plum

Definitions

  • Canada Plum. Red Plum
    Canada Plum. Red Plum
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adv plum completely; used as intensifiers "clean forgot the appointment","I'm plumb (or plum) tuckered out"
    • adv plum exactly "fell plumb in the middle of the puddle"
    • n plum a highly desirable position or assignment "a political plum"
    • n plum any of numerous varieties of small to medium-sized round or oval fruit having a smooth skin and a single pit
    • n plum any of several trees producing edible oval fruit having a smooth skin and a single hard stone
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The Agen plum which would become the basis of the US prune industry was first planted in California in 1856.
    • Plum A color resembling that of a plum; a slightly grayish deep purple, varying somewhat in its red or blue tint.
    • Plum A grape dried in the sun; a raisin.
    • Plum A handsome fortune or property; formerly, in cant language, the sum of £100,000 sterling; also, the person possessing it.
    • Plum Something likened to a plum in desirableness; a good or choice thing of its kind, as among appointments, positions, parts of a book, etc.; as, the mayor rewarded his cronies with cushy plums, requiring little work for handsome pay
    • Plum (Bot) The edible drupaceous fruit of the Prunus domestica, and of several other species of Prunus; also, the tree itself, usually called plum tree. "The bullace, the damson, and the numerous varieties of plum , of our gardens, although growing into thornless trees, are believed to be varieties of the blackthorn, produced by long cultivation."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The rose family of plants, in addition to flowers, gives us apples, pears, plums, cherries, almonds, peaches and apricots.
    • n plum A fruit of any of the trees called plums (see defs. 2 and 3); specifically, the fruit of a tree of the genus Prunus, distinguished from the peach and apricot by its smooth surface, smaller size, and unwrinkled stone, and from the cherry by the bloom on its surface and commonly larger size. Plums are of use chiefly as a dessert fruit (the green gage being esteemed the best of all varieties), and as a dried fruit in the form of prunes. (See prune.) Locally a liquor is manufactured from them, and sometimes an oil is expressed from the kernels.
    • n plum One of several small trees of the genus Prunus, forming the section Prunus proper. The numerous varieties of the common garden-plum are often classed as P. domestica; but all these, together with the bullace-plum, known as P. insititia (see budlace), are believed to be derived ultimately from P. spinosa (P. communis), the blackthorn or sloe of Europe and temperate Asia, in its truly wild state a much branched shrub, the branches often ending in a stout thorn. Plum-wood is useful in cabinet-work and turnery. The plum is chiefly cultivated in France (in the valley of the Loire), in Germany, and in Bosnia, Servia, and Croatia. In America the plum suffers greatly from the ravages of the curculio. (See plum-curculio.) The Japanese plum, P. Japonica, though not insect-proof, is a valued acquisition in California and the southern tinted States. For native species, see beach-plum, cherry-plum, and wild plum, below.
    • n plum One of numerous trees of other genera bearing plum-like fruit. See phrases below.
    • n plum A grape dried in the sun; a raisin.
    • n plum A good thing; the best or choicest part; a sugar-plum: in allusion to the use of plums or raisins in cakes, plum-pudding, etc.
    • n plum The sum of £100,000 sterling; hence, any handsome sum or fortune generally; sometimes, also, a person possessing such a sum.
    • n plum A recently introduced Japanese plum with red flesh. (U. S.)
    • n plum Prunus Japonica and other true plums of Japan. See def. 2, and blood-plum .
    • n plum In Sierra Leone, either of two species of Chrysobalanus, C. ellipticv.s and C.luteus
    • n plum In eastern North America, the wild yellow or red plum, or Canada plum, P. Americana. It has a well-colored fruit with pleasant pulp, but tough acerb skin. It is common along streams, etc., and sometimes planted
    • n plum In western North America, P subcordata, whose red fruit, which is large and edible, is often gathered.
    • n plum In South Africa, Pappea Capensis.
    • n plum In New South Wales, a tree, Sideroxylon australis, with drupaceous fruit, sometimes very tall, having a hard, prettily marked wood, available for cabinet purposes. See also Podotarpus. (See also gingerbread-plum, hog-plum, horse-plum, maiden-plum, mountain-plum, olive-plum.)
    • plum An obsolete spelling of plumb.
    • n plum In southern New South Wales, a handsome timber-tree, Eucryphia Moorei, having a clear, moderately hard wood of a light brown color. It is often called acacia, or acacia-plum, since, when not in flower, it resembles some of the larger species of that tree.
    • n plum The caper-tree, Capparis nobilis.
    • n plum See bullace- plum.
    • n plum A low species, Prunus injucunda, with a very bitter fruit, found in Georgia and Alabama.
    • n plum See Canada plum.
    • n plum The Port Arthur plum (which see, under plum).
    • plum A simplified and former spelling of plumb.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Meg Ryan turned down plum lead parts in the films "Steel Magnolias," "Pretty Woman," and "Silence of the Lambs." A few years after her rejection of "Silence of the Lambs," which earned Jodie Foster a Best Actress Oscar, Ryan disclosed to Barbara Walters in a television interview that she had felt the role "was dangerous and a little ugly. I felt it was too dark - for me."
    • n Plum plum a well-known stone fruit of various colours, of the natural order Rosaceæ: the tree producing it: the best part of all: a sum of £100,000, a handsome fortune
    • ***

Quotations

  • Sydney Smith
    Sydney%20Smith
    “All this class of pleasures inspires me with the same nausea as I feel at the sight of rich plum-cake or sweetmeats; I prefer the driest bread of common life.”

Idioms

Real plum - A real plum is a good opportunity.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
AS. plūme, fr. L. prunum,; akin to Gr. , . Cf. Prune a dried plum
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. plúme—L. prunum—Gr. prounon.

Usage

In literature:

Miss Thelluson Plum-Pudding Hon.
"Christmas: Its Origin and Associations" by William Francis Dawson
I want her to have some of these ripe plums.
"A Modern Tomboy" by L. T. Meade
Woods gimme dis here dog no how, 'cause she knows I can't feed it and it's jus' plum starvin'.
"Slave Narratives: A Folk History of Slavery in the United States" by Work Projects Administration
On our farm was a thicket of plums which probably came up from the stones from one tree.
"Old Rail Fence Corners" by Various
And here she was, offering him one of the "plums" of the municipal pudding, just as if he had been her devoted henchman.
"A Woman for Mayor" by Helen M. Winslow
The bamboo and the plum tree are also allied to this class.
"Chinese Painters" by Raphael Petrucci
I have known a case of plum.
"Northern Nut Growers Association Report of the Proceedings at the Second Annual Meeting" by Northern Nut Growers Association
He acted to me like a plum' distracted idiot.
"From Place to Place" by Irvin S. Cobb
Minnesota has done great work in apple and plum breeding for the north.
"Northern Nut Growers Association Thirty-Fourth Annual Report 1943" by Various
For green tarts take green quodlings, green preserved apricocks, green preserved plums, green grapes, and green gooseberries.
"The accomplisht cook" by Robert May
Rosswell had a remarkable liking for sugar-plums, and would at all times prefer a handful to a piece of meat.
"Stories of Animal Sagacity" by W.H.G. Kingston
Into it please put a raisin and plum, And mark it with D. P. for Dr.
"Uncle Wiggily and Old Mother Hubbard" by Howard R. Garis
All your life you have shaken the plum tree and have gathered the fruit.
"Mistress Anne" by Temple Bailey
We had been out about two weeks when we struck the Arkansas "bend," about six miles below the Plum Buttes.
"The Scalp Hunters" by Mayne Reid
One day when his Aunt was in the room, John came in, and he saw her with a plum cake in her hand.
"The Book of One Syllable" by Esther Bakewell
Many thanks for the prospect of another plum pudding; and jam tartlets of some sort, not made with plums, might be very good.
"Letters of Lt.-Col. George Brenton Laurie" by George Brenton Laurie
There will be bushels of plums on it.
"Lucy Maud Montgomery Short Stories, 1902 to 1903" by Lucy Maud Montgomery
Jack, who had looked forward to this episode of the Christmas supper, supplied Bryda with more plums than she could eat.
"Bristol Bells" by Emma Marshall
IN THE SUGAR-PLUM GARDEN.
"Davy and The Goblin" by Charles E. Carryl
The children made away with this, and then Aunt Sallie went to the kitchen to get the hot plum pudding.
"The Curlytops and Their Playmates" by Howard R. Garis
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In poetry:

Throwing away the ashes,
The white plum-blossoms
Became cloudy.
"Throwing away the ashes" by Nozawa Boncho
Comforted
a solace of ripe plums
seeming to fill the air
They taste good to her
"To A Poor Old Woman" by William Carlos Williams
The bloom of the plum
And the nect'rine's perfume
Were deserted, in turn,
A fresh love to assume;
"The Dew-Drop: A Metrical Fantasy" by Samuel Lover
Red windy dawn,
Swift rain and sunny;
Wild bees seeking honey,
Crocus on the lawn;
Blossom on the plum.
"March" by Nora Jane Hopper Chesson
To my good friend
Would I show, I thought,
The plum blossoms,
Now lost to sight
Amid the falling snow.
"To my good friend" by Yamabe no Akahito
Remembering what passed
Under the scent of the plum-tree,
I asked the plum-tree for tidings
Of that other.
Alas ... the cold moon of spring....
"Old Scent Of The Plum-Tree" by Edward Powys Mathers

In news:

Nutcracker cast members gather for a group photo as the Jeslyn Performing Arts Center conducts a Sugar Plum Tea Party on Saturday, Nov 10, 2012, at Pullman Square in Huntington.
Father and daughters filled Hart's Hill Inn Friday for the 12th annual Sugar Plum Ball.
St Charles picks new sugar plum fairy.
I think Tchaikovsky would be proud of this rendition of the Dance of the Sugar Plum Fairies from The Nutcracker.
The Sugar Plum Fairy was fired for doing something that probably didn't warrant her being fired.
The St Louis Post-Dispatch reports that Mike Swart, the same man who started a Facebook page to save the Sugar Plum Fairy's job, is organizing a food drive on her behalf.
Sugar Plum Fairy Fired for Using 'Naughty Words' Draws Community Support.
Nov 29, 2009: Actress Laura Coppinger portrays the Sugar Plum Fairy during St Charles, Mo.
You can't tell the Sugar Plum fairies without our scorecard.
Tchaikovsky 's Sugar Plum Fairy Played On Glass Harp.
3 large eggplants 2 yellow onions 3 carrots 10 plum tomatoes 4 Tbsp.
Magical sugar plums and snowflakes herald the arrival of Inland Dance Theatre's "Nutcracker" ballet, now in its 37th year.
This year's show, with artistic director Diane Amendt and rehearsal director Evette Swinson, features a cast of 80 including Kathleen Curtis as the Sugar Plum Fairy.
Sanford Health Vermillion Clinic 20 South Plum StreetVermillion, SD 57069www.sanfordvermillion.org Map.
Tyler Lee Waddle and Tara Rae Lloyd were married at 6 pm Saturday, May 12, 2012, at the Sand Plum Grand Ballroom in Guthrie.
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In science:

Abstr. 27, 97.9. Levy, D.E., Caronna, J.J., Singer, B.H., Lapinski, R.H., Frydman, H., Plum, F., 1985. Predicting outcome from hypoxicischemic coma.
Neuroprotective efficacy of nimesulide against hippocampal neuronal damage following transient forebrain ischemia
Petito, C.K., Feldmann, E., Pulsinelli, W.A., Plum, F., 1987. Delayed hippocampal damage in humans following cardiorespiratory arrest.
Neuroprotective efficacy of nimesulide against hippocampal neuronal damage following transient forebrain ischemia
Lett. 200, 187-190. Pulsinelli, W.A., Brierley, J.B., Plum, F., 1982. Temporal profile of neuronal damage in a model of transient forebrain ischemia.
Neuroprotective efficacy of nimesulide against hippocampal neuronal damage following transient forebrain ischemia
Because the field is not totally horizontal inside the plum e, the down flows has a component towards the umbra that presents itself as an inverse Evershed flow.
Models and Observations of Sunspot Penumbrae
Plum, V . A. Fedo tov, and N . I. Zheludev, “P l anar metamaterial with t ransmi ssion and reflection that depend on the direct ion of incidence,” App l.
Metamaterial optical diodes for linearly and circularly polarized light
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