presuppose

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v presuppose require as a necessary antecedent or precondition "This step presupposes two prior ones"
    • v presuppose take for granted or as a given; suppose beforehand "I presuppose that you have done your work"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • v. t Presuppose To suppose beforehand; to imply as antecedent; to take for granted; to assume; as, creation presupposes a creator. "Each [kind of knowledge presupposes many necessary things learned in other sciences, and known beforehand."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • presuppose To suppose beforehand; take for granted in advance of actual knowledge or experience.
    • presuppose To assume beforehand; require or imply as an antecedent condition; necessitate the prior assumption of.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • v.t Presuppose prē-sup-pōz′ to suppose before actual knowledge: to assume or take for granted
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Quotations

  • Sir Walter Raleigh
    Sir%20Walter%20Raleigh
    “Who so taketh in hand to frame any state or government ought to presuppose that all men are evil, and at occasions will show themselves so to be.”
  • Denis Diderot
    Denis%20Diderot
    “Gaiety --a quality of ordinary men. Genius always presupposes some disorder in the machine.”
  • Hans Magnus Enzensberger
    Hans Magnus Enzensberger
    “Every orientation presupposes a disorientation.”
  • Mahatma Gandhi
    Mahatma%20Gandhi
    “Non-violence and truth are inseparable and presuppose one another.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Pref. pre-, + suppose,: cf. F. présupposer,

Usage

In literature:

This, of course, presupposes that the invitation has also been written in the third person.
"Social Life" by Maud C. Cooke
Legitimate slumming presupposes two willing parties, the slummer and the slummed.
"The Dominant Strain" by Anna Chapin Ray
Affinities at least have the grace to presuppose a special sex-attraction.
"Sex=The Unknown Quantity" by Ali Nomad
These could only be produced by the north-going current which I presupposed.
"Farthest North" by Fridtjof Nansen
It presupposes that the act of prayer is in itself pleasing to God; and that is what I am not satisfied of.
"The Thread of Gold" by Arthur Christopher Benson
As it presupposes life, so it means energy, movement, progress; and for this, knowledge is essential.
"The Prayers of St. Paul" by W. H. Griffith Thomas
This his iniquity is presupposed by his curse.
"Christology of the Old Testament: And a Commentary on the Messianic Predictions, v. 1" by Ernst Wilhelm Hengstenberg
For it has been presupposed in everything that has been said to-night.
"A Modern Symposium" by G. Lowes Dickinson
In fact, the establishment of true socialism presupposes a highly developed industrial economy.
"Border, Breed Nor Birth" by Dallas McCord Reynolds
They presuppose Education in the ordinary sense.
"Pedagogics as a System" by Karl Rosenkranz
Socialism presupposes a highly industrialized economy.
"Combat" by Dallas McCord Reynolds
Of course, this principle presupposes another: That a simile should never require explanation.
"The Baptist Magazine, Vol. 27, January, 1835" by Various
Now, were it a hoax, would you not have to presuppose that both acquaintances and strangers conspired to make a fool of me?
"The Progressionists, and Angela." by Conrad von Bolanden
It presupposes that they are never to be without the inevitable woman, yet many of them often are.
"The Master's Violin" by Myrtle Reed
To this wider insight, to this always presupposed vision of experience as it is, of the facts as they are, you are always appealing.
"The Sources Of Religious Insight" by Josiah Royce
I say, then, that if the Roman empire did not exist by right, Christ in being born presupposed and sanctioned an unjust thing.
"Dante. An essay." by R. W. Church
Subtlety of style presupposes, of course, subtlety of thought, and possibly also subtlety of perception.
"The Life of Bret Harte" by Henry Childs Merwin
The demonstration presupposes that the preceding rites were leading up to this supreme display.
"The Eleusinian Mysteries and Rites" by Dudley Wright
The cut is so cleanly made that it presupposes a very sharp blade.
"In the Onyx Lobby" by Carolyn Wells
But of the seven, three alone are properly distinct and independent: these being presupposed, the others follow of course.
"A System of Logic: Ratiocinative and Inductive" by John Stuart Mill
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In poetry:

Man is composed here of a twofold part;
The first of nature, and the next of art;
Art presupposes nature; nature, she
Prepares the way for man's docility.
"Upon Man" by Robert Herrick
O blessing of reproach. O proof that silence
And condemnation presuppose our lives:
We are not lost but only run away,
The authors and the powers of confusion;
We are the promise of unborn occasions;
Our presence is required by all the spaces.
"Kairos and Logos" by W H Auden

In news:

Francis Veber's The Closet dances around the subject of misperceived gayness in the workplace with boulevard insouciance that presupposes most of the nervous laughs coming from a predominantly straight audience.
Scholars have commonly approached such noncanonical texts as the Nag Hammadi writings by assuming that they presuppose a particular worldview known as Gnosticism .
Mississippi expressly said, while Michigan simply presupposes, that the fertilized human ovum, a zygote , is a person entitled to the equal protection of the laws.
Mississippi expressly said, while Michigan simply presupposes, that the fertilized human ovum, a zygote, is a person entitled to the equal protection of the laws.
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In science:

This presupposes we have such a constant k .
Nourdin-Peccati analysis on Wiener and Wiener-Poisson space for general distributions
Clark et al. use the values of cs , H and Σ provided by their simulation to show that ˙M (r) is smaller than the accretion rate onto the disk for a wide range of radii, even if one adopts α = 1 (which already presupposes that the disk is gravitationally unstable).
The First Stars
The solution algorithm presupposes a constructive fundamental system for the underlying homogeneous equation but imposes no other conditions (in the literature one often restricts to self-adjoint and/or second-order boundary problems).
Symbolic Analysis for Boundary Problems: From Rewriting to Parametrized Gr\"obner Bases
It presupposes an actual world containing events that are governed by irreducibly probabilistic correlation laws.
Interpreting Bananaworld: A response to Bub's Quantum Mechanics for Primates
In various physical literatures, one presupposes that the hamiltonian without the ultraviolet cutoff HΛ=∞ is given.
Monotonicity of the polaron energy II:General theory of operator monotonicity
Strictly speaking, an S -matrix theory presupposes that the external states are free, i. e. the fields should obey a free field equation at infinity.
Duality of string amplitudes in a curved background
Here, Ωh is merely a fitting parameter used to describe the shape of the power spectrum, and it does not presuppose a true value of the Hubble constant.
The radio background: radio-loud galaxies at high and low redshifts
This test, which presupposes that the galaxies population does not evolve with time and is homogeneously distributed in space, is however not very efficient.
A simple tool for assessing the completeness in apparent magnitude of magnitude-redshift samples
However integral flux sensitivities presuppose knowledge of the source spectrum and are not useful for sources with steep spectra which fall off near the energy threshold.
Status of VHE Astronomy c.2000
Rather than allowing al l settings of ~X and ~W in AC2, the more general definition presupposes a set of allowable settings.
Causes and Explanations: A Structural-Model Approach. Part II: Explanations
The formula presupposes the standard case, in which the experiment consists of a series of readily identifiable events, a single particle pair being associated with each.
The "Chaotic Ball" model,local realism and the Bell test loopholes
Notice that the assumption of a weakly-interacting low-energy theory does not presuppose the underlying physics to be also weakly interacting.
Quantum Gravity in Everyday Life: General Relativity as an Effective Field Theory
The possibility that there are two different populations, one electrons and one positrons, that contribute to the overall spectrum would be a departure from the synchrotron-self Compton model, which presupposes only one population of particles injected into the nebula.
Modern tests of Lorentz invariance
No knowledge is presupposed about the details of the dynamics.
Review of Nonlinear Methods and Modelling
This reconsideration for species 11–32 presupposes the validity of Roth’s taxonomy, which Roth has proved.
Isonemal Prefabrics with Perpendicular Axes of Symmetry
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