rail

Definitions

  • "It hopped into the space between the rails."
    "It hopped into the space between the rails."
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v rail criticize severely "He fulminated against the Republicans' plan to cut Medicare","She railed against the bad social policies"
    • v rail spread negative information about "The Nazi propaganda vilified the Jews"
    • v rail complain bitterly
    • v rail fish with a handline over the rails of a boat "They are railing for fresh fish"
    • v rail lay with rails "hundreds of miles were railed out here"
    • v rail travel by rail or train "They railed from Rome to Venice","She trained to Hamburg"
    • v rail convey (goods etc.) by rails "fresh fruit are railed from Italy to Belgium"
    • v rail separate with a railing "rail off the crowds from the Presidential palace"
    • v rail provide with rails "The yard was railed"
    • v rail enclose with rails "rail in the old graves"
    • n rail any of numerous widely distributed small wading birds of the family Rallidae having short wings and very long toes for running on soft mud
    • n rail a horizontal bar (usually of wood or metal)
    • n rail short for railway "he traveled by rail","he was concerned with rail safety"
    • n rail a barrier consisting of a horizontal bar and supports
    • n rail a bar or pair of parallel bars of rolled steel making the railway along which railroad cars or other vehicles can roll
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

A. Cross-Section Thru Back Left Leg and Adjoining Rails of Table. (Plan). B. Elevation, Showing Wide Shoulder on Tenon of Rail A. Cross-Section Thru Back Left Leg and Adjoining Rails of Table. (Plan). B. Elevation, Showing Wide Shoulder on...
Table Construction: Upper Drawer Rail of Table Dovetailed into Left Front Leg Table Construction: Upper Drawer Rail of Table Dovetailed into Left Front Leg
The Fixing of a Drawer Rail, Seen From Below The Fixing of a Drawer Rail, Seen From Below
Opening for Drawer Cut Out of Front Rail of Table Opening for Drawer Cut Out of Front Rail of Table
Methods of attaching Table Top to Rails Methods of attaching Table Top to Rails
Si Carries a Rail 083 Si Carries a Rail 083
Taking the Top Rail 113 Taking the Top Rail 113
A Regular 3-Rail Transfer Truck A Regular 3-Rail Transfer Truck

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In a University of Arizona study, rails and armsrests in public buses were found to be contaminated by the highest concentration of bodily fluids.
    • Rail (Railroad) A bar of steel or iron, forming part of the track on which the wheels roll. It is usually shaped with reference to vertical strength, and is held in place by chairs, splices, etc.
    • Rail A bar of timber or metal, usually horizontal or nearly so, extending from one post or support to another, as in fences, balustrades, staircases, etc.
    • Rail (Arch) A horizontal piece in a frame or paneling. See Illust. of Style.
    • Rail a railing.
    • Rail A railroad as a means of transportation; as, to go by rail; a place not accesible by rail .
    • n Rail rāl An outer cloak or covering; a neckerchief for women.
    • n Rail (Zoöl) Any one of numerous species of limicoline birds of the family Rallidæ, especially those of the genus Rallus, and of closely allied genera. They are prized as game birds.☞ The common European water rail (Rallus aquaticus) is called also bilcock skitty coot, and brook runner. The best known American species are the clapper rail, or salt-marsh hen (Rallus longirostris, var. crepitans); the king, or red-breasted, rail (Rallus elegans) (called also fresh-water marshhen); the lesser clapper, or Virginia, rail (Rallus Virginianus); and the Carolina, or sora, rail (Porzana Carolina). See Sora.
    • Rail (Naut) The light, fencelike structures of wood or metal at the break of the deck, and elsewhere where such protection is needed.
    • Rail (Naut) The stout, narrow plank that forms the top of the bulwarks.
    • v. i Rail To flow forth; to roll out; to course. "Streams of tears from her fair eyes forth railing ."
    • Rail To inclose with rails or a railing. "It ought to be fenced in and railed ."
    • Rail To move or influence by railing. "Rail the seal from off my bond."
    • Rail To rail at.
    • Rail To range in a line. "They were brought to London all railed in ropes, like a team of horses in a cart."
    • v. i Rail To use insolent and reproachful language; to utter reproaches; to scoff; -- followed by at or against, formerly by on. "And rail at arts he did not understand.""Lesbia forever on me rails ."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: On September 13th, 1916 an elephant that had killed a man was hanged until dead from a rail road crain in Erwin, Tennesee. On their first attempt the elephant fell to the ground. It was very sad.
    • n rail A bar of wood or other material passing from one post or other support to another. Rails, variously secured, as by being mortised to or passing through slots in their supports, etc., are used to form fences and barriers and for many other purposes. In many parts of the United States rail fences are commonly made of rails roughly split from logs and laid zig-zag with their ends resting upon one another, every intersection so formed being often supported by a pair of cross-stakes driven into the ground, upon which the top rails rest.
    • n rail A structure consisting of rails and their sustaining posts, balusters, or pillars, and constituting an inclosure or line of division: often used in the plural, and also called a railing. The rails of massive stone, elaborately sculptured, which form the ceremonial inclosures of ancient Buddhist topes, temples, sacred trees, etc., in India, are among the most characteristic and important features of Buddhist architecture, and are the most remarkable works of this class known.
    • n rail In joinery, a horizontal timber in a piece of framing or paneling. Specifically— In a door, sash, or any paneled work, one of the horizontal pieces between which the panels lie, the vertical pieces being called stiles. See cut under door.
    • n rail Nautical, one of several bars or timbers in a ship, serving for inclosure or support. The rail, specifically so called, is the fence or upper part of the bulwarks, consisting of a course of molded planks or small timbers mortised to the stanchions, or sometimes to the timber heads. The part passing round the stern is the taffrail. The forecastle-rail, poop-rail, and top-rail are bars extended on stanchions across the after part of the fore-castle-deck, the fore part of the poop, and the after part of each of the tops, respectively. A pin-rail is part of a rail with holes in it for belaying-pins; and a fife-rail is a rail around the lower part of a mast, above the deck, with similar holes. The rails of the head are curved pieces of timber extending from the bows on each side to the hull of the head, for its support.
    • n rail One of the iron or (now generally) steel bars or beams used on the permanent way of a railway to support and guide the wheels of cars and motors. The general form now most in use for steam-railways is that known as the T-rail. But, though these rails all have a section vaguely resembling the letter T, the proportions of the different parts and the weights of the rails are nearly as various as the railways themselves. In the accompanying diagram is shown a section of a rail weighing 75 pounds per yard in length, the weight of the length of one yard being the common mode of stating the weights of rails. These weights are in modern rails sometimes as great as 80 or 85 pounds per yard, the more recent tendency having been toward heavier locomotives and heavier rails. The cut shows the comparative dimensions of the various parts. (Compare fish-joint, fish-plate, and fish, transitive verb, 8.) The curved junctions of the web with the head and the base are called the fillets.
    • n rail The railway or railroad as a means of transport: as, to travel or send goods by railroading
    • n rail In cotton-spinning, a bar having an up-and-down motion, by which yarn passing through is guided upon the bar and is distributed upon the bobbins.
    • rail To inclose with rails: often with in or off.
    • rail To furnish with rails; lay the rails of, as a railway; construct a railway upon or along, as a street.
    • rail To fish with a hand-line over the rail of a ship or boat.
    • rail To range in a line; set in order.
    • n rail A garment; dress; robe: now only in the compound night-rail.
    • n rail A kerchief.
    • rail To dress; clothe.
    • n rail A bird of the subfamily Rallinæ, and especially of the genus Rallus; a water-rail, land-rail, marsh-hen, or crake. Rails are small marsh-loving wading birds, related to coots and gallinules. They abound in the marshes and swamps of most parts of the world, where they thread their way in the mazes of the reeds with great ease and celerity, the body being thin and compressed, and the legs stout and strong with long toes. They nest on the ground, and lay numerous spotted eggs; the young run about as soon as hatched. The common rail of Europe is Rallus aquaticus; the clapper-rail or salt-water marsh-hen of the United States is R. crepitans; the king-rail or fresh-water marsh-hen is R. elegans; the Virginia rail is R. virginianus, also called red rail, little red-breasted rail, lesser clapper-rail, small mud-hen, etc. Very generally, in the United States, the word rail used absolutely means the sora or soree. Porzana carolina, more fully called rail bird, chicken-billed rail, English rail, Carolina rail, American rail, common rail, sora-rail, ortolan, Carolina crake, crake-gallinule, etc. See Crex, Porzana, and cut under Rallus.
    • rail To speak bitterly, opprobriously, or reproachfully; use acrimonious expressions; scoff; inveigh.
    • rail Synonyms of rail at. To upbraid, scold or scold at or scold about, inveigh against, abuse, objurgate. Railing and scolding are always undignified, if not improper; literally, abusing is improper; all three words may by hyperbole be used for talk which is proper.
    • rail To scoff at; taunt; scold; banter; affect by railing or raillery.
    • rail To run; flow.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The U.S. standard railroad gauge (distance between rails) is 4 feet, 8.5 inches.
    • n Rail rāl a bar of timber or metal extending from one support to another, as in fences, staircases, &c.: one of those steel bars used on the permanent way of a railway, generally of that form known as the T-rail: a barrier: the railway as a means of travel or transport: :
    • v.t Rail to enclose with rails: to furnish with rails
    • v.i Rail rāl to brawl: to use insolent language
    • v.t Rail to scoff at, affect by railing
    • n Rail reproachful and insulting language
    • n Rail rāl a genus of wading-birds with a harsh cry
    • v.i Rail rāl (Spens.) to flow or pour down.
    • n Rail rāl a robe—now only in Night-rail.
    • n Rail rāl (archit.) the horizontal part of a frame and panel
    • n Rail rāl (naut.) the forecastle-rail, poop-rail, and top-rail are bars across the forecastle, &c
    • ***

Quotations

  • William Congreve
    William%20Congreve
    “In my conscience I believe the baggage loves me, for she never speaks well of me herself, nor suffers any body else to rail at me.”
  • Michel Eyquem De Montaigne
    Michel%20Eyquem%20De%20Montaigne
    “Since we cannot attain unto it, let us revenge ourselves with railing against it.”
  • Henry Fielding
    Henry%20Fielding
    “Some folks rail against other folks, because other folks have what some folks would be glad of.”
  • John Dryden
    John%20Dryden
    “Railing and praising were his usual themes; and both showed his judgment in extremes. Either over violent or over civil, so everyone to him was either god or devil.”
  • Saul Landau
    Saul Landau
    “Patrick Henry railed against taxation without representation. He should see it with representation.”

Idioms

Off the rails - If someone has gone off the rails, they have lost track of reality.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. railler,; cf. Sp. rallar, to grate, scrape, molest; perhaps fr. (assumed) LL. radiculare, fr. L. radere, to scrape, grate. Cf. Rally to banter, Rase
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Low Ger. regel, prob. through O. Fr. reille; cf. Ger. riegel, a bar. Some refer to L. regula through O. Fr. reille.

Usage

In literature:

I'm going to ride my motor-cycle across the railroad trestle bridge on the single rail!
"Joe Strong, the Boy Fish" by Vance Barnum
A few days later, while pushing my car along the rails, I heard a terrible roaring.
"Nobody's Boy" by Hector Malot
Bert leaned on the rail with his chin resting in his hands and his eyes fixed upon the blank before him.
"A Voyage with Captain Dynamite" by Charles Edward Rich
He thrust his head over the rail inquiringly.
"Boy Scouts in the North Sea" by G. Harvey Ralphson
They moved stealthily towards the light wire railing on the starboard side just abaft the conning-tower.
"The Submarine Hunters" by Percy F. Westerman
It consists of canalling, improving river navigation, rail-roads, and common turnpike roads.
"A New Guide for Emigrants to the West" by J. M. Peck
We see a passer-by calling the attention of his friend to a stone tablet, green and worn with age, and surrounded by a slight railing.
"A Tramp's Wallet stored by an English goldsmith during his wanderings in Germany and France" by William Duthie
Clinging to the railing, they reached the deck, which was inclined so steeply that they clung to the cabin-rail for support.
"Peter the Brazen" by George F. Worts
So every day he practiced jumping in the Sweet Clover Field near the Old Rail Fence until by and by he could jump over the second rail.
"Little Jack Rabbit's Adventures" by David Cory
The graves of about a dozen others who had worked and died at Victoire were surrounded by a low split-rail fence.
"Shaman" by Robert Shea
Won't git me nothin' stickin' on 'at rail.
"Old Man Curry" by Charles E. (Charles Emmett) Van Loan
Again I climbed to the ship's rail.
"The Gods of Mars" by Edgar Rice Burroughs
Rest was welcomed after the long jaunt by rail, and the day was given up to it, except for the necessary work of drawing and issuing rations.
"Personal Recollections of a Cavalryman" by J. H. (James Harvey) Kidd
The sea was bubbling in over her rail at the fore-rigging and I wanted to get the feel of it.
"The Seiners" by James B. (James Brendan) Connolly
A little roped railing a few inches high fenced it.
"Astounding Stories, March, 1931" by Various
Something sort of clanged off the rail over me, even if it didn't dent the rail.
"The Flying Stingaree" by Harold Leland Goodwin
The boom had crushed through the bridge rails and lay across his path as he stepped over.
"Command" by William McFee
Stan sat with his feet on a railing.
"A Yankee Flier in Italy" by Rutherford G. Montgomery
We traveled by rail to Buffalo and across the lake to Toledo, thence by rail again to Chicago.
"Reminiscences" by Hans Mattson
He leaned forward over his railing, watching her intently.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science January 1930" by Victor Rousseau
***

In poetry:

Poetry to me is motion,
And the rolling thunder,
And the crashing black commotion
When the rail goes under.
"To The Lubber Poets" by Bill Adams
That was what the engine said,
With a whoop and a hail
As he kept the rail,
Butting space backward with his head.
"What The Engine Says" by Alexander Anderson
When trembling at this sacred rail
We hid our eyes and held our breath,
Felt Thee how strong, our hearts how frail,
And longed to own Thee to the death.
"Confirmation" by John Keble
My heart beat fast as I leapt the rail;
One touch was enough, and with wild affright,
I said in a voice that was like to fail,
"My God, it is Duncan; run back for a light."
"Duncan Weir" by Alexander Anderson
But rescue came speedily over the plain,
Or else the young knight for his love had been slain.
This fray being ended, then straightway he see
His kinsmen come railing at pretty Bessee.
"The Beggar's Daughter Of Bethnal Green" by Henry Morley
An' no one'll tell us, for no one'll know,
If she went at last sudden, or if she went slow,
But for all that we don't know, oh, this much is sure,
She'll sail out o' Sunderland with steel rails no more.
"Steel Rails" by Cicely Fox Smith

In news:

High Speed Rail Is Running Selectively For Holiday Travel Season.
Local control key to rail service integration.
Iowa rail museum goes for immersion.
Grand Couturier Uses Rail to Capture Sword Dancer.
Politics Judge Throws Out Crim Lawsuit As Hearing Rides Off the Rails.
Because of the abundance of speed and drawing the disadvantageous rail in the seven-furlong Hutcheson Stakes (gr II), trainer Kiaran McLaughlin said Feb 25 on "At the Races With Steve Byk" that he is considering scratching.
Known as a leader in the laser aiming devices for the self defense market, Crimson Trace ( CTC ) built their reputation with products like the Lasergrips, Laserguard and Rail Master.
Late Wednesday, Gov Dannel Malloy announced he has waived all rail fares for Thursday and Friday's Metro-North rail service.
A Long Island Rail Road worker was killed Monday morning after touching an electrified third rail in Queens, officials said.
Veolia Rail Names Steve McClarty GM for Tri- Rail in Florida.
A rail system between Baton Rouge and New Orleans would fall into a federally designated rail corridor that could be built with stimulus money.
), the director-general of the Bureau of High Speed Rail, yesterday asked the Taiwan High Speed Rail Corp (THSRC) to either increase the number of trains or cabins to handle the growing demand for unreserved seating.
Japan, the pioneer in high-speed rail, has 2,000 kilometers and is constantly improving its high-speed rail.
Passenger Rail Cincinnati passenger-rail plan advances with funding, preferred alignment decisions.
High-Speed Rail California's High Desert Corridor project evolves to possibly include high-speed rail connector .
***

In science:

Figure 7 shows the signal at the output of the CSA in “low power” mode, read out at the auxiliary output through the PMOS follower biased with a 1 kΩ resistor to the positive rail.
CLARO-CMOS, a very low power ASIC for fast photon counting with pixellated photodetectors
In the presented approach, we use the dual-rail data encoding style and the four phase data protocol.
Flysig: Dataflow Oriented Delay-Insensitive Processor for Rapid Prototyping of Signal Processing
Figure 6: Add-operator: (a) DIMS and (b) complete dual-rail implementation.
Flysig: Dataflow Oriented Delay-Insensitive Processor for Rapid Prototyping of Signal Processing
The modularity is quite obvious and because of the dual-rail data encoding delay-insensitivity is maintained on each hierarchy level.
Flysig: Dataflow Oriented Delay-Insensitive Processor for Rapid Prototyping of Signal Processing
The throughput is only restricted by the operator’s throughput which is rather high because of the efficient implementation of the dual-rail gates.
Flysig: Dataflow Oriented Delay-Insensitive Processor for Rapid Prototyping of Signal Processing
Efficient self-timing with level-encoded 2-phase dual-rail (LEDR). In Carlo H. S’equin, editor, Advanced Research in VLSI: Proceedings of the 1991 UC Santa Cruz Conference, pages 55–70.
Flysig: Dataflow Oriented Delay-Insensitive Processor for Rapid Prototyping of Signal Processing
QsNet is constructed from two QSW designed sub-systems: A network interface comprising one or more network adapters in each node; A high performance multi-rail data network that connects the nodes together.
Cluster Computing White Paper
The ECAL2 platform can be moved on rails along beam axis. A hole of 10× 10 modules in the centre allows passage of the beam particles.
The COMPASS Experiment at CERN
The drawback of the dual-rail encoding is that for realizing two-qubit entangling gates, it is necessary to make two photons (each representing a dual-rail qubit) ‘talk’ to each other.
Optical hybrid approaches to quantum information
In single-photon single-rail encoding, even a single-qubit Hadamard gate, transforming a Gaussian vacuum state into a non-Gaussian superposition of vacuum and one-photon Fock state would be highly nonlinear.
Optical hybrid approaches to quantum information
The hardest part of universally processing dual-rail encoded qubits would be the entangling gate which has to act upon at least two photons.
Optical hybrid approaches to quantum information
The same interaction leads to a CZ gate for two photonic dual-rail qubits, with the cross-Kerr interaction acting on the second rail (mode) of each qubit such that only the term |01i ⊗ |01i acquires a sign flip.
Optical hybrid approaches to quantum information
In particular, the photon occupation number in a single-rail, singlemode Fock state may serve as a qubit or a more general DV basis.
Optical hybrid approaches to quantum information
In dual-rail or, more generally, multiple-rail encoding, a single photon encoded into multi-mode states can be even universally processed through linear optical elements; though in an unscalable fashion, unless complicated ancilla states and feedforward are employed .
Optical hybrid approaches to quantum information
In this case, only the entangling gate CZ acting upon the second and third rails of the quantum circuit in Fig. 3.3.4 would be performed offline prior to the CZ on the first and second rails.
Optical hybrid approaches to quantum information
***