referendum

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n referendum a legislative act is referred for final approval to a popular vote by the electorate
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Referendum A diplomatic agent's note asking for instructions from his government concerning a particular matter or point.
    • Referendum The principle or practice of referring measures passed upon by the legislative body to the body of voters, or electorate, for approval or rejection, as in the Swiss cantons (except Freiburg) and in various local governments in the United States, and also in the local option laws, etc.; also, the right to so approve or reject laws, or the vote by which this is done. Referendum is distinguished from the mandate, or instruction of representatives by the people, from direct government by the people, in which they initiate and make the laws by direct action without representation, and from a plebiscite, or popular vote taken on any measure proposed by a person or body having the initiative but not constituting a representative or constituent body.
    • Referendum The right to approve or reject by popular vote a meassure passed upon by a legislature.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n referendum A note from a diplomatic agent addressed to his government, asking for instructions on particular matters.
    • n referendum In Switzerland, the right of the people to decide on certain laws or measures which have been passed by the legislative body. In one of its two forms, facultative referendum (contingent on certain conditions) or obligatory referendum, it exists in nearly all the cantons. Since 1874 the facultative referendum forms part of the federal constitution: if 8 cantons or 30,000 voters so demand, a federal measure must be submitted to popular vote.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • Referendum in Switzerland, the right of the people to have all legislative acts passed in the Federal or Cantonal Assemblies referred to them en masse
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Gerundive fr. L. referre,. See Refer
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. referer (référer)—L. referre, to carry back—re-, back, ferre, to carry.

Usage

In literature:

In certain cantons the Referendum is obligatory and every law is thus submitted to the people.
"Face to Face with Kaiserism" by James W. Gerard
Initiative and Referendum, the, 289, 329-330.
"Socialism" by John Spargo
The plank which arouses the greatest opposition is that which incorporates the initiative, referendum, and recall.
"History of the United States, Volume 6 (of 6)" by E. Benjamin Andrews
The risks of further violence sparked by a Kirkuk referendum are great.
"The Iraq Study Group Report" by United States Institute for Peace
Initiative and referendum, 249, 250.
"The New Nation" by Frederic L. Paxson
This is the movement looking toward the establishment of the initiative and the referendum.
"The Spirit of American Government" by J. Allen Smith
REFERENDUM demanded by Socialists, 217 ff.
"British Socialism" by J. Ellis Barker
We'll insist on a referendum of the whole school, and see how the result turns out.
"The Leader of the Lower School" by Angela Brazil
In the House a still more determined effort was made to secure a referendum but it did not succeed.
"The History of Woman Suffrage, Volume VI" by Various
I allas did hold to them referendum and recall notions.
"At the Crossroads" by Harriet T. Comstock
And it also uses a Referendum.
"Around the World with Josiah Allen's Wife" by Marietta Holley
And this is the plain and simple meaning of the two instruments of the Referendum and the Initiative.
"The Irish Constitution" by Darrell Figgis
In a similar referendum at Cornell the city students mentioned many reasons for choosing their life work in the country.
"The Challenge of the Country" by George Walter Fiske
Our ruling clique selects its own members, but they are subject to popular approval or recall by referendum.
"Check and Checkmate" by Walter Miller
Some work in connection with the Referendum?
"Astounding Stories, August, 1931" by Various
The test of infamy was to be a referendum.
"Years of Plenty" by Ivor Brown
His ironies about the "initiative, referendum, and recall" were particularly vitriolic during this period of his career.
"Hempfield" by David Grayson
Your referendum will decide.
"Mountain" by Clement Wood
The people of Missouri, speaking through their referendum, threw it out.
"The Railroad Problem" by Edward Hungerford
It sent out a question to all syndicats for a referendum vote.
"Syndicalism in France" by Louis Levine
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In news:

Ramsey County Charter Commissioner Peter Hendricks was one of the 10 "no" votes that sank a stadium referendum effort on Tuesday night in St Paul.
Syrians Vote For Assad in Uncontested Referendum.
An Unexpurgated Guide to the Maine Referendum.
Less than two years after Verde Valley voters rejected a referendum to unify three local school districts, boards for two of the three voted to try unification again, maybe as soon as the 2010-11 school year.
Five years ago, over 7,000 voters signed referendum petitions to vote on the huge subdivision known as Mountain Springs.
The debate is heating up over a proposed property tax referendum on the November ballot to raise money for Seminole County schools.
Star-Ledger file photo Gov Chris Christie says having only two of New Jersey's 566 towns seeking a referendum proves the cap on property taxes is working.
2012 Maryland Referendum Questions Results.
Bradley County to vote on wheel tax referendum.
Given the history of same-sex marriage referendums, poll results should be viewed skeptically.
Complete coverage of the school charter referendum.
After Monday's city council meeting, Pontiac Mayor Bob Russell said the property tax relief referendum that failed in the last election might be returning to the ballot.
The decision is fast approaching to see if the Rockford School District 205 referendum will pass.
The campaign against extending the Crescent City Connection tolls is far from over one day before voters cast ballots in a referendum on the issue.
On behalf of ADM Corn Processing, I am pleased to offer support for the referendum ballot questions on the MERIT Center Vehicle Safety Driving Expansion and the Southwest Minnesota.
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In science:

The NBL2 is compellingly rejected only in the Venezuelan referendum and only for electronic voting units.
Quick Anomaly Detection by the Newcomb--Benford Law, with Applications to Electoral Processes Data from the USA, Puerto Rico and Venezuela
Although to a lesser extent than in the 2004 referendum, this result may indicate the need for a closer scrutiny of the winning electronic votes.
Quick Anomaly Detection by the Newcomb--Benford Law, with Applications to Electoral Processes Data from the USA, Puerto Rico and Venezuela
Venezuela Revocatory Referendum Electronic NO Votes proportions.
Quick Anomaly Detection by the Newcomb--Benford Law, with Applications to Electoral Processes Data from the USA, Puerto Rico and Venezuela
Venezuela Revocatory Referendum Electronic Votes Proportions compared with the Newcomb–Benford Law’s proportions for Second digit.
Quick Anomaly Detection by the Newcomb--Benford Law, with Applications to Electoral Processes Data from the USA, Puerto Rico and Venezuela
Venezuela Revocatory Referendum Electronic SI Votes proportions.
Quick Anomaly Detection by the Newcomb--Benford Law, with Applications to Electoral Processes Data from the USA, Puerto Rico and Venezuela
Venezuela Revocatory Referendum Electronic NO Votes proportions.
Quick Anomaly Detection by the Newcomb--Benford Law, with Applications to Electoral Processes Data from the USA, Puerto Rico and Venezuela
Venezuela Revocatory Referendum Manual Votes Proportions compared with the Newcomb–Benford Law’s proportions for Second digit.
Quick Anomaly Detection by the Newcomb--Benford Law, with Applications to Electoral Processes Data from the USA, Puerto Rico and Venezuela
Venezuela Revocatory Referendum Electronic SI Votes proportions.
Quick Anomaly Detection by the Newcomb--Benford Law, with Applications to Electoral Processes Data from the USA, Puerto Rico and Venezuela
Venezuela Revocatory Referendum Manual Votes Proportions compared with the Newcomb–Benford Law’s proportions for Second digit.
Quick Anomaly Detection by the Newcomb--Benford Law, with Applications to Electoral Processes Data from the USA, Puerto Rico and Venezuela
NO in the Recall Referendum violate the NB2 law.
Quick Anomaly Detection by the Newcomb--Benford Law, with Applications to Electoral Processes Data from the USA, Puerto Rico and Venezuela
La Ley de Newcomb–Benford y sus aplicaciones al Referendum Revocatorio en Venezuela.
Quick Anomaly Detection by the Newcomb--Benford Law, with Applications to Electoral Processes Data from the USA, Puerto Rico and Venezuela
Too many ties? An empirical analysis of the Venezuelan recall referendum counts.
Quick Anomaly Detection by the Newcomb--Benford Law, with Applications to Electoral Processes Data from the USA, Puerto Rico and Venezuela
Too many ties? An empirical analysis of the Venezuelan recall referendum counts.
Quick Anomaly Detection by the Newcomb--Benford Law, with Applications to Electoral Processes Data from the USA, Puerto Rico and Venezuela
In the referendum or Compound Ma jority Paradox is studied.
Probability calculations under the IAC hypothesis
Key words and phrases: Exit poll data, Venezuelan recall referendum.
The 2004 Venezuelan Presidential Recall Referendum: Discrepancies Between Two Exit Polls and Official Results
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