radiate

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj radiate having rays or ray-like parts as in the flower heads of daisies
    • adj radiate arranged like rays or radii; radiating from a common center "radial symmetry","a starlike or stellate arrangement of petals","many cities show a radial pattern of main highways"
    • v radiate send out real or metaphoric rays "She radiates happiness"
    • v radiate spread into new habitats and produce variety or variegate "The plants on this island diversified"
    • v radiate issue or emerge in rays or waves "Heat radiated from the metal box"
    • v radiate experience a feeling of well-being or happiness, as from good health or an intense emotion "She was beaming with joy","Her face radiated with happiness"
    • v radiate cause to be seen by emitting light as if in rays "The sun is radiating"
    • v radiate have a complexion with a strong bright color, such as red or pink "Her face glowed when she came out of the sauna"
    • v radiate extend or spread outward from a center or focus or inward towards a center "spokes radiate from the hub of the wheel","This plants radiate spines in all directions"
    • v radiate send out rays or waves "The sun radiates heat"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Marie Curie, the Nobel prize winning scientist who discovered radium, died of radiation poisoning
    • Radiate (Zoöl) Belonging to the Radiata.
    • Radiate (Bot) Having in a capitulum large ray florets which are unlike the disk florets, as in the aster, daisy, etc.
    • Radiate Having rays or parts diverging from a center; radiated; as, a radiate crystal.
    • n Radiate (Zoöl) One of the Radiata.
    • Radiate To emit or send out in direct lines from a point or points; as, to radiate heat.
    • Radiate To emit rays; to be radiant; to shine. "Virtues shine more clear
      In them [kings], and radiate like the sun at noon."
    • Radiate To enlighten; to illuminate; to shed light or brightness on; to irradiate.
    • Radiate To proceed in direct lines from a point or surface; to issue in rays, as light or heat. "Light radiates from luminous bodies directly to our eyes."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The word "laser" stands for "Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission by radiation."
    • radiate To issue and proceed in rays or straight lines from a point; spread directly outward from a center or nucleus, as the spokes of a wheel, heat and light, etc.
    • radiate To emit rays; be radiant: as, a radiating body.
    • radiate To spread in all directions from a central source or cause; proceed outward as from a focus to all accessible points.
    • radiate To emit or send out in direct lines, as from a point or focus; hence, to cause to proceed or diverge in all directions, as from a source or cause; communicate by direct emanation: as, the sun radiates heat and light.
    • radiate To furnish with rays; cause to have or to consist of rays; make radial.
    • radiate Having a ray, rays, or ray-like parts; having lines or projections proceeding from a common center or surface; rayed: as, a radiate animal (a member of the Radiata); a radiate mineral (one with rayed crystals or fibers); a radiate flower-head. Specifically— In zoology:
    • radiate Constituting a ray or rays; proceeding or extending outward from a center or focus; radiating: as, the radiate fibers of some minerals and plants; the radiate petals of a flower or florets of a head.
    • radiate In numismatic and similar descriptions, represented with rays proceeding from it, as a head or bust: as, the head of the Emperor Caracalla, radiate; the head of Helios (the sun-god), radiate.
    • n radiate A ray-like projection; a ray.
    • n radiate A member of the Radiata, in any sense.
    • radiate To be directed, as rays, toward a common center: as, “spokes radiating to an axle.”
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Earth's magnetic field has been weakening. It seems to have lost 15% of its strength since 1670. At the present rate of decrease, it will reach zero in 2,000 years. Between the years 3500 and 4500, the magnetic field will not be sufficiently strong enough to ward off charged radiation from outer space.
    • v.i Radiate rā′di-āt to emit rays of light: to shine: to proceed in direct lines from any point or surface
    • v.t Radiate to send out in rays: to furnish with rays
    • adjs Radiate formed of rays diverging from a centre: :
    • adjs Radiate (bot.) consisting of a disc in which the florets are tubular
    • adjs Radiate (min.) having crystals diverging from a centre: belonging to the Radiata: in coins, represented with rays proceeding from a centre, as a head or bust
    • ***

Quotations

  • Swami Ramdas
    Swami Ramdas
    “Just as a flower gives out its fragrance to whomsoever approaches our uses it, so love from within us radiates towards everybody and manifests as spontaneous service.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. radiatus, p. p. of radiare, to furnish with spokes or rays, to radiate, fr. radius, ray. See Radius Ray a divergent line

Usage

In literature:

The thermometer continues falling, and with the plain surface it falls still lower; these two surfaces therefore radiate less and less.
"Conversations on Chemistry, V. 1-2" by Jane Marcet
This globe will radiate heat, and we shall suppose that it emits more heat than it receives from the radiation of other bodies.
"The Story of the Heavens" by Robert Stawell Ball
Then we found it would actually radiate to a distant point all by itself.
"The Great Gray Plague" by Raymond F. Jones
But it can't radiate any of that heat.
"Empire" by Clifford Donald Simak
The eclipse of 1893 disclosed a radiated corona such as a year of spot-maximum was sure to bring.
"A Popular History of Astronomy During the Nineteenth Century" by Agnes M. (Agnes Mary) Clerke
And in this area was a wash of psi radiation such as he had never experienced before.
"Deathworld" by Harry Harrison
The fracture may involve only one fossa, but as a rule fissures radiate into two or all of them.
"Manual of Surgery Volume Second: Extremities--Head--Neck. Sixth Edition." by Alexander Miles
The furnace may use its heat to turn water into hot steam, which is sent through all the house through the iron pipes and radiators.
"Scouting For Girls, Official Handbook of the Girl Scouts" by Girl Scouts
A hot-water radiator for warming the house may be connected to the flow and return pipes as shown.
"How it Works" by Archibald Williams
The earth's atmosphere appears to absorb about one-half of the radiations which come to us from the sun.
"Astronomy of To-day" by Cecil G. Dolmage
No radiation leaks down to first stage.
"The Defenders" by Philip K. Dick
He could feel the rage radiating from Raoul; it was like standing too close to a red-hot stove.
"Shaman" by Robert Shea
The gills are radiate from the point of attachment of the cap, not crowded, whitish, then ferruginous from the spores.
"The Mushroom, Edible and Otherwise" by M. E. Hard
Capillitium of slender, colorless threads, radiating from the columella, branching and often anastomosing.
"The Myxomycetes of the Miami Valley, Ohio" by A. P. Morgan
Box radiators at window, 80.
"Rural Hygiene" by Henry N. Ogden
Much of the heat that the earth absorbs from the sun in the daytime radiates away at night.
"Common Science" by Carleton W. Washburne
All five died of radiation exposure from a solar flare.
"Where I Wasn't Going" by Walt Richmond
Frau Koenig was charming as a chambermaid, and her blue eyes radiated the pleasure she felt.
"A Little Garrison" by Fritz von der Kyrburg
Calm follows the storm, the sky is clear and the radiation from the snow-clad surface of the earth is great.
"Old Plymouth Trails" by Winthrop Packard
Some things radiate better than others.
"Harper's New Monthly Magazine, Vol. 2, No. 8, January, 1851" by Various
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In poetry:

Where they toiled in bitter weather,
Braving rain and snow and sleet,
Gathering sticks of wood together,
We have radiators' heat.
"The Boys' And Girls' Thanksgiving of 1892" by Ella Wheeler Wilcox
Mary of Magdala was brought
From mysteries strange and dark and drear
To heights with joy and gladness fraught;
She radiates a luster clear.
"Ministering Women" by Nancy Rebecca Campbell Glass
You came into the shadow of my grief
(A lovely vision radiating light);
Your passing was as soulful and as brief
As winds among the forest pines at night.
"My Hope" by John William Streets
Indifferently, 'mid public, private haunts, in solitude,
Behind the mountain and the wood,
Companion of the city's busiest streets, through the assemblage,
It and its radiations constantly glide.
"A Riddle Song" by Walt Whitman

In news:

Medical, Surgical, & Radiation Oncology.
In this April 3, 2008 file photo, a sign warns of radiation on the Hanford nuclear reservation near Richland, Wash.
How automotive radiators are repaired.
Scientist Tullis Onstott of Princeton University opens a borehole in a section of rock wall in a South African mine near where "radiation eating microbes" were found.
Face-down radiation may be safer option for cancer patients.
Testing for radiation since 1958.
The accident created the possibility that radiation would be released within the plant.
A huge sunspot spanning more than 60,000 miles could erupt, sending high energy radiation into space.
Ralph James, Group Leader for Radiation Detection Research and Development, Brookhaven National Laboratory, NNSA.
After the earthquake and tsunami that damaged the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Plant, Sean Bonner and many others recognized a need for publicly available, accurate, and detailed radiation data.
Radiation from nuclear or radioactive materials can only be detected with special equipment.
Dr Larry Lemak begins seven weeks of radiation chemotherapy next week at UAB.
A 51-year-old man presented to the emergency department with chest pain radiating to the right shoulder.
The layer shields the entire Earth from much of the harmful ultraviolet radiation that comes from the sun.
An international agreement intended to help protect the ability of the upper atmosphere to filter out harmful radiation was sent to the Senate today with a recommendation by the Foreign Relations Committee for approval.
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In science:

In order to calculate the radiation power, let’s first determine the radiation energy flux density.
Gauge Theory of Gravity
The Linked Dipole Chain (LDC) model 5,6,7 is a reformulation and generalization of the CCFM model, in which gluons in some parts of phase space are treated as final state radiation, instead of as initial state radiation as in the CCFM model.
A Simple Model for the BFKL-DGLAP Transition
Their radiative properties, including explicit construction of radiation patterns and of Bondi mass for the specific boost-rotation symmetric solutions were investigated in several works – we refer to the reviews [8,20] and for details.
Radiative spacetimes
To compute the total radiated energy and angular momentum radiated as a function of the transition time T displayed in Fig. 22, we have taken into account a change in the background mass MK err = 0.97Minitial and the rotation parameter aK err = 0.7MK err .
Modeling gravitational radiation from coalescing binary black holes
However, if investigators choose to include the effects of radiation in their analysis, they must also ensure the phases of the radiation are fixed as they generate their solution.
Variational Principles in General Relativity
Proofs of Corollaries 2.3 and 2.4 Observe that, due to equation (2.1), the total energy of radiation, being equal to R B (β ) dβ , where B (β ) is defined by (2.4), is preserved during propagation of the radiation in SMFLG, so we may assume that R B (β ) dβ = 1.
Random groups in the optical waveguides theory
Neutrinos in radiative Kerr background are presented as a solution of Weyl equation with Kerr radiative null tetrads.
Neutrino asymmetry in general relativistic rotating radiative stars
Ne V] and Ne VI] as compared to radiative shock models (Hartigan, Raymond & Hartmann 1987) confirm that this is a non-radiative shock.
Far Ultraviolet Spectra of a Non-Radiative Shock Wave in the Cygnus Loop
We treat this decoupled radiation field as the residual radiation field.
Photon Emission in a Cascade from Relativistic Protons Initiated by Residual Thermal Photons in Gamma-Ray Bursts
To compute an upper limit for the stimulated emission rate, we assume that the masers radiate isotropically, so the radiation energy density U = (4π/c)(2kT /λ2).
Magnetic Field Morphology of Orion-IRc2 from 86 GHz SiO Maser Polarization Images
For the final detectors this window will be glued on the radiator wall, but for the prototypes the window is part of the drift chamber to allow tests of various radiators.
Electron identification performance with ALICE TRD prototypes
We present measurements of the transition radiation (TR) spectrum produced in an irregular radiator at different electron momenta.
Transition Radiation Spectroscopy with Prototypes of the ALICE TRD
The center of Poincar´e sphere corresponds to unpolarized radiation and the interior to partially polarized radiation.
General Relativistic Theory of Light Propagation in the Field of Radiative Gravitational Multipoles
The relation is believed to be a result of relativistic electrons accelerated in supernova remnants (producing synchrotron radiation) and dust heated by the interstellar radiation field (with a thermal peak of ∼ 380µm for a galaxy with z = 2 and T = 40 K).
The Bolocam 1.1 mm Lockman Hole Galaxy Survey: SHARC II 350 micron Photometry and Implications for Spectral Models, Dust Temperatures, and Redshift Estimation
We make the connection to galaxy energetics by using starburst99 (Leitherer et al. 1999) simple stellar population models, and simple radiative transfer, to calculate the radiation field which is heating the dust.
A Simple Model For Mid-Infrared Emission from Normal Galaxies
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