reformation

Definitions

  • THE MAKING OF A REFORMER
    THE MAKING OF A REFORMER
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n reformation rescuing from error and returning to a rightful course "the reclamation of delinquent children"
    • n Reformation a religious movement of the 16th century that began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church and resulted in the creation of Protestant churches
    • n reformation improvement (or an intended improvement) in the existing form or condition of institutions or practices etc.; intended to make a striking change for the better in social or political or religious affairs
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The word 'cappuccino' is the result of several derivations, the original of which began in 16th century. The Capuchin order of friars, established after 1525, played an important role in bringing Catholicism back to Reformation Europe. Its Italian name came from the long, pointed cowl, or cappuccino, derived from cappuccino, "hood," that was worn as part of the order's habit. The French version of cappuccino was capuchin, from which came English Capuchin. In Italian cappuccino went on to describe espresso coffee mixed or topped with steamed milk or cream, so called because the color of the coffee resembled the color of the habit of a Capuchin friar. The first use of cappuccino in English is recorded in 1948 in a work about San Francisco. There is also the story line that says that the term comes from the fact that the coffee is dark, like the monk's robe, and the cap is likened to the color of the monk's head.
    • Reformation Specifically Eccl. Hist, the important religious movement commenced by Luther early in the sixteenth century, which resulted in the formation of the various Protestant churches.
    • Reformation The act of reforming, or the state of being reformed; change from worse to better; correction or amendment of life, manners, or of anything vicious or corrupt; as, the reformation of manners; reformation of the age; reformation of abuses. "Satire lashes vice into reformation ."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n reformation The act of forming anew; a second forming in order: as, the reformation of a column of troops into a hollow square.
    • n reformation The act of reforming what is defective or evil, or the state of being reformed; correction or amendment, as of life or manners, or of a government.
    • n reformation Specifically, with the definite article The great religious revolution in the sixteenth century, which led to the establishment of the Protestant churches. The Reformation assumed different aspects and resulted in alterations of discipline or doctrine more or less fundamental in different countries and in different stages of its progress. Various reformers of great influence, as Wyclif and Huss, had appeared before the sixteenth century, but the Reformation proper began nearly simultaneously in Germany under the lead of Luther and in Switzerland under the lead of Zwingli. The chief points urged by the Reformers were the need of justification by faith, the use and authority of the Scriptures and the right of private judgment in their interpretation, and the abandonment of the doctrine of transubstantiation, the adoration of the Virgin Mary and saints, the supremacy of the Pope, and various other doctrines and rites regarded by the reformers as unscriptural. In the German Reformation the leading features were the publication at Wittenberg of Luther's ninety-five theses against indulgences in 1517, the excommunication of Luther in 1520, his testimony before the Diet of Worms in 1521, the spread of the principles in many of the German states, as Hesse, Saxony, and Brandenburg, and the opposition to them by the emperor, the Diet and Confession of Augsburg in 1530, and the prolonged struggle between the Protestants and the Catholics, ending with comparative religious equality in the Peace of Passau in 1552. The Reformation spread in Switzerland unde.. Zwingli and Calvin, in France, Hungary, Bohemia, the Scandinavian countries, Low Countries, etc. In Scotland it was introduced bv Knox about 1560. In England it led in the reign of Henry VIII. to the abolition of the papal supremacy and the liberation from papal control of the Church of England, which, after a short Roman Catholic reaction under Mary, was firmly established under Elizabeth. In many countries the Reformation occasioned an increased strength and zeal in the Roman Catholic Church sometimes called the Counter-Reformation. The term Reformation as applied to this movement is not of course accepted by Roman Catholics, who use it only with some word of qualification.
    • n reformation Synonyms Amendment, Reform, Reformation. Amendment may be of any degree, however small; reform applies to something more thorough, and reformation to that which is most important, thorough, and lasting of all. Hence, when we speak of temperance reform, we dignify it less than when we call it temperance reformation. Moral reform, religious reformation; temporary amendment or reform, permanent reformation. Reform represents the state more often than reformation.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Reformation the act of forming again: the act of reforming: amendment: improvement: the great religious revolution of the 16th century, which gave rise to the various evangelical or Protestant organisations of Christendom
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Quotations

  • Clarence Darrow
    Clarence%20Darrow
    “At twenty a man is full of fight and hope. He wants to reform the world. When he is seventy he still wants to reform the world, but he know he can't.”
  • Mo Udall
    Mo Udall
    “Any change or reform you make is going to have consequence you don't like.”
  • Edgar Watson Howe
    Edgar%20Watson%20Howe
    “I think I am better than the people who are trying to reform me.”
  • Mark Twain
    Mark%20Twain
    “Nothing so needs reforming as other people's habits.”
  • Voltaire
    Voltaire
    “Every abuse ought to be reformed, unless the reform is more dangerous than the abuse itself.”
  • William Cowper
    William%20Cowper
    “Remorse begets reform.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. réformation, L. reformatio,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. re-, again, formāre, to shape—forma, form.

Usage

In literature:

They all claimed relationship with the Reformers, and with the good and great of all ages.
"History of Rationalism Embracing a Survey of the Present State of Protestant Theology" by John F. Hurst
Tom agreed to all this, and was sure he had reformed.
"Now or Never" by Oliver Optic
If we accept what they think of each other the future is ominous and the need for reform is dire and urgent.
"The Head Voice and Other Problems" by D. A. Clippinger
The news of the Regent's breach of faith was the immediate occasion of the first stroke in the Scottish Reformation.
"The Great Events by Famous Historians, Vol. 1-20" by Various
It seemed to be her idea that incidents like this would eventually reform me if I harvested enough of them.
"Chapters from My Autobiography" by Mark Twain
For the tinkering reformer is frequently one of the worst of the routineers.
"A Preface to Politics" by Walter Lippmann
Entering into continental Europe, the Quaker Reformation found itself anticipated in the progress of religious history.
"A History of American Christianity" by Leonard Woolsey Bacon
Then, to judge of the effect of such a reform, let a new inventory be made three months hence.
"Sophisms of the Protectionists" by Frederic Bastiat
But, unfortunately, the probability of the law being reformed does not depend on the need for reform.
"Women's Wild Oats" by C. Gasquoine Hartley
Whatever the secretary's ultimate intention, the reforms carried out in 1944 were too little and too late.
"Integration of the Armed Forces, 1940-1965" by Morris J. MacGregor Jr.
The General Synod of the Reformed Church at Wesel, in 1568, first considered the question.
"Deaconesses in Europe" by Jane M. Bancroft
Men are fighting still over the same questions which they began to fight about at the Reformation.
"Short Studies on Great Subjects" by James Anthony Froude
Land reform, taxation reform, the eight-hour day, are being carried out, however.
"Socialism As It Is" by William English Walling
The Demand for Electoral Reform: the Franchise Reform Bill (p. 495) of 1908.
"The Governments of Europe" by Frederic Austin Ogg
This was the fruit of his famous anti-reform speech at the Oxford Union.
"The Life of William Ewart Gladstone, Vol. 1 (of 3)" by John Morley
THE REFORMER OF THE EAST .
"Heroes of Modern Europe" by Alice Birkhead
The Reformation laid them in ruins.
"Gryll Grange" by Thomas Love Peacock
Strasburg reformers attempt to reform church at Frankfort, 105.
"The Beginners of a Nation" by Edward Eggleston
It must be remembered, on the other hand, that an analogous effect was produced by the spread of the Scriptures at the Reformation.
"Expositor's Bible: Ezra, Nehemiah, and Esther" by Walter Adeney
After the Reformation the word Mass was discontinued in England, and superseded by the words Holy Communion.
"Curiosities of Christian History" by Croake James
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In poetry:

Now, to conclude, both young and old I pray,
Reform your sinful lives this very day,
That God in mercy may his love extend,
And bring the nation's troubles to an end.
"England's Alarm. or The Pious Christian's Speedy Call To Repentance" by Anonymous British
"Reform lies not in punishment!"
So saith the modern sage.
"No remedy for evil holds
Blind Hate or Savage Rage.
The whipping-post, the darkened cell
Are of a darkre age."
"The Age of Reason" by C J Dennis
By corp'ral smart and agonizing pain,
God saves the soul, and to its Saviour leads;
Where flowing bliss and endless joys remain
For him, who reformation's footsteps treads.
"Reasons To Persuade The Sick To Be Patient" by Rees Prichard
Most gladly would I hail the day
When children cheerfully obey,
(If e'er that day shall come,)
But ere that happy day I see,
A reformation there must be
In government at home.
"The Teacher's Soliloquy" by Jared Barhite
So shalt thou ev'ry vicious habit leave,
When thou shalt once unto thy Saviour cleave:
For, 'till there is this reformation wrought,
Thy faith can only a mere whim be thought.
"Advice To Believe In Christ, And An Exhibition Or Display Of The Wonderful Change That Is Wrought In" by Rees Prichard
Before we die, we must reform our hearts,
Whilst yet 'tis day, we all must act our parts,
Our Saviour says, that, when it once is night,
No mortal can perform his work aright.
"That It Is In Vain To Pray For The Dead" by Rees Prichard

In news:

David R Keck returns to preach on Reformation Sunday, Oct 28, at both the 8:30 and 11 am worship services.
There is a lot going on in higher education reform these days.
Could Democrats' perceived strength on the issue of Medicare reform wind up being a major weakness.
Immigration reform and the GOP, growing Asian American political clout, Diwali, more.
Republicans rethink immigration reform after Romney loses Latino vote.
Get ready for higher taxes and no spending reform.
Tax reform won't do much for growth.
Audiotape charges US doesn't want Arab reforms.
Backroom Deals Weaken Financial-Reform Bill.
Tax reform cannot be ' backdoor ' for GOP to 'sneak' through cuts for the rich, says Murray.
Pelosi Turns Back the Clock on House Reform.
Who Speaks for Reform In Islam.
Need for US immigration reform at a 'critical moment,' say speakers.
Grover Norquist is the powerful president of Americans for Tax Reform (where reform means elimination).
Reform of the labor camp system has been discussed by legal experts in China for years, and in 2007 such reform was proposed in the annual legislative plan released by the communist party.
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In science:

The reform F ⊂ X × Y is called covering if every point in the target space is related with some point in the source space.
United sight to an algebraic operations and convergence
The reform F ⊂ X × Y is called exact if every point in the target space is related with no more than one point in the source space.
United sight to an algebraic operations and convergence
The entire accurate reform is a function, the covering function is surjection, the exact function is injection.
United sight to an algebraic operations and convergence
The reforms can be abstractly defined in arbitrary regular category, cl.
United sight to an algebraic operations and convergence
The reform R : X →− Y in Cartesian category is defined as monopair of tabulating mappings f : Q −→ X and g : Q −→ Y .
United sight to an algebraic operations and convergence
In regular category we have possibility to define the composition of two reforms with an intermediate space.
United sight to an algebraic operations and convergence
The mapping f : X −→ Y are identifyed with tabulation 1 : X −→ X , f : X −→ Y and arbitrary reform is equal to fraction of its tabulation R = f − ◦ g .
United sight to an algebraic operations and convergence
The potential of the set C will be the set of all subsets [C ] := 2C and distinguished reform every partial set A ⊂ C relates with its points x ∈ C , we shall write A ∋ x.
United sight to an algebraic operations and convergence
In the model, the companion disk is highly disrupted in the collision, and largely reforms in the accretion process.
The Head-on Collision between Two Gas-Rich Galaxies: Neutral Hydrogen Debris from the Centrally-smooth Ring Galaxy VIIZw466
Using the web to promote interdisciplinary synergy in Undergraduate Education Reform.
Lessons From the Physics-Education Reform Effort
The predictable failure of educational reform. Jossey-Bass.
Lessons From the Physics-Education Reform Effort
AERA editorial policies regarding statistical significance testing: three suggested reforms.
Lessons From the Physics-Education Reform Effort
Tobias, S. 1992a. Guest comment: science education reform: what’s wrong with the process? Am. J.
Lessons From the Physics-Education Reform Effort
It is only far downstream from the shock, where the gas cools to ≈ 500 K, that molecule reformation occurs. J-type shocks are inefficient emitters of infrared line radiation, but strong emitters of far-infrared continuum (because the UV flux is reprocessed by grains).
Millimetre Science with the Upgraded Australia Telescope
While most H2 was not formed in the bridge, colliding GMCs may have been rapid ly ionized only to cool and reform H2 while the galactic disks are stil l passing through each other.
A Molecular Gas Bridge between the Taffy Galaxies
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