proof spirit


  • WordNet 3.6
    • n proof spirit a mixture containing half alcohol by volume at 60 degrees Fahrenheit
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Spirit of proof strength was the technical standard by which strength was measured until 1st January, 1980. Hundreds of years ago, spirit of this strength was proved when Whiskey and gunpowder were mixed and ignited. If the gunpowder flashed, then there was enough Whiskey in the mixture to permit ignition. Such Whiskey was held to have been proved - i.e. "tested". If the spirit was weaker than this, then ignition did not take place and the Whiskey failed the "test". The amount of black powder used was the same amount as was, and indeed still is, used to "proof" the barrels of smooth-bore fire-arms.
    • Proof spirit (Chem) a strong distilled liquor, or mixture of alcohol and water, containing not less than a standard amount of alcohol. In the United States “proof spirit is defined by law to be that mixture of alcohol and water which contains one half of its volume of alcohol, the alcohol when at a temperature of 60° Fahrenheit being of specific gravity 0.7939 referred to water at its maximum density as unity. Proof spirit has at 60° Fahrenheit a specific gravity of 0.93353, 100 parts by volume of the same consisting of 50 parts of absolute alcohol and 53.71 parts of water,” the apparent excess of water being due to contraction of the liquids on mixture. In England proof spirit is defined by Act 58, George III., to be such as shall at a temperature of 51° Fahrenheit weigh exactly the 12/13 part of an equal measure of distilled water. This contains 49.3 per cent by weight, or 57.09 by volume, of alcohol. Stronger spirits, as those of about 60, 70, and 80 per cent of alcohol, are sometimes called second third, and fourth proof spirits respectively.
    • Proof spirit (Chem) See under Proof.
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In literature:

He gave proof of a spirit more Catholic than Roman, more Apostolic than Papal.
"Henry of Monmouth, Volume 2" by J. Endell Tyler
Many were amazed at such proofs of the wealth, intelligence, and progressive spirit of the great republic.
"History of the United States, Volume 4" by E. Benjamin Andrews
So he whose spirit is purified and sweetened becomes proof against these germs of sin.
"Natural Law in the Spiritual World" by Henry Drummond
I have no proof of the spirit-world, but I am of open mind.
"The Tyranny of the Dark" by Hamlin Garland
With epilepsy or insanity there is offered decisive proof that some spirit has taken possession of the individual's body.
"Theism or Atheism" by Chapman Cohen
I mention this as a proof that the spirit of inquiry is not dormant among the Greeks.
"The Works of Lord Byron, Volume 2" by George Gordon Byron
It is the proof of your being consciously free from the law and the strain of the spirit of bondage.
"Holy in Christ" by Andrew Murray
The addition of water forms the various proof spirits.
"Select Temperance Tracts" by American Tract Society
As proof thereof he pointed to the good spirit that prevailed amongst the burghers.
"The Peace Negotiations" by J. D. Kestell
The unmistakable proofs of a deepening effect of nature on the human spirit begin with Dante.
"The Great Events by Famous Historians, Volume 07" by Various

In poetry:

Yet nerve thy spirit to the proof,
And blench not at thy chosen lot.
The timid good may stand aloof,
The sage may frown--yet faint thou not.
"The Battle-Field" by William Cullen Bryant

In news:

Hanna Lee Communications, an award-winning agency specialized in spirits, food, wine, and lifestyle PR and event management, today announced the 12 finalists of the first annual "Show Me the Proof".
Kilbeggan Irish Whiskey , made using a blend from a 180-year-old pot still, is now available in the US The 80-proof spirit has a soft almond taste, with nougat, peach, caramel and vanilla flavors, according to the company.
' Overproof spirits' are stronger than the typical 80 proof standard, and many of L.A.'s mixology bars feature them on drink lists.
Restaurants lacking a hard liquor license have been slaking the thirsts of Cocktail Nation by mixing up drinks based on one low-proof spirit or another, with questionable results.
Both of the cocktails she had consumed during the Great Downtown Drinking Disaster of 2012 featured "overproof spirits," which means booze in excess of the typical 80 proof standard (or 40% alcohol by volume).
Click through for proof that even the ostensible blockbusters are rooted in indie -credibility (or at the least, the indie spirit).
Here, proof that even the ostensible blockbusters are rooted in indie -credibility (or at the least, the indie spirit).
The 50 Bourbon spirit list and 100-bottle wine list is proof that this restaurant doesn't skimp on its beverage program.
Blenders come up with their own personal recipes and whip up a grain cocktail, called the mash bill, that's distilled, resulting in a clear, high-proof spirit .

In science:

The proof follows the argument employed in to prove Theorem B.3, which followed the same spirit of similar results in .
Frozen variables in random boolean constraint satisfaction problems
In the proof of the next lemma on FKG inequalities, we give a full construction of the BRWRE in the spirit of probabilistic cellular automata.
The critical branching random walk in a random environment dies out
Proof of D(a, b) This is in the same spirit of the proof of A(a, b, c) in Theorem 1.1.
On Quantum de Rham Cohomology
Steinitz gave the first correct proof in the 1930’s), is similar in spirit to our Lemma 5.5.
Locked and Unlocked Polygonal Chains in 3D
We use a finite-state based proof technique for verifying correctness and worst-case expected execution length in the spirit of .
Randomized Two-Process Wait-Free Test-and-Set