realism

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n realism the attribute of accepting the facts of life and favoring practicality and literal truth
    • n realism (philosophy) the philosophical doctrine that abstract concepts exist independent of their names
    • n realism (philosophy) the philosophical doctrine that physical objects continue to exist when not perceived
    • n realism an artistic movement in 19th century France; artists and writers strove for detailed realistic and factual description
    • n realism the state of being actual or real "the reality of his situation slowly dawned on him"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Realism (Philos) As opposed to idealism, the doctrine that in sense perception there is an immediate cognition of the external object, and our knowledge of it is not mediate and representative.
    • Realism (Philos) As opposed to nominalism, the doctrine that genera and species are real things or entities, existing independently of our conceptions. According to realism the Universal exists ante rem Plato), or in re Aristotle).
    • Realism (Art & Lit) Fidelity to nature or to real life; representation without idealization, and making no appeal to the imagination; adherence to the actual fact.
    • Realism the practise of assessing facts and the probabilities of the consequences of actions in an objective manner; avoidance of unrealistic or impractical beliefs or efforts. Contrasted to idealism self-deception overoptimism overimaginativeness, or visionariness.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n realism The doctrine of the realist, in any of the senses of that word. See especially realist, n., 1.
    • n realism In literature and art, the representation of what is real in fact; the effort to exhibit the literal reality and unvarnished truth of things; treatment of characters, objects, scenes, events, circumstances, etc., according to actual truth or appearance, or to intrinsic probability, without selection or preference over the ugly of what is beautiful or admirable: opposed to idealism and romanticism. Compare naturalism.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • ns Realism the medieval doctrine that general terms stand for real existences—opp. to Nominalism: the doctrine that in external perception the objects immediately known are real existences: the tendency in art to accept and to represent things as they really are—opp. to Idealism—a method of representation without idealisation, raised by modern French writers into a system, claiming a monopoly of truth in its artistic treatment of the facts of nature and life
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Quotations

  • Oscar Wilde
    Oscar%20Wilde
    “While we look to the dramatist to give romance to realism, we ask of the actor to give realism to romance.”
  • Jean Cocteau
    Jean%20Cocteau
    “True realism consists in revealing the surprising things which habit keeps covered and prevents us from seeing.”
  • Oscar Wilde
    Oscar%20Wilde
    “I hate vulgar realism in literature. The man who could call a spade a spade should be compelled to use one. It is the only thing he is fit for.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Cf. F. réalisme,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Low L. realis—L. res, a thing.

Usage

In literature:

Points to be considered are: (1) her realism; (2) her detachment or objectivity; (3) her sympathy.
"Contemporary American Literature" by John Matthews Manly and Edith Rickert
It is not a matter of mere realism.
"The Victorian Age in Literature" by G. K. Chesterton
Realism in style has not all the ease which seems to belong to it.
"Thackeray" by Anthony Trollope
That is realism in its nakedness.
"Shakespeare and the Modern Stage" by Sir Sidney Lee
Art is full of these sacrifices of realism to reticence.
"Post-Prandial Philosophy" by Grant Allen
The only one left alive, Hieronimo, now explains the terrible realism behind all this seeming.
"The Growth of English Drama" by Arnold Wynne
This last reason was an enormous concession to realism on Aunt Aggie's part.
"Prisoners" by Mary Cholmondeley
Nor is this letter, vivid in its realism, likely to make those not already warlike eager to enlist.
"The New York Times Current History: the European War, February, 1915" by Various
There is no attempt at historical propriety or dramatic realism.
"Sketches and Studies in Italy and Greece, Vol III." by John Symonds
There is no attempt at historical propriety or dramatic realism.
"Sketches and Studies in Italy and Greece, Complete" by John Symonds
The author had hewn as close to realism as his too clever lines would permit.
"Blister Jones" by John Taintor Foote
We should otherwise soon reach the point of crudest realism, from which at best we are not far removed.
"How to Sing" by Lilli Lehmann
And on the side of realism there is an almost equal vacuity and lack of veracity.
"A Book of Prefaces" by H. L. Mencken
God bless you both,' and the tremor in his voice seemed to me carrying realism one step further still.
"The Triumphs of Eugène Valmont" by Robert Barr
Realism is my line for the future.
"The Woman's Way" by Charles Garvice
This is the epoch of Poetic Realism.
"The Atlantic Monthly, Volume 13, No. 77, March, 1864" by Various
They are characterized by a very pronounced realism that is common to all.
"Russia" by Various
Let us take realism in literature for what it is and no more.
"By the Christmas Fire" by Samuel McChord Crothers
The reader will notice that there was little effort to attain realism in the presentation of an Indian play.
"The Little Clay Cart" by (Attributed To) King Shudraka
They were the last word in realism.
"Just Patty" by Jean Webster
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In news:

Playing Card Realism Challenge.
Essays on Realism by Georg Lukács, edited by Rodney Livingstone, translated by David Fernbach The MIT Press, 250 pp.
The "Colleen Browning Symposium on 20th-Century American Realism " will be held Sept 10 at Loretto.
But hey, that's realism .
On China is an attempt to apply the principles of foreign policy " realism " to the most pressing strategic challenge of our day.
Rather than labeling my attitude negative, I call it realistic , and realism rocks because it makes the next necessary step more obvious.
Andrea Arnold's romantic realism .
In HBO's 'Treme', Realism Battles Sappiness .
Optimism and realism in the treatment of TB.
Determining the current state of US agriculture is a case of balancing optimism with realism.
A young woman is caught between opposing desires and family expectations in this brilliantly colorful entry into the "healthy realism" movement of the 1960s.
Realism makes Watch one of year's best films.
Farmboy Fine Arts' New Realism roller shades in Splendor by Hunter Douglas Hospitality, 800-229-5300.
In the weekly Centre Square essay, Chris Satullo argues that fiscal shortfalls can be traced in part to shortage of realism by voters.
To compensate for these hypotheticals, firearms trainers take great caution when employing realistic elements into instruction to ensure realism isn't weighted more heavily than safety.
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In science:

SQM ones for some LRM, and therefore cannot be used for a conclusive test of local realism.
Conclusive tests of local realism and pseudoscalar mesons
Such an interest does not presuppose “scientific realism”, which concerns whether we should believe the theoretical claims of our best theory to be at least approximately true.
On the Persistence of Homogeneous Matter
Numerical simulations will be required in order to model this process with any degree of realism.
On the population of primordial star clusters in the presence of UV background radiation
So, such an analysis is not a rejection of realism per se, it is rather just an acceptance of a certain realism above and beyond the na¨ıve kind used when discussing hidden variables.
Relationalism vs. Bayesianism
This is due to the fact that genuine Bell inequalities, derived from locality and realism alone, are extremely difficult to test.
Analysis of a recent experimental test of Bell inequalities violating quantum predictions
In fact the perfomed experiments have tested Bell type inequalities derived from local realism plus some additional assumptions.
Analysis of a recent experimental test of Bell inequalities violating quantum predictions
The holography system was designed to provide a measurement repeatability of 10µm, which would suffice to demonstrate the realism in the obtained overall surface accuracy.
Near-Field Radio Holography of Large Reflector Antennas
I use the term “realism” as it is defined by Gr¨oblacher et al.
A non-local hidden-variable model that violates Leggett-type inequalities
These inequalities are obtained assuming the principles of realism and locality.
Entanglement, randomness and chaos
In short, Bell showed that the principles of realism and locality lead to experimentally testable inequality relations in disagreement with the predictions of quantum mechanics.
Entanglement, randomness and chaos
The violation of Leggett inequalities was first interpreted as an experimental falsification of “nonlocal realism”, where “realism” refers to the view that the single particles carry well defined properties when they leave the source .
Why aren't quantum correlations maximally nonlocal? Biased local randomness as essential feature of quantum mechanics
In order to seize the interest of this conclusion, one must realize that it cannot be reached from the present experimental violation of Bell inequalities predicted by quantum mechanics, since this violation is compatible with non-local realism.
The fail of determinism and the limits of Bohm hidden variable theory
Bell inequalities ? Notice that, as it is very well known, this violation entails the fail of local realism, but not the fail of the non-local one, i. e., the violation does not deny realism as such.
The fail of determinism and the limits of Bohm hidden variable theory
In other words, the conspiracy would make compatible realism as such with the experimental violation of Bell’s inequalities.
The fail of determinism and the limits of Bohm hidden variable theory
The reason why non local realism can be reconciled with the violation of Bell inequalities but not with determinism is that the determinism assumption is a stronger condition than realism assumption in the case of an EPR experiment.
The fail of determinism and the limits of Bohm hidden variable theory
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