refutation

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n refutation the act of determining that something is false
    • n refutation any evidence that helps to establish the falsity of something
    • n refutation the speech act of answering an attack on your assertions "his refutation of the charges was short and persuasive","in defense he said the other man started it"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Refutation The act or process of refuting or disproving, or the state of being refuted; proof of falsehood or error; the overthrowing of an argument, opinion, testimony, doctrine, or theory, by argument or countervailing proof. "Same of his blunders seem rather to deserve a flogging than a refutation ."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n refutation The act of refuting or disproving; the overthrowing of an argument, opinion, testimony, doctrine, or theory by argument or countervailing proof; confutation; disproof. Refutation is distinguished as direct or ostensive, indirect or apagogical, a priori or a posteriori, according to the kind of reasoning employed.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Refutation the act of refuting or disproving
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Quotations

  • Benjamin Disraeli
    Benjamin%20Disraeli
    “Nine-tenths of the existing books are nonsense and the clever books are the refutation of that nonsense.”
  • Sharon Anthony Bower
    Sharon Anthony Bower
    “People can refute your facts, but never your feelings.”
  • Josh Billings
    Josh%20Billings
    “Silence is one of the hardest arguments to refute.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. refutatio,: cf. F. réfutation,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr. réfuter—L. refutārere-, back, root of fundĕre, futilis.

Usage

In literature:

Every action, word, and thought, of Barneveld's life was a refutation of it.
"The Life of John of Barneveld, 1609-15, Volume I." by John Lothrop Motley
Jed might say what he liked while she had this to refute him.
"A Texas Ranger" by William MacLeod Raine
I suppose you will indignantly refute the charge, but you know I have never trusted you in that matter.
"Henrietta's Wish" by Charlotte M. Yonge
Refutations sprang to his lips, and died there, though he had no notion of uttering them.
"The Inside of the Cup, Complete" by Winston Churchill
The manner in which Mr. Erwin refuted it was a revelation to me.
"A Modern Chronicle, Complete" by Winston Churchill
It is not intended here to attempt a refutation of this contention.
"An Essay On The American Contribution And The Democratic Idea" by Winston Churchill
I could more easily count with my blind eyes the cells in a honeycomb than refute with my bewildered brain even one shrewd objection.
"Arachne, Complete" by Georg Ebers
That was evidence which one could not well refute.
"The Innocents Abroad, Part 1 of 6" by Mark Twain (Samuel Clemens)
Those who could or might have refuted it were dead.
"Successful Exploration Through the Interior of Australia" by William John Wills
Such a theory is perhaps not capable of being definitely refuted, but it can be shown to be groundless.
"The Problems of Philosophy" by Bertrand Russell
But this assertion has been so ably refuted that I do not deem it necessary to enter at much length into the discussion.
"Athens: Its Rise and Fall, Complete" by Edward Bulwer-Lytton
Miss Van Tuyn listened to all that old Fanny had to say, and made no attempt to refute her arguments or reply to her exhortations.
"December Love" by Robert Hichens
THIS OPINION REFUTED BY PHILOSOPHICAL REASONS.
"The Catholic World; Volume I, Issues 1-6" by E. Rameur
Melanchthon refers to this, and refutes it in a number of writings.
"The Life of Philip Melanchthon" by Karl Friedrich Ledderhose
These modern innovators refuted his assertion by proving the contrary, namely: by introducing order into chaotic nature.
"Modern Painting, Its Tendency and Meaning" by Willard Huntington Wright
The book presents an easy victory to any moderately-informed Catholic theologian who may take the trouble to refute it.
"The Catholic World. Volume II; Numbers 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12." by E. Rameur
Aristotle here observes that the Zenonian argument respecting place is easy to be refuted; and he proceeds to give the refutation.
"Plato and the Other Companions of Sokrates, 3rd ed. Volume I (of 4)" by George Grote
Sokrates pronounces it a riddle, and refutes it.
"Plato and the Other Companions of Sokrates, 3rd ed. Volume II (of 4)" by George Grote
He would appeal to matter and what are called its primary qualities, as refuting the doctrine.
"Plato and the Other Companions of Sokrates, 3rd ed. Volume III (of 4)" by George Grote
We must therefore refute this opinion in detail.
"The Accumulation of Capital" by Rosa Luxemburg
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In poetry:

Perhaps you think, to serve my ends,
These statements I refute,
When I admit that these dear friends
Were parties to a suit?
"Damon vs. Pythias" by William Schwenck Gilbert
I am, like one that cannot hear,
Or like an idiot I appear,
And leave them, as they please, dispute,
Nor strive their scandals to refute.
"Psalm XXXVIII." by Rees Prichard
Till we with inner word our care refute
Laughing that this our bosoms yet assails,
While there are maidens dancing to a flute
In Andalusian vales.
"To One Who Comes Now And Then" by Francis Ledwidge
I can simply wish I might refute you,
Wish my friend would,--by a word, a wink,--
Bid me stop that foolish mouth,--you brute you!
He keeps absent,--why, I cannot think.
"Fears And Scruples" by Robert Browning
The rose thought, touched by words, doth turn
Wan ashes. Still, from memory's urn,
The lingering blossoms tenderly
Refute our wilding minstrelsy.
Alas! we work but beauty's wrong!
The dream is lovelier than the song.
"Dream And The Song" by James David Corrothers

In news:

A Refutation of Channing Kennedy's Oakland "Rap Bohemia ".
Legal Team Refutes Plaintiff's Claim In Suit Over Cold Medicine .
Legal Team Refutes Plaintiff's ClaimIn Suit Over Cold Medicine .
1 mostly because of substantial flaws in both evidence that supports and that refutes the hypothesis that concurrent sexual partners drive the epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa.
Why don't people believe the facts that clearly refute the "birther" rumor.
An Ohio coalition refutes the findings of a recent report claiming that increasing Ohio's cigarette tax by $1 per pack would bring the state $299.7 million per year.
In an interview with Ed Bradley, Roberts refutes some of the accuser's claims.
(EXCLUSIVE VIDEO) Rep Dale Kildee to refute child sex abuse/incest claims.
On Sept 23, 1952, Sen Richard M Nixon, R-Calif, salvaged his vice-presidential nomination by appearing live on television to refute allegations of improper campaign fundraising.
New Study Refutes Previous Findings Claiming Fat Returns, Redistributes to Other Areas of the Body.
Def Leppard's Vivian Campbell Refutes ' Garbage ' Report About Denying Wife Spousal Support.
The family of Gregory Kaufman, a Napavine man shot and killed by law enforcement Nov 1, have come forward to refute earlier reports Kaufman was without any next-of-kin.
PARIS — The US Embassy in Paris is "categorically refuting" claims in a French magazine report that the US government was behind a hacking attack against computers in the French presidency earlier this year.
When Reagan made a nationally-televised speech in support of the tax hike — trying to refute charges that it was the biggest tax increase in US history — he also cited a 3:1 agreement.
Horne refutes claims by Democratic challenger.
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In science:

Strong refutation heuristics for random k-sat.
Random k-SAT and the Power of Two Choices
Easily refutable subformulas of large random 3cnf formulas.
Random k-SAT and the Power of Two Choices
His preliminary finding that no progenitor to a supernova with such archival data is more massive than ∼16 M(cid:12) is intriguing, but will need further investigation to confirm or refute.
Perspectives on Core-Collapse Supernova Theory
A first example of such refutation is the one of the surprising proposition 18.3.1 of A.
The complete solution to Bass Generalized Jacobian Conjecture
Wang indicated in the remark following Theorem 2.2 of . A second example of a refutation by Theorem 1 below of a false published proof of the Jacobian Conjecture is the case of Therem 4 of the paper of Hamet Seydi, a former thesis student of A.
The complete solution to Bass Generalized Jacobian Conjecture
The attempt of rectification of the proof of Theorem 1 of b y its author in the introduction of his second paper on the subject is so refutable as his first at tempt, because of a false application of a theorem 10.4.11 of A.
The complete solution to Bass Generalized Jacobian Conjecture
Dieudonn ´e in claiming in parti cular that any injective endomorphism of an algebraic variety over an algebraically closed field is surjective, and because of the application of a false “Fundamental Lemma” of refuted by the cited count er-example of Nousiainen to Wang conjecture.
The complete solution to Bass Generalized Jacobian Conjecture
The generalization of this “Fundamental Lemma” by “Lemma I. 1” of also is refuted both by Theorem 1 below and the cited Oort surjective unramified morphisms fro m a complex algebraic curve with only constant invertible regular functions to the complex line.
The complete solution to Bass Generalized Jacobian Conjecture
We introduce a model of probabilistic debate checking, where a silent resourcebounded verifier reads a dialogue about the membership of the string in the language under consideration between a prover and a refuter.
Checking generalized debates with small space and randomness
We consider debates of partial and zero information, where the prover is prevented from seeing some or all of the messages of the refuter, as well as those of complete information.
Checking generalized debates with small space and randomness
Demirci et al. initiated the study of probabilistic verifiers for partial-information debates, and proved some lower-bound results under certain restrictions on the behaviors of the prover and the refuter.
Checking generalized debates with small space and randomness
Our proofs do not depend on the restrictions of on the prover and the refuter.
Checking generalized debates with small space and randomness
We build a private alternating Turing machine M that simulates the given verifier V by using universal and existential moves to select refuter and prover symbols, respectively, to feed to V .
Checking generalized debates with small space and randomness
Refuting the claims made by Arduino The Arduino Reference Manual states the following in the section about the randomSeed function.
The Arduino as a Hardware Random-Number Generator
More work is needed to confirm or refute this conjecture. 32 A.
Order Parameter Description of the Anderson-Mott Transition
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