to get this reserve into some kind of shape.
"Under Fire" by Charles King
Battalion Headquarters and "D" Company were stowed away in the reserve trenches.
"The Fifth Battalion Highland Light Infantry in the War 1914-1918" by F.L. Morrison
Reserve companies garrisoned these posts.
"The Story of the 2/4th Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry" by G. K. Rose
His impenetrable reserve chills the warmth of enthusiasm, while the fitfulness of his morals produces constant inquietude.
"Ernest Linwood" by Caroline Lee Hentz
Then reserves are fixed where you may not shoot at all.
"Northwest!" by Harold Bindloss
But there is an undertone of indignation, cropping up in every sentence, which belies the studied reserve.
"Thomas Jefferson" by Gilbert Chinard
Two facts thus far omitted from the general survey and reserved for special emphasis may now be remarked upon.
"The American Indian as Slaveholder and Seccessionist" by Annie Heloise Abel
The old reserve settled upon him once more.
"The Stronger Influence" by F.E. Mills Young
Fresh reserve troops, however, were too great a luxury for our small force.
"The First Seven Divisions" by Ernest W. Hamilton
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In poetry:

But warmth of feeling and sensation fine,
By mild reserve from common eyes conceal'd,
The ray of genius and the heart benign,
In artless gaiety so oft reveal'd--
"Elegy On Sophia Graham" by Matilda Betham
At the threshold of life hope leads us in—
Hope plays round the mirthful boy;
Though the best of its charms may with youth begin,
Yet for age it reserves its toy.
"Hope" by Friedrich von Schiller
He heard and might have granted,but he marked
The secret reservation of the soul,
The wish, that almost to itself unknown,
Forbade the prayer that on the accents stole.
"The Rejected Prayer" by Caroline Fry
And if thou hast, for whom is it reserved?
Father Eternal! is it not for us?
Was it an empty promise, when thou said'st
All things are yours, since I have loved you thus?
"The Rejected Prayer" by Caroline Fry
Without reserve, be lib'ral to the poor,
If thou art rich, thy riches do not spare —
A little give, if little is thy store —
Yet give it with a free and cheerful air.
"Advice To Distribute To The Poor, According To Every One's Circumstances And Abilities" by Rees Prichard
The man I trust, if shy to me,
Shall find me as reserved as he,
No subterfuge or pleading
Shall win my confidence again;
I will by no means entertain
A spy on my proceeding.
"Friendship" by William Cowper

In news:

Dynamo know reserves crucial for run at title.
Apparently it is never too early to make reservations for the London Olympics, but not all of the of Miami Heat's former Olympians are ready to call travel agents yet.
Big acts this weekend include Keith Urban, with American Idol finalist Kris Allen, on Friday at 7 pm General admission tickets are $55 and reserved seats cost $65 or $75.
Move Seen as Effort to Diversify Reserves Away From the Dollar.
Kristian Peters, CC some rights reserved.
But it's not clear to me whether her ambivalence is solely because of bad history or because of reservations about me.
Author Martin Amis seems to reserve his trademark sneer for photo shoots.
Growing up blond on the Navajo Reservation.
Reserve a portion of it for a dipping sauce.
In other news, a bombing at a Baghdad market killed at least 69 people, and the Federal Reserve said it will leave interest rates unchanged.
Remove birds to a platter and reserve warm.
Following petitioners' reading of the charges against Bongo and Bongo 's responses to the charges, the Tribal Council, also known as the Reservation Business Committee, met in a 10-minute closed session to choose the next step in the process.
Now the county is cutting this valuable service to the communities, schools and the Indian reservation it serves.
Members of the 7240th Army Reserve Unit of Kirksville gathered at A.T.
The Wind River Reservation is the setting of Margaret Coel's mystery series.
***

In science:

Thus, starting from a vertex v , a branching random walk killed when escaping [v − K L, v + K L] with this reservation procedure survives forever with probability at least θ(c)(1 − ε).
Effect of scale on long-range random graphs and chromosomal inversions
We apply the above reservation method to KBFS 1 (see the proof of Lemma 9).
Effect of scale on long-range random graphs and chromosomal inversions
Formally, we introduce a set ΩR of reserved vertices (initially ΩR =
Effect of scale on long-range random graphs and chromosomal inversions
By Lemma 10, with probability at least θ(c)(1 − ε) if n is large enough and L < n/(2K ), this search reveals at least k = δf0 (L) reserved vertices within Nv , and no more than Lζ ′ vertices in the range [v − K L, v + K L] have been explored (let Av denote this event).
Effect of scale on long-range random graphs and chromosomal inversions
While fewer than δf0 (L) vertices have been reserved in Ji , we know that fewer than f0 (L) vertices have in total been explored and thus Lemma 10 can still be applied.
Effect of scale on long-range random graphs and chromosomal inversions
On the above event, by the pigeonhole principle there must be at least one region of size at most L, denoted I , with more than L0.6/s reserved vertices from Cv .
Effect of scale on long-range random graphs and chromosomal inversions
Thus, given ¯E , we can find L0.43 reserved vertices from Cw and L0.6 reserved vertices from Cv in the interval I , with probability 1 − o(1) depending solely on ε and c.
Effect of scale on long-range random graphs and chromosomal inversions
Besides being involved (see the Appendix for the one-loop contribution), such a study is out of the scope of the present paper and therefore we reserve it for a future publication.
Scalar Quantum Field Theory in Disordered Media
Informally, Y is the set of ‘reserved’ vertices which we would like to keep non-exposed for later usage.
Getting directed Hamilton cycle twice faster
On other implementations it could, for example, be a reserved piece of FPGA fabric, an ASIC, or some time-sliced execution slot on a single- or multi- processor system.
Extending and Implementing the Self-adaptive Virtual Processor for Distributed Memory Architectures
Naturally we reserve the label Fg for the (velocity independent) field strength associated with the algebra g.
On the equation of motion for test particles in an ambient gravitational field as the Wong equation for a generalized gauge theory
We reserve the variable Y for N or S (which stand for north and south respectively). A W -edge (a, b) of D is functional when (a, c) ∈ D implies b = c.
Graphs of Plural Cuts
We reserve the more traditional terminology of “degree” for the number of neighbors of a vertex in a hypergraph.
Concentration and Moment Inequalities for Polynomials of Independent Random Variables
Borell, On the Taylor series of a Wiener polynomial, In Seminar Notes on Multiple Stochastic Integration, Polynomial Chaos and Their Integration, Case Western Reserve Univ.
Concentration and Moment Inequalities for Polynomials of Independent Random Variables
We have included the newtonian potential φ, in recognition of the fact that the ρ’ s are interpreted as mass densities, and the Stefan-Boltzmann pressure, reserving comments for Section III.
Relativistic thermodynamics
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