• WordNet 3.6
    • adj Reformed of or relating to the body of Protestant Christianity arising during the Reformation; used of some Protestant churches especially Calvinist as distinct from Lutheran "Dutch Reformed theology"
    • adj reformed caused to abandon an evil manner of living and follow a good one "a reformed drunkard"
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The word 'cappuccino' is the result of several derivations, the original of which began in 16th century. The Capuchin order of friars, established after 1525, played an important role in bringing Catholicism back to Reformation Europe. Its Italian name came from the long, pointed cowl, or cappuccino, derived from cappuccino, "hood," that was worn as part of the order's habit. The French version of cappuccino was capuchin, from which came English Capuchin. In Italian cappuccino went on to describe espresso coffee mixed or topped with steamed milk or cream, so called because the color of the coffee resembled the color of the habit of a Capuchin friar. The first use of cappuccino in English is recorded in 1948 in a work about San Francisco. There is also the story line that says that the term comes from the fact that the coffee is dark, like the monk's robe, and the cap is likened to the color of the monk's head.
    • Reformed Amended in character and life; as, a reformed gambler or drunkard.
    • Reformed Corrected; amended; restored to purity or excellence; said, specifically, of the whole body of Protestant churches originating in the Reformation. Also, in a more restricted sense, of those who separated from Luther on the doctrine of consubstantiation, etc., and carried the Reformation, as they claimed, to a higher point. The Protestant churches founded by them in Switzerland, France, Holland, and part of Germany, were called the Reformed churches. "The town was one of the strongholds of the Reformed faith."
    • Reformed (Mil) Retained in service on half or full pay after the disbandment of the company or troop; -- said of an officer.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • reformed Corrected; amended; restored to a better or to a good state: as, a reformed profligate; reformed spelling.
    • reformed Deprived of rank or position, or reduced in pay. Sec reformado, 2.
    • reformed In the United States:
    • reformed The Reformed (Dutch) Church in America, growing out of a union among the Dutch churches in America in 1770 and finally perfected in 1812. The territory of the denomination was at first limited to the States of New York and New Jersey and a small part of Pennsylvania, but was gradually extended to the West. The affairs of each congregation are managed by a consistory, consisting of elders and deacons chosen for two years. The elders, with the pastor, receive and dismiss members and exercise discipline; the deacons have charge of the alms. Both together are ex officio trustees of the church, hold its property, and call its minister. Ex-elders and ex-deacons constitute what is called the Great Consistory, which may be summoned to give advice in important matters. The minister and one elder from each congregation in a certain district constitute a classis, which supervises spiritual concerns in that district. Four ministers and four elders from each classis in a larger district make a Particular Synod, with similar powers. Representatives, clerical and lay, from each classis, proportioned in number to the size of the classis, constitute the General Synod, which has supervision of the whole, and is a court of last resort in judicial cases. The church is Calvinistic in its theological belief, and possesses a liturgy the greater part of which is optional except the offices for the sacraments, for ordination, and for church discipline.
    • reformed The Reformed (German) Church in the United States. This church was constituted by colonies from Germany in New York, Maryland, Virginia, and North and South Carolina, The first synod was organised September 27th, 1747, under the care of the Reformed Classis of Amsterdam. The church holds to the parity of the ministry, maintains a presbyterial form of government, is moderately Calvinistic in its theology, and provides liturgical forms of service, which are, however, chiefly optional.
    • reformed The True Reformed Dutch Church, the result of a secession from the Reformed Dutch Church in America in 1822.
    • reformed The Reformed Episcopal Church, an Episcopal church organized in the United States in 1873, by eight clergymen and twenty laymen previously members of the Protestant Episcopal Church. It maintains the episcopacy as a desirable form of church polity, but not as of divine obligation, continues to use the Book of Common Prayer, but in a revised form, and rejects the doctrines of apostolic succession, the priesthood of the clergy, the sacrifice or oblation in the Lord's Supper, the real presence, and baptismal regeneration.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • adj Reformed formed again or anew: changed: amended: improved: denoting the churches formed after the Reformation, esp. those in which the Calvinistic doctrines, and still more the Calvinistic polity, prevail, in contradistinction to the Lutheran
    • ***


  • Norman Douglas
    “People who have reformed themselves has contributed their full share towards the reformation of their neighbor.”
  • Edgar Watson Howe
    “I think I am better than the people who are trying to reform me.”
  • Alexis De Tocqueville
    “The most dangerous moment for a bad government is when it begins to reform.”
  • Mark Twain
    “Nothing so needs reforming as other people's habits.”
  • Voltaire
    “Every abuse ought to be reformed, unless the reform is more dangerous than the abuse itself.”
  • Mayor Jimmy Walker
    Mayor Jimmy Walker
    “A reformer is a guy who rides through the sewer in a glass bottom boat.”


Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. re-, again, formāre, to shape—forma, form.


In literature:

The doctrines of the Reformation had early obtained a footing in various parts of the Netherlands.
"History of Holland" by George Edmundson
The Reformation; a common European movement.
"The Unity of Civilization" by Various
They have gloried that there supervened upon this paganism the religious revival which the Reformation was.
"Edward Caldwell Moore" by Edward Moore
For the higher moral classes, the saints and the reformers, it is the occasion of wholehearted rejoicing.
"Humanly Speaking" by Samuel McChord Crothers
"The Empire of Austria; Its Rise and Present Power" by John S. C. Abbott
For all the reforms of to-day go back to some reform of yesterday.
"The Art of Public Speaking" by Dale Carnagey (AKA Dale Carnegie) and J. Berg Esenwein
Agitations for reforms commenced early in Barberton.
"The Transvaal from Within" by J. P. Fitzpatrick
The twenty-four drew up a plan of reform which left little to be desired in thoroughness.
"The History of England" by T.F. Tout
He reformed it, as he supposed, and sent it again to me to revise.
"Memoir, Correspondence, And Miscellanies, From The Papers Of Thomas Jefferson" by Thomas Jefferson
I am glad to hear that M. Cabanis is engaged in writing on the reformation of medicine.
"Memoir, Correspondence, And Miscellanies, From The Papers Of Thomas Jefferson" by Thomas Jefferson
The first reformers had reformed it from its corruptions once and for all.
"The English Church in the Eighteenth Century" by Charles J. Abbey and John H. Overton
Ulrich Zwingli is ranked among Reformers, and he was energetic in behalf of reform.
"Luther and the Reformation:" by Joseph A. Seiss
The reigns of Mikhail and of his son Alexis and his grandson Feodor were to be reigns of preparation and reform.
"A Short History of Russia" by Mary Platt Parmele
Why did efforts at reform by the Congress come to naught?
"History of the United States" by Charles A. Beard and Mary R. Beard
The reform preached by Abd el Wahhab was radical.
"The Future of Islam" by Wilfred Scawen Blunt
The reformers hailed the reformer; the spiritualists welcomed the spiritualist.
"Transcendentalism in New England" by Octavius Brooks Frothingham
Omitting many, I will glance at some of the more conspicuous landmarks in this highway of reform.
"Sketches of Reforms and Reformers, of Great Britain and Ireland" by Henry B. Stanton
The introduction of Bible names at the Reformation did them much harm.
"Curiosities of Puritan Nomenclature" by Charles W. Bardsley
He is, by universal acknowledgment, the maker of the Reform agitation and the Reform Bill.
"Modern Leaders: Being a Series of Biographical Sketches" by Justin McCarthy
From the reform of Hospital Nursing she turned, in conjunction with the late Mr. William Rathbone, to the reform of workhouse nursing.
"The Life of Florence Nightingale vol. 1 of 2" by Edward Tyas Cook

In poetry:

Reformers, we urge not the tide of Reform
With the shock of the earthquake, the roar of the storm,
Advancing, progressive, majestic and grand,
Till sweeping resistless, it rolls o'er the land.
"Verses" by Janet Hamilton
Ah, well, at least you had the will to try;
And you may reform some day before you die,
And there's this small consolation
On the road to reformation:
There's another New Year coming by and by.
"January 2nd" by C J Dennis
Then Pleasure came, who liking not the fashion.
Began to make Balcones, Terraces,
Till she had weakned all by alteration:
But rev'rend laws, and many a proclamation
Reformed all at length with menaces.
"The World" by George Herbert
When Cymon view'd the fair one's charms,
Her ruby lips, and snowy arms,
And told her beauties o'er:
When Love reform'd his awkward tone,
And made each clownish gesture known,
It show'd but equal power.
"Love and Music. Written at Oxford, When Young" by William Shenstone
But no matter what he thinks, I say nay,
For by taking it he helps to lead his brither astray,
Whereas, if he didn't drink, he would help to reform society,
And we would soon do away with all inebriety.
"The Demon Drink" by William Topaz McGonagall
For 'tis in vain to sob and sigh,—
In vain to tremble and to cry,
When once we at the Judge's bar are cast : However loud we cry, there's nought
But strictest Justice to be got,
When once the time of reformation's past.
"To The Sons Of Brutus" by Rees Prichard

In news:

Democrats and the Health-Reform Albatross .
The rest of the party has a strong incentive to pass health care reform and avoid a 2010 catastrophe.
Echoing themes from eariler public meetings of the governor's tax reform commission, Northern Kentuckians on Tuesday night called for more tax money for education and tax credits to spur business growth.
Euro must have reform, not Americanization .
Fostering reform in child welfare.
Sept 13, 2012 8 a.m. Funeral services were held at 1 pm, Saturday, Sept 8, at Bethany Reformed Church in Clara City with burial at the church cemetery.
Critics say this reform would simply shift costs and risks to the beneficiaries .
UVA Professor Calls For Juvenile Justice Reform.
Obama's Big Stick on Healthcare Reform.
The Brattleboro Selectboard has proclaimed December as Brattleboro Reformer Christmas Stocking month.
Dropped at the Reformer offices.
Poll shows majority of Americans support immigration reform.
Maurice Reformed Church Living Nativity.
Is teacher churn undermining real education reform in D.C. Indian premier defends reforms Simon Denyer and Rama Lakshmi.
Obama Administration Says Ohio Botched Welfare Reform.

In science:

Equation (16) gives the minimum time for a tangle to reform, assuming it does so simultaneously everywhere in the outer core of the star.
Transitions between turbulent and laminar superfluid vorticity states in the outer core of a neutron star
The martingale method which is used to establish the fluctuations of In (ρ) can be traced back to Girko’s REFORM (REsolvent, FORmula and Martingale) method (see [9, 12]) and is close to the one developed in .
A CLT for Information-theoretic statistics of Gram random matrices with a given variance profile
This results in changed occupancy of orbitals by eg electron due to change of lattice constant leading to reformation of domains with larger number of domain walls.
Changeover from Glassy ferromagnetism of the orbital domain state to long range ferromagnetic ordering in La{_{0.9}}Sr_{0.1}MnO{_3}
The reformation of domains taking place leads to enhance wall number, which are pinned to the new structure.
Changeover from Glassy ferromagnetism of the orbital domain state to long range ferromagnetic ordering in La{_{0.9}}Sr_{0.1}MnO{_3}
Orbital domains realized in the sample make the low temperature region metastable resulting in a nonequilibrium state where reformation of domains takes place.
Changeover from Glassy ferromagnetism of the orbital domain state to long range ferromagnetic ordering in La{_{0.9}}Sr_{0.1}MnO{_3}
This behaviour vividly demonstrate inhomogeneous nature of magnetic state, which is not in equilibrium due to reformation of domains.
Changeover from Glassy ferromagnetism of the orbital domain state to long range ferromagnetic ordering in La{_{0.9}}Sr_{0.1}MnO{_3}
It is clear that the definition of sheaf on syntax topology is exactly the reformalize of compositionality principle.
The topology of syntax relations of a formal language
This leads to the reformation of domains which results in a change in spin arrangement within the clusters.
Selective substitution in orbital domains of a low doped manganite : an investigation from Griffiths phenomenon and modification of glassy features
For any reform R : X →− Y in topos we can define the unique mapping RP : [X ] −→ [Y ].
United sight to an algebraic operations and convergence
In one-dimensional PIC simulations by Lee et al. (2004) with parameters aimed at supernova shocks, the shock structure was found to be cyclically reforming on ion cyclotron timescales.
Gamma-Ray Bursts, Collisionless Shocks and Synthetic Spectra
In the reformation, Lee et al. (2004) found both electron loophole acceleration but also a suprathermal population of ions that could potentially explain the injection of high-energy ions into a Fermi acceleration scenario.
Gamma-Ray Bursts, Collisionless Shocks and Synthetic Spectra
The inner disc may subsequently recede, in which case a steady jet is reformed, but with decreasing velocity and therefore no internal shocks.
Accretion modes and jet production in black hole X-ray binaries
This author has used such a model with feedback and gas with a continuous range of thermal phases in studies of direct collisions between two gas disks and their reformation (Struck, 1997).
Galaxy Collisions - Dawn of a New Era
Both the Downes and Smith groups have included molecular hydrogen dissociation and reformation as well as ro-vibrational cooling in their hydrodynamical simulations, although the treatment of this cooling is quite different in each group.
Molecular Outflows in Low- and High-Mass Star Forming Regions
Moreover, molecules can also reform in J-shocked regions when the gas rapidly cools, or in warm layers around the hottest regions.
Molecular Outflows in Low- and High-Mass Star Forming Regions