relief

Definitions

  • the Triumphal Bas-reliefs of Kheops on The Rocks Of Wady Maghara
    the Triumphal Bas-reliefs of Kheops on The Rocks Of Wady Maghara
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n relief the act of reducing something unpleasant (as pain or annoyance) "he asked the nurse for relief from the constant pain"
    • n relief the act of freeing a city or town that has been besieged "he asked for troops for the relief of Atlanta"
    • n relief aid for the aged or indigent or handicapped "he has been on relief for many years"
    • n relief assistance in time of difficulty "the contributions provided some relief for the victims"
    • n relief sculpture consisting of shapes carved on a surface so as to stand out from the surrounding background
    • n relief a change for the better
    • n relief the feeling that comes when something burdensome is removed or reduced "as he heard the news he was suddenly flooded with relief"
    • n relief someone who takes the place of another (as when things get dangerous or difficult) "the star had a stand-in for dangerous scenes","we need extra employees for summer fill-ins"
    • n relief (law) redress awarded by a court "was the relief supposed to be protection from future harm or compensation for past injury?"
    • n relief the condition of being comfortable or relieved (especially after being relieved of distress) "he enjoyed his relief from responsibility","getting it off his conscience gave him some ease"
    • n relief a pause for relaxation "people actually accomplish more when they take time for short rests"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Triumphal Bas-relief of Pharaoh SahÛrÛ, on The Rocks of Wady Magharah Triumphal Bas-relief of Pharaoh SahÛrÛ, on The Rocks of Wady Magharah
Bas-relief in Ivory Bas-relief in Ivory
The Relief-- The Relief--
Showing altenate plain and decorated capitals on columns and interwoven arches in relief Showing altenate plain and decorated capitals on columns and interwoven arches in relief
Assyrian bas-relief Assyrian bas-relief
Bas-relief Bas-relief

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Relief (Feudal Law) A fine or composition which the heir of a deceased tenant paid to the lord for the privilege of taking up the estate, which, on strict feudal principles, had lapsed or fallen to the lord on the death of the tenant.
    • Relief Release from a post, or from the performance of duty, by the intervention of others, by discharge, or by relay; as, a relief of a sentry. "For this relief much thanks; 'tis bitter cold."
    • Relief That which removes or lessens evil, pain, discomfort, uneasiness, etc.; that which gives succor, aid, or comfort; also, the person who relieves from performance of duty by taking the place of another; a relay.
    • Relief The act of relieving, or the state of being relieved; the removal, or partial removal, of any evil, or of anything oppressive or burdensome, by which some ease is obtained; succor; alleviation; comfort; ease; redress. "He sees the dire contagion spread so fast,
      That, where it seizes, all relief is vain."
    • Relief (Paint) The appearance of projection given by shading, shadow, etc., to any figure.
    • Relief (Physical Geog) The elevations and surface undulations of a country.
    • Relief (Fort) The height to which works are raised above the bottom of the ditch.
    • Relief (Sculp. & Arch) The projection of a figure above the ground or plane on which it is formed.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n relief The act of relieving, or the state of being relieved: the removal, in whole or in part, of any pain, oppression, or burden, so that some ease is obtained; alleviation; succor; comfort.
    • n relief That which mitigates or removes pain, grief, want, or other evil.
    • n relief In Great Britain, assistance given under the poor-laws to a pauper: as, to administer outdoor relief.
    • n relief Release from a post of duty by a substitute or substitutes, who may act either permanently or temporarily; especially, the going off duty of a sentinel or guard whose place is supplied by another soldier.
    • n relief One who relieves another, as from a post of duty; a soldier who relieves another who is on guard; collectively, a company of soldiers who relieve others who are on guard.
    • n relief In sculp., arch., etc., the projection (in painting, the apparent projection) of a figure or feature from the ground or plane on which it is formed. Relief is, in general, of three kinds: high relief (alto-rilievo), low relief (basso-rilievo, bas-relief), and middle or half relief (mezzo-rilievo). The distinction lies in the degree of projection. High relief is that in which the figures project at least one half of their natural circumference from the background. In low relief the figures project but slightly from the ground, in such a manner that no part of them is entirely detached from it, as in medals, the chief effect being produced by the treatment of light and shadow. Middle or half relief is intermediate between the other two. The varieties of relief are still further distinguished as stiacciato rilievo, or very flat relief, the lowest possible relief, of which the projection in parts hardly exceeds the thickness of a sheet of paper; and cavo-riliew, hollow relief, also called intaglio rilevato, or cœlanaglyphic sculpture, an Egyptian form of relief obtained by cutting a furrow with sloping sides around a figure previously outlined on a stone surface, leaving the highest parts of the finished work on a level with the original surface-plane. See also cut in next column, and cuts under orant, Proserpine, alto-rilievo, and bas-relief.
    • n relief A work of art or decoration in relief of any of the varieties described above.
    • n relief In heraldry the supposed projection of a charge from the surface of the field, represented by shading with a heavier bounding-line on the sinister side and toward the base than on the dexter Side and toward the chief. Thus, if an escutcheon is divided into seven vertical stripes, alternately red and white, it would not he blazoned paly of seven gules and argent, as the rule is that paly is always of an even number, but the sinister side of three alternate stripes would be Shaded to indicate relief, and the blazoning would be gulea, three pallets argent, the assumption being that the pallets are in relief upon the field.
    • n relief In physical geography, the form of the surface of any part of the earth, considered in the most general way, and with special regard to differences of elevation: little used except in the name relief-map, by which is meant a geographical or geological map in which the form of the surface is expressed by elevations and depressions of the material used. Unless the scale of such relief-maps is very large, there must be considerable exaggeration, because differences of vertical elevations in nature are small as compared with superficial extent. Relief-maps are occasionally made by preparing a model of the region it is desired to exhibit, and then photographing this model under an oblique illumination. The relief of the surface is also frequently indicated on maps by various colors or by a number of tints of one color, Both hachure and contour-line maps also indicate the relief of the surface, to a greater or less extent, according to their scale and artistic perfection. Thus, the Dufour map of Switzerland, especially when photographed down to a small size, has in a very striking degree the effect of a photograph from an actual model, although in reality a hachure-map.
    • n relief In fortification, the perpendicular height of the interior crest of the parapet above the bottom of the ditch.
    • n relief Prominence or distinctness given to anything by something presenting a contrast to it, or brought into close relation with or proximity to it; a contrast.
    • n relief In hunting, a note sounded on the horn on reaching home after the chase.
    • n relief What is picked up; fragments left; broken meat given in alms.
    • n relief In law, that which a eourt of justice awards to a suitor as redress for the grievance of which he complains.
    • n relief In feudal law, a fine or composition which the heir of a tenant holding by knight's service or other tenure paid to the lord at the death of the ancestor, for the privilege of succeeding to the estate, which, on strict feudal principles, had lapsed or fallen to the lord on the death of the tenant. This relief consisted of horses, arms, money, etc., the amount of which was originally arbitrary, but afterward fixed by law. The term is still used in this sense in Scots law, being a sum exigible by a feudal superior from the heir who enters on a feu. Also called casualty of relief.
    • n relief Synonyms Mitigation.
    • n relief Help, aid, support.
    • n relief A portion that is elevated above the general surface; a ridge, hill, or mountain.
    • n relief In mineralogy, the character of the surface of a thin section of a mineral as shown under a microscope, depending on its refractive power relative to that of the substance in which it is embedded.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Relief rē-lēf′ the removal of any evil: release from a post or duty, replacement: one who replaces another: that which relieves or mitigates: aid: assistance to a pauper, as outdoor relief: a certain fine or composition paid by the heir of a tenant at the death of the ancestor: :
    • n Relief rē-lēf′ (fine art) the projection of a sculptured design from its ground, as low relief (bas-relief, basso-rilievo), middle relief (mezzo-rilievo), and high relief (alto-rilievo), according as the carved figures project very little, in a moderate degree, or in a very considerable degree from the background: a work of art executed in relief
    • n Relief rē-lēf′ (her.) the supposed projection of a charge from the surface of a field, indicated by shading on the sinister and lower sides: the condition of land surfaces as regards elevations and depressions—as indicated in a Relief′-map, in which the form of the country is expressed by elevations and depressions of the material used
    • ***

Quotations

  • Seneca
    Seneca
    “Death is the wish of some, the relief of many, and the end of all.”
  • Katherine Mansfield
    Katherine%20Mansfield
    “I always felt that the great high privilege, relief and comfort of friendship was that one had to explain nothing.”
  • Adlai E. Stevenson
    Adlai%20E.%20Stevenson
    “Golf is a fine relief from the tensions of office, but we are a little tired of holding the bag.”
  • Charlie Chaplin
    Charlie%20Chaplin
    “Laughter is the tonic, the relief, the surcease for pain.”
  • Sebastien-Roch Nicolas De Chamfort
    Sebastien-Roch%20Nicolas%20De%20Chamfort
    “Living is a sickness to which sleep provides relief every sixteen hours. It's a palliative. The remedy is death.”
  • Marcus Aurelius
    Marcus%20Aurelius
    “And thou wilt give thyself relief, if thou doest every act of thy life as if it were the last.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. relef, F. relief, properly, a lifting up, a standing out. See Relieve, and cf. Basrelief Rilievi
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. relefrelever, to raise up—L. re-, again, levāre, to raise.

Usage

In literature:

It was a great relief to us when we were told of it.
"Prescott of Saskatchewan" by Harold Bindloss
I believe I'm horribly worn out, Winny, and it will be a relief unspeakable to get away.
"Masters of the Wheat-Lands" by Harold Bindloss
When the trap had vanished from sight, he heaved a sigh of relief.
"Antony Gray,--Gardener" by Leslie Moore
The white material and the shadow around and behind her threw her head into strong relief.
"Casa Braccio, Volumes 1 and 2 (of 2)" by F. Marion Crawford
He drew a little breath of relief.
"Anna the Adventuress" by E. Phillips Oppenheim
On September 24 he broke out of Shumla and marched to the relief of Varna.
"A History of the Nineteenth Century, Year by Year" by Edwin Emerson
Seth thought he detected a sigh of relief.
"The Watchers of the Plains" by Ridgewell Cullum
I believe I'm horribly worn out, Winny, and it will be a relief unspeakable to get away.
"Hawtrey's Deputy" by Harold Bindloss
If favorable they have a moment of relief, if not their faces become more gloomy.
"The Johnstown Horror" by James Herbert Walker
This was certainly a great relief.
"The Quadroon" by Mayne Reid
She breathed a little sigh of relief.
"Marjorie Dean" by Pauline Lester
The bas-reliefs constituting the lower frieze are devoted to the chase and to combats between men and animals.
"Museum of Antiquity" by L. W. Yaggy
And yet there is a certain analogy between the handling of the inscriptions and that of the bas-reliefs.
"A History of Art in Chaldæa & Assyria, v. 1" by Georges Perrot
I drew a little sigh of relief, and threw my hat into a corner.
"The Master Mummer" by E. Phillips Oppenheim
Miss Gordon glanced up, and her startled look changed to one of relief and finally to severity.
"'Lizbeth of the Dale" by Marian Keith
Sandy came home full of joyous relief that at last Christina was to get away out into the world.
"In Orchard Glen" by Marian Keith
The Woman's Relief Corps is the largest body, having 1,800 members.
"The History of Woman Suffrage, Volume IV" by Various
It was an expression of relief, of something almost like content.
"The One-Way Trail" by Ridgwell Cullum
It was a relief when she rang off.
"The Phantom Lover" by Ruby M. Ayres
When these had turned back, the bridegroom, chafing a little under their surveillance, swore a great oath of relief and spurred his horse close.
"Kildares of Storm" by Eleanor Mercein Kelly
***

In poetry:

How, restless, faint, and worn with grief,
Yet loving all and hoping all,
He gazes where the shadows fall,
And finds in darkness some relief;
"With A Copy of: "In Memoriam"" by George MacDonald
My trust is fixed upon thy word,
Nor shall I trust thy word in vain;
Let mourning souls address the Lord,
And find relief from all their pain.
"Psalm 130" by Isaac Watts
For thou hast dried the dew of grief,
And Friendship feels new ecstacy:
To Pollio thou hast stretch'd relief,
And, raising him, hast cherish'd me.
"Lines To Health" by Sir John Carr
Give me, O Lord! O give me some relief,
Remove my restlessness — my pains allay,
Say to my soul, e'en in its greatest grief,
"I am thy Saviour, and thy only stay!"
"A Prayer For A Sick Person" by Rees Prichard
With a chasten'd mien he flung the book
To the leaping flames before,
And a breath of sad relief he took
As the pages blacken'd beneath his look -
The fool of peace no more!
"The Peace Advocate" by Howard Phillips Lovecraft
The beggar's usual plea
Relief from men to gain,
If offered unto thee,
I know thou would'st disdain:
And pleas which move thy gracious ear,
Are such as men would scorn to hear.
"The Beggar" by John Newton

In news:

Coloradan 's get $207 million in mortgage relief.
Colorado homeowners have received $207.4 million in mortgage relief under a landmark settlement over foreclosure abuses.
DENVER—Colorado homeowners have received $207.4 million in mortgage relief under a landmark settlement over foreclosure abuses.
DENVER — Colorado homeowners have received $207.4 million in mortgage relief under a landmark settlement over foreclosure abuses.
Coloradan 's share of $26.1 billion in nationwide mortgage relief totals $207.4 million.
Morning brew provides communal relief.
The congestion relief from this pilot project on the trestle has been noticeable.
Little Evidence That Taking Probiotic Supplements, Drinking More Water Offers Much Relief.
Relief from L.A.'s heat is coming.
Sunday's temperatures weren't any relief from the rest of the steamy weekend.
They'll provide satisfying relief of your ice cream cravings, as well as much needed vitamin C and potassium.
NOW READ THIS New relief for the clumsy: Cordless jump-ropes.
Tommy Guerrero and Umamimart Present a Japan Relief Show at the Burritt Room.
Farmers need death tax relief.
Edward DeMarco's defensible decision against mortgage relief.
***

In science:

Epreuves reversible donnant la sensation du relief. J.
Augmenting Light Field to model Wave Optics effects
They found that the composite structure had a reduced thermal diffussivity compared to bulk films, with the added benefit of providing stress relief from expansion.
Thin-Film Metamaterials called Sculptured Thin Films
Controlled experiments are therefore necessary to bring the differing predictions indicated by the two theories into the starkest possible relief.
Compression Rate Method for Empirical Science and Application to Computer Vision
The simulation confirms the assertion of Theorem 2 that the area on the coordinate sphere where the terrain is below the height of the relief at the North pole is uniformly distributed.
The Uniform Law for Sojourn Measures of Random Fields
The relief of the tactile map was the first available sensory cue.
Design and User Satisfaction of Interactive Maps for Visually Impaired People
It then came as a relief that new data from the WMAP and VLT now contradict the QSO data.
Summary of the XXXIX Rencontres de Moriond
Relief of the lower adiabatic potential energy surface (APES) as calculated using equation (14) with parameters from the KCl data in Tables I and II.
Off-center impurity in alkali halides: reorientation, electric polarization and pairing to F center. I. Basic equations
Is this causing the failure of the N (0, 1) theoretical null? Permutation techniques offer quick relief from such concerns.
Microarrays, Empirical Bayes and the Two-Groups Model
The nearest part of the local relief is shown in Fig. 1 on left.
Sternberg astronomical institute activities on site testing programs
Viewing the potential relief from the "V -level", one can envisage a collection of potentials barriers and wells, of typical magnitude V0 and typical size R0 .
Cold atoms in the presence of disorder
Thus it came like a relief to many physicists when it recently was reported (see subsect. 3.1.1) that the MSSM Higgses could get radiative corrections as large as O (100) GeV.
A Review of Minimal Supersymmetric Electro-Weak Theory
This has the advantage of yielding simple abelian identities and of bringing into relief the principal obstacles which the gauge technique must circumvent before it can be considered a fully-fledged method, with results that are above reproach.
A critique of the gauge technique
The potential U(y)=U0(y)-σby for the dislocation displacement y in the slip plain in the presence of an external stress (the washboard potential). The dash line marks the bottom of the Peierls-Nabarro relief valley, the bold line shows a dislocation position.
Dislocation Dynamics in a Crystal Lattice (Peierls-Nabarro) Relief
Fig. 2. A schematic illustration of the multidimensional potential relief in the vicinity of the saddle point (y0).
Dislocation Dynamics in a Crystal Lattice (Peierls-Nabarro) Relief
Fig. 3. The kinked dislocation in the Peierls-Nabarro relief. Solid lines are maxima (ridges), dashed lines are minima of the relief. a is the period of the relief, d is the kink width.
Dislocation Dynamics in a Crystal Lattice (Peierls-Nabarro) Relief
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