policy

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n policy a plan of action adopted by an individual or social group "it was a policy of retribution","a politician keeps changing his policies"
    • n policy written contract or certificate of insurance "you should have read the small print on your policy"
    • n policy a line of argument rationalizing the course of action of a government "they debated the policy or impolicy of the proposed legislation"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Stanley Kubrick approached Lloyd's of London about an insurance policy in case extraterrestrial life was discovered before the release of his movie 2001: A Space Odyssey.
    • Policy A method of gambling by betting as to what numbers will be drawn in a lottery; as, to play policy .
    • Policy A ticket or warrant for money in the public funds.
    • Policy Civil polity.
    • Policy Management or administration based on temporal or material interest, rather than on principles of equity or honor; hence, worldly wisdom; dexterity of management; cunning; stratagem.
    • Policy Motive; object; inducement. "What policy have you to bestow a benefit where it is counted an injury?"
    • Policy Prudence or wisdom in the management of public and private affairs; wisdom; sagacity; wit. "The very policy of a hostess, finding his purse so far above his clothes, did detect him."
    • Policy The method by which any institution is administered; system of management; course.
    • Policy The settled method by which the government and affairs of a nation are, or may be, administered; a system of public or official administration, as designed to promote the external or internal prosperity of a state.
    • Policy The writing or instrument in which a contract of insurance is embodied; an instrument in writing containing the terms and conditions on which one party engages to indemnify another against loss arising from certain hazards, perils, or risks to which his person or property may be exposed. See Insurance.
    • v. t Policy To regulate by laws; to reduce to order. "Policying of cities."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Seventy-three percent of Americans are willing to wear clothes until the clothes wear out. The poll conducted by Louis Harris and Associates also revealed: 92 percent are willing to eliminate annual model changes in automobiles; 57 percent are willing to see a national policy that would make it cheaper to live in multiple-unit apartments than in single-family homes; 91 percent are willing to eat more vegetables and less meat for protein.
    • n policy Polity; administration; public business.
    • n policy Object or course of conduct, or the principle or body of principles to be observed in conduct; specifically, the system of measures or the line of conduct which a ruler, minister, government, or party adopts and pursues as best for the interests of the country, as regards its foreign or its domestic affairs: as, a spirited foreign policy; the commercial policy of the United States; a policy of peace; public policy.
    • n policy Prudence or wisdom in action, whether public or private; especially, worldly wisdom: as, honesty is the best policy.
    • n policy In Scotland, the pleasure-grounds around a nobleman's or gentleman's country house.
    • policy To reduce to order; regulate by laws; police.
    • n policy A written contract by which a person, company, or party engages to pay a certain sum on certain contingencies, as in the case of fire or shipwreck, in the event of death, etc., on the condition of receiving a fixed sum or percentage on the amount of the risk, or certain periodical payments. See insurance.
    • n policy A ticket or warrant for money in the public funds.
    • n policy A form of gambling in which bets are made on numbers to be drawn by lottery. [U. S.]
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Policy pol′i-si the art or manner of regulating or guiding conduct: the method and forms according to which the government and business of a country are carried on: a system of administration guided more by interest than by principle: dexterity of management: prudence: cunning: in Scotland, (esp. in pl.) the pleasure-grounds around a mansion.
    • n Policy pol′i-si a warrant for money in the funds: a writing containing a contract of insurance: a kind of gambling by betting on the numbers to be drawn in a lottery
    • ***

Quotations

  • Abraham Lincoln
    Abraham%20Lincoln
    “I never had a policy; I have just tried to do my very best each and every day.”
  • Albert Camus
    Albert%20Camus
    “By definition, a government has no conscience. Sometimes it has a policy, but nothing more.”
  • Benjamin Franklin
    Benjamin%20Franklin
    “Honesty is the best policy.”
  • William Shakespeare
    William%20Shakespeare
    “Honesty is the best policy. If I lose mine honor, I lose myself.”
  • George Bernard Shaw
    George%20Bernard%20Shaw
    “We must make the world honest before we can honestly say to our children that honesty is the best policy.”
  • Mark Twain
    Mark%20Twain
    “Honesty is the best policy -- when there is money in it.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. police,; cf. Pr. polissia, Sp. pólizia, It. pólizza,; of uncertain origin; cf. L. pollex, thumb (as being used in pressing the seal), in LL. also, seal; or cf. LL. politicum, poleticum, polecticum, L. polyptychum, account book, register, fr. Gr. having many folds or leaves; many + fold, leaf, from to fold; or cf. LL. apodixa, a receipt
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr. police, a policy—L. polyptychum, a register—Gr. polyptychonpolys, many, ptyx, ptychos, fold.

Usage

In literature:

On the whole, too, it may be truly said that English colonial policy in its broad lines has to a remarkable degree avoided grave errors.
"Historical and Political Essays" by William Edward Hartpole Lecky
Our policy meets with the approval of all the great powers without exception.
"Current History, A Monthly Magazine" by New York Times
Robespierre had no social conception, and he had nothing which can be described as a policy.
"Critical Miscellanies (Vol. 1 of 3)" by John Morley
The policy of Henry was clearly to look on for a while at the shifting politics of the distracted kingdom.
"History of the English People, Volume III (of 8)" by John Richard Green
The policy actually carried out in both Italy and France has of late been exactly the opposite to that recommended by Guesde and Bebel.
"Socialism As It Is" by William English Walling
When Congress met, the all-disturbing question was the foreign policy of the United States.
"Albert Gallatin" by John Austin Stevens
The policy advocated in 1830 in the admirable treatise of Sir Henry Parnell is exactly the policy of Peel in 1842, as he acknowledged.
"The Life of William Ewart Gladstone, Vol. 1 (of 3)" by John Morley
European governments were growing impatient at the dilatory policy of our nation; and every day we were losing sympathy and friends.
"History of the Negro Race in America from 1619 to 1880. Vol. 2 (of 2)" by George Washington Williams
The war with Spain affected American foreign policy vitally.
"Woodrow Wilson and the World War" by Charles Seymour
That sense of dignity which is imparted by a consciousness of contributing to the formation of public policy and opinion was wanting.
"The Story of the Upper Canada Rebellion, Volume 1" by John Charles Dent
It is not unanimous about the Tariff, about State-Rights, about many other questions of policy.
"The Writings of James Russell Lowell in Prose and Poetry, Volume V" by James Russell Lowell
Instead, there was active discussion of party principles and policies.
"History of the United States, Volume 5" by E. Benjamin Andrews
On October 11, 1916, the patience of the Allies seems to have been again exhausted with the wavering policy of the Greek monarch.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume VI (of VIII)" by Various
Militarism is not a matter of foreign policy, but of domestic policy.
"German Problems and Personalities" by Charles Sarolea
The secret of his policy was that he had none.
"The History of Freedom" by John Emerich Edward Dalberg-Acton
But this policy, if policy it is, depends on whether and when Germany is sufficiently recovered to work again.
"The New Germany" by George Young
Between these two views of Irish national policy Ireland has been divided and has wavered ever since.
"The Evolution of Sinn Fein" by Robert Mitchell Henry
In any case the working out of the policy was attended by many blunders.
"The African Colony" by John Buchan
The School naturally subordinated foreign and colonial policy to domestic policy.
"A Short History of English Liberalism" by Walter Lyon Blease
All my life a close student of History, I was much impressed by the constant Policy of England to maintain Peace during the last century.
"England, Canada and the Great War" by Louis-Georges Desjardins
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In poetry:

O, is it not a burning shame,
That any folks with such a name
For science and philosophy,
To thus regard My Policy.
"Modern Moses" by James Madison Bell
A rough ill-soldered scar in haste
He rubbed on his cheek-bone.
- Our policy the man shall taste;
Our mercy shall be shown.
"Archduchess Anne" by George Meredith
They little know of white men's laws,
Or of Australia's cherished cause,
Or any of that bag of tricks
Of policies or politics.
"Black and White" by C J Dennis
'She trusted him to understand,'
She wrote, and further prayed
That policy might rule the land.
Old Kraken's laughter neighed.
"Archduchess Anne" by George Meredith
We must not fail, we must not fail,
However fraud or force assail;
By honour, pride, and policy,
By Heaven itself!--we must be free.
"We Must Not Fail" by Thomas Osborne Davis
Thus met, not his to falter, or to flag,
A sudden fury seized the Royal breast--
Prometheus bound upon a Scythian crag
His policy expressed.
"Arms And The Man - The Oaks And The Tempest" by James Barron Hope

In news:

I have a policy of always talking to an applicant 's current landlord.
Twitter reacts to Obama-Romney foreign policy rumble.
America's First National Aquaculture Policy Is Born.
I s knowledge of Arabic necessary to write about Arabs or make policy toward them.
A city archaeologist is at work to survey the waterfront and create policy.
Today, President Barack Obama has the opportunity to bring a Cold-War era policy into the 21st century and is readying a presidential policy review for our thousands-strong nuclear arsenal.
Economic Policy Is Social Policy.
Robert Zarate is policy director, and Patrick Christy is senior policy analyst, at the Foreign Policy Initiative in Washington, DC.
Leaders from Vermont, New York and Quebec will meet in May to discuss what they learned from last year's historic flooding , what policies worked, and what policies need to be revised.
Florida Family Policy Council protests public school nondiscrimination policy.
Farm policy news, including farm bill updates, USDA policies , crop insurance, conservation programs, and other farm programs that affect family farm business.
The Policy Committee discussed and voted to approve board member Grady Akins policy change Board Notification of Assignment of School Administrators (see attached) a few minor changes to wording but nothing that affected its intent.
The judge responsible for the new bond policy spoke to WWAY this afternoon to defend the policy.
Papers from past programs range from energy policy to patent reform policy and hundreds of technology topics in between.
He is a Professor of Public Policy and Finance at the George Mason School of Public Policy.
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In science:

We compared BRUE with two MCTS-based algorithms: the UCT algorithm, and a recent modification of UCT, -greedy + UCT, obtained from the former by replacing the UCB1 policy at the root node with the -greedy policy (Tolpin & Shimony, 2012).
Simple Regret Optimization in Online Planning for Markov Decision Processes
Upper Bounds for Specific Policies Our first main result is an upper-bound on the finish time (both in expectation and with high probability) of the homogeneous external virulence policy, or as we refer to it hereafter, the random spread policy, for a general graph G.
Epidemic Spreading with External Agents
Next we obtain a spreading time bound for a greedy spreading policy, which we call the Greedy Subgraph Infection (or GSI) policy.
Epidemic Spreading with External Agents
The finish time of the GSI policy is O(h(n)) in expectation and w.h.p., which we state as follows: n, the graph Gn admits partition (cid:83)g(n) Theorem 2 (Upper bound for GSI Policy).
Epidemic Spreading with External Agents
Barring a logarithmic factor, this shows that such a a random policy is as good as any other (possibly state-aware) policy for the class of grids.
Epidemic Spreading with External Agents
When α = 1, our stepsize policy becomes the “rolling horizon” version of (11); it can be shown that this policy (which does not require the number t of steps to be chosen in advance) is, theoretically, basically as good as it constant stepsizes prototype).
Solving large scale polynomial convex problems on $\ell_1$/nuclear norm balls by randomized first-order algorithms
At a policy level it is recognised that sensitivity to sectoral, national, and regional variability is essential to policy success.
FuturICT
With public policies, we usually don’t do that: we design and implement the policy, and then hope that it works. FuturICT will develop the methods to build “policy wind tunnels”.
FuturICT
We reconsider this control/communication architecture and suggest a hybrid approach that utilizes parameterized feedback policies that can be implemented in a fully distributed manner because the inputs to these policies are local observables at each generator.
Distributed Control of Generation in a Transmission Grid with a High Penetration of Renewables
We define Q*(s, a), the value of taking action a in state s under a policy. The Q-learning algorithm allows computing an approximation of Q*, independently from the policy being followed, if R and P are known.
Applying machine learning techniques to improve user acceptance on ubiquitous environement
This strategy adds some greedy exploration policy, choosing a random action at each step if the policy returns the greedy action (probability ε) or a random action probability (1 - ε).
Applying machine learning techniques to improve user acceptance on ubiquitous environement
The algorithm constructs a finite set of policies Π′ by taking one (arbitrary) policy from each equivalence class, and runs Exp4.P for the remaining T − τ steps using Π′ as its set of experts.
Contextual Bandit Algorithms with Supervised Learning Guarantees
For a set of policies Π, define Gmax(Π) as the return of the best policy in Π at time horizon T .
Contextual Bandit Algorithms with Supervised Learning Guarantees
We propose a joint flow-level and packet-level stochastic model for the dynamics of a network, and an associated policy for congestion control and packet scheduling that is based on α-weighted policies from the literature.
On the Flow-level Dynamics of a Packet-switched Network
We demonstrate that, for a class of balanced networks, our control policy performs to within a constant factor of any other control policy. 5.
On the Flow-level Dynamics of a Packet-switched Network
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