psychology

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n psychology the science of mental life
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In a psychology experiment, an electrode was attached to the pleasure centre of a rat's brain, which the rat could stimulate at the press of a button. It died of starvation when it wouldn't stop pressing the button long enough to eat.
    • n Psychology The science of the human soul; specifically, the systematic or scientific knowledge of the powers and functions of the human soul, so far as they are known by consciousness; a treatise on the human soul. "Psychology , the science conversant about the phenomena of the mind, or conscious subject, or self."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Studies shown by the Psychology Department of DePaul University show that the principal reason to lie is to avoid punishment.
    • n psychology The science of the phenomena of mind; mental science. It is said to have originated with Pythagoras. Aristotle greatly improved it, and stated its most important principle, that of the association of ideas. It has, however, only recently taken the position of a universally acknowledged science; and its methods are still in dispute. Some psychologists hold that we know the mind by direct intuition in consciousness; others, distinguishing between consciousness and self-consciousness, hold that the former involves no recognition of the mind, while the latter is not an original power, but only acquired knowledge. But, though such inward vision be denied, most psychologists still consider the observation of what passes within us as the main foundation for psychology. Others regard introspection as too deceptive to be of much use, and some deny its possibility. A few psychologists only, since Descartes, have held that the distinctions we naturally draw about mental functions — as, for example, between thinking and willing — have, in good part at least, a real significance. The great majority have denied this, explaining that the faculties are nothing in the soul (which itself has no parts), but are mere conveniences of description. Nevertheless, these writers are accused by many modern psychologists of practically assuming that our natural ideas of mind are in some approximate harmony with the facts of mind, just as physicists assume that among the conceptions which appear simple and natural to man are likely to be found those that are embodied in laws of nature. The prevalent school of modern psychologists attributes great importance to systematic experimentation by one person upon another, especially to quantitative determinations, as of the time occupied in different mental processes, the force required to produce sensations of given intensity, and the like; yet some of the older generation predict that the utility of this method will be found to have narrow limits. Psychology has also been pursued by means of extensive observations upon persons in abnormal mental states, upon persons having some mental peculiarity, upon the development of the minds of children, upon the languages, institutions, mythology, and arts of different races, and by means of the comparative study of biography. Psychology has often been divided into psychography, psychonomy, and psychosophy. See the somewhat deceptive quotation from Coleridge, 1817, under psychological, and the first quotation below.
    • n psychology The special psychology of any single group of living things: a common term for folk psychology, professional psychology, race psychology, ethnic psychology, psychology of peoples, etc.
    • n psychology The science of the products of the mental life in the human race at large; same as folk psychology .
    • n psychology The psychology and psychogenesis of the human mind.
    • n psychology Race psychology; the differential psychology of species and races, whether human or sub-human.
    • n psychology The science of the individual mind as conditioned, in its functions and development, by other minds; the psychology of the social factor in its influence upon the individual mind.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • Psychology the science which classifies and analyses the phenomena or varying states of the human mind
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Quotations

  • Edward Blishen
    Edward Blishen
    “Education is not a discipline at all. Half vocational, half an emptiness dressed up in garments borrowed from philosophy, psychology, literature.”
  • Richard Thalheimer
    Richard Thalheimer
    “People expect a certain reaction from a business and when you pleasantly exceed those expectations, you've somehow passed an important psychological threshold.”
  • Maxwell Maltz
    Maxwell%20Maltz
    “It is an old psychological axiom that constant exposure to the object of fear immunizes against the fear.”
  • Harry A. Overstreet
    Harry A. Overstreet
    “To hate and to fear is the be psychologically ill... it is, in fact, the consuming illness of our time.”
  • Carl Jung
    Carl%20Jung
    “Nothing has a stronger influence psychologically on their environment and especially on their children than the unlived life of the parent.”
  • Friedrich Nietzsche
    Friedrich%20Nietzsche
    “Idleness is the parent of psychology.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Psycho-, + -logy,: cf. F. psychologie,. See Psychical
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. psychicus—Gr. psychikospsychē, the soul—psychēin, to breathe.

Usage

In literature:

Look, Ed, we've both studied psychology, elementary psychology at least.
"The Edge of the Knife" by Henry Beam Piper
A desire (emotion) that all nurses should know psychology.
"Applied Psychology for Nurses" by Mary F. Porter
This illustrates the point we would make as to the effect of clothes upon psychology.
"Woman as Decoration" by Emily Burbank
The play of mass psychology (one does not quite dare to call it mob psychology) also enters into the situation.
"Modern Religious Cults and Movements" by Gaius Glenn Atkins
It was difficult to understand the psychology of the trader on the subject.
"The Triumph of John Kars" by Ridgwell Cullum
Unless one has a grasp of the psychology of voice, and a great many have not, he will begin to work with what he can see.
"The Head Voice and Other Problems" by D. A. Clippinger
Psychological distinctions, we may believe, are still more dubious.
"Woman and Womanhood" by C. W. Saleeby
It is a psychological analysis of the effect of the "small state" upon its citizens.
"Essays on Scandinavian Literature" by Hjalmar Hjorth Boyesen
It would indeed be easy to show that the story, though in one sense marvellously like truth, is singularly wanting as a psychological study.
"Hours in a Library, Volume I. (of III.)" by Leslie Stephen
Are they ready physically, psychologically, economically?
"The Good Housekeeping Marriage Book" by Various
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In news:

Raymond De Young, a professor of environmental psychology and planning at the University of Michigan who has studied workplace carpooling , says it's not just the economy that has more parents thinking about carpooling .
Here's where the long-distance psychologizing gets a bit deep.
If psychological research does not always give us hoped-for answers, it does help us sift potent reality from wishful thinking and focus our energy on real solutions.
Nicholas DiFonzo is a professor of psychology at the Rochester Institute of Technology.
From then on, Mr Kazan sought to combine the two -- the psychological and the professional, or technical -- in his work.
This is his psychological well-being.
Three primary areas, physical, psychological, and psychosocial, can affect both performance and fatigue.
The purpose of this internship is to provide graduate students with firsthand knowledge of the ways in which psychological research can inform public policy and the roles psychologists can play in its formulation and implementation.
Do you see risk for psychological abuse in your relationship as compatibility.
To those concerned for his safety and worried about psychological cat trauma: I promise he's absolutely no worse for wear.
T Vasquez, PhD, an independent practitioner in Austin, Texas, has been elected 2011 president of the American Psychological Association.
Psychological thriller to begin shooting in March.
Exploring the psychological forces at play while you work.
Is Psychology About to Come Undone.
An Overview of the History and Psychology of Tattoos.
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In science:

Figure 12 shows the distribution of sociology and psychology journals by impact factor, and table 17 gives some statistics.
Past Performance as Predictor of Successful Grant Applications: A Case Study
Also what counts as a top journal in psychology is different from what would count as top in sociology, if we take the impact factor of the journal (IF) as a criterion.
Past Performance as Predictor of Successful Grant Applications: A Case Study
As an example, we calculated the correlations between past performance, the referee outcomes and the success of the application for the four sub-disciplines of psychology, as distinguished by the research council.
Past Performance as Predictor of Successful Grant Applications: A Case Study
Proceedings of the First IEEE International Conference on Cognitive Informatics, 2002. Chiew, Yingxu Wang. “From Cognitive Psychology to Cognitive Informatics”.
Cognitive Process of Comprehension in Requirement Analysis in IT Applications
In the psychological literature the false use of significance tests has been regul arly pointed out, although, perhaps, not with much success.
Significance Tests in Climate Science
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