reflection

Definitions

  • The girl sees the Prince's reflection
    The girl sees the Prince's reflection
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n reflection the image of something as reflected by a mirror (or other reflective material) "he studied his reflection in the mirror"
    • n reflection a likeness in which left and right are reversed
    • n reflection the ability to reflect beams or rays
    • n reflection a calm, lengthy, intent consideration
    • n reflection a remark expressing careful consideration
    • n reflection expression without words "tears are an expression of grief","the pulse is a reflection of the heart's condition"
    • n reflection the phenomenon of a propagating wave (light or sound) being thrown back from a surface
    • n reflection (mathematics) a transformation in which the direction of one axis is reversed
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

The dragon catches sight of its reflection in the mirror The dragon catches sight of its reflection in the mirror
The old king sees himself reflected in the shields of the bodyguard The old king sees himself reflected in the shields of the bodyguard
A stag gazes at his reflection in a lake while hunters approach A stag gazes at his reflection in a lake while hunters approach
A woman gazes at her reflection in a mirror while her children tear apart her house A woman gazes at her reflection in a mirror while her children tear apart her house
A man looks at his bald head in his reflection while his two wives busy themselves in the background A man looks at his bald head in his reflection while his two wives busy themselves in the background

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Even though a polar bears fur looks white it is actually colourless and is made with hollow tubes. The reason the bear looks white is because the rough inner surface of the tubes make light scatter and reflect at many different angles which gives the white appearance
    • Reflection A part reflected, or turned back, at an angle; as, the reflection of a membrane.
    • Reflection An image given back from a reflecting surface; a reflected counterpart.
    • Reflection Censure; reproach cast. "He died; and oh! may no reflection shed
      Its poisonous venom on the royal dead."
    • Reflection Result of meditation; thought or opinion after attentive consideration or contemplation; especially, thoughts suggested by truth.
    • Reflection Shining; brightness, as of the sun.
    • Reflection That which is produced by reflection.
    • Reflection The act of reflecting, or turning or sending back, or the state of being reflected.
    • Reflection The return of rays, beams, sound, or the like, from a surface. See Angle of reflection, below.
    • Reflection The reverting of the mind to that which has already occupied it; continued consideration; meditation; contemplation; hence, also, that operation or power of the mind by which it is conscious of its own acts or states; the capacity for judging rationally, especially in view of a moral rule or standard.
    • Reflection (Physiol) The transference of an excitement from one nerve fiber to another by means of the nerve cells, as in reflex action. See Reflex action, under Reflex.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: In Ohio women are forbidden from wearing patent leather shoes, lest men see reflections of their underwear
    • n reflection A bending back; a turning.
    • n reflection The act of reflecting, or the state of being reflected; specifically, in physics, the change of direction which a ray of light, radiant heat, or sound experiences when it strikes upon a surface and is thrown back into the same medium from which it approached. Reflection follows two laws, viz.
    • n reflection That which is produced by being reflected; an image given back from a reflecting surface.
    • n reflection The act of shining.
    • n reflection The turning of thought back upon past experiences or ideas; attentive or continued consideration; meditation; contemplation; deliberation: as, a man much given to reflection.
    • n reflection A mental process resulting from attentive or continued consideration; thought or opinion after deliberation.
    • n reflection A kind of self-consciousness resulting from an outward perception, whether directly or indirectly; the exercise of the internal sense; the perception of a modification of consciousness; the faculty of distinguishing between a datum of sense and a product of reason; the consideration of the limitations of knowledge, ignorance, and error, and of other unsatisfactory states as leading to knowledge of self; the discrimination between the subjective and objective aspects of feelings. The Latin word reflexio was first used as a term of psychology by Thomas Aquinas, who seems to intend no optical metaphor, but to conceive that consciousness is turned back upon itself by the reaction of the object of outward perception. According to Aquinas, pure thought in itself can know nothing of singulars, or particular things; but in perception there is a peculiar sense of reaction or reciprocation which he calls reflection, and this first makes us aware of the existence of actual singulars and also of thought as being an action; and this, according to him, is the first self-consciousness. Scotus accepted reflection, not as affording the first knowledge of singulars, but as a perception of what passes in the mind, and thus the original meaning of the term was modified. Walter Burleigh, who died in 1337, affords an illustration of this when he says that the thing without is apprehended before the passion which is in the soul, because the thing without is apprehended directly, and the passion of the soul only indirectly, by reflection. Ramus, in his dissertation on reflection, defines it as “the successive direction of the attention to several partial perceptions.” A still further change of meaning had come about when Goclenius, in 1613, defined reflection as “the inward action of the soul, by which it recognizes both itself and its acts and ideas.” The importance of the word in the English school of philosophy (Berkeley, Hume, etc.) may be said to be due entirely to its use by Locke, who explains it as follows:
    • n reflection Reid endeavored to revive the Ramist use of the word, for which he is condemned by Hamilton. Kant, in his use of the term, returns to something like the Thomist view, for he makes it a mode of consciousness by which we are made aware whether knowledge is sensuous or not. Kant makes use of the term reflection to denote a mode of consciousness in which we distinguish between the relations of concepts and the corresponding relations of the objects of the concepts. Thus, two concepts may be different, and yet it may be conceived that their objects are identical; or two concepts may be identical, and yet it may be conceived that their objects (say, two drops of water) are different, Mr. Shadworth Hodgson, in his “Philosophy of Reflection,” 1878, uses the term to denote one of three fundamental modes of consciousness, namely that in which the objective and subjective aspects of what is present are discriminated without being separated as person and thing.
    • n reflection That which corresponds to and reflects something in the mind or in the nature of any one.
    • n reflection Reproach cast; censure; criticism.
    • n reflection In anatomy: Duplication; the folding of a part, as a membrane, upon itself; a bending back or complete deflection.
    • n reflection That which is reflected; a fold: as, a reflection of the peritoneum forming a mesentery.
    • n reflection In zoology, a play of color which changes in different lights: as, the reflections of the iridescent plumage of a humming-bird.
    • n reflection Synonyms Rumination, cogitation.
    • n reflection See remark, n.
    • reflection To reflect.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The hair on a polar bearis not white, but clear. They reflect light, so they appear white.
    • n Reflection rē-flek′shun the act of reflecting: the change of direction when a ray of light, &c., strikes upon a surface and is thrown back: the state of being reflected: that which is reflected: the action of the mind by which it is conscious of its own operations: attentive consideration: contemplation: censure or reproach:
    • n Reflection rē-flek′shun (anat.) the folding of a part, a fold
    • ***

Quotations

  • Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe
    Johann%20Wolfgang%20Von%20Goethe
    “Never by reflection, but only by doing is self-knowledge possible to one.”
  • Francis Picabia
    Francis%20Picabia
    “Knowledge is ancient error reflecting on its youth.”
  • Mangnu Hirschfield
    Mangnu Hirschfield
    “Love is a conflict between reflexes and reflections.”
  • W. H. Auden
    W.%20H.%20Auden
    “A verbal art like poetry is reflective; it stops to think. Music is immediate, it goes on to become.”
  • Søren Kierkegaard
    Søren Kierkegaard
    “What our age lacks is not reflection, but passion.”
  • John Kenneth Galbraith
    John%20Kenneth%20Galbraith
    “Man, at least when educated, is a pessimist. He believes it safer not to reflect on his achievements; Jove is known to strike such people down.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. reflexio,: cf. F. réflexion,. See Riflect

Usage

In literature:

I reflected that if I spoke the words that were burning my tongue for utterance, I should go as Gino Falcone had gone.
"The Strolling Saint" by Raphael Sabatini
That reflection gradually brought her thoughts to the events of the preceding night.
"Missy" by Dana Gatlin
A considerable share of his master's renown was reflected upon him.
"Five Weeks in a Balloon" by Jules Verne
Dandolo was one of the men who, in those revolutionary times, reflected the greatest honour upon Italy.
"Memoirs of Napoleon Bonaparte, Complete" by Louis Antoine Fauvelet de Bourrienne
This defeat, as Cowperwood kept reflecting, was really not his fault at all.
"The Titan" by Theodore Dreiser
Allow me to make a reflection.
"Child of a Century, Complete" by Alfred de Musset
The effect produced by this face might be compared to that of a prism, every facet of which reflects a different color.
"Gerfaut, Complete" by Charles de Bernard
This reflection was reassuring, and he was more devoted to her.
"Conscience, Complete" by Hector Malot
He pursued his way, lost in his reflections, guided only by force of habit.
"The Honor of the Name" by Emile Gaboriau
Hermione looked down at her, gratified, reflecting, and strangely absent, as if possessed, as if not quite there.
"Women in Love" by D. H. Lawrence
Rolfe regarded him with a reflective air.
"The Whirlpool" by George Gissing
Ned Lambert asked with a reflective glance at his toecaps.
"Ulysses" by James Joyce
He recognised in himself a tortuous tendency, not to be overcome by reflection and moral or utilitarian resolve.
"Our Friend the Charlatan" by George Gissing
Aurelia reflected disdainfully, but at length consented to the churchman's approach.
"Veranilda" by George Gissing
Then, after reflection, 'Mr.
"Demos" by George Gissing
Reflectively he turned the pages, reflectively he read, shaking his head when he had done.
"The Bondboy" by George W. (George Washington) Ogden
Jeremiah recalled the incident on reflection.
"When Ghost Meets Ghost" by William Frend De Morgan
They had looked forward and arranged everything before the others began to reflect.
"The Complete Project Gutenberg Works of Jane Austen" by Jane Austen
The slanted guns continued to look reflectively at the ground.
"The Little Regiment" by Stephen Crane
He occasionally took refuge from himself in such reflections.
"Command" by William McFee
***

In poetry:

And though his face no more we see,
He still reflects his light,
And shines with glorious majesty,
In other realms more bright.
"Virtuous Age" by James McCauley
A simple Maid, who could employ
The silent lapse of Evening mild,
And lov'd its solitary joy;
For Dolly was Reflection's child.
"Dolly" by Robert Bloomfield
Reflection too may love the hour
When Nature, hid in Winter's grave,
No more expands the bursting bud
Or bids the flowret bloom.
"Ode Written On The First Of December" by Robert Southey
Many a morn the naked beauty
Saw her bright reflection drown
In the flowing smooth-faced river,
While the god came sheening down.
"Daphne" by George Meredith
I think of thee, when golden sunbeams shimmer
Across the sea;
And when the waves reflect the moon's pale glimmer,
I think of thee.
"Love's Nearness" by Henry Van Dyke
Let others hail the tranquil stream,
Whose glassy waters smoothly flow,
And, in the undulating gleam,
Reflect another world below!
"To The River" by Matilda Betham

In news:

"We are deeply engaged with the land and that is reflected quite clearly in our town bylaws ," he said.
Reflections of Byzantium , Where East Meets West.
Days after True's body was found in New Mexico, Jurek reflects on the passing of his friend.
The winery on Howell Mountain was built to reflect the rugged masculine feel of the terrain, resting on a steep rocky slope surrounding by towering trees.
We hope everyone will take time to reflect on the countless blessings we all share.
With summer behind us and the leaves still turning here in New England, perhaps it's a bit early to reflect on 2009.
Audio reviews reflect PW 's assessment of the audio adaptation of a book and should be quoted only in reference to the audio version.
Mets' Jason Isringhausen, now calmer and wiser, reflects on his eventful career.
Fans said the picture painted by police does not reflect the person who won.
Miller Canfield defections may reflect seller's market for antitrust lawyers.
Sitting with my leg propped into a cast these last two weeks has given me pause to reflect on the pros and cons of web-based education — more.
The appraiser must select an overall cap rate that reflects facility quality and location and the risk of its future performance.
The text below reflects the correction.
Candidates for mayor reflect on commission chairmanship .
Reflections of a Former Chairperson .
***

In science:

Since thermal radiation is reflected by the membrane and the atomic beam is very narrow, the surface of the substrate is cold enough to suppress diffusion.
Electron Transport in Hybrid Metallic Nanostructures (Metallic Nanoelectronics)
The watch-plan is developed by the workers involved in decision-making. The implementation plan for a decision and its estimated impacts form the basis of identifying the parameters whose values will reflect the performance of the business as affected by the implementation of the particular decision.
A theoretical foundation for building Knowledge-work Support Systems
An additional degree of freedom can be specified and then used for the reflection.
Luhmann's Communication-Theoretical Specification of the 'Genomena' of Husserl's Phenomenology
This reflection is different from the substantive reflections, since it is formal, that is, yet without meaning, and therefore cannot substantively support the construction of a meta-level.
Luhmann's Communication-Theoretical Specification of the 'Genomena' of Husserl's Phenomenology
Consequently, this formal reflection is not ‘meta’—that is, at a next level—but it remains ‘epi’: the added dimension opens a space of alternative possibilities for recombining the substantive dynamics in the previous communications of meaning.
Luhmann's Communication-Theoretical Specification of the 'Genomena' of Husserl's Phenomenology
The historical phenomena can then be reconstructed as the results of interactions among the reflections.
Luhmann's Communication-Theoretical Specification of the 'Genomena' of Husserl's Phenomenology
This double perspective is the very subject of methodological reflection in the discipline.
Luhmann's Communication-Theoretical Specification of the 'Genomena' of Husserl's Phenomenology
However, it is available and needed at the epi-level (that is, around) to increase the clarity of the substantive reflections.
Luhmann's Communication-Theoretical Specification of the 'Genomena' of Husserl's Phenomenology
In this study, we include three variables that reflect these factors.
Past Performance as Predictor of Successful Grant Applications: A Case Study
These differences on the discipline level are reflected in the scores on the variables used in this study.
Past Performance as Predictor of Successful Grant Applications: A Case Study
This is reflected in the correlation analysis (table 22).
Past Performance as Predictor of Successful Grant Applications: A Case Study
Of course, the differences may reflect size of the social, behavioral, economics and law faculties in the various universities.
Past Performance as Predictor of Successful Grant Applications: A Case Study
Attacker – supplied script and CSS inclusion vectors (stored and reflected).
Software Design Document, Testing, and Deployment and Configuration Management of the UUIS - a Team 1 COMP5541-W10 Project Approach
Attacker-supplied embedded content (stored and reflected).
Software Design Document, Testing, and Deployment and Configuration Management of the UUIS - a Team 1 COMP5541-W10 Project Approach
Thus the two extremes, no total internal reflection and complete internal reflection, were simulated.
Milagrito: a TeV air-shower array
***