probabilism

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n probabilism (philosophy) the doctrine that (since certainty is unattainable) probability is a sufficient basis for belief and action
    • n probabilism a Roman Catholic system of casuistry that when expert opinions differ an actor can follow any solidly probable opinion that he wishes even though some different opinion might be more probable
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Probabilism The doctrine of the probabilists.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n probabilism In Roman Catholic theology, the doctrine that when there are two probable opinions, each resting on apparent reason, one in favor of and the other opposed to one's inclinations, it is lawful to follow the probable opinion which favors one's inclination. See probabiliorism, probabilist.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • Probabilism (R.C. theol.) the doctrine in casuistry that of two probable opinions, both reasonable, one may follow his own inclination, as a doubtful law cannot impose a certain obligation—opp. to Probabil′iorism, according to which it is lawful to follow one's inclination only when there is a more probable opinion in its favour
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Cf. F. probabilisme,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.,—L. probabilisprobāre, -ātum, to prove.

Usage

In literature:

Probabilism, doctrine of, 274.
"A Short History of Monks and Monasteries" by Alfred Wesley Wishart
P. (R.) on the doctrine of probabilism, 61.
"Notes and Queries, Index of Volume 3, January-June, 1851" by Various
The doctrine of Probabilism is connected with the promulgation of law.
"Essays In Pastoral Medicine" by Austin ÓMalley
Again, the doctrine of probabilism is utterly misunderstood.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 15, Slice 3" by Various
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In science:

In other terms, given a probability distribution ρ(G) we can compute the probabillity P [PG (X )], which of course depends on ρ.
Complex Systems: a Physicist's Viewpoint
As you can see, all the probabil ities are very low; we will see that this is not the case for 3-manifold groups.
Finite covers of random 3-manifolds
Budapest: Akad ´emi Kiad ´o, 1982. “Channels with arbitrarily varying chann el probabil R.
Rateless codes for AVC models
The probabilτ √π exp (cid:16)− t2 sian shape, fL,in (t) = q 1 ity is computed for different values of the coupling constant g where gL = gR ≡ g is assumed.
Scalable cavity-QED-based scheme of generating entanglement of atoms and of cavity fields
Shannon was the first who observed that the error probabil ity for maximum likelihood decoding of a random code (P rand E ,ML) can be upper-bounded by an exponentially decaying function with respect to the code block length N .
Optimal Coding for the Erasure Channel with Arbitrary Alphabet Size
In particular, the probability that a random formula on a fin ite truthvalue set is satisfiable is bounded from above by the probabil ity that a random formula with V = [0, 1] is satisfiable.
On the satisfiability of random regular signed SAT formulas
Recall that the language .C to specify a probabil­ contains 2r atoms.
Entailment in Probability of Thresholded Generalizations
Example S: "It is almost certain that the probabil­ ity of heads on the toss of a coin is about a half." Several things may be observed.
Uncertain Inferences and Uncertain Conclusions
Para ello se formaliza como un proceso estoc´astico una red que evoluciona mediante cambios probabil´ısticos que dependen de cualquier manera de informaci´on local y global de los grados (n´umeros de vecinos) de los nodos, tal como se hace en la Ref. (Johnson et al., 2010a).
Interplay between Network Topology and Dynamics in Neural Systems
El Cap´ıtulo 3 enfoca esto formalizando mediante la teor´ıa de los procesos estoc´asticos una situaci´on gobernada por eventos probabil´ısticos tales como el crecimiento y la muerte sin´apticas.
Interplay between Network Topology and Dynamics in Neural Systems
This gives at least some con fidence in the calculations of gap survival probabil ity which are an important ingredient in predicting the central exclusive Higgs production rates at the LHC.
A review of forward proton tagging at 420m at the LHC, and relevant results from the Tevatron and HERA
At the present time it is computationally prohibitive to carry out full Breit-Pauli Rmatrix calculations for fine structure transition probabil ities including relativistic effects in an ab intio manner.
Atomic data from the Iron Project.LVIII. New radiative transition probabilities for Fe IV including fine structure
After encoding probabilities into partial density operators, probabilism manifests as nondeterminism in transition rules (Measurement), (Loop 0) and (Loop 2).
Hoare Logic for Quantum Programs
It has been found that exotic states would present significant probabil ities of different physical channels.
Hunting exotics
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