refer

Definitions

  • Two men wearing distinctly different uniforms are waving identical flags with the double headed eagle emblem and are fighting each other across a river. This may be a reference to the Russo-Turkish war of 1877–1878. Two Balkan men casually watch the battle from behind a wall
    Two men wearing distinctly different uniforms are waving identical flags with the double headed eagle emblem and are fighting each other across a river. This may be a reference to the Russo-Turkish war of 1877–1878. Two Balkan men casually watch the battle from behind a wall
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v refer think of, regard, or classify under a subsuming principle or with a general group or in relation to another "This plant can be referred to a known species"
    • v refer seek information from "You should consult the dictionary","refer to your notes"
    • v refer have as a meaning "`multi-' denotes `many' "
    • v refer make reference to "His name was mentioned in connection with the invention"
    • v refer use a name to designate "Christians refer to the mother of Jesus as the Virgin Mary"
    • v refer send or direct for treatment, information, or a decision "refer a patient to a specialist","refer a bill to a committee"
    • v refer be relevant to "There were lots of questions referring to her talk","My remark pertained to your earlier comments"
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Water that is safe to drink is referred to as POTABLE
    • Refer Hence: To send or direct away; to send or direct elsewhere, as for treatment, aid, information, decision, etc.; to make over, or pass over, to another; as, to refer a student to an author; to refer a beggar to an officer; to refer a bill to a committee; a court refers a matter of fact to a commissioner for investigation, or refers a question of law to a superior tribunal.
    • Refer To carry or send back.
    • Refer To carry the mind or thought; to direct attention; as, the preacher referred to the late election.
    • Refer To direct inquiry for information or a guarantee of any kind, as in respect to one's integrity, capacity, pecuniary ability, and the like; as, I referred to his employer for the truth of his story. "Now to the universal whole advert :
      The earth regard as of that whole a part."
    • Refer To have recourse; to apply; to appeal; to betake one's self; as, to refer to a dictionary. "In suits . . . it is to refer to some friend of trust."
    • Refer To have relation or reference; to relate; to point; as, the figure refers to a footnote. "Of those places that refer to the shutting and opening the abyss, I take notice of that in Job."
    • Refer To place in or under by a mental or rational process; to assign to, as a class, a cause, source, a motive, reason, or ground of explanation; as, he referred the phenomena to electrical disturbances. "I'll refer me to all things sense."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Some African tribes refer to themselves as "motherhoods" instead of families
    • refer To bear or carry back; bring back.
    • refer To trace back; assign to as origin, source, etc.; impute; assign; attribute.
    • refer To hand over or intrust for consideration and decision; deliver over, as to another person or tribunal for treatment, information, decision, and the like: as, to refer a matter to a third person; parties to a suit refer their cause to arbitration; the court refers a cause to individuals for examination and report, or for trial and decision.
    • refer Reflexively, to betake one's self to; appeal.
    • refer To reduce or bring in relation, as to some standard.
    • refer To assign, as to a class, rank, historical position, or the like.
    • refer To defer; put off; postpone.
    • refer To direct for information; instruct to apply for any purpose.
    • refer Synonyms Ascribe, Charge, etc. See attribute.
    • refer To have relation; relate.
    • refer To have recourse; apply; appeal: as, to refer to an encyclopedia; to refer to one's notes.
    • refer To allude; make allusion.
    • refer To direct the attention; serve as a mark or sign of reference.
    • refer To give a reference: as, to refer to a former employer for a recommendation. Synonyms To belong to pertain to, concern.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Peladophobia refers to the fear of bald people
    • v.t Refer rē-fėr to submit to another person or authority: to assign: to reduce: to carry back: to trace back: to hand over for consideration: to deliver over, as to refer a matter: to appeal: to direct for information
    • v.i Refer to direct the attention: to give a reference: to have reference or recourse: to relate: to allude:—pr.p. refer′ring; pa.t. and pa.p. referred′
    • ***

Quotations

  • Aristotle
    Aristotle
    “Personal beauty is a greater recommendation than any letter of reference.”
  • A. P. Herbert
    A. P. Herbert
    “People must not do things for fun. We are not here for fun. There is no reference to fun in any act of Parliament.”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “Gossip is sometimes referred to as halitosis of the mind.”
  • Albert Einstein
    Albert%20Einstein
    “Considered logically this concept is not identical with the totality of sense impressions referred to; but it is an arbitrary creation of the human (or animal) mind.”
  • Albert Einstein
    Albert%20Einstein
    “As far as the laws of mathematics refer to reality, they are not certain, and as far as they are certain, they do not refer to reality.”
  • Aristotle
    Aristotle
    “Praise invariably implies a reference to a higher standard.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. référer, L. referre,; pref. re-, re- + ferre, to bear. See Bear to carry

Usage

In literature:

It has no point of reference in its own past to which its members can refer for guidance.
"Introduction to the Science of Sociology" by Robert E. Park
He himself says "one" in the letter referred to.
"All About Coffee" by William H. Ukers
Natural objects, natural phenomena are not referred to for their own sake.
"The Astronomy of the Bible" by E. Walter Maunder
The scenery of Japan has provided a theme for so many pens that I do not feel inclined to do more than refer to it in passing.
"The Empire of the East" by H. B. Montgomery
The reference is to the style rather than to the age.
"English Synonyms and Antonyms" by James Champlin Fernald
But the only books to which he could refer his hearers filled thousands of pages, and referred to many thousands of cases.
"The Life of Sir James Fitzjames Stephen, Bart., K.C.S.I." by Sir Leslie Stephen
Mr. PEARSON prefixes to the preceding article a list of synonymes, with references to authors, in the manner of writers on natural history.
"North American Medical and Surgical Journal, Vol. 2, No. 3, July, 1826" by Various
It can be best understood by reference to the policy of the University of Chicago.
"College Teaching" by Paul Klapper
A few words, however, may with propriety be added with reference to the local treatment of the minor ailments to which I have just referred.
"The Mother's Manual of Children's Diseases" by Charles West, M.D.
To what its agreeableness is referable.
"Modern Painters Volume II (of V)" by John Ruskin
The large pulse and the small pulse refer to the volume of the pulse, which may be larger or smaller than usual.
"Special Report on Diseases of Cattle" by U.S. Department of Agriculture
To such an one the denunciation of the punishment must necessarily, in the first instance, be referred.
"Christology of the Old Testament: And a Commentary on the Messianic Predictions, v. 1" by Ernst Wilhelm Hengstenberg
Why should the present condition of the digestive organs be regarded in reference to the quantity of food?
"A Treatise on Anatomy, Physiology, and Hygiene (Revised Edition)" by Calvin Cutter
And now, to make the matter worse, there had come upon him this trouble with reference to his own boy.
"The Landleaguers" by Anthony Trollope
Paul, speaking of Christ in Hebrews 1, 3, refers to him as the express image of God's substance.
"Epistle Sermons, Vol. III" by Martin Luther
These three copies would not be recognized as referring to the same original.
"Ancient art of the province of Chiriqui, Colombia" by William Henry Holmes
This difficulty she had sought to master, once and for ever, by a reference to her clergyman.
"Rachel Ray" by Anthony Trollope
The three divisions of the court are somewhat differently placed with reference to appeals.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 2, Slice 3" by Various
I. References by consent out of court; II.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 2, Slice 4" by Various
This appears to be a necessary consequence of the physical axiom referred to above.
"The Glaciers of the Alps" by John Tyndall
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In poetry:

And far away on the wreck-strewn shore
Where the crew of the Sue reside,
They never refer to Eberly Moore
Or Eberly's fair young bride.
"Eberly's Fair Young Bride" by Wallace Irwin
"My boy," he said, in tone consoling,
"Give up this idle fancy - do -
The song you heard my daughter trolling
Did not, indeed, refer to you.
"Little Oliver" by William Schwenck Gilbert
Watching my mother slowly die I knew
My first release. I wish some ancient bugaboo
Followed me. But my sin is always my sin.
With no special legend or God to refer to.
"My Friend, My Friend" by Anne Sexton
The warriour thus in song his deeds express'd,
Nor vainly boasted what he but confess'd,
While warlike actions were proclaim'd abroad,
That all their praises, shou'd refer to God.
"David" by Thomas Parnell
And if I lie, I lie because I love you,
Because I am bothered by the things I do,
Because your hurt invades my calm white skin:
With no special legend or God to refer to,
I think it would be better to be a Jew.
"My Friend, My Friend" by Anne Sexton
The goddess Chicomecoatl, "seven guests," was the deity who presided
over food and drink. Hence in the first verse she is referred to as
Chicomolotl, "seven ears of corn," and is spoken of as a guide to
Tlalocan, or the home of abundance.
"Sacred Song Of Ancient Mexicans - XVI." by Daniel Garrison Brinton

In news:

This is in reference to the article that appeared in Nov 9 edition which claimed there were two warring factions battling about tax money paid and received from Lehigh Acres.
Not even from these cliffs does the Black Sea look black, so one starts to suspect that the word refers to something other than the color of the water.
The day after the close of the NFL regular season is joking referred to in league offices as "Black Monday" because of the job changes which always seem to come on that day.
A message referring to the blocked Twitter site.
A deputy responded to a rural address in reference to a report of theft that had occurred the previous night.
What kind of vegetable is sometimes referred to as "music roots" in Southern Kentucky.
Theorem Clinical Research Releases the 'Little Advisor,' a Site-Level Reference Booklet for ISO 14155:2011 for Medical Device Trials.
When you start a company with little money and no outside funding— carefully monitoring expenses while you're growing— your growth model is often referred to as " bootstrapping ".
An homage filled with references to children's books.
Romney twice referred to the fact that when he was governor, Massachusetts students led the nation in standardized test scores for math and reading.
"The newspapers built it up enormously," he said, referring to the bad-boy image.
She refers to a 30-year-old business model of being solely a fundraising entity.
"We've booked outstanding performers and world-famous acts," RNC chairman Reince Priebus boasted last week, referring to the Republican convention's musical line-up.
The unanswerable question I'm referring to: "How does the NFL determine compensatory picks.".
And Walker — who's traveling the country on a "10 Million a Minute Tour," which refers to the.
***

In science:

For existence results for the Navier-Stokes equation in thin domains we particularly refer to Raugel and the references therein.
Existence and homogenization of the Rayleigh-B\'enard problem
With this choice of iǫ′ s the lefthand side of (29) refers to the density of quarks in the nucleon wavefunction while the righthand side of (29) refers to the transverse momentum spectrum of quark jets produced.
Parton Saturation-An Overview
Classical references are [Sz1, Ca] while more recent references (with more precise results) are in [SL, Su].
Equilibrium distribution of zeros of random polynomials
The reader is referred to for detailed analytical expressions as well as for a more complete list of bibliographical references.
Neutrino-nucleon scattering rate in the relativistic random phase approximation
For further details, we refer the reader to reference .
Product Groups, Discrete Symmetries, and Grand Unification
Operators of a similar type having well-defined planar conformal dimensions in the ful l gauge theory have been constructed in reference . 3 We use the notation and normalization of reference .
Quantum Mechanics, Random Matrices and BMN Gauge Theory
As general references and for discussions of the overall properties of Colombeau algebras we refer to the literature (e.g. [4, 9, 20]).
First-order hyperbolic pseudodifferential equations with generalized symbols
For a more detailed analysis, we refer to the paper and references therein.
Random Graph Models with Hidden Color
We refer to Ref. 1 and the references therein, concerning quantum random walks.
Fluctuations of Quantum Random Walks on Circles
The reader is referred to Atkinson, Murphy, and Ruˇskuc for constructions and references to earlier work.
Finitely labeled generating trees and restricted permutations
For values ∆X we use the convention (reference − satellite) ∆X = Xref − Xsat to calculate the matrix we use the reference catalogue.
Formalism and quality of a proper motion link with extragalactic objects for astrometric satellite missions
Since the reference space-time is flat we can choose the metric of the reference space-time as ηmn .
General Definition of Gravitational Tension
The significance of the Maxwell representation is that the multipoles rotate directly with the function, and are defined without reference to an external reference frame (unlike spherical harmonics).
Correlations between Maxwell's multipoles for gaussian random functions on the sphere
If ∆ satisfies all three of the above conditions then we refer to it as a CLTTF defining graph and we refer to G(∆) as a CLTTF Artin group, and to W (∆) as a CLTTF Coxeter group.
Automorphisms and abstract commensurators of 2-dimensional Artin groups
Another related problem is that of defining a sufficiently large class of frames of reference with the same number of degrees of freedom as that of rigid frames of reference in classical mechanics.
Isometry germs and related structures
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