plurality

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n plurality (in an election with more than 2 options) the number of votes for the candidate or party receiving the greatest number (but less that half of the votes)
    • n plurality a large indefinite number "a battalion of ants","a multitude of TV antennas","a plurality of religions"
    • n plurality the state of being plural "to mark plurality, one language may add an extra syllable to the word whereas another may simply change the vowel in the existing final syllable"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Lice is the plural of louse.
    • Plurality (Eccl) See Plurality of benefices, below.
    • Plurality The greater number; a majority; also, the greatest of several numbers; in elections, the excess of the votes given for one candidate over those given for another, or for any other, candidate. When there are more than two candidates, the one who receives the plurality of votes may have less than a majority. See Majority. "Take the plurality of the world, and they are neither wise nor good."
    • Plurality The state of being plural, or consisting of more than one; a number consisting of two or more of the same kind; as, a plurality of worlds; the plurality of a verb.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The word 'news' did not come about because it was the plural of 'new.' It came from the first letters of the words North, East, West and South. This was because information was being gathered from all different directions.
    • n plurality The character of being plural; the fact of expressing or of consisting of more than one; also, a number greater than unity: as, a plurality of gods; a plurality of worlds.
    • n plurality The greater number; the majority.
    • n plurality In United States politics, the number by which the votes cast for the candidate who receives the greatest number exceed the votes cast for the candidate who receives the next greatest number, when there are more than two candidates and no one candidate receives a majority of the votes. If A receives 5,000 votes, B 4,000, and C 3,000, no one has a majority, but A has a plurality of 1,000 over B. In most of the States a plurality elects a candidate; in others, as Connecticut and Rhode Island, if no candidate (as for governor) receives a popular majority, the election goes to the legislature. Compare majority.
    • n plurality Eccles.: The holding of two or more benefices by the same person at the same time; pluralism.
    • n plurality One of two or more livings held by the same incumbent. See living, 4 .
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Graffito is the little-used singular of the much used plural word graffiti.
    • Plurality the state of being plural: a number consisting of more than one: the majority: the holding of more than one benefice at one time: the living held by a pluralist
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Quotations

  • Jimmy Breslin
    Jimmy Breslin
    “Media, the plural of mediocrity.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. pluralitas,: cf. F. pluralité,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.,—L. pluralisplus, pluris, more.

Usage

In literature:

Ablative Singular in -e, Genitive Plural in -um, Nominative Plural Neuter in -a, and Accusative Plural Masculine and Feminine in -es only.
"New Latin Grammar" by Charles E. Bennett
Then the first person plural grows.
"Crowds" by Gerald Stanley Lee
Its unity seemed to break up into a confusing plurality.
"Humanly Speaking" by Samuel McChord Crothers
From the form coinciding with that of our plural, it has acquired also a plural signification.
"Notes and Queries, Number 32, June 8, 1850" by Various
In the singular, plural, and dual numbers they almost coincide in Western Australia, South Australia, and Sydney.
"Journals Of Two Expeditions Of Discovery In North-West And Western Australia, Vol. 2 (of 2)" by George Grey
The plural of pronouns and substantives is formed sometimes by reduplication.
"The Seven Great Monarchies Of The Ancient Eastern World, Vol 1. (of 7): Chaldaea" by George Rawlinson
This last is a plural term and is used 2300 times in the Old Testament.
"The Bible Book by Book" by Josiah Blake Tidwell
For Kapila, by acknowledging a plurality of Selfs, does not admit the doctrine of there being one universal Self.
"The Vedanta-Sutras with the Commentary by Sankaracarya"
In Hebrew the word for 20 is the plural of the word for 10; and 30, 40, 50, etc.
"The Number Concept" by Levi Leonard Conant
The formations of the verbs, the plurals, and the declensions are the main guides to the identification of a language.
"The Great Round World and What Is Going On In It, Vol. 1, No. 58, December 16, 1897" by Various
In 1862 Congress passed a law against plural marriage or polygamy.
"A Young Folks' History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints" by Nephi Anderson
But these letters are due to Maya: in reality there is no plurality of sound.
"Hinduism And Buddhism, Volume II. (of 3)" by Charles Eliot
The plurals are bewildering and the verbs quite heart-breaking.
"Letters from Egypt" by Lucie Duff Gordon
Only nouns indicating persons have been found with plurals.
"The Mafulu" by Robert W. Williamson
The Problem of the Plural Vote.
"The Governments of Europe" by Frederic Austin Ogg
When I said `you,' I used the word as a plural, not as applying with any special significance to your charming self.
"Big Game" by Mrs. George de Horne Vaizey
They spoke a very beautiful old English there, full of the quaint plurals long since obsolete in most other places.
"Recollections" by David Christie Murray
Although Van Wyck was popular, Theodore Roosevelt was elected to the high office of governor by seventeen thousand plurality.
"American Boy's Life of Theodore Roosevelt" by Edward Stratemeyer
To add to the result so gratifying to the fusionists, George Opdyke defeated Fernando Wood by a small plurality for mayor of New York.
"A Political History of the State of New York, Volumes 1-3" by DeAlva Stanwood Alexander
And owing to the weakening of the case-endings of the plural in passing from OHG.
"A Middle High German Primer" by Joseph Wright
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In poetry:

The Sheep adorns the landscape rural
And is both singular and plural—
It gives grammarians the creeps
To hear one say, "A flock of sheeps."
"The Sheep" by Ellis Parker Butler
World is crazier and more of it than we think,
Incorrigibly plural. I peel and portion
A tangerine and spit the pips and feel
The drunkenness of things being various.
"Snow" by Louis MacNeice

In news:

First Person Plural is no longer available on the POV website.
The following video was recorded specially for the First Person Plural website in 2000.
Summit Up 10-6-12: Where we are sick from the first-person- plural .
SSPC-PA 14, Field Application of Plural Component Polyurea and Polyurethane Thick Film Coatings to Concrete and Steel.
Remember this, Mr Romney: It's We ( plural ) the People.
Prius Goes Plural & The Camry Effect.
To talk of a country that has "stunted its politics" is to ignore that our society is building a plural political system.
SINGULAR ARTISTS WHO WORK IN THE FIRST PERSON PLURAL .
'Israel Hayom' bringing needed pluralism to Israeli press.
Seabiscuit, cultural pluralism and educational uplift.
Utah was required to outlaw polygamy in its Constitution as a condition of statehood, but the crime of plural marriage has been prosecuted only a handful of times.
Even though polygamy is illegal in America, experts say there are 30,000 to 50,000 people living in plural families across the country.
A new study shows that despite what you see on reality TV, plural marriage isn't very good for society.
The US secretary of state has praised the freedom and pluralism of Iran's Khomeinist revolution.
The best films in the Alien series, Ridley Scott's original and James Cameron's pluralized follow-up, didn't bother much with pondering the meaning of it all.
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In science:

We define the generalized exponential maps (plural!) expε of S as follows.
Generalized Sprays and Nonlinear Connections
Gentzen assumed his rule of plural cut together with the structural rule of permutation, on both the left and right of the turnstile ⊢, so that the exact place of the formula A in his formulation of plural cut is not essential.
Graphs of Plural Cuts
A detailed study of cut elimination in the context of these rules may be found in . (Something analogous in a different area may be found in the definition of the literal shuffle of , Part 1, p. 29.) Let us call these four kinds of plural cuts planar plural cuts (as the literature suggests).
Graphs of Plural Cuts
Planar plural cuts are found in the polycategories of , which were called planar polycategories in .
Graphs of Plural Cuts
Planar plural cuts are obtained from (PC) by requiring that either Θ1 or ∆1 be empty and that either Θ2 or ∆2 be empty, so that the crossings do not arise.
Graphs of Plural Cuts
In this paper our main goal is to characterize in a graph-theoretical, combinatorial, manner the planarity involved in planar plural cuts.
Graphs of Plural Cuts
With it, K-graphs are obtained from some basic K-graphs by applying operations that correspond to planar plural cuts.
Graphs of Plural Cuts
The same three conditions are also found in the definition of K-graph of Section 5. A notion of graph associated with plural cuts in a context with the structural rule of permutation, which, as our notion of Q-graph, is based essentially on connectedness and non-circularity, may be found in .
Graphs of Plural Cuts
Rather than concentrating power from knowledge, FuturICT aims to distribute knowledge-power in a fair way. The project will open up ICT systems in such a way that everyone has effective access, and a plurality of analyses, models, projections and views can coexist.
FuturICT
Lewis, D. K. 2000, The Plurality of Worlds (Oxford: Blackwell).
Retroduction, Multiverse Hypotheses and Their Testability
Plurality and veto are polynomial-time solvable due to Proposition 1.
Towards a Dichotomy for the Possible Winner Problem in Elections Based on Scoring Rules
Perhaps the most common election system in everyday use is that of plurality, in which the candidate(s) most frequently ranked first among the voters is elected.
The Complexity of Manipulating $k$-Approval Elections
Control by adding and deleting candidates is hard in both the constructive and destructive case in two of the simplest families of scoring protocols: plurality and veto.
The Complexity of Manipulating $k$-Approval Elections
We conclude that 1-approval (i.e., plurality) is the only approval-based scoring protocol that is computationally vulnerable to manipulation.
The Complexity of Manipulating $k$-Approval Elections
In Table 1 we let A|C denote the event that antiplurality chooses the Condorcet winner given that it exists, B |(P ∩ C ) the probability that Borda chooses the Condorcet winner given that plurality does, etc.
Probability calculations under the IAC hypothesis
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