reduce

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v reduce take off weight
    • v reduce lessen the strength or flavor of a solution or mixture "cut bourbon"
    • v reduce narrow or limit "reduce the influx of foreigners"
    • v reduce cook until very little liquid is left "The cook reduced the sauce by boiling it for a long time"
    • v reduce be cooked until very little liquid is left "The sauce should reduce to one cup"
    • v reduce be the essential element "The proposal boils down to a compromise"
    • v reduce to remove oxygen from a compound, or cause to react with hydrogen or form a hydride, or to undergo an increase in the number of electrons
    • v reduce make smaller "reduce an image"
    • v reduce reduce in size; reduce physically "Hot water will shrink the sweater","Can you shrink this image?"
    • v reduce make less complex "reduce a problem to a single question"
    • v reduce reduce in scope while retaining essential elements "The manuscript must be shortened"
    • v reduce cut down on; make a reduction in "reduce your daily fat intake","The employer wants to cut back health benefits"
    • v reduce destress and thus weaken a sound when pronouncing it
    • v reduce reposition (a broken bone after surgery) back to its normal site
    • v reduce undergo meiosis "The cells reduce"
    • v reduce lower in grade or rank or force somebody into an undignified situation "She reduced her niece to a servant"
    • v reduce simplify the form of a mathematical equation of expression by substituting one term for another
    • v reduce lessen and make more modest "reduce one's standard of living"
    • v reduce bring to humbler or weaker state or condition "He reduced the population to slavery"
    • v reduce put down by force or intimidation "The government quashes any attempt of an uprising","China keeps down her dissidents very efficiently","The rich landowners subjugated the peasants working the land"
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Kissing can aid in reducing tooth decay. This is because the extra saliva helps in keeping the mouth clean
    • Reduce (Chem) To add an electron to an atom or ion.
    • Reduce To bring into a certain order, arrangement, classification, etc.; to bring under rules or within certain limits of descriptions and terms adapted to use in computation; as, to reduce animals or vegetables to a class or classes; to reduce a series of observations in astronomy; to reduce language to rules.
    • Reduce To bring or lead back to any former place or condition. "And to his brother's house reduced his wife.""The sheep must of necessity be scattered, unless the great Shephered of souls oppose, or some of his delegates reduce and direct us."
    • Reduce To bring to a certain state or condition by grinding, pounding, kneading, rubbing, etc.; as, to reduce a substance to powder, or to a pasty mass; to reduce fruit, wood, or paper rags, to pulp. "It were but right
      And equal to reduce me to my dust."
    • Reduce To bring to any inferior state, with respect to rank, size, quantity, quality, value, etc.; to diminish; to lower; to degrade; to impair; as, to reduce a sergeant to the ranks; to reduce a drawing; to reduce expenses; to reduce the intensity of heat. "An ancient but reduced family.""Nothing so excellent but a man may fasten upon something belonging to it, to reduce it.""Having reduced Their foe to misery beneath their fears.""Hester Prynne was shocked at the condition to which she found the clergyman reduced ."
    • Reduce To bring to terms; to humble; to conquer; to subdue; to capture; as, to reduce a province or a fort.
    • Reduce (Arith) To change the form of a quantity or expression without altering its value; as, to reduce fractions to their lowest terms, to a common denominator, etc.
    • Reduce (Arith) To change, as numbers, from one denomination into another without altering their value, or from one denomination into others of the same value; as, to reduce pounds, shillings, and pence to pence, or to reduce pence to pounds; to reduce days and hours to minutes, or minutes to days and hours.
    • Reduce (Med) To restore to its proper place or condition, as a displaced organ or part; as, to reduce a dislocation, a fracture, or a hernia.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Soaking beans for twelve hours in water before they are cooked can reduce flatulence caused by beans
    • reduce To lead or bring back; restore; resolve to a former state.
    • reduce In surgery, to restore to its proper place, or so that the parts concerned are brought back to their normal topographical relations: as, to reduce a dislocation, fracture, or hernia.
    • reduce To bring to any specified state, condition, or form: as, to reduce civil affairs to order; to reduce a man to poverty or despair; to reduce glass to powder; to reduce a theory to practice; to reduce a Latin phrase to English.
    • reduce In metallurgy and chem., to bring into the metallic form; separate, as a metal, from the oxygen or other mineralizer with which it may be combined, or change from a higher to a lower degree of oxidation: as, to reduce the ores of silver or copper.
    • reduce To atone for; repair; redress.
    • reduce To bring down; diminish in length, breadth, thickness, size, quantity, value, or the like: as, to reduce expenses; to reduce the quantity of meat in diet; to reduce, the price of goods; to reduce the strength of spirit; to reduce a figure or design (to make a smaller copy of it without changing the form or proportion).
    • reduce To bring to an inferior condition; weaken; impoverish; lower; degrade; impair in fortune, dignity, or strength: as, the family were in reduced circumstances; the patient was much reduced by hemorrhage.
    • reduce To subdue, as by force of arms; bring into subjection; render submissive: as, to reduce mutineers to submission; Spain, Gaul, and Britain were reduced by the Roman arms.
    • reduce To bring into a class, order, genus, or species; bring within certain limits of definition or description.
    • reduce The variations of languages are reduced to rules.
    • reduce To show (a problem) to be merely a special case of one already solved.
    • reduce To change the denomination of (numbers): as, to reduce a number of shillings to farthings, or conversely (see reduction ); change the form of (an algebraic expression) to one simpler or more convenient.
    • reduce To prove the conclusion of (an indirect syllogism) from its premises by means of direct syllogism and immediate inference alone.
    • reduce To adjust (an observed quantity) by subtracting from it effects due to the special time and place of observation, especially, in astronomy, by removing the effects of refraction, parallax, aberration, precession, and nutation, changing a circummeridian to a meridian altitude, and the like.
    • reduce In Scots law, to set aside by an action at law; rescind or annul by legal means: as, to reduce a deed, writing, etc.
    • reduce Milit., to take off the establishment and strike off the pay-roll, as a regiment. When a regiment is reduced, the officers are generally put upon half-pay.
    • reduce Synonyms To lessen, decrease, abate, curtail, shorten, abridge, contract, retrench.
    • reduce Same as puer.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Lemon juice can aid in reducing the swelling caused by insect bites
    • v.t Reduce rē-dūs′ to bring into a lower state, as to reduce the ores of silver: to lessen: to impoverish: to subdue: to arrange: : :
    • v.t Reduce rē-dūs′ (arith. and alg.) to change numbers or quantities from one denomination into another: to reduce to its proper form, as to reduce a fracture: to bring into a new form, as to reduce Latin to English: to weaken: to bring into a class
    • v.t Reduce rē-dūs′ (Scots law) to annul by legal means
    • v.t Reduce rē-dūs′ (mil.) to strike off the pay-roll
    • ***

Quotations

  • Josh Billings
    Josh%20Billings
    “Adversity has the same effect on a man that severe training has on the pugilist -- it reduces him to his fighting weight.”
  • Josh Billings
    Josh%20Billings
    “Experience increases our wisdom but doesn't reduce our follies.”
  • Jose Ortega Y Gasset
    Jose%20Ortega%20Y%20Gasset
    “Civilization is nothing more than the effort to reduce the use of force to the last resort.”
  • Joseph De Maistre
    Joseph%20De%20Maistre
    “Man in general, if reduced to himself, is too wicked to be free.”
  • Marcus Valerius Martial
    Marcus%20Valerius%20Martial
    “Glory comes too late, after one as been reduced to ashes.”
  • Charles James Fox
    Charles James Fox
    “He that is conscious of guilt cannot bear the innocence of others: So they will try to reduce all others to their own level.”

Idioms

Reduce to ashes - If something is reduced to ashes, it is destroyed or made useless. His infidelities reduced their relationship to ashes.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. reducere, reductum,; pref. red-,. re-, re- + ducere, to lead. See Duke, and cf. Redoubt (n.)
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. reducĕre, reductumre-, back, ducĕre, to lead.

Usage

In literature:

Conventionalization also reduces suggestion, perhaps to zero.
"Folkways" by William Graham Sumner
The relatives of D'Horn were now reduced to the last extremity.
"Memoirs of Extraordinary Popular Delusions and the Madness of Crowds" by Charles Mackay
The city was reduced to ashes, and thirty thousand of the inhabitants were slain.
"A Modern History, From the Time of Luther to the Fall of Napoleon" by John Lord
The scooter wavered, and they landed hard, even at reduced speed.
"The Planet Strappers" by Raymond Zinke Gallun
Error and Evil cannot be Reduced to the Ideal 417 Sect.
"The Approach to Philosophy" by Ralph Barton Perry
Seeing Colonel Caswell was on the opposite side they reduced their columns and formed their line of battle in the woods.
"An Historical Account of the Settlements of Scotch Highlanders in America" by J. P. MacLean
A reduced facsimile of the Title-page is given herewith.
"A Bibliography of the writings in Prose and Verse of George Henry Borrow" by Thomas J. Wise
That which partakes of the property of analysis, and is reducible thereby.
"The Sailor's Word-Book" by William Henry Smyth
The cheerful industry of shanghaiing was reduced to a science.
"Complete Story of the San Francisco Horror" by Richard Linthicum
Let it come to a boil, then reduce heat and simmer until meat is tender and comes easily from the bone.
"Pennsylvania Dutch Cooking" by Unknown
He had long resolved to reduce Baji Rao to the condition of Napoleon at St. Helena.
"A History of the Nineteenth Century, Year by Year" by Edwin Emerson
Our money was reduced to about eight shillings.
"The Life of Trust: Being a Narrative of the Lord's Dealings With George Müller" by George Müller
But you have got to be very patient in reducing or building up.
"The Art of Stage Dancing" by Ned Wayburn
The reserve of the bank was rapidly reduced to a very low ebb.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Part 1, Slice 3" by Various
Supplementary costs are rapidly reduced.
"The Settlement of Wage Disputes" by Herbert Feis
If ipecac causes nausea or vomiting, the dose must be reduced.
"The Home Medical Library, Volume II (of VI)" by Various
We can only reduce household costs in the mass, and then share these pretty equally.
"The Galaxy, May, 1877" by Various
The besieging force was now reduced to a few hundred men, and they were at a loss whether to retreat toward home or continue the siege.
"The Great Events by Famous Historians, Volume 14" by Various
It has been further reduced since then through emigration to Israel.
"Area Handbook for Romania" by Eugene K. Keefe, Donald W. Bernier, Lyle E. Brenneman, William Giloane, James M. Moore, and Neda A. Walpole
The town of Bara had been reduced to great straits.
"Ten Years' Captivity in the Mahdi's Camp 1882-1892" by F. R. Wingate
***

In poetry:

Now, with the sugar's
All-softening juice,
The strength of the acid
So burning reduce.
"Punch Song" by Friedrich von Schiller
Is this a holy thing to see.
In a rich and fruitful land.
Babes reduced to misery.
Fed with cold and usurous hand?
"Holy Thursday (Experience)" by William Blake
Now fortune seem'd to promise fair,
"She'd instantly reduce his care."
Our ills are all on fortune thrown.
We quite forget they are our own.
"John Bolders" by William Hutton
Thus God can, in a trice, bring down
The pride of any sinful town,
And soon reduce, e'en to the dust,
The walls and crowds to which men trust!
"Another On The Same Occasion" by Rees Prichard
Come,
It is I calling you after a thousand years,
Reduced to ashes by your body's lightning.
Roses are opening again – it is our sign –
Our time has come for another meeting.
"Once More Meeting The Kipchak" by Giorgi Leonidze
To me it is a painful sight
To see a nation great and good
Reduced to such a sorry plight,
And courtiers crawl where freemen stood,
And king and priests combine to seize the spoil,
While widows weep and beggar'd yeomen toil.
"An Eastern Tale" by David John Scott

In news:

BASF reduced costs with Emerson's Machinery Health technology.
Florida Gulf Coast University is appealing a reduced tuition increase.
Reduced workforce would mean trouble for economy.
Add all ingredients and reduce to ¾ cup.
Energy use is being reduced.
And new buildings are designed in a way that helps reduce utility costs.
They reduced her parking ticket, but not mine.
The chairman of the US House Armed Services Committee is proposing to avoid about $55 billion of defense spending cuts in 2013 by reducing the federal workforce.
This new armpit microwaving device zaps 22-30,000 sweat glands in your armpits , which can reduce your sweat (and your sweaty smell) by up to 82 percent.
Olafur Eliasson makes reduced speed sexy.
Pinnacle says the $131 million transaction reduces debt, putting it in a better growth position.
10 3/4 ounce can reduced-fat and reduced-sodium condensed cream of mushroom soup.
The best method for improving steam system energy efficiency, reducing chemical costs, and reducing make-up water costs is to return the maximum quantity of condensate to the boiler plant.
This results in higher viscosity, reduced flow and leveling, and reduced sag.
Reducing the bulk and weight of the gear you put in your backpack means you can also reduce the size and weight of the pack itself.
***

In science:

We call the elements of the reduced subspace reduced vectors.
Algebraic structures on quasi-primary states in superconformal algebras
In such case, the vector u is reduced to the vector v and the vector Y is reduced to the sum of the vector of eigenvalues for the 2-form curvature of the tangent bundle of fixed manifold, with the vector G.
Wess Zumino Couplings for Generalized Sigma Orbifold Fixed-points
Thus bξ1 = bxηy must be reducible, but since ξ1 = xηy is not and the reduction system is quadratic, it is only possible if bx is reducible.
Number Operator Algebras
By means of a unitary transformation, which belongs to SL(2C ) we can reduce H to diagonal form diag(−λ, λ−1) and with a subsequent SL(2C ) transformation we can reduce it to the form diag(−1, 1) i.e.
Proof of Polyakov conjecture for general elliptic singularities
The Lie algebra s acts completely reducibly on the space of reduced 2cocycles, hence there exists an s-invariant subspace V complementary to the space of trivial 2-cocycles.
Classification of finite simple Lie conformal superalgebras
Equation (6.11) reduces to J i ◦ F i t ≡ 0, and equation (6.12) reduces t = ˙y [AyB ]CAB .
A Frame Bundle Generalization of Multisymplectic Momentum Mappings
More generally, the module L(V ) is reducible (moreover, completely reducible) if the roots of the polynomials associated to V satisfy a certain condition which involves roots of unity.
Quantum loop modules
All reduced positive weights of the form χ + P ±µi , where χ > 0 is not reduced and all µi > 0 are twisting, are called rubbish weights.
Hermitian Characteristics of Nilpotent Elements
Let a be the unique reduced walk in ˜Tu from u to w and b be the unique reduced walk in ˜Tu′ from u′ to w .
Some intrinsic properties of simple graph $C^*$-algebras
If ˜a is a reduced walk in E ×c Γ from (v , g ) to (u, h), then h = g c(a) and a = pc(˜a) is a reduced walk in E from v to u (cf. [GT, Theorem 2.1.2]).
Some intrinsic properties of simple graph $C^*$-algebras
Suppose that (u, g ) ∈ F 0 then there is a reduced walk ˜b from (v , 1Γ ) such that b = pc (˜b) is a reduced walk in E from v to u with g = c(b).
Some intrinsic properties of simple graph $C^*$-algebras
The reduced Wigner function describes the reduced quantum state of one of the correlated modes, averaged over the second mode.
Quantum Physics of Simple Optical Instruments
It can be neglected if Γ + ∆ >> 1, due to the zero-averaging effect of its rapid rotation, and since ∆ can be reduced to zero, in the worst case this reduces to Γ >> 1 - which is the same as for the third component.
Rabi spectra - a simple tool for analyzing the limitations of RWA in modelling of the selective population transfer in many-level quantum systems
If W (B ; n, u) ∼= W (B ; n, u − x), and x is removable, then we say that x is generating-tree-reducible relative to B , or for short, GT-reducible .
Finitely labeled generating trees and restricted permutations
If the permutation π contains a GT-reducible entry, we also refer to π as being GT-reducible.
Finitely labeled generating trees and restricted permutations
***