postulate

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v postulate take as a given; assume as a postulate or axiom "He posited three basic laws of nature"
    • v postulate maintain or assert "He contended that Communism had no future"
    • v postulate require as useful, just, or proper "It takes nerve to do what she did","success usually requires hard work","This job asks a lot of patience and skill","This position demands a lot of personal sacrifice","This dinner calls for a spectacular dessert","This intervention does not postulate a patient's consent"
    • n postulate (logic) a proposition that is accepted as true in order to provide a basis for logical reasoning
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • a Postulate Postulated.
    • Postulate Something demanded or asserted; especially, a position or supposition assumed without proof, or one which is considered as self-evident; a truth to which assent may be demanded or challenged, without argument or evidence.
    • Postulate (Geom) The enunciation of a self-evident problem, in distinction from an axiom, which is the enunciation of a self-evident theorem. "The distinction between a postulate and an axiom lies in this, -- that the latter is admitted to be self-evident, while the former may be agreed upon between two reasoners, and admitted by both, but not as proposition which it would be impossible to deny."
    • Postulate To beg, or assume without proof; as, to postulate conclusions.
    • Postulate To invite earnestly; to solicit.
    • Postulate To take without express consent; to assume. "The Byzantine emperors appear to have . . . postulated a sort of paramount supremacy over this nation."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • postulate To invite; solicit; require by entreaty. See def. 3.
    • postulate To assume without proof; lay down as something which has to be assumed, although it cannot be proved; take for granted.
    • postulate In ecclesiastical law, to ask legitimate ecclesiastical authority to admit (a nominee) by dispensation, when a canonical impediment is supposed to exist. Lee, Glossary.
    • postulate To make postulates or demands; urge a suit.
    • n postulate A petition; a suit; solicitation.
    • n postulate A proposition proposed for acceptance without proof; something taken for granted; an assumption. Thus, the postulates of Euclid were as follows: that a straight line may be drawn between any two points; that any terminated straight line may be produced indefinitely; that about any point as a center a circle with any radius may be described; that all right angles are equal; that if two straight lines lying in a plane are met by another line, making the sum of the internal angles on one side less than two right angles, then those straight lines will meet, if sufficiently produced, on the side on which the sum of the angles is less than two right angles. See axiom.
    • n postulate A self-evident practical proposition, to the effect that something is possible: opposed to an axiom, as a self-evident proposition that something is impossible. The fourth and fifth of Euclid's postulates (see def. 2) being converted into axioms in the modern editions, and his proved propositions being distinguished into theorems and problems, this new conception of a postulate naturally arose.
    • n postulate A condition for the accomplishment of anything.
    • postulate Postulated; assumed.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • v.t Postulate pos′tū-lāt to assume without proof: to take for granted or without positive consent:
    • v.i Postulate to make demands
    • n Postulate a position assumed as self-evident:
    • v.t Postulate pos′tū-lāt (eccles.) to ask legitimate authority to admit a nominee by dispensation, when a canonical impediment is supposed to exist
    • n Postulate (geom.) a self-evident problem: a petition: a condition for the accomplishment of anything
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Quotations

  • Lao-Tzu
    Lao-Tzu
    “Simulated disorder postulates perfect discipline; simulated fear postulates courage; simulated weakness postulates strength.”
  • Albert Low
    Albert Low
    “The criterion of simplicity requires that the minimum number of assumptions be postulated.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. postulatum, a demand, request, prop. p. p. of postulare, to demand, prob. a dim. of poscere, to demand, prob. for porcscere,; akin to G. forschen, to search, investigate, Skr. prach, to ask, and L. precari, to pray: cf. F. postulat,. See Pray

Usage

In literature:

She disposed of the whole matter quickly, addressing the attendants rather than the postulants for Margot's favor.
"The Dust Flower" by Basil King
Civilization has become a question instead of a postulate.
"Mountain Meditations" by L. Lind-af-Hageby
This is the postulate of all the documentary sciences.
"Introduction to the Study of History" by Charles V. Langlois
The fact is, however, that both parties set out with an inadmissible postulate.
"Essays: Scientific, Political, & Speculative, Vol. I" by Herbert Spencer
Let us examine some points of the Hidden Wisdom, in the light of this postulate, and see if the conclusion is not warranted.
"Sex=The Unknown Quantity" by Ali Nomad
THE RATIONAL POSTULATES OF THE RELIGIOUS SENTIMENT.
"The Religious Sentiment" by Daniel G. Brinton
It merely puts an intelligent force as first cause where the materialist postulates blind force.
"Elementary Theosophy" by L. W. Rogers
Nothing, unless its first postulate be God!
"The Continental Monthly, Vol. 4, No. 5, November, 1863" by Various
If he thinks the world in terms of time, he must postulate a creator.
"Monophysitism Past and Present" by A. A. Luce
For every truth there may be postulated the supposition.
"Carmen Ariza" by Charles Francis Stocking
But this postulate does not seek for justification in abstract metaphysical reasoning.
"Hours in a Library" by Leslie Stephen
Altogether there are twenty-seven definitions, twenty axioms, and eight postulates.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 4" by Various
Postules begin to fill and turn white, guess it is smallpox.
"An Artilleryman's Diary" by Jenkin Lloyd Jones
This explanation has led to the postulate of a First Cause, the nature of which is variously explained.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 5" by Various
If they had not, there was a deal more charity in human nature than the most cheerful optimist ever postulated, he concluded.
"The King of Arcadia" by Francis Lynde
On the contrary, it postulates that the two things, though related, are different.
"Evolution" by Frank B. Jevons
Distinct sources are postulated for the evil and the good.
"Through Nature to God" by John Fiske
Doctrines stand to principles, as the definitions to the axioms and postulates of mathematics.
"An Essay on the Development of Christian Doctrine" by John Henry Cardinal Newman
Then he entered as postulant the monastery of Mount St. Agnes, near Zwolle, of which his brother John was prior.
"Comfort Found in Good Old Books" by George Hamlin Fitch
In these two postulates we find side by side the two periods of his development as we have heretofore seen them.
"Socialism and the Social Movement in the 19th Century" by Werner Sombart
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In poetry:

What shall I your true-love tell?
Speaking-while is scant.
What shall I your true-love tell,
Death's white postulant?
"Messages" by Francis Thompson
She print' an' sent a postul-card
To Uncle Sidney, telling
How glad he'll be to hear that she
"Toock the onners in Speling."
"A Session With Uncle Sidney" by James Whitcomb Riley

In news:

Several lines of evidence have led us to postulate that afferent vagal hyperactivity could be an important factor in the pathophysiology of the eating disorder bulimia nervosa.
A history professor once postulated that the most pivotal battle shaping America's destiny was not Yorktown or Gettysburg, but Quebec in 1759.
We postulated that people with asthma are more susceptible to rhinovirus infection than people without the disease and compared the susceptibility of these groups.
Monsignor Anthony Muntone, Diocesan Co-Postulator for Father Ciszek's Cause for Canonization said, "The issuing of the decree by the Congregation is a major step forward in the effort to see Father Ciszek canonized a saint of the Church.".
Scientific theories postulate that we are attracted at a base genetic level to people who exude certain smells, so why not use the nose to sniff out a mate.
Pope John Paul II is pictured in an image released March 25 by the postulation of his sainthood cause.
(CNS photo/Grzegorz Galazka, courtesy of Postulation of Pope John Paul II).
Neurogenic cardiac arrhythmias have been postulated as a cause.
I postulated the relationship of the subarachnoid hemorrhages and complaints of sciatica.
Biologically targeted therapies have been postulated as a viable strategy to improve outcomes for women with ovarian cancer.
Kaiser's Postulate : Bringing Free Market Economics to South America.
Essayist Roger Rosenblatt postulates who Anonymous might be, and reviews the merits of the book.
For decades, dedicated fans of 'Star Trek' have postulated a Kirk- Spock romance.
Potential borders have been postulated all over the place, but so far it's been no more than sound and fury.
Unfortunately, I'm a busy man who sometimes doesn't have time to postulate preposterous opinions on popular music.
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In science:

Penrose has recently suggested that a variant of this theorem might rule out the existence of compact extra dimensions of the sort postulated in Kaluza-Klein theories.
The Classical Singularity Theorems and their Quantum Loopholes
He postulates that “the complexity of a system is the amount of information needed to describe it” (Bar-Yam, 12).
Complex Systems
They postulated epicyclic energy to be in equipartition and found that planetesimal mass distribution has a power-law form with a slope of −8/3 ≈ −2.7.
Dynamical evolution of planetesimals in protoplanetary disks
The factor eiξ is spacetime independent for the symmetry group but under the assumption that the fundamental space describing the states of a quantum system is the ordinary Hilbert space and the Classical-like postulate is true.
Generally covariant Quantum Mechanics
First we postulate the spacetime coordinates to be classical commutative variables, which leads to the Hilbert bundle M△H over the space-time manifold M.
Generally covariant Quantum Mechanics
We still need the vector part of these relative equilibria which we postulate to be of the form ζ (τ )Q (Expqe (τ vqe )), where ζ (τ ) ∈ g is a smooth path of Lie algebra elements with ζ (0) ∈ t.
Symmetry breaking for toral actions in simple mechanical systems
Let us postulate that rare graphs dominating the distribution (5) consist of independent vertices with effective degree distribution P ′ (d) as given by (107) and that the probability for a vertex to belong to the giant component is given by P ′ (in) = qs0 /(1 + (q − 1)s0 ).
On large deviation properties of Erdos-Renyi random graphs
It has been proven that modulo partial use of the equations of motion the area tensor Regge calculus results in the continuum limit in the area-generalised Hilbert-Palatini form of GR such that upon postulating the tetrad form of area tensors we get usual GR.
On the length expectation values in quantum Regge calculus
Pk i=1 Xi )n one postulates XiXj = −XjXi for i 6= j .
Measure convolution semigroups and non-infinitely divisible probability distributions
In it is postulated that the splitting nodes along any branch of a perfect tree form a closed unbounded set.
Simple Complete Boolean Algebras
So we can postulate that this algebra describes a composite particle.
Generalized Quantum Field Theory as an Alternative Approach To The Problem of Composite Particles Reaction
Simple and widely used criteria of folding postulate existence of a variable that crosses a predefined threshold value on folding.
Chirality and Protein Folding
The invariance with respect to it is a physical property of the system and, in the sense of the Author, it represents the postulate of relativity for the corresponding domain of phenomena.
The physical meaning of the "boost-rotation symmetric" solutions within the general interpretation of Einstein's theory of gravitation
The postulates of quantum mechanics assert that the state of a quantum system is completely described, at time t, by a unit vector |ψ(t)i in a Hilbert space .
Generation of quantum logic operations from physical Hamiltonians
The following requirement allows us to construct the covariant semiclassical field theory without additional postulating equations of motion and commutation relations.
An Axiomatic Approach to Semiclassical Field Perturbation Theory
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