powder

Definitions

  • Work of Powder Post Beetle
    Work of Powder Post Beetle
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v powder apply powder to "She powdered her nose","The King wears a powdered wig"
    • v powder make into a powder by breaking up or cause to become dust "pulverize the grains"
    • n powder any of various cosmetic or medical preparations dispensed in the form of a pulverized powder
    • n powder a solid substance in the form of tiny loose particles; a solid that has been pulverized
    • n powder a mixture of potassium nitrate, charcoal, and sulfur in a 75:15:10 ratio which is used in gunnery, time fuses, and fireworks
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Additional illustrations & photos:

The Powder Monkey The Powder Monkey
milk, baking powder, bowl, etc milk, baking powder, bowl, etc
YOUNG DUPONT WORKING TO SAVE THE POWDER-MILL YOUNG DUPONT WORKING TO SAVE THE POWDER-MILL

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Chili Powder was invented in the 19th century in the American Southwest
    • Powder An explosive mixture used in gunnery, blasting, etc.; gunpowder. See Gunpowder.
    • Powder The fine particles to which any dry substance is reduced by pounding, grinding, or triturating, or into which it falls by decay; dust. "Grind their bones to powder small."
    • Powder To be reduced to powder; to become like powder; as, some salts powder easily.
    • Powder To reduce to fine particles; to pound, grind, or rub into a powder; to comminute; to pulverize; to triturate.
    • Powder To sprinkle with powder, or as with powder; to be sprinkle; as, to powder the hair. "A circling zone thou seest Powdered with stars."
    • Powder To sprinkle with salt; to corn, as meat.
    • Powder To use powder on the hair or skin; as, she paints and powders .
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Mummy powder was once thought to be a cure for all remedies. English men used to carry the powder with them in a tiny bag wherever they went
    • n powder Fine, minute, loose, uncompacted particles, such as result from pounding or grinding a solid substance; dust.
    • n powder A preparation or composition, in the form of dust or minute loose particles, applied in various ways, as in the toilet, etc.: as, hair-powder; face-powder.
    • n powder A composition of saltpeter, sulphur, and charcoal, mixed and granulated: more particularly designated gunpowder (which see).
    • n powder Seasoning, either of salt or of spices.
    • n powder A medical remedy, or a dose of some medical remedy, in the form of powder, or minute loose or uncompacted particles: as, he has to take three powders every hour.
    • powder To reduce to powder; pulverize; triturate; pound, grind, or rub to fine particles.
    • powder To sprinkle with powder, dust, ashes, etc.; specifically, to put powder upon: as, to powder the hair or the face.
    • powder To sprinkle with salt, spices, or other seasoning; hence, to corn; pickle.
    • powder To sprinkle as with powder; stud; ornament with a small pattern, continually repeated.
    • powder To whiten by some application of white material in the form of a powder: thus, lace which has grown yellow is powdered by being placed in a packet of white lead and beaten.
    • powder To scatter; place here and there as if sprinkled like powder: as, to powder violets on a silk ground.
    • powder To fall to dust; be reduced to powder.
    • powder To apply powder to the hair or face; use powder in the toilet.
    • powder To attack violently; make a great stir.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Daytime dramas are called Soap Operas because they were originally used to advertise soap powder. In America in the early days of TV, advertisers would write stories around the use of their soap powder
    • n Powder pow′dėr dust: any substance in fine particles: gunpowder, a mixture of charcoal, sulphur, and saltpetre: hair-powder
    • v.t Powder to reduce to powder: to sprinkle with powder: to salt by sprinkling
    • v.i Powder to crumble into powder: to use powder for the hair
    • ***

Quotations

  • Thomas Carlyle
    Thomas%20Carlyle
    “The three great elements of modern civilization, Gun powder, Printing, and the Protestant religion.”
  • Oliver Cromwell
    Oliver%20Cromwell
    “Put your trust in God and keep your powder dry.”

Idioms

Keep your powder dry - If you keep your powder dry, you act cautiously so as not to damage your chances.
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Powder your nose - If somebody goes to powder your nose, it is a euphemism for going to the lavatory (toilet).
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. poudre, pouldre, F. poudre, OF. also poldre, puldre, L. pulvis, pulveris,: cf. pollen, fine flour, mill dust, E. pollen,. Cf. Polverine Pulverize

Usage

In literature:

But first of all, sir, we ought to see to the powder and the guns.
"The Young Castellan" by George Manville Fenn
They had no powder or bullets and the young men had lost their skill with the bow.
"Four American Indians" by Edson L. Whitney
This time the pin came out, with a fine whitish powder adhering to the part that had been wetted.
"Popular Adventure Tales" by Mayne Reid
These uncials on a powder-barrel mean large-grain powder.
"The Sailor's Word-Book" by William Henry Smyth
Lime in powder (or powdered chalk), 4 oz.
"Practical Taxidermy" by Montagu Browne
Beat whites stiff and fold them in with 3/4 cup of flour and 1 teaspoon baking powder.
"The Suffrage Cook Book"
It is also stated that the powder used by the "Argus" was bad.
"The Naval History of the United States" by Willis J. Abbot
Even his fight with the sorrel, the name of which he had later discovered to be Powder River, was now only a memory which warmed and cheered.
"The Fighting Edge" by William MacLeod Raine
Among these settlers east of the mountains the common complaint was about the scarcity of powder and lead.
"A Virginia Scout" by Hugh Pendexter
Jolop in powder, three drms.
"One Thousand Secrets of Wise and Rich Men Revealed" by C. A. Bogardus
Raise the eye and powder underneath; look down, and powder the space beneath eyebrow and eyelid.
"The Art of Stage Dancing" by Ned Wayburn
One shot would have been the match in the powder magazine.
"The Red True Story Book" by Various
It is added either as the powdered metal or in the form of ferrotungsten, an alloy containing 70 to 90 per cent of tungsten.
"The Economic Aspect of Geology" by C. K. Leith
But now then, I cannot understand how the enemy can have stolen through the lines and carried the powder where it was found.
"The Kopje Garrison" by George Manville Fenn
He would ha' been useful to fetch powder and help load.
"Hunting the Skipper" by George Manville Fenn
Their cheap and almost palpable fragrancy delighted him when it powdered the air.
"In a Little Town" by Rupert Hughes
I expect there's enough powder in there to blow half this mountain off.
"The Coyote" by James Roberts
He swept his hand over it sprinkling bits of powdered resin into the wisp of flame.
"When the West Was Young" by Frederick R. Bechdolt
The lock clicked, but the powder did not flash.
"Daughters of the Revolution and Their Times" by Charles Carleton Coffin
Where is the powder?
"The Pirate Woman" by Aylward Edward Dingle
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In poetry:

Kill me if you will not love me.
Here are flints;
Ram down the heavy bullet, little leopard,
On the black powder.
"Handing Over The Gun" by Edward Powys Mathers
Or reading silly books 'bout love
And nothing else at all,
Or putting on some powder stuff
And going out to call.
"A Little Boys Ideas" by John Joy Bell
In rare, rich ermine earls
With rapiers jeweled rare,
With a powdered throng of courtiers long
Pass with stiff and stately air.
"The Mirror" by Madison Julius Cawein
When hills and plains are powdered white,
And bitter cold the north wind blows,
Upon my window in the night
A fairy-garden grows.
"The Shepherd Wind" by Virna Sheard
And they gave all their powder and ball
And took the gold so bright,
And they drank their beer and made good cheer,
Till now it was midnight.
"The Surgeon's Warning" by Robert Southey
So, roll a rock down where a ranger is sleepin'
Aside of his horse below Powder Cut Bend:
I ride and I look where the shadows are creepin',
And roll a rock down--for McCabe was my friend.
"Roll A Rock Down" by Henry Herbert Knibbs

In news:

1 pkg of powder garlic dressing.
Surge for Yellow Powder a Product of South America Drought.
Testing Device for Powder Characterization .
Make these old-fashioned sweets using vanilla and cocoa powder for a brown-and-cream theme, or dye the dough red and green with food coloring.
) Sift flour, 1 1/2 cups sugar, baking powder and salt together, then set aside.
Chili powder can be used as defense.
Massachusetts store owner thwarts robber with chili powder .
Store owner thwarts robber with chili powder .
Return meat to medium heat, add onions, salt, chili powder and paprika.
Combine the flour, baking powder and salt.
1/4 cup raw cacao powder.
EMINENCE Eminence celebrated its biggest victory in four years on Senior Night, taking the Powder Keg from Monrovia with a 62-49 victory Tuesday on the Eels ' court.
Powdered sugar with nutmeg for sprinkling over the top.
For Marines, There's Powder For Eggnog , Tunes on Vinyl.
Featuring three white LEDs and a vandal-resistant design, the luminaire includes a powder-coated white 1/8-in.
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In science:

Secondly, the milled powder was pressed into rods with 7 mm diameter and annealed for further 10 hours under the same atmosphere.
Antiferrodistortive phase transition in EuTiO3
Abstract - Four years after the first structure determination by powder diffractometry (SDPD) round robin, a second one shows that SDPD is still not routine.
SDPD Round Robin 2002 Results
Owing to the presupposed larger difficulty at step 2, only the first three of the eight powder patterns to be indexed at step 1 had to be considered for the structure solution step 2.
SDPD Round Robin 2002 Results
It appears that powder indexing is not easy and not routine.
SDPD Round Robin 2002 Results
The next step (structure solution) can be quite time-consuming, so that a powder diffractionist will not make any further effort if the probability to have found the true cell and space group is not high (this is a question of self-convincing, as indexing is still considered as an art).
SDPD Round Robin 2002 Results
The dashed and dotted lines are calculations assuming a 10’ sample mosaic and a powder sample.
High q-resolution neutron scattering technique using triple-axis spectrometers
Due to the high volatility of the sodium, a “fast heat-up” method was employed during the preparation of the powder.
Investigation of the Spin Density Wave in NaxCoO2
Nanoparticle size distribution estimation by full-pattern powder diffraction analysis.
Nanoparticle size distribution estimation by full-pattern powder diffraction analysis
Powder diffraction is a very efficient experimental method, as it is straightforward and non-destructive.
Nanoparticle size distribution estimation by full-pattern powder diffraction analysis
Powder pattern diffraction calculation methods are critically discussed, with special focus on spherical particles with log-normal distribution, with the target of determining size distribution parameters. A 20-nm CeO2 sample is analyzed as example.
Nanoparticle size distribution estimation by full-pattern powder diffraction analysis
In this work we want to highlight the possibilities offered in this issue by a much less complex technique as powder diffraction.
Nanoparticle size distribution estimation by full-pattern powder diffraction analysis
Powder diffraction is a widespread technique with a great potential to meet the increasing demands of microstructural material characterization.
Nanoparticle size distribution estimation by full-pattern powder diffraction analysis
However, when the particle size falls much below 100 nm, specifically tuned methods of analysis are needed to extract meaningful information from powder diffraction patterns.
Nanoparticle size distribution estimation by full-pattern powder diffraction analysis
II we discuss the shape-based method for calculating NP powder patterns in relation to the surface structure and to its limits of validity at small sizes.
Nanoparticle size distribution estimation by full-pattern powder diffraction analysis
Scherrer’s formula20 is the most known method for extracting size information from powder patterns (namely, from the Bragg peaks’ width).
Nanoparticle size distribution estimation by full-pattern powder diffraction analysis
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