• WordNet 3.6
    • v propagate multiply sexually or asexually
    • v propagate cause to propagate, as by grafting or layering
    • v propagate cause to become widely known "spread information","circulate a rumor","broadcast the news"
    • v propagate transmit or cause to broaden or spread "This great civilization was propagated throughout the land"
    • v propagate become distributed or widespread "the infection spread","Optimism spread among the population"
    • v propagate transmit "propagate sound or light through air"
    • v propagate travel through the air "sound and light propagate in this medium"
    • v propagate transmit from one generation to the next "propagate these characteristics"
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The Nobel Prize resulted from a late change in the will of Alfred Nobel, who did not want to be remembered after his death as a propagator of violence - he invented dynamite.
    • Propagate To cause to continue or multiply by generation, or successive production; -- applied to animals and plants; as, to propagate a breed of horses or sheep; to propagate a species of fruit tree.
    • Propagate To cause to spread to extend; to impel or continue forward in space; as, to propagate sound or light.
    • Propagate To generate; to produce. "Motion propagated motion, and life threw off life."
    • v. i Propagate To have young or issue; to be produced or multiplied by generation, or by new shoots or plants; as, rabbits propagate rapidly. "No need that thou
      Should'st propagate , already infinite."
    • Propagate To multiply; to increase. "Griefs of mine own lie heavy in my breast,
      Which thou wilt propagate ."
    • Propagate To spread from person to person; to extend the knowledge of; to originate and spread; to carry from place to place; to disseminate; as, to propagate a story or report; to propagate the Christian religion. "The infection was propagated insensibly."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The banana tree cannot reproduce itself. It can be propagated only by the hand of man.
    • propagate To multiply or continue by natural generation or reproduction; cause to reproduce itself: applied to plants and animals: as, to propagate fruittrees; to propagate a breed of horses or sheep.
    • propagate To transmit or spread from person to person or from place to place; carry forward or onward; diffuse; extend: as, to propagate a report; to propagate the Christian religion.
    • propagate To promote; augment; increase.
    • propagate To produce; originate; invent.
    • propagate To scatter; disperse.
    • propagate Synonyms To increase, spread, disseminate.
    • propagate To be multiplied or reproduced by generation, or by new shoots or plants; bear young.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • v.t Propagate prop′a-gāt to increase by generation or other natural process: to multiply plants by layers: to extend: to produce: to impel forward in space, as sound, light, energy, &c.: to spread from one to another: to promote: to extend the knowledge of:
    • v.i Propagate to be produced or multiplied: to have young
    • v.t Propagate prop′a-gāt (obs.) to increase
    • ***


  • Joseph Addison
    “The most violent appetites in all creatures are lust and hunger; the first is a perpetual call upon them to propagate their kind, the latter to preserve themselves.”
  • O. S. Hawkins
    O. S. Hawkins
    “What makes a church great in the eyes of God? Participation, proclamation, preservation, and propagation. Every church ought to exhibit all four.”
  • J. I. Packer
    J. I. Packer
    “Our business is to present the Christian faith clothed in modern terms, not to propagate modern thought clothed in Christian terms. Confusion here is fatal.”
  • Alexander Pope
    “Fix'd like a plan on his peculiar spot, to draw nutrition, propagate, and rot.”
  • Lord Byron
    “This is the patent age of new inventions for killing bodies, and for saving souls. All propagated with the best intentions.”
  • Samuel Johnson
    “Knowledge always demands increase; it is like fire, which must first be kindled by some external agent, but will afterwards always propagate itself.”


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. propagatus, p. p. of propagare, to propagate, akin to propages, propago, a layer of a plant, slip, shoot. See Pro-, and cf. Pact Prop Prune (v. t.)
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. propāgāre, -ātum, conn. with pro-pāg-o, a layer.


In literature:

This clamor was quickly propagated, and met with universal belief.
"The History of England in Three Volumes, Vol.I., Part F. From Charles II. to James II." by David Hume
None of the trees near Clinton were deemed worthy of propagation.
"Northern Nut Growers Association Report of the Proceedings at the" by Various
Finally, for the sake of security and propagation, they laid down their weapons, and united under one banner.
"History of Rationalism Embracing a Survey of the Present State of Protestant Theology" by John F. Hurst
The power of vegetative propagation is widely spread.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 4, Part 3" by Various
His method of propagation was from the layer.
"Northern Nut Growers Association Report of the Proceedings at the" by Various
Some of these have been propagated and plans are made to propagate a greater number next year.
"Northern Nut Growers Report of the Proceedings at the Twenty-First Annual Meeting" by Northern Nut Growers Association
Plans are being made to propagate this strain.
"Northern Nut Growers Association Report of the Proceedings at the Twenty-Fourth Annual Meeting" by Northern Nut Growers Association
Propagated from seed or cuttings.
"Handbook of the Trees of New England" by Lorin Low Dame
Much has been said of Mahomet's propagating his Religion by the sword.
"Sartor Resartus, and On Heroes, Hero-Worship, and the Heroic in History" by Thomas Carlyle
Existence is truly a matter of propagation between the two infinites.
"Fantasia of the Unconscious" by D. H. Lawrence
It is also propagated by layers and suckers.
"Sylva, Vol. 1 (of 2)" by John Evelyn
All the other sorts that were propagated and recommended have shown themselves to be quite unsuitable to the climate.
"Northern Nut Growers Association Report of the Proceedings at the Twenty-Fifth Annual Meeting" by Northern Nut Growers Association
All black walnuts are reasonably easy to propagate.
"Northern Nut Growers Association Report of the Proceedings at the Eleventh Annual Meeting" by Various
I refer to sexual propagation.
"Darwin, and After Darwin (Vol. 1 and 3, of 3)" by George John Romanes
They can be propagated perfectly true.
"The Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication, Vol. I." by Charles Darwin
"The Book of Sports:" by William Martin
Dixon, the velocities of propagation of explosions being given in metres per second.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 1" by Various
It is not a light matter for either of them to propagate false doctrines and excite delusive hopes, on the subject of politics or religion.
"Thoughts on African Colonization" by William Lloyd Garrison
The usual method of propagation is by budding and grafting.
"The Book of Pears and Plums" by Edward Bartrum
The fund was of course for the propagation and spread of the red-heads, as well as for their maintenance.
"Library of the World's Best literature, Ancient and Modern, Vol. 12" by Various

In poetry:

A friend, who, weigh'd with yours, must prize
Domitian's idle passion;
That wrought the death of teasing flies,
But ne'er their propagation.
"To the Virtuosi" by William Shenstone
Frogs and fat toads were there to hop or plod
And propagate in peace, an uncouth crew,
Where velvet-headed rushes rustling nod
And spill the morning dew.
"From House To House" by Christina Georgina Rossetti

In news:

Including propagation delay, delay skew, wire map, NEXT, and return loss.
But new research reveals that the sweet scent of flowers may serve a sneakier purpose: co-opting humans into propagating and protecting them.
To propagate an apple or pear tree, we graft a twig on to a rootstock.
LAHAINA — For the village community of Lahaina, the celebratory ho'olaule'a of David Malo Day at Lahainaluna High School represents the nurturing and propagation of the cherished culture of Hawaii.
For the village community of Lahaina, the celebratory ho'olaule'a of David Malo Day at Lahainaluna High School represents the nurturing and propagation of the cherished culture of Hawaii.
Harvard researchers create a light wave that propagates without spreading.
"There's a timescale at which things are propagating in social media that's so short," Menczer said.
Succulents such as hens and chicks and sedum will self- propagate and may be gently removed and re-potted when needed.
At NAB2007, Propagation Systems (PSI) will spotlight its full turnkey TV transmission systems, including PSI antenna, rigid or flexible PSI transmission line, client's choice of transmitter, tower, building and commissioning.
We've also got some details on possible reasons why our attempt at propagating a hardwood cutting failed.
Carver, "Measured mutual coupling between microstrip antennas ," IEEE Transactions on Antennas & Propagation, Vol 29, No.
What makes old people cynical is listening to the exact same lies being propagated year after year—and seeing them be just as effective as they ever were.
The daily headlines — and the numerous "experts" interviewed in the stories — mislead investors by propagating the illusion that rational explanations exist for everything that happens in the market.
However, moderate and difficult-to- root plant species can prevent producers from realizing their full potential as propagators.
Learn all about starting seeds and other methods of propagation, including cuttings, layering and grafting, with The Plant Propagator's Bible.

In science:

We then run a belief propagation algorithm on our graph, for a given pair of Lagrange parameters ( ˆβ , ˆθ) which act as inverse temperature and external field; once the belief propagation has converged we can measure (mt ( ˆβ , ˆθ), et ( ˆβ , ˆθ)).
Dynamical replica analysis of disordered Ising spin systems on finitely connected random graphs
The law of conservation of the number of photons propagating along the light ray, corresponds to the propagation law of vector |Φ|2 lα .
General Relativistic Theory of Light Propagation in the Field of Radiative Gravitational Multipoles
The first of the message passing-techniques, the so-called warning-propagation, is equivalent to the Bethe-Peierls iterative scheme and therefore related to the assumption of replica symmetry, the second one is a survey propagation algorithm related to one-step replica symmetry breaking.
Message passing for vertex covers
FIG. 3: Schematic graphical representation of the organization of optimal solutions for warning propagation (left side) and for survey propagation (right side).
Message passing for vertex covers
In this paper, we have formulated two message passing procedures for solving – or approximating – the minimal vertex cover problem, namely warning propagation and survey propagation.
Message passing for vertex covers
In the replica symmetric case (warning or belief propagation), this corresponds to the region-graph method proposed in , for the one-step replica symmetry broken case (survey propagation) it is still an open technical challenge.
Message passing for vertex covers
One observes indeed that it is sufficient to replace in all int egral expressions there each tree backbone propagator T (x, y ) (3.32) by a SAW propagator L(x, y ) := (1 − x − y )−1 .
Conformal Random Geometry
These errors were propagated in equation (A2) by means of standard error propagation techniques in order to produce the uncertainties appearing in tables 1, 2, 3 of this paper.
Differential Density Statistics of Galaxy Distribution and the Luminosity Function
In Section 4 we provide some background on Survey Propagation and explain how our results on frozen variables relate to the implicit hypothesis made by M ´ezard, Parisi, a nd Zecchina in their derivation of Survey Propagation , and how our results answer the main open question of Maneva, Mossel and Wainwright .
On the Solution-Space Geometry of Random Constraint Satisfaction Problems
The solution of Eq. (1) was explicitly obtained in Refs. [3, 7] and for a homogeneous distribution of sources it is called universal spectrum because it does not depend on the mode of propagation, being the same e.g. for rectilinear and diffusive propagation .
Second dip as a signature of ultrahigh energy proton interactions with cosmic microwave background radiation
Due to the different propagation of the neutrino mass eigenstates, the flavour content of the neutrino propagating state changes with time.
Study of accelerator neutrino interactions in a liquid argon TPC
This behaviour is general, because the s-channel propagator is fixed by the large collider energy and suppresses the contribution of this diagram, whereas the t- and u-channel propagators do not have such suppression.
Study of accelerator neutrino interactions in a liquid argon TPC
Propagators for constructing Feynman graphs. G(k , ω ) and H (k , ω ) are response propagators while C (k , ω ) and D(k , ω ) are correlation propagators.
Model C critical dynamics of random anisotropy magnets
The calculation of propagation stops when the energies of propagating protons reach 1015eV.
Cosmogenic neutrinos as a probe of the transition from Galactic to extragalactic cosmic rays
The solid lines are φ propagators and the double lines are ψ propagators.
Notes on Superconformal Chern-Simons-Matter Theories