reduplication

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n reduplication the act of repeating over and again (or an instance thereof)
    • n reduplication a word formed by or containing a repeated syllable or speech sound (usually at the beginning of the word)
    • n reduplication the syllable added in a reduplicated word form
    • n reduplication repetition of the final words of a sentence or line at the beginning of the next
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Reduplication (Pros) A figure in which the first word of a verse is the same as the last word of the preceding verse.
    • Reduplication The act of doubling, or the state of being doubled.
    • Reduplication (Philol) The doubling of a stem or syllable (more or less modified), with the effect of changing the time expressed, intensifying the meaning, or making the word more imitative; also, the syllable thus added; as, L. tetuli; poposci.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n reduplication The act of reduplicating, redoubling, or repeating, or the state of being reduplicated.
    • n reduplication In rhetoric, a figure in which a verse ends with the same word with which the following begins.
    • n reduplication In philol.:
    • n reduplication The repetition of a syllable (usually a root-syllable), or of the initial part, often with more or less modification, in various processes of word-formation and inflection. In our languages, it is especially the perfect tense that exhibits reduplication: thus, Gothic haihald, Latin cecini, Greek πέφευγα, Sanskrit babhāra; but also the present tense: thus. Latin sisto, Greek δίδωμι, Sanskrit dadāmi, etc.; and elsewhere.
    • n reduplication The new syllable formed by reduplication.
    • n reduplication In logic, an expression affixed to the subject of a proposition, showing the formal cause of its possession of the predicate: as, “man, as an animal, has a stomach,” where the expression “as an animal” is the reduplication.
    • n reduplication In anatomy and zoology, a folding of a part; a folded part; a fold or duplication, as of a membrane, of the skin, etc. Also reduplicature.
    • n reduplication In pathology, the repetition of the sequence of symptoms in a case of intermittent malarial fever of double type.
    • n reduplication In mech., the principle, in a cord-and-pulley, that the greater the number of turns of the rope in the pulleys, the greater the load that can be lifted by a given pull on the hauling-rope.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Reduplication the act of redoubling: the repetition of a syllable, or of the initial part, in inflection and word-formation, as in L. fefelli, perf. of fallo, Gr. tetupha, perf. of tuptō:
    • n Reduplication (anat.) a folding or doubling of a part or organ
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Cf. F. réduplication, L. reduplicatio, repetition

Usage

In literature:

Benham went into the study that reduplicated his former rooms in Finacue Street and sat down before the fire the butler lit for him.
"The Research Magnificent" by H. G. Wells
A reduplication of the description in Bk.
"Cyropaedia" by Xenophon
But the pleasure of hero-worship for their author would be more than reduplicated.
"Yet Again" by Max Beerbohm
It was an awesome picture, that ravenous and reduplicating mouth!
"Essays in Rebellion" by Henry W. Nevinson
On December 2 the pulse was 136, and the heart sounds reduplicated.
"Scientific American Supplement, Vol. XIX, No. 470, Jan. 3, 1885" by Various
PERFECT IN -I WITH REDUPLICATION.
"New Latin Grammar" by Charles E. Bennett
But more commonly still we find 4, and perhaps 3 also, expressed by reduplication.
"The Number Concept" by Levi Leonard Conant
But there was one time when a great reduplication of the vocabulary occurred.
"Public Speaking" by Clarence Stratton
He recognizes six kinds of symphony; in reality he employs only three, the others being reduplications.
"A Popular History of the Art of Music" by W. S. B. Mathews
This inaccuracy is often to be deplored; inasmuch as a reduplicated syllable often really affects the sense.
"The Causes of the Corruption of the Traditional Text of the Holy Gospels" by John Burgon
By refusing what she asked, he reduplicated her asking; this is sweet to him and profitable to her.
"The Parables of Our Lord" by William Arnot
That is to say, art will not bear to be reduplicated.
"The Harbours of England" by John Ruskin
What is the significance of this reduplication in so small a book?
"The Life of St. Paul" by James Stalker
The strong verbs were originally further sub-divided into reduplicated and non-reduplicated verbs.
"A Middle High German Primer" by Joseph Wright
This, according to him, was a wholly unnecessary reduplication.
"Essays Towards a Theory of Knowledge" by Alexander Philip
We have in both cases the reduplication of parts, the effects of long-continued use, and so forth.
"The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex, Vol. I (1st edition)" by Charles Darwin
In Chile, words and phrases are reduplicated: as Ytayta, Biobio, Lemolemo, Colocolo, etc.
"The Philippine Islands, 1493-1898" by Various
Annancy is fond of these reduplications.
"Jamaican Song and Story" by Walter Jekyll
Poverty sees itself reduplicated at every turn; it looks into its own face, and sees no other.
"Masterman and Son" by W. J. Dawson
The name Humpty-Dumpty itself is one of the large class of rhyming compounds which are formed by the varied reduplication of the same word.
"Comparative Studies in Nursery Rhymes" by Lina Eckenstein
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In science:

Section 2 describes about the agglutinative nature of Manipuri which leads us to the idea of stemming. Section 3 gives the idea of Manipuri Reduplicated MWEs, stemming of Manipuri words so that it can be used as a feature is describe in Section 4.
Reduplicated MWE (RMWE) helps in improving the CRF based Manipuri POS Tagger
Section 5 gives the concept of Conditional Random Field (CRF). CRF model and Feature selection is described in Section 6 and Section 7 reports the experiments and the evaluation, improvement using reduplicated MWEs is discussed in Section 8 and the conclusion is drawn in Section 9.
Reduplicated MWE (RMWE) helps in improving the CRF based Manipuri POS Tagger
In Manipuri works for identification of reduplicated MWEs has been reported for the first time in .
Reduplicated MWE (RMWE) helps in improving the CRF based Manipuri POS Tagger
The reduplicated MWEs in Manipuri are classified mainly into four different types.
Reduplicated MWE (RMWE) helps in improving the CRF based Manipuri POS Tagger
These are: 1) Complete Reduplicated MWEs, 2) Mimic Reduplicated MWEs, 3) Echo Reduplicated MWEs and 4) Partial Reduplicated MWEs. Apart from these fours there are also cases of a) Double reduplicated MWEs and b) Semantic Reduplicated MWEs.
Reduplicated MWE (RMWE) helps in improving the CRF based Manipuri POS Tagger
Here the reduplication words are generally noun but sometimes the suffixes –d, –gi and –ki are generally added to the second word of reduplication to identify itself as noun.
Reduplicated MWE (RMWE) helps in improving the CRF based Manipuri POS Tagger
In this type of reduplication MWEs, the first word is repeated to form an adjective by adding – b or –p to the second word.
Reduplicated MWE (RMWE) helps in improving the CRF based Manipuri POS Tagger
In case of adverbs –n is usually added to both the words of the reduplication. It is different from the above in such a way that the inflection is added to both the words in reduplication.
Reduplicated MWE (RMWE) helps in improving the CRF based Manipuri POS Tagger
Wh- question type Like English, wh- type of questions can be framed in Manipuri but it uses reduplication MWEs.
Reduplicated MWE (RMWE) helps in improving the CRF based Manipuri POS Tagger
In case of partial reduplication the second word carries some part of the first word as an affix to the second word, either as a suffix or a prefix.
Reduplicated MWE (RMWE) helps in improving the CRF based Manipuri POS Tagger
Both the reduplication words have the same meaning as well as the MWE.
Reduplicated MWE (RMWE) helps in improving the CRF based Manipuri POS Tagger
The Algorithms and models for finding reduplicated MWEs in Manipuri text as suggested in is used for the identification of reduplicated MWEs.
Reduplicated MWE (RMWE) helps in improving the CRF based Manipuri POS Tagger
The first model is used to identify the complete, mimic, partial, double and echo reduplicated MWEs.
Reduplicated MWE (RMWE) helps in improving the CRF based Manipuri POS Tagger
Figure 2: The First model for identifying four types of reduplication MWEs and double reduplication.
Reduplicated MWE (RMWE) helps in improving the CRF based Manipuri POS Tagger
Figure 3: The Second model for identifying semantic reduplicating MWE.
Reduplicated MWE (RMWE) helps in improving the CRF based Manipuri POS Tagger
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