primary

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj primary not derived from or reducible to something else; basic "a primary instinct"
    • adj primary of primary importance
    • adj primary most important element "the chief aim of living","the main doors were of solid glass","the principal rivers of America","the principal example","policemen were primary targets","the master bedroom","a master switch"
    • adj primary of first rank or importance or value; direct and immediate rather than secondary "primary goals","a primary effect","primary sources","a primary interest"
    • adj primary of or being the essential or basic part "an elementary need for love and nurturing"
    • n primary a preliminary election where delegates or nominees are chosen
    • n primary one of the main flight feathers projecting along the outer edge of a bird's wing
    • n primary coil forming the part of an electrical circuit such that changing current in it induces a current in a neighboring circuit "current through the primary coil induces current in the secondary coil"
    • n primary (astronomy) a celestial body (especially a star) relative to other objects in orbit around it
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: 75-90% of primary physician visits are due to stress
    • Primary A primary meeting; a caucus.
    • Primary (Astron) A primary planet; the brighter component of a double star. See under Planet.
    • Primary (Geol) Earliest formed; fundamental.
    • Primary First in dignity or importance; chief; principal; as, primary planets; a matter of primary importance.
    • Primary First in order of time or development or in intention; primitive; fundamental; original. "The church of Christ, in its primary institution.""These I call original, or primary , qualities of body."
    • Primary First in order, as being preparatory to something higher; as, primary assemblies; primary schools.
    • Primary (Chem) Illustrating, possessing, or characterized by, some quality or property in the first degree; having undergone the first stage of substitution or replacement.
    • Primary (Zoöl) One of the large feathers on the distal joint of a bird's wing. See Plumage, and Illust. of Bird.
    • Primary That which stands first in order, rank, or importance; a chief matter.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The Civil War in the United States elevated the popularity of coffee to new heights. Soldiers went to war with coffee beans as a primary ration.
    • primary First or highest in rank, dignity, or importance; chief; principal.
    • primary First in order of being, of thought, or of time; original; primitive; first.
    • primary First or lowest in order of growth or development; elementary; preparatory.
    • primary First in use or intention; radical; original: as, the primary sense of a word.
    • primary In ornithology, of the first rank or order among the flight-feathers or remiges of the wing; situated upon the manus or pinion-bone, as a feather: correlated with secondary and tertiary or tertial. See II.
    • primary In geology, lowest in the sequence of geological formations: said of rocks. It includes rocks previously denominated primitive, and, as generally used, the two terms are nearly or quite synonymous. See primitive and Paleozoic.
    • n primary That which stands first or highest in rank or importance, as opposed to secondary; that to which something else is subordinate.
    • n primary In ornithology, one of the remiges, flight-feathers, or large quills which are situated upon the manus. pinion-bone, or distal segment of the wing. Such feathers are commonly the largest or longest and strongest of the remiges, and some of them almost always enter into the formation of the point of the wing. They are collectively distinguished from the succeeding set, situated upon the forearm or cubit and known as secondaries. The primaries are enumerated from without inward, or toward the body, the first primary being the outermost remex. In most birds they are 10 in number; in many oscine passerine birds there are only 9; a few birds have 11. See cuts under bird, covert, and emarginate.
    • n primary In entomology, one of the anterior or fore wings: used especially in descriptions of the Lepidoptera. See cut under Cirrophanus.
    • n primary In United States politics, a meeting of voters belonging to the same political party in a ward, township, or other election district, held for the purpose of nominating candidates for office, choosing delegates to a convention, etc. Theoretically every voter belonging to the party in a district has a right to attend the primary and vote, but in cities and large places only registered voters who have answered certain test questions relating to party adherence have that privilege. Compare caucus.
    • n primary A planet in relation to its satellite or satellites: as, the earth is the primary of the moon.
    • primary The body of the bark which lies between the epidermis and stele (central cylinder) in the stems of phanerogams, as also the corresponding zone in the root. In this sense sometimes simply cortex. Strasburger.
    • n primary In electricity: In an alternating-current transformer, induction-motor, or other apparatus containing two circuits in inductive relation to one another, that circuit which receives power from the impressed electromotive force.
    • n primary Sometimes, in an alternating-current transformer, the high potential coil, the low potential coil being the secondary.
    • n primary In physiological optics, one of the primary colors or primary color-sensations.
    • n primary A lesion of the initial stage of syphilis, a chancre: usually in the plural.
    • n primary In Echinodermata: In echinoids, a plate which extends from the outer edge of an ambulacral area to the median suture of that area.
    • n primary In echinoids, a spine of the largest order extending beyond the shorter secondaries.
    • n primary In crinoids, according to Bather's terminology, any one of those plates which are first developed in the ontogeny and phylogeny, including the abactinal system of columnals, cirrals, infrabasals, basals, radials, brachials, pinnulars, and the actinal system of orals and ambulacrals.
    • n primary In the Echinoidea, one of the large and completely developed tubercles on the surface of the test, which serve as articulating bases for the spines.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The permanent teeth that erupt to replace their primary predecessors (baby teeth) are called succedaneous teeth.
    • adj Primary prī′mar-i first: original: chief: primitive: elementary, preparatory
    • n Primary that which is highest in rank or importance: a planet in relation to its satellite or satellites
    • ***

Quotations

  • Albert Einstein
    Albert%20Einstein
    “All these primary impulses, not easily described in words, are the springs of man's actions.”
  • James Baldwin
    James%20Baldwin
    “The primary distinction of the artist is that he must actively cultivate that state which most men, necessarily, must avoid: the state of being alone.”
  • Albert Einstein
    Albert%20Einstein
    “Though our conduct seems so very different from that of the higher animals, the primary instincts are much alike in them and in us.”
  • Denis Waitley
    Denis%20Waitley
    “There are two primary choices in life: to accept conditions as they exist, or accept the responsibility for changing them.”
  • George Santayana
    George%20Santayana
    “The primary use of conversation is to satisfy the impulse to talk.”
  • Oscar Wilde
    Oscar%20Wilde
    “Temperament is the primary requisite for the critic -- a temperament exquisitely susceptible to beauty, and to the various impressions that beauty gives us.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. primarius, fr. primus, first: cf. F. primaire,. See Prime (a.), and cf. Premier Primero

Usage

In literature:

The primary election is conducted in the same manner as any other election.
"Citizenship" by Emma Guy Cromwell
Jonesville, Primary S., 2.
"The American Missionary - Volume 52, No. 1, March, 1898" by Various
One of the primary planets, and the third in order from the sun.
"The Sailor's Word-Book" by William Henry Smyth
The course runs from the primary up to and including the normal course.
"The American Missionary - Volume 52, No. 3, September, 1898" by Various
The region below these zones of secondary alteration, where the deposit is in its primary state.
"Principles of Mining" by Herbert C. Hoover
For instance, one of the primary steps which you must know is a combination of front, back and straight tap together.
"The Art of Stage Dancing" by Ned Wayburn
In the last days of August, whilst every house was being searched for fugitives, the primary elections were held.
"Lectures on the French Revolution" by John Emerich Edward Dalberg-Acton
The Athenians had also that consciousness of dependence upon God which is the foundation of all the primary religious emotions.
"Christianity and Greek Philosophy" by Benjamin Franklin Cocker
Its first principle, again, requires no more proof than the primary axioms of arithmetic or geometry.
"The English Utilitarians, Volume I." by Leslie Stephen
New Haven, Children of Primary Dept., United C., 2.50.
"The American Missionary -- Volume 54, No. 01, January, 1900" by Various
But what is the actual attendance upon the primary and common schools of the country?
"Popular Education" by Ira Mayhew
In general, primary education did not enter into their scheme.
"History of Education" by Levi Seeley
And to dispose of miracles is one of Spinoza's primary concerns.
"The Philosophy of Spinoza" by Baruch de Spinoza
This was one of the primary aims of his policy.
"Rulers of India: Albuquerque" by Henry Morse Stephens
I am still against the appeal to the primary assemblies, because there is a better method.
"The Writings Of Thomas Paine, Complete" by Thomas Paine
He separates them into two primary divisions, the 'Centricae' and the 'Pennatae.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 8, Slice 4" by Various
By the end of World War I, many villages that had more than twenty families had their own primary school.
"Area Handbook for Bulgaria" by Eugene K. Keefe, Violeta D. Baluyut, William Giloane, Anne K. Long, James M. Moore, and Neda A. Walpole
Under artificial propagation cancer maintains all the characters of the original tumours of the primary hosts.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 2" by Various
Nor was the immorality of Henry's own character the primary cause of the project of divorce.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 5" by Various
The number of primary branches of animals or plants is uncertain, their boundaries undefined.
"The Arena" by Various
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In news:

Polling places will be open from noon to 9 pm Thursday across the region in communities that have party primaries.
Ninth in Bernhardt 's popular series (Primary Justice.
Already in 2012, the best-known candidates with the most money lost in two key GOP primaries.
So, at least the Democrats aren't the only ones turning on one another down the home-stretch to primary season.
Did money make the difference in the Democratic primary for the New Jersey Senate.
Nearly four years ago, on the eve of the New Hampshire Republican presidential primary, The New Republic published my expose of newsletters published by Texas Congressman Ron Paul.
In response to Virgil Van Camp's April 14 Point-Counterpoint piece, I'd like to point out that Dr Laura Schlessinger's primary degree is not in psychology.
Attorney Brian Bina might have been knocked down in the Republican primary, but he is not out of the race for McPherson County Attorney.
Bina was defeated by 65 votes in the Republican primary in August by incumbent David Page.
He left in 1993, then returned in 1994 as the primary News Anchor.
A coalition of four Black Baptist groups have come together to form a volunteer association whose primary goal is to raise $50 million for Haitian relief.
Their primary attention is not focused on those who do society¹s work.
Local election officials certify the presidential primary results from Super Tuesday.
In the June Primary, Cervantes ran against challengers Gentry and Matt Kingsley.
Kwame Brown's personal debt is ammo in primary for DC Council chairmanship .
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In science:

For the ad hoc primary model, the primary network consists of n nodes randomly distributed and grouped into S-D pairs at random.
Cognitive Networks Achieve Throughput Scaling of a Homogeneous Network
For the infrastructure-supported primary model, additional l BSs are regularly deployed and used to support the primary transmissions.
Cognitive Networks Achieve Throughput Scaling of a Homogeneous Network
Our main assumptions are that (1) the primary network continues to operate as if no secondary network were present, (2) the secondary nodes know the locations of the primary nodes and (3) the secondary network is denser than the primary network.
Cognitive Networks Achieve Throughput Scaling of a Homogeneous Network
Indeed, if the primary network were to change its protocol when the secondary network is present, a simple time-sharing scheme is able to achieve the throughput scaling of homogeneous networks for both primary and secondary networks.
Cognitive Networks Achieve Throughput Scaling of a Homogeneous Network
In Section II we outline the system model: we first look at the network geometry, co-existing primary and secondary ad hoc networks, then turn to the information theoretic achievable rates before stating our assumptions on the primary and secondary network behaviors.
Cognitive Networks Achieve Throughput Scaling of a Homogeneous Network
As shown in Fig. 1. (a), in the ad hoc primary model, nodes are distributed according to a Poisson point process (p.p.p.) of density n over a unit square, which are randomly grouped into primary S-D pairs.
Cognitive Networks Achieve Throughput Scaling of a Homogeneous Network
Let us de fine Sp(n) as the sum throughput of the primary network, or Tp (n) times the number of primary S-D pairs3 .
Cognitive Networks Achieve Throughput Scaling of a Homogeneous Network
Primary and Secondary User Behaviors As primary and secondary nodes must share the spectrum, the rules or assumptions made about this co-existence are of critical importance to the resulting achievable throughputs and scaling laws.
Cognitive Networks Achieve Throughput Scaling of a Homogeneous Network
Since the secondary network is denser than the primary network, each secondary node can measure the interference power from its adjacent primary node and send it to a coordinator node.
Cognitive Networks Achieve Throughput Scaling of a Homogeneous Network
In the remainder of this section, we first outline the operati on of the primary network and then focus on the design of a secondary network protocol under the given primary protocol.
Cognitive Networks Achieve Throughput Scaling of a Homogeneous Network
Then, each primary cell has at least one primary node w.h.p..
Cognitive Networks Achieve Throughput Scaling of a Homogeneous Network
Around each primary node we de fine its preservation region: a square containing 9 secondary cells, with the primary node at the center cell.
Cognitive Networks Achieve Throughput Scaling of a Homogeneous Network
By re-routing the secondary nodes’ transmission around the primary nodes’ preservation regions, we can guarantee the primary nodes a non-trivial rate.
Cognitive Networks Achieve Throughput Scaling of a Homogeneous Network
Since the primary node density is smaller than the secondary node density, the primary cells are relatively further away from each other, thus requiring higher power to communicate.
Cognitive Networks Achieve Throughput Scaling of a Homogeneous Network
Indirect Multihop Routing for the Primary Network 1) Indirect multihop routing protocol: The indirect multihop routing in can also be adopted as a primary protocol, which provides the sum throughput of Θ(√n).
Cognitive Networks Achieve Throughput Scaling of a Homogeneous Network
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