• WordNet 3.6
    • adj refined free from what is tawdry or unbecoming "a neat style","a neat set of rules","she hated to have her neat plans upset"
    • adj refined suggesting taste, ease, and wealth
    • adj refined (used of persons and their behavior) cultivated and genteel "she was delicate and refined and unused to hardship","refined people with refined taste"
    • adj refined freed from impurities by processing "refined sugar","refined oil","to gild refined gold"- Shakespeare"
    • adj refined showing a high degree of refinement and the assurance that comes from wide social experience "his polished manner","maintained an urbane tone in his letters"
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: American colonists discovered that superior candles could be made from the fruit of a squat bush growing in the sand dunes along the New England seashore. The small, grayish bayberry was picked, crushed, and boiled. It had to be skimmed several times before the pale, nearly transparent, green fat was sufficiently refined. Bayberry candles were highly prized, because so much labor and so many berries were needed to make just one candle.
    • a Refined Freed from impurities or alloy; purifed; polished; cultured; delicate; as; refined gold; refined language; refined sentiments. "Refined wits who honored poesy with their pens."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • refined Purified; elevated; cultivated; subtle: as. a refined taste; a refined discrimination; refined society.
    • refined Very exact or precise; perfect or correct in details.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • p.adj Refined made fine: polished: highly cultivated
    • ***


  • Bible
    “Behold, I have refined thee, but not with silver; I have chosen thee in the furnace of affliction. [Isaiah 48:10]”
  • Mark Twain
    “She was not quite what you would call refined. She was not quite what you would call unrefined. She was the kind of person that keeps a parrot.”
  • Arthur James Balfour
    Arthur James Balfour
    “He has only half learned the art of reading who has not added to it the more refined art of skipping and skimming.”
  • Leigh Hunt
    “It is books that teach us to refine our pleasures when young, and to recall them with satisfaction when we are old.”
  • Allan K. Chalmers
    Allan K. Chalmers
    “Crises refine life. In them you discover what you are.”
  • Roy L. Smith
    Roy L. Smith
    “Discipline is the refining fire by which talent becomes ability.”


Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. re-, denoting change of state, and fine; cf. Fr. raffiner.


In literature:

She had numerous lovers (not in the refined sense of the word), and, at last, took up with Thomas Killigrew.
"The Wits and Beaux of Society" by Grace Wharton and Philip Wharton
It is of wonderful beauty, and almost matchless in the world: a marvel of skill and refinement.
"The Argosy" by Various
In her whole appearance there was a shrinking, timid gentleness, betokening refinement of feeling.
"The Argosy" by Various
His voice is refined, and except when he was carried away by hi-fury against his roguish housekeeper he seems to have a certain self-respect.
"A Crooked Path" by Mrs. Alexander
There are many who will regard my conduct as the last refinement of temerity, or of heroism.
"Arthur Mervyn" by Charles Brockden Brown
Civilization means culture and refinement.
"Twentieth Century Negro Literature" by Various
She was sympathetic, refined, shy, cultivated, unselfish, and of a wild rose prettiness.
"Prisoners" by Mary Cholmondeley
The type in him was refined to its artistic perfection.
"Sketches and Studies in Italy and Greece, Complete" by John Symonds
A little refinement is the next blessing to religion.
"The Entailed Hat" by George Alfred Townsend
We have yet to learn the elevating, refining power of labor, when organized as it can, and assuredly will be.
"The Continental Monthly, Vol III, Issue VI, June, 1863" by Various
Therefore, my remarks in another chapter upon the influence of refined foods will apply particularly in the case of the teeth.
"Vitality Supreme" by Bernarr Macfadden
Here we found the same language and the same manners, with scarcely one shade more of refinement.
"Frank Mildmay" by Captain Frederick Marryat
The best writing is more than grace of rhetoric and refinement of intellectual culture.
"Elementary Guide to Literary Criticism" by F. V. N. Painter
It seemed to insure tranquillity, refinement, and peace to its owner.
"The Blue Wall" by Richard Washburn Child
Pa was greatly amused, enjoyed his daughter's aristocratic ways, admired her refined air.
"The Bill-Toppers" by Andre Castaigne
Civilization has been the refining agent of our qualities.
"Mother Earth, Vol. 1 No. 4, June 1906" by Various
Canadian matte has been refined mainly in the United States, but the tendency is toward refining a larger proportion in Canada.
"The Economic Aspect of Geology" by C. K. Leith
When she left school Beth was fastidiously refined.
"The Beth Book" by Sarah Grand
During the third year, attention should be given to words and to the refinements of elegant composition.
"English: Composition and Literature" by W. F. (William Franklin) Webster
She spoke low and with refinement, whilst her bearing was that of a well-bred woman.
"The Lost Million" by William Le Queux

In poetry:

First with thy fire-work burn to dust
Folly, and worse than folly, lust:
Then with thy light refine,
And make it shine.
"The Starre" by George Herbert
"And solitude, that friend so dear
To each reflecting mind,
Her residence has chosen here
To soothe the heart refined."
"To A Flower" by Margaret Davidson
Such was the Savior of mankind,
Such pleasures he pursued;
His flesh and blood were all refined,
His soul divinely good.
"Hymn 36" by Isaac Watts
No treasures so enrich the mind;
Nor shall thy word be sold
For loads of silver well refined,
Nor heaps of choicest gold.
"Psalm 119 part 5" by Isaac Watts
But he who scatters noble deeds,
And lives to bless mankind,
Shall see the beauties God reveals
To men with hearts refined.
"Courage And Faith" by Jared Barhite
Refining Fuller, make me clean,
On me thy costly pearl bestow:
Thou art thyself the pearl I prize,
The only joy I seek below.
"Refining Fuller, Make Me Clean" by Augustus Montague Toplady

In news:

A major fire was reported on Monday at Chevron's refining facility in Richmond, California.
SUGAR LAND, Texas (AP) — CVR Energy's refining subsidiary plans to raise up to $300 million in an initial public offering.
Mahon's cookbook features refined recipes for farm-grilled chili, chicken and dumplings and a variety of soups and chowders.
T he menus of the rustic-meets-refined Vernick Food and Drink and the Abruzzo-in-South-Philly Le Virtù are worlds apart.
Refined Verano may nudge Buick's flagging sales.
Stymied at UN, US Refines Plan to Remove Assad.
The Washington County Board of Commissioners agreed Tuesday to offer a parcel of tax- forfeited land in St Paul Park to the St Paul Park Refining Co.
An Ohio-based oil refiner is donating money and food to people recovering from Superstorm Sandy.
Ohio-based oil refiner donating to Sandy relief.
An Evening with Refiner 's Fire.
Refiner 's Fire is ministering at Grace Lutheran Church on Saturday, November 10th at 7PM 50% of all ticket revenues stay in this local church for their ministries.
Top East Coast refiner seen unharmed by Sandy as checks begin.
A refiner awaits Keystone boom.
Tesoro to be state's biggest refiner .
Ram introduces more-powerful, -refined Heavy Duty pickups.

In science:

For all other nuclei, published [2,4,7] spin values obtained from more refined calculations have been used. The listed abundances require multiplication by the respective detector composition fractions, which in the case of SIMPLE are 62.5 and 12.5% for F and Cl, respectively.
Exclusion limits on spin dependent WIMP-nucleon couplings from the SIMPLE experiment
Fisher, Separation and Refinement of Metals in Vacuum. Мoscow, Metallurgiya, 1969, 203 p. (in Russian). 6. A.N. Nesmeyanov, Vapor Pressure of Chemical Elements, Мoscow, Publ. of Ac. Sci. USSR, 1961, 396 p. (in Russian).
Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop "Radiopure Scintillators for EURECA" (RPScint'2008)
If S ′ ∈ Covsa (U ) is a refinement of S , then there exists a natural morphism F (S ) −→ F (S ′ ).
Stratified Whitney jets and tempered ultradistributions on the subanalytic site
The components we have proposed so far to solve these sub-tasks are still rudimentary and will have to be refined.
Mass data exploration in oncology: An information synthesis approach
No expreiemtal data available. & Assumed from the image and data of the refined electron diffraction microscopy.
Multiferroicity, The coupling between magnetic and polarization
What evolution has done for us is that by its process it has refined our system design implementations, and preserved every improvement.
To study the phenomenon of the Moravec's Paradox
TABLE I. Refined lattice constants, atomic parameters, and selected bond lengths (
Interplay of composition, structure, magnetism, and superconductivity in SmFeAs1-xPxO1-y
The cell proposals have to be checked against the whole pattern, not only the 2030 first peak positions, and this produces cell parameters refinement as well as more data for estimating systematic extinctions from which one or several possible space groups are deduced.
SDPD Round Robin 2002 Results
P2/c space group, corresponding to 18 degrees of freedom. The final refinement was made by using the FULLPROF software.
SDPD Round Robin 2002 Results
Software Architecture started with "Stepwise refinement"2 from Niklaus Wirth and "Programming in the large"3 by DeRemer and Kron or even before.
Software Architecture Overview
Loram and Tallon very recently have restated the claim, looking at the matter from the perspective of their refined electronic specific heat analysis , that the energy-resolved STM results from the HTSC cuprates, as presented by J.C.
Examination of the claim by Loram and Tallon that the energy-resolved STM results, in their apparent inhomogeneity, misrepresent the true bulk behaviour of the HTSC cuprates
The refinement procedure REFINE takes the triangulation Tk and the subset Mk ⊂ Tk as input arguments.
Convergence of adaptive finite element methods for eigenvalue problems
For simplicity, we consider for the module REFINE, the concrete choice of the newest vertex bisection procedure in two dimensions and the bisection procedure of Kossaczk´y in three dimensions [SS05].
Convergence of adaptive finite element methods for eigenvalue problems
It is worth mentioning that we do not assume REFINE to enforce the so-called interior node property, and convergence is guaranteed nevertheless, this is an important difference with respect to [GG07].
Convergence of adaptive finite element methods for eigenvalue problems
Given an initial partition T0 of the domain, the adaptive algorithm for solving equation (2.1) is an iteration involving the following main steps: (1) uk := SOLVE (Xk , Yk ) ; (2) {η (uk , τ )}τ ∈Tk := ESTIMATE (uk , Tk ) ; (3) Mk := MARK ({η (uk , τ )}τ ∈Tk , Tk ) ; (4) Tk+1 := REFINE (Tk , Mk , ℓ) , increment k .
Local Convergence of Adaptive Methods for Nonlinear Partial Differential Equations