plunge

Definitions

  • WE HAD TO PLUNGE THROUGH MARSHY GROUND
    WE HAD TO PLUNGE THROUGH MARSHY GROUND
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v plunge begin with vigor "He launched into a long diatribe","She plunged into a dangerous adventure"
    • v plunge devote (oneself) fully to "He immersed himself into his studies"
    • v plunge cause to be immersed "The professor plunged his students into the study of the Italian text"
    • v plunge immerse briefly into a liquid so as to wet, coat, or saturate "dip the garment into the cleaning solution","dip the brush into the paint"
    • v plunge thrust or throw into "Immerse yourself in hot water"
    • v plunge dash violently or with great speed or impetuosity "She plunged at it eagerly"
    • v plunge drop steeply "the stock market plunged"
    • v plunge fall abruptly "It plunged to the bottom of the well"
    • n plunge a brief swim in water
    • n plunge a steep and rapid fall
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Additional illustrations & photos:

"A SWIFT, HEAVY CAR WAS PLUNGING TOWARD THE OPEN DOOR." "A SWIFT, HEAVY CAR WAS PLUNGING TOWARD THE OPEN DOOR."
"Thus lion, dragon, driver, all plunge down." "Thus lion, dragon, driver, all plunge down."

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Russian I.M. Chisov survived a 21,980 plunge out of a plane with no parachute. He landed on the steep side of a snow-covered mountain with only a fractured pelvis and slight concussion
    • Plunge Heavy and reckless betting in horse racing; hazardous speculation.
    • Plunge Hence, a desperate hazard or act; a state of being submerged or overwhelmed with difficulties. "She was brought to that plunge , to conceal her husband's murder or accuse her son.""And with thou not reach out a friendly arm,
      To raise me from amidst this plunge of sorrows?"
    • Plunge The act of pitching or throwing one's self headlong or violently forward, like an unruly horse.
    • Plunge The act of thrusting into or submerging; a dive, leap, rush, or pitch into, or as into, water; as, to take the water with a plunge .
    • Plunge To baptize by immersion.
    • Plunge To bet heavily and with seeming recklessness on a race, or other contest; in an extended sense, to risk large sums in hazardous speculations.
    • Plunge To entangle; to embarrass; to overcome. "Plunged and graveled with three lines of Seneca."
    • Plunge To pitch or throw one's self headlong or violently forward, as a horse does. "Some wild colt, which . . . flings and plunges ."
    • Plunge To thrust into water, or into any substance that is penetrable; to immerse; to cause to penetrate or enter quickly and forcibly; to thrust; as, to plunge the body into water; to plunge a dagger into the breast. Also used figuratively; as, to plunge a nation into war. "To plunge the boy in pleasing sleep.""Bound and plunged him into a cell.""We shall be plunged into perpetual errors."
    • Plunge To thrust or cast one's self into water or other fluid; to submerge one's self; to dive, or to rush in; as, he plunged into the river. Also used figuratively; as, to plunge into debt. "Forced to plunge naked in the raging sea.""To plunge into guilt of a murther."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Young priests of the island of Leukas, Greece, to qualify for service at the temple of Apollo, were required in ancient Greece to don the wings of an eagle and plunge from Cape Dukato into the sea, a dive of 230 feet. It was assumed that the gods would eliminate those unfit, but no diver was ever injured, although the ordeal was performed for centuries.
    • plunge To cast or thrust suddenly into water or some other fluid, or into some penetrable substance; immerse; thrust: as, to plunge one's hand into the water; to plunge a dagger into one's breast.
    • plunge Figuratively, to cast or throw into some thing, state, condition, or action: as, plunged in grief; to plunge a nation into war.
    • plunge To entangle or embarrass: used chiefly in the past participle.
    • plunge To dive, leap, or rush (into water or some fluid).
    • plunge To fall or rush headlong into some thing, action, state, or condition: as, to plunge into debt or into a controversy.
    • plunge To throw the body forward and the hind legs up, as an unruly horse.
    • plunge To descend precipitously or vertically, as a cliff.
    • plunge To bet recklessly; gamble for large stakes; speculate.
    • n plunge A sudden dive, leap, or dip into something: as, a plunge in the sea.
    • n plunge An immersion in difficulty, embarrassment, or distress; the condition of being surrounded or overwhelmed; a strait; difficulty.
    • n plunge A sudden and violent pitching forward of the body, and pitching up of the hind legs, as by an unruly horse
    • plunge In horticulture, to sink (a pot or box containing a plant) in the ground to the rim or edge. Pots of greenhouse plants are often plunged in the open in warm weather, both for the good of the plants and for their effect in ornamentation.
    • plunge To turn over (the telescope of a surveyor's transit or theodolite) in a vertical plane, making the object-glass pass underneath. In transiting the telescope it may pass either above or below.
    • plunge In geology, to dip under the surface: used in reference to such structural features as folds where, unless the axis is perfectly horizontal, one end pitches below the horizon or general surface.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • v.t Plunge plunj to cast suddenly into water or other fluid: to force suddenly (into): to immerse
    • v.i Plunge to sink suddenly into any fluid: to dive: to pitch suddenly forward and throw up the hind-legs, as a horse: to rush into any danger:
    • n Plunge act of plunging: act of rushing headlong, as a horse
    • n Plunge the putting or sinking under water, or other fluid: the act of a horse trying to throw its rider
    • v.i Plunge (slang) to gamble recklessly
    • ***

Quotations

  • Alan W. Watts
    Alan W. Watts
    “The only way to make sense out of change is to plunge into it, move with it, and join the dance.”
  • Sam Slick
    Sam Slick
    “Don't stand shivering upon the bank; plunge in at once, and have it over.”
  • Jean Anouilh
    Jean%20Anouilh
    “To say yes, you have to sweat and roll up your sleeves and plunge both hands into life up to the elbows. It's easy to say no, even if it means dying.”
  • Robert Browning
    Robert%20Browning
    “Oh the wild joys of living! The leaping from rock to rock ... the cool silver shock of the plunge in a pool's living waters.”
  • Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe
    Johann%20Wolfgang%20Von%20Goethe
    “Plunge boldly into the thick of life, and seize it where you will, it is always interesting.”
  • Antoine De Saint-Exupery
    Antoine%20De%20Saint-Exupery
    “The machine does not isolate man from the great problems of nature but plunges him more deeply into them.”

Idioms

Take the plunge - If you take the plunge, you decide to do something or commit yourself even though you know there is an element of risk involved.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. ploungen, OF. plongier, F. plonger, fr. (assumed) LL. plumbicare, fr. L. plumbum, lead. See Plumb

Usage

In literature:

Jimmy clamped on the brakes, snatched the reins and brought the plunging team to a stop after narrowly missing the gutter.
"The Varmint" by Owen Johnson
All at once, it was observed to give a violent plunge, and make with hot haste for the bank.
"Popular Adventure Tales" by Mayne Reid
Animals were fleeing everywhere, plunging and bellowing, and the air was wild and tempestuous with the cries of birds.
"In The Boyhood of Lincoln" by Hezekiah Butterworth
This harsh repulse plunged Rome into mortal terror.
"Historic Tales, Volume 11 (of 15)" by Charles Morris
When he plunged it was always at the wrong time, for he plunged at random, not knowing what to do.
"The House with the Green Shutters" by George Douglas Brown
Is the flat part of it which is plunged into the water in rowing.
"The Sailor's Word-Book" by William Henry Smyth
At length I saw him throw down his load and plunge into the thicket.
"Adventures of a Young Naturalist" by Lucien Biart
David plunged through the crowd of boys, absolutely still with the excitement.
"Five Little Peppers at School" by Margaret Sidney
Tim hesitated a long moment before he took the plunge.
"Left Guard Gilbert" by Ralph Henry Barbour
Their burden wriggled and plunged like a fish.
"The Huntress" by Hulbert Footner
It crashed through the side of the steamer and plunged into her boiler.
"The Naval History of the United States" by Willis J. Abbot
He plunged, rearing at the end of the plunge, and struck out viciously with his hoofs.
"The Boy Scouts Book of Campfire Stories" by Various
After the plunging broncos had steadied down, Jake spoke.
"The Fighting Edge" by William MacLeod Raine
He plunged in, waded across.
"The Trail of the Hawk" by Sinclair Lewis
Ross and his chum joined in the fray, each hanging on desperately to his plunging legs.
"The Submarine Hunters" by Percy F. Westerman
Headlong he plunged downward.
"Jewish Fairy Tales and Legends" by Gertrude Landa
Then she plunged her glances with rapidity into the recess.
"Wagner, the Wehr-Wolf" by George W. M. Reynolds
For all that, he was quiet when they set off on the muddy trail that plunged into the bush.
"Partners of the Out-Trail" by Harold Bindloss
Prester Kleig dropped with them, only partially unconscious after the first icy plunge.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science April 1930" by Various
The ship plunged planetward.
"Pariah Planet" by Murray Leinster
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In poetry:

O Word concealed in the upper fire,
Thou who hast lingered through centuries,
Descend from thy rapt white desire,
Plunging through gold eternities.
"Musa Spiritus" by Aurobindo Ghose
And all her table-lands and wooded leas,
And emerald plains through which clear rivers run,
And all the foam crests of her plunging seas
That shout unto the sun;
"Ad Astra" by George Essex Evans
Unseen, unheard, the plunge, the drowning strife,
The gasping agony, the gurgling cry
That o'er the waters rung the knell of life,
While echoes of the woods alone reply.
"On Seeing A Dead Body of A Man" by Janet Hamilton
For if I love thee thou wilt sooner die;
Some sudden ruin will plunge upon thy head,
Midnight will fall from the revengeful sky
And hurl thee down among thy shuddering dead.
"Moonrise Over Tyringham" by Edith Wharton
Love for herself who, as an earthly twain,
Pouted to join her two in a sweet one;
No more the second lips to kiss in vain
The first she broke, plunged through the glass alone—
"Last Days Of Alice" by Allen Tate
"Now," said Jim, "we have nothing to fear
If we catch the rest of the signals clear."
So he flung on the steam, and with one loud roar,
We went plunging into the storm once more.
"Jim Dalley" by Alexander Anderson

In news:

Taking the plunge, then gasping for air.
Sold as a way for governments and nonprofits to lower costs on bonds, swaps contracts ended up hiking costs when interest rates plunged.
What began as an anniversary gift ended tragically as a woman plunged one thousand feet to her death.
Bed Bath & Beyond plunged in New York trading after forecasting fiscal second-quarter profit that was less than analysts' estimated amid slowing same-store sales.
Three hikers were killed this summer when they were caught in the current of the Merced River and plunged down Vernal Fall.
Just a couple of years ago, production was derailed on "Skyfall," the 23rd movie in the series, while partner Metro- Goldwyn -Mayer Inc plunged into bankruptcy MGM emerged in early 2011 with a hefty bankroll that allowed shooting to resume.
But refrain from actually plunging in because so many of them are unfamiliar.
A plane plunged into the stands at an air race event in Reno in what an official described as a "mass casualty situation.".
Kaiser Tool Co.'s Thinbit Form-A-Groove tooling can generate complex profiles in a single plunge.
GREENSBORO — They took the plunge one by one, their speeches humble yet defiant, their futures separate yet together.
Shares of the luxury handbag designer plunged as sales, particularly in the US, missed forecasts.
Netflix is plunging into dark and gory.
'Black Monday' Plunge: From ' High Life ' To Street Life.
Driver, dog survive plunge off bridge.
Polar Bear Plunge a huge success.
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In science:

When material leaves the marginally stable orbit and plunges inward, its high electrical conductivity assures that it carries magnetic flux along.
Magnetic Extraction of Spin Energy from a Black Hole
Whether or not there is any net magnetic flux threading the black hole’s event horizon, most magnetic field lines in the plunging plasma are closed relatively close by, for the MHD turbulence in the disk should lead to much reconnection.
Magnetic Extraction of Spin Energy from a Black Hole
Sandquist et al. (2002) argued that this could happen if a “cold” giant planet plunges into a star slightly more massive than the Sun.
The Chemical Compositions of Stars with Planets: A Review
Hence, whether a halo is found in the cluster or in the field, it will grow by consuming the surrounding subhalos — those that survive the radial plunge can have a profound effect on the disk evolution.
Galactic Bars in Cosmological Context
Unburdened by any significant inertia, they expand rapidly into the near-vacuum above the plunging region, where a centrifugal barrier prevents any matter with even a small amount of angular momentum from ever entering.
General Relativistic MHD Jets
I finally recall the pursuit and plunge scenario (see Fig. 13), which may become relevant in the study of possible multiple GRB phenomena.
Fundamental physics from black holes, neutron stars and gamma-ray bursts
During the inspiral phase, they evolve the gauge functions Hα such that they remain constant in a frame comoving with the BHs, but switch to a dynamic evolution during the plunge and ringdown; see Sec.
Numerical simulations of black-hole binaries and gravitational wave emission
The inspiral-plunge waveform resulting from this construction is then matched to a merger-ringdown signal composed of a superposition of quasinormal oscillation modes of a Kerr BH.
Numerical simulations of black-hole binaries and gravitational wave emission
In addition, for noncircular orbits (in particular for the plunge), this relation also relaxes the quasicircular condition by not requiring that the Kepler relation hold.
Extracting equation of state parameters from black hole-neutron star mergers. I. Nonspinning black holes
For instance, we have seen that even using very simple agents, their mere introduction in an environment makes that the performance of other agents plunge.
On the influence of intelligence in (social) intelligence testing environments
We assume that photons can cross the equatorial plane between the event horizon and the ISCO without interacting with the matter plunging into the black hole.
Tests of General Relativity in the Strong Gravity Regime Based on X-Ray Spectropolarimetric Observations of Black Holes in X-Ray Binaries
Here we will calculate gravitational wave emission as the neutron star plunges into a model star with a polytropic density distribution.
Gravitational Radiation during Thorne-Zytkow object formation
Note that for polytropes with n > 1 the plunge to the final frequency occurs very rapidly, so the gravitational wave radiation will have a burst-like character for dense configurations (see the next section).
Gravitational Radiation during Thorne-Zytkow object formation
Tra jectory of the neutron star final plunge in a red giant with extreme density distribution (Weaver et al. 1979).
Gravitational Radiation during Thorne-Zytkow object formation
The duration of the final plunge is of the order of a few 0.001 the initial keplerian time.
Gravitational Radiation during Thorne-Zytkow object formation
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