previous

Definitions

  • Hannibal makes the usual neat and appropriate Speech previous to killing himself
    Hannibal makes the usual neat and appropriate Speech previous to killing himself
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj previous just preceding something else in time or order "the previous owner","my old house was larger"
    • adj previous too soon or too hasty "our condemnation of him was a bit previous","a premature judgment"
    • adj previous (used especially of persons) of the immediate past "the former president","our late President is still very active","the previous occupant of the White House"
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Colour blind people are used to detect camouflaged units in previous war-fare. And some of you thought Jonathan was useless.. :P~
    • a Previous Going before in time; being or happening before something else; antecedent; prior; as, previous arrangements; a previous illness. "The dull sound . . . previous to the storm,
      Rolls o'er the muttering earth."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Only three horses who had never previously won a race earned their first victories at the Kentucky Derby. They were Buchanan in 1884, Sir Barton in 1919 and Brokers Tip in 1933.
    • previous Going before in time; being or occurring before something else; earlier; antecedent; prior.
    • previous Previously to; before (previous being used adverbially, and with the preposition to equivalent to a simple preposition, before). Compare prior to, in a like loose use.
    • previous Synonyms Previous, Preceding, Precedent, Anterior, Prior, Former, Foregoing, Antecedent. All these words have lost their original application to space, and now apply only to that which goes before in time, except anterior, which may apply also to space, as the anterior part of the brain, and preceding, which as a participle still primarily applies to space, but as an adjective generally expresses order in time. Preceding means immediately before; the others may mean the same. Precedent often applies to that which has to go before in order to the existence or validity of that which follows: as, a condition precedent. Prior often means superior by being earlier: as, a prior claim. Anterior is opposed to posterior, prior to subsequent or sub-ordinate, former to latter, foregoing to following, antecedent to subsequent. See preliminary.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The Beatles were George Harrison, John Lennon, Paul McCartney, and Ringo Starr. But there were also two lesser known, previous members of the band: Pete Best and Stu Sutcliffe.
    • adj Previous prē′vi-us going before in time: former
    • ***

Quotations

  • Harvey Spencer Lewis
    Harvey Spencer Lewis
    “I am tomorrow, or some future day, what I establish today. I am today what I established yesterday or some previous day.”
  • Lord Chesterfield
    Lord%20Chesterfield
    “No man tastes pleasures truly, who does not earn them by previous business; and few people do business well, who do nothing else.”
  • Charles Muses
    Charles Muses
    “It is the moment of evolutionary truth for the race, and what man does with that moment will be more important than the events of the previous millenium.”
  • Indian Proverb
    Indian Proverb
    “There is nothing noble in being superior to some other person. The true nobility is in being superior to your previous self.”
  • Henry Parry Liddon
    Henry Parry Liddon
    “What we do upon some great occasion will probably depend on what we already are. What we are will be the result of previous years of self-discipline.”
  • Marcus T. Cicero
    Marcus%20T.%20Cicero
    “The harvest of old age is the recollection and abundance of blessing previously secured.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. praevius, going before, leading the way; prae, before + via, the way. See Voyage
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. præeviuspræ, before, via, a way.

Usage

In literature:

A few months previously the Rev.
"A Retrospect" by James Hudson Taylor
Can any water dissolve in the atmosphere without its being previously converted into vapour by boiling?
"Conversations on Chemistry, V. 1-2" by Jane Marcet
Luke Robbins told us that the six young Durham cattle in their pasture had previously been docile, and that they had never before broken out.
"When Life Was Young" by C. A. Stephens
Was it really possible that I had been lost for the previous ten days or so?
"The Stretton Street Affair" by William Le Queux
On reaching Charing Cross the party was to have a meal previous to starting up to Scotland.
"The Chronicles of a Gay Gordon" by José Maria Gordon
Horrocks had previously acquainted his friend, William Crabtree, with the impending occurrence.
"The Story of the Heavens" by Robert Stawell Ball
This would be at least a possible policy, and one to which Beust by his previous history would be inclined.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Part 1, Slice 1" by Various
Rain to some extent interfered, as it had with the previous review.
"The Red Watch" by J. A. Currie
And impossible persons, with no previous or subsequent existence, will endeavour to see their way to the establishment of a claim on you.
"Somehow Good" by William de Morgan
The two had previously been comrades at maneuvers.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume II (of VIII)" by Various
The Fourth and Fifth regiments had been recruited under a previous call.
"Personal Recollections of a Cavalryman" by J. H. (James Harvey) Kidd
The landlord of the house claimed that he had previously seized everything, but had allowed things to remain out of kindness.
"Ireland as It Is" by Robert John Buckley (AKA R.J.B.)
He had been really interested in his religious welfare for a long time previous.
"The Prison Chaplaincy, And Its Experiences" by Hosea Quinby
Margaret, who had not previously seen this girl but who had heard of her from Lennox, was speaking to him.
"The Paliser case" by Edgar Saltus
Previous to 1891 he could dispose of all of it as if he had no wife, could will, sell, mortgage, pledge or give it away.
"The History of Woman Suffrage, Volume IV" by Various
That night was practically a repetition of the previous one.
"How I Filmed the War" by Lieut. Geoffrey H. Malins
Then add two pounds selected sardines with all bones previously removed.
"Home Pork Making" by A. W. Fulton
At this moment Cortes sighed more deeply than he had previously done for the loss of his two grooms, whom the enemy had carried off alive.
"The Memoirs of the Conquistador Bernal Diaz del Castillo, Vol 2 (of 2)" by Bernal Diaz del Castillo
Previously she had ruled through her perfection.
"Historia Amoris: A History of Love, Ancient and Modern" by Edgar Saltus
The male succeeded her to the perch she had previously occupied.
"Natural History of the Bell Vireo, Vireo bellii Audubon" by Jon C. Barlow
***

In poetry:

What thrilled me in a previous state
Rekindles here its ancient flame;
What I by instinct love and hate
I knew before I came;
"Reincarnation" by John Lawson Stoddard
Maybe, in my previous a-being,
I’ve cut the throats of my Mom and Dad,
If in this one – Lord of all the living! —
I have been doomed to suffering like that.
"Shame" by Nikolai Stepanovich Gumilev
An intimation of some previous life,
Or dark dream, in the present dim-divined,
Of some uncertain sleep--or lived or dreamed
In some dead life--between a dusk and dawn;
"A Pre-Existence" by Madison Julius Cawein
He paused and glanced at the rivulet,
And that pause than speech was worse,
For his roving eye a saw-mill met,
And, near it, the word which should be set
At the end of the previous verse.
"The Inhuman Wolf And The Lamb Sans Gene" by Guy Wetmore Carryl
"Onlike the previous speaker, Mr. Sutter of Yreka, he was but a
humble seeker--and not like him--a cuss"--
It was here that Mr. Sutter softly reached for Mr. Cutter, when the
latter with a stutter said: "ac-customed to discuss."
"A Question Of Privilege" by Francis Bret Harte
"My child," 'e sez, "I don't come 'ere to preach.
You're a good girl; an' when --" "Oo sez I ain't?
'Oo sez I ain't?" 'Er voice is near a screech.
"I'm no hymn-singin' saint;
But you're a bit too previous givin' me
This third degree."
"Rose" by C J Dennis

In news:

Undertaken after a previous report.
Mark Hurlbert, who previously served as district attorney for four mountain counties, will take a job as the second-in-command of the Arapahoe and Douglas county district attorney's office.
Trained cadaver dogs have previously discovered human bones that were nearly 200 years old, though they were not specifically trained to do so.
Unlike the filmmakers' previous thriller, you won't break a 'Sweat.
She had no medical problems apart from a tonsillectomy 2 weeks previously which had been done for relapsing tonsillitis.
Previous artificial-heart patients often had to wait a year or more in the hospital because the machine's driver weighed more than 400 pounds.
The AbioCor artificial heart does not have any wires that protrude from the chest, unlike previous devices.
Previously she founded womenCONNECT.com, an Internet portal for women in business.
The home is now listed for $19.95 million - $3.55 million cheaper than its previous list price.
Snag these previous generation iPod nanos for as much as 30% off.
A recent study corraborates previous findings that crop protection products are fueling job and wage growth.
A previous version of this story said the DC abortion amendment had been attached to the Senate cybersecurity bill.
LONDON — A new study suggests that high blood pressure during early pregnancy is what raises the risk of major birth defect s — not the medicines used to control the condition, as previously thought.
Study Suggests That PTSD May Be More Common Than Previously Believed.
My name is jamie, and I am x years previous.
***

In science:

In this final part of the proof, we combine the results of the previous steps in order to obtain the inequality (1.20) stated in Proposition 1.6.2.
Random unitaries in non-commutative tori, and an asymptotic model for q-circular systems
This result supports the previously conjectured general form of correlation functions on random geometries.
Matter Correlations in Branched Polymers
Definition 1: The theory is said to be trivial if the previous relation is satisfied.
On the triviality of certain non-Riemannian models of gravitation
In the previous papers [9–11] we studied the effect of nonlocal correlation of the random mass on the extended states which exist near the band center.
Random-mass Dirac fermions in an imaginary vector potential: Delocalization transition and localization length
In the previous paper we calculated the localization length for the random mass with the short-range correlation (7).
Random-mass Dirac fermions in an imaginary vector potential: Delocalization transition and localization length
Previous studies of this type (Claussen et al. 1997; Koralesky et al. 1998; Yusef-Zadeh et al. 1996) have measured Bθ in an additional five SNRs.
OH Zeeman Magnetic Field Detections Toward Five Supernova Remnants Using the VLA
The results presented in the previous section were obtained for the staggered Dirac operator.
Random Matrix Theory and Chiral Symmetry in QCD
We thus compare the instanton data with the model in previous section at fixed value of the parameter h.
Chiral Random Matrix Model for Critical Statistics
In this section we will translate the results of the previous paper to chemical language.
II. Territory covered by N random walkers on stochastic fractals. The percolation aggregate
In this section we study the chiral Gaussian Orthogonal Ensemble by means of the operator construction discussed in the previous section.
Spectral Universality of Real Chiral Random Matrix Ensembles
In this section we explicitly construct the skew-orthogonal polynomials for an x4 potential and test the asymptotic results obtained in previous sections.
Spectral Universality of Real Chiral Random Matrix Ensembles
As the previous figure but derived fitting the region 7040–7340˚A in the higher resolution data.
A TiO study of the dwarf nova IP Pegasi
The notation is the same as in the previous figure.
EROs in the EIS Fields. I: The AXAF (Chandra) Deep Field
This set of works not only provide rigorous and more general solutions for methods and ansatzes previously used, but it seem to provide answers also for the models previously left unsolved (like the asymptotics of recurrence coefficients Rn in general cases).
Phase transitions and random matrices
The proof of McDuff of the previous result, is done by showing that the previous class vanishes on the 2-sub-complex of the CW -complexe N .
Gerbes, 2-gerbes and symplectic fibrations
***