• WordNet 3.6
    • adj recluse withdrawn from society; seeking solitude "lived an unsocial reclusive life"
    • n recluse one who lives in solitude
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Recluse A person who lives in seclusion from intercourse with the world, as a hermit or monk; specifically, one of a class of secluded devotees who live in single cells, usually attached to monasteries.
    • a Recluse Shut up, sequestered; retired from the world or from public notice; solitary; living apart; as, a recluse monk or hermit; a recluse life "In meditation deep, recluse From human converse."
    • Recluse The place where a recluse dwells.
    • v. t Recluse To shut up; to seclude.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • recluse Shut up or apart from the world; retired from public notice; sequestered; solitary; existing or passed in a solitary state: as, a recluse monk or hermit; a recluse life.
    • n recluse A person who withdraws from the world to spend his days in seclusion and meditation; specifically, a member of a religious community who is voluntarily immured for life in a single cell. The life of a monastic recluse was a privilege accorded only to those of exceptional virtue, and only by express permission of the abbot, chapter, and bishop. In earlier monasticism, the recluse was immured in a cell, sometimes underground, and usually within the precincts of the monastery. He was to have no other apparel than that which he wore at the time of his incarceration. The doorway to the cell was walled up, and only a sufficient aperture was left for the conveyance of provisions, but so contrived as not to allow the recluse to see or be seen, Later monasticism greatly modified this rigor.
    • n recluse A place of seclusion; a retired or quiet situation; a hermitage, convent, or the like.
    • recluse To shut up; seclude; withdraw from intercourse.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • adj Recluse rē-klōōs′ secluded: retired: solitary
    • n Recluse one shut up or secluded: one who lives retired from the world: a religious devotee living in a single cell, generally attached to a monastery
    • ***


  • Margaret Fuller
    “Essays, entitled critical, are epistles addressed to the public, through which the mind of the recluse relieves itself of its impressions.”
  • Susan Sontag
    “The writer is either a practicing recluse or a delinquent, guilt-ridden one; or both. Usually both.”


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. reclus, L. reclusus, from recludere, reclusum, to unclose, open, in LL., to shut up. See Close


In literature:

Paolo was disappointed and puzzled by the manner of the unfortunate recluse.
"Chambers's Edinburgh Journal, No. 445" by Various
Ryder, as we know, was the typical recluse, Fuller in all likelihood also.
"Adventures in the Arts" by Marsden Hartley
She endured very well what she took to be the vacancy of confusion in a shy recluse.
"Little Novels of Italy" by Maurice Henry Hewlett
He might at least have indicated the fair recluse.
"Doom Castle" by Neil Munro
The recluse looked at Ellen.
"On the Banks of the Amazon" by W.H.G. Kingston
The recluse, for such he seemed, welcomed Manita affectionately, but his gaze was turned towards Oliver.
"The Settlers" by William H. G. Kingston
He was, I was told, a holy recluse, who lived upon the alms of passing pilgrims.
"Saved from the Sea" by W.H.G. Kingston
For this purpose he selected, with Makitok's permission, the truncated cone close to the recluse's dwelling.
"The Giant of the North" by R.M. Ballantyne
In Salem he remained for twelve years, a recluse in a family of recluses, devoting himself to reading and writing.
"The Short-story" by William Patterson Atkinson
Recluse women, 211 ff.
"A Literary History of the English People" by Jean Jules Jusserand

In poetry:

"O kin of blood! Thy life of use
And patient trust is more than mine;
And wiser than the gray recluse
This child of thine.
"The Hermit of Thebaid" by John Greenleaf Whittier
"In him the grave and playful mixed,
And wisdom held with folly truce,
And Nature compromised betwixt
Good fellow and recluse.
"My Namesake" by John Greenleaf Whittier
My search is for the living gold;
Him I desire who dwells recluse,
And not his image worn and old,
Day-servant of our sordid use.
"The Miner" by James Russell Lowell
Yet when did ever a recluse
Escape the baffled crowd's abuse?
The social world will ne'er condone
Thy preference to live alone
Amid resources of thine own.
"Seclusion" by John Lawson Stoddard
A recluse, then; himself
His hermitage? Unhabited
He moved among us; would have led
To rebellion. Small as he was
He towered, the trigger of his mind
Cocked, ready to let fly with his scorn.
"Saunders Lewis" by R S Thomas
The blinds of your mansion are battened to;
Your faded wife is a close recluse;
And your "finished" daughters will doubtless do
Dutifully all that is willed of you,
And marry as you shall choose--!
"John McKeen" by James Whitcomb Riley

In news:

Reclusive Heiress' Gifts To Doctors, Nurses Question In Estate Battle.
Court documents described detectives' conversations with Kaylene's boyfriend, and with members of Lynnettee's family, which showed Keller to be a survivalist, recluse , and gun collector.
Turkey Feels Sway of Reclusive Cleric in the U.S. Search All
Investigators have clawed for clues, scouring cabins for fingerprints that match no one and chasing reports of brief encounters only to come up short, always a step behind the mysterious recluse .
Eighth-grader Bee is the daughter of Microsoft genius Elgin Branch and Bernadette Fox, a once-famous architect who has become a recluse in her Seattle home.
Reclusive owls get social in West Anchorage.
Don Beebe, a former Green Bay Packers teammate of Brett Favre, suggested on ESPN Radio Tuesday that Favre isn't headed for TV work: Instead, he'll become a "recluse" who'll just "fish, hunt and golf.
In Defense of the Reclusive, Unproductive MC.
Dylan Baumann said he's been catching brown recluse spiders in his Omaha apartment for four months.
The wolf spider looks like a brown recluse spider — so be careful.
McVie quit the band and moved back to England in 1998 where she has lived a reclusive life ever since.
The Dexters' life is largely reclusive.
Bobcats are the recluses of the woods.
" Bobcats are very secretive, very reclusive," Holmes said.
Depot restoration, teacher's sex-charge trial and brown recluse spiders.

In science:

The remainder of Dave’s computation proceeds as a recursive divide-and-conquer algorithm, which is similar in structure to the approach of Chv ´atal , but improves his bound by almost a factor of 2, even though his algorithm was for the general two-color case, by reusing knowledge gained in previous reclusive calls.
On the Algorithmic Complexity of the Mastermind Game with Black-Peg Results