replication

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n replication the act of making copies "Gutenberg's reproduction of holy texts was far more efficient"
    • n replication the repetition of an experiment in order to test the validity of its conclusion "scientists will not believe an experimental result until they have seen at least one replication"
    • n replication copy that is not the original; something that has been copied
    • n replication the repetition of a sound resulting from reflection of the sound waves "she could hear echoes of her own footsteps"
    • n replication (law) a pleading made by a plaintiff in reply to the defendant's plea or answer
    • n replication a quick reply to a question or remark (especially a witty or critical one) "it brought a sharp rejoinder from the teacher"
    • n replication (genetics) the process whereby DNA makes a copy of itself before cell division
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Replication A repetition; a copy.
    • Replication An answer; a reply. "Withouten any repplicacioun ."
    • Replication Return or repercussion, as of sound; echo. "To hear the replication of your sounds."
    • Replication (Biochem) The copying, by enzymes, of a cell's genome, i.e. the DNA or RNA comprising its genetic material, so as to form an identical genome. This is an essential step in the division of one cell into two. This differs from transcription, which is the copying of only part of the genetic information of a cell's genome into RNA, as in the processes of biosynthesis of messenger RNA or ribosomal RNA.
    • Replication (Law Pleadings) The reply of the plaintiff, in matters of fact, to the defendant's plea.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n replication An answer; a reply.
    • n replication In law, the third step in the pleadings in a common-law action or bill in equity, being the reply of the plaintiff or complainant to the defendant's plea or answer.
    • n replication Return or repercussion of sound.
    • n replication In logic, the assuming or using of the same term twice in the same proposition.
    • n replication Repetition; hence, a copy; a portrait.
    • n replication A repeated folding or bending back of a surface.
    • n replication In music, the repetition of a tone at a higher or lower octave, or a combination of replicates together.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • Replication a reply: repetition:
    • Replication (law) the plaintiff's answer to a plea
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. replicatio,. See Reply
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. replier—L. replicāre, re-, back, plicāre, to fold.

Usage

In literature:

They are renewable and replicable.
"After the Rain" by Sam Vaknin
The answer to that was the Replication.
"The Crisis, Complete" by Winston Churchill
But there is something so very ungenerous in this mode of replication, as to require farther notice.
"An Essay on the Slavery and Commerce of the Human Species, Particularly the African" by Thomas Clarkson
The two versions are replicated together, with the formatting of each indicated in the titles below.
"Our Legal Heritage, 5th Ed." by S. A. Reilly
He answered every article in the charge; but no replication was made by the commons either to him or the earl of Orford.
"The History of England in Three Volumes, Vol.II. From William and Mary to George II." by Tobias Smollett
In Table 2 are given the results of ten tests on carefully replicated random samples of Snyder black walnuts.
"Northern Nut Growers Association Thirty-Fourth Annual Report 1943" by Various
Replicate: wings folded back upon the base; like the secondaries in Coleoptera.
"Explanation of Terms Used in Entomology" by John. B. Smith
No more replications or rejoinders, sir, down with the dust.
"Rookwood" by William Harrison Ainsworth
Thus, in a question of a right of way, the same counsel drew the declaration, the plea, and the replication.
"The History of Tasmania, Volume I (of 2)" by John West
No replication or decree is recorded.
"Shakespeare's Family" by Mrs. C. C. Stopes
The Dean and Canons' answer to the Poor Knights' second replication.
"Notes and Queries, Number 204, September 24, 1853" by Various
Replication of a common and popular American plow of the 18th century.
"Agricultural Implements and Machines in the Collection of the National Museum of History and Technology" by John T. Schlebecker
As I told you, your topical enzyme application has metastasized into your bloodstream and started to replicate, just like it did in Kristen.
"Syndrome" by Thomas Hoover
It was the fullest replication of revenge for all that had challenged it.
"The Phantoms of the Foot-Bridge and Other Stories" by Charles Egbert Craddock
To this, I shall very soon give my replication, and I hope the affair will be soon ended.
"The Diplomatic Correspondence of the American Revolution (Volume VI)" by Various
Theories concerning the problem of replication of cellular structures and information storage in two-dimensional systems are being developed.
"Significant Achievements in Space Bioscience 1958-1964" by National Aeronautics and Space Administration
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In poetry:

So, say:–It must be good to die, my friend!
It must be good and more than good, I deem;
'Tis all the replication I may send–
For deeper swimming seek a deeper stream.
"An Answer" by George Frederick Cameron

In news:

However, from the wreckage of the banged-up ballclub that would have been hard-pressed to replicate the Cardinals' postseason success, there's plenty of material to work with.
André 3000 sings and dances, backed by a band of seven digitally replicated Andrés.
Learn why one of the world's largest media companies chose Silver Peak virtual WAN Optimization for their cross country replication challenges including an on-demand media database requiring 7 x24 access.
Playoffs a possibility if Cowboys replicate play from last two weeks.
Owners want to replicate success of Miami casino.
Tea Party Looks To Replicate 2010 Gains.
Cruz's win may not be so easy to replicate .
Anniston 'auto spa' looks to replicate success in J'ville.
RepRap 3D Printers Will Soon Self- Replicate Like Bunnies.
World's oldest beer could be replicated , Finnish study finds.
Bruno Senna is confident of replicating his strong qualifying performance at the Hungaroring across the second half of the F1 season.
Did you ever try to replicate your favorite dish of Grandma 's.
Scientists Go Beyond Simply Halting HIV Replication.
Couple wants to replicate school of hard knocks for their kids.
The magic of the holiday season is hard to replicate.
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In science:

Using the dimension and character estimates from (5.24) and Lemma 5.10, one can replicate the ideas in the proof of Theorem 5.1.
Refined estimates for some basic random walks on the symmetric and alternating groups
Al-Khalili J, McFadden J (2008) Quantum Coherence and the Search for the First Replicator.
Magnetism, FeS colloids, and Origins of Life
The replication of data on many peers ensures that if a node is lost, data can still be retrieved from an alternative source.
Content Sharing for Mobile Devices
Where services or information is redundant in the system we can achieve robustness and fault-tolerance. Redundancy refers to the replication of data or services in the system.
Content Sharing for Mobile Devices
Moreover, taking a teleofunctional view as Sterelny et al. (1996) do for replicators in general, the hypothesis that genes are for transmission across generations is richly supported by the physical structure of the DNA.
The transmission sense of information
We assume for simplicity that the group G is finitely generated, and the action (G, X) is self-replicating, i.e., that the left action of G on the self-similarity bimodule M = X · G is transitive.
Combinatorial models of expanding dynamical systems
Moreover, since we assume that the action is self-replicating, every element of M can be written as g · x for a fixed x ∈ M.
Combinatorial models of expanding dynamical systems
The original motivation for randomizing nets was that it allowed independent replications for the purposes of estimating error.
Local antithetic sampling with scrambled nets
Shown are absolute errors for the Faure sequence and sample RMSEs from 300 replications for scrambled versions, in the quadrature example of Section 4.
Local antithetic sampling with scrambled nets
Tnn!TnnTnT and interaction order so large that there is no feas ible experiment. In estimating feasibi lity, the relevant facts are that one noise-free data point is required to solve for each parameter, and noise reduction goes with the inverse of the square root of the number of replications.
Improved Volterra Kernel Methods with Applications to the Visual System
The equivalence between these two schemes is not based solely on the equality of free energies of the two models; it is also based on the identity of the physical meaning of the (replicated) deformation fields in the two theories, and thus the way that these fields couple to externally applied forces.
Soft random solids and their heterogeneous elasticity
We shall use field-theoretic methods to analyze the disorder-averaged free energy [F ] and, more specifically, the replicated partition function Z1+n .
Soft random solids and their heterogeneous elasticity
To manage this issue, we separate the replicated space into a Lower Replica Sector (LRS), in which the density fluctuations are suppressed, and a Higher Replica Sector (HRS), which captures the correlations between different replicas, and develops an instability at the liquidto-random-solid transition.
Soft random solids and their heterogeneous elasticity
This energy actually describes the elastic energy of replicated shear deformations of the system, as we have explained in Section II E 2 (i.e., the Goldstone fluctuations in the RLPM are replicated shear deformations).
Soft random solids and their heterogeneous elasticity
By contrast, in the phenomenological model the replicated partition function Zn involves a functional integration over the n-fold replicated deformation field Rα , as in Eq. (3.5).
Soft random solids and their heterogeneous elasticity
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