prolepsis

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n prolepsis anticipating and answering objections in advance
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Prolepsis (Rhet) A figure by which objections are anticipated or prevented.
    • Prolepsis (Rhet) A necessary truth or assumption; a first or assumed principle.
    • Prolepsis (Chron) An error in chronology, consisting in an event being dated before the actual time.
    • Prolepsis (Gram) The application of an adjective to a noun in anticipation, or to denote the result, of the action of the verb; as, to strike one dumb .
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n prolepsis Anticipation. In the Stoic philos., a common notion, axiom, or instinctive belief which is not irresistible, and which may be in conflict with the truth.
    • n prolepsis In rhetoric: A name sometimes applied to the use of an adjective (or a noun) as objective predicate (see predicate), as if implying an anticipation of the result of the verb's action.
    • n prolepsis A figure consisting in anticipation of an opponent's objections and arguments in order to preclude his use of them, answer them in advance, or prepare the reader to receive them unfavorably. This figure is most frequently used in the exordium. Also called procatalepsis.
    • n prolepsis An error in chronology, consisting in dating an event before the actual time of its occurrence; an anachronism.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Prolepsis prō-lep′sis (rhet.) a figure by which objections are anticipated and answered: the dating of an event before its proper time
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L., fr. Gr. , from to take beforehand; before + to take
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Gr.,—pro, before, lambanein, to take.

Usage

In literature:

An instance of prolepsis, or "anticipation" in the use of a word.
"The Lady of the Lake" by Sir Walter Scott
Both varieties of Prolepsis are chiefly confined to poetry.
"New Latin Grammar" by Charles E. Bennett
This is a prolepsis; for the battle was fought in 1640.
"Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine - Volume 55, No. 344, June, 1844" by Various
It was a prolepsis of the soul, reaching upward towards its source and goal.
"Christianity and Greek Philosophy" by Benjamin Franklin Cocker
***