plea

Definitions

  • Van Artevelde stands in his doorway listening to the burghers' plea
    Van Artevelde stands in his doorway listening to the burghers' plea
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n plea an answer indicating why a suit should be dismissed
    • n plea (law) a defendant's answer by a factual matter (as distinguished from a demurrer)
    • n plea a humble request for help from someone in authority
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Plea (Law) A cause in court; a lawsuit; as, the Court of Common Pleas . See under Common. "The Supreme Judicial Court shall have cognizance of pleas real, personal, and mixed."
    • Plea An urgent prayer or entreaty.
    • Plea (Law) That which is alleged by a party in support of his cause; in a stricter sense, an allegation of fact in a cause, as distinguished from a demurrer; in a still more limited sense, and in modern practice, the defendant's answer to the plaintiff's declaration and demand. That which the plaintiff alleges in his declaration is answered and repelled or justified by the defendant's plea. In chancery practice, a plea is a special answer showing or relying upon one or more things as a cause why the suit should be either dismissed, delayed, or barred. In criminal practice, the plea is the defendant's formal answer to the indictment or information presented against him.
    • Plea That which is alleged or pleaded, in defense or in justification; an excuse; an apology. "Necessity, the tyrant's plea .""No plea must serve; 't is cruelty to spare."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n plea In law: A suit or action; the presentation of a cause of action to the court. Pleas were formerly distinguished as pleas of the crown, or public prosecutions, usually in criminal cases, and common pleats, or suits between subjects or commoners in civil controversies, whence this name was given to a court for such actions, the original of which was held in an outer court, of the Tower of London, while the King's Bench was held in an inner court. Davis, Law in Shak.
    • n plea In a general sense, that which is urged by or on behalf of a litigant, in support of his claim or defense; the contention of either party
    • n plea Specifically, in modern practice: At common law, a document (or in some inferior courts an oral statement) on the defendant's part, denying the allegations of the plaintiffs declaration, or alleging new matter (that is, matter not, shown by the plaintiff's pleading) as cause why the action should not be maintained. In equity, a document alleging new matter as a cause why the defendant should not be required to answer the complainant's bill
    • n plea In Scots law, a short and concise note of the grounds on which the action or defense is to be maintained, without argument
    • n plea That which is alleged in support, justification, or defense; an urgent argument; a reason; a pleading; an excuse; an apology: as, a plea for the reduction of taxation; a plea for rationalism.
    • n plea Pretext; pretense.
    • n plea Proposition; proposal.
    • n plea A dispute or controversy; a quarrel.
    • n plea Another litigation elsewhere, on the same subject, and between the same parties, or between the creditor and a third party sought to be held for the same debt. When used in this sense it is commonly in reference to the question whether arrest in one action is a satisfaction or bar to the other.
    • n plea Excuse, etc. See apology.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Plea plē the defender's answer to the plaintiff's demand or charge: an excuse: an apology: an action in a court of law: urgent entreaty.
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Quotations

  • George Bernard Shaw
    George%20Bernard%20Shaw
    “Man gives every reason for his conduct save one, every excuse for his crimes save one, every plea for his safety save one; and that one is his cowardice.”
  • Irvin S. Cobb
    Irvin S. Cobb
    “A funeral eulogy is a belated plea for the defense delivered after the evidence is all in.”
  • William Pitt
    William Pitt
    “Necessity is the plea for every infringement of human freedom. It is the argument of tyrants; it is the creed of slaves.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. plee, plai, plait, fr. OF. plait, plaid, plet, LL. placitum, judgment, decision, assembly, court, fr. L. placitum, that which is pleasing, an opinion, sentiment, from placere, to please. See Please, and cf. Placit Plead
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. plait (Fr. plaid)—Low L. placitum, a decision—L. placet, it pleases, placēre, to please.

Usage

In literature:

Seriously, Morton, her plea the other day wrung my heart.
"The Tyranny of the Dark" by Hamlin Garland
This counsel pleas'd me most.
"The Odyssey of Homer" by Homer
Its intense and irresistible plea is not against a class or a section, but against a system.
"The Negro and the Nation" by George S. Merriam
I read it in your countenance; I have no excuse to offer, except the plea that my love for you overleapt the bounds of all discretion.
"Fairy Fingers" by Anna Cora Mowatt Ritchie
Plea of John Douglas.
"Privateering and Piracy in the Colonial Period" by Various
But the plea does not excuse Pitt for not taking action in the year 1790.
"William Pitt and the Great War" by John Holland Rose
She would not admit the plea of starvation even to herself.
"An Old Man's Love" by Anthony Trollope
Could any royal pretender put forth more reasonable plea?
"A Son of the Immortals" by Louis Tracy
That the man was pleading for his very life was obvious to Ben, but it was equally plain that his pleas were having no effect.
"Daughters of Doom" by Herbert B. Livingston
The young lawyer here made his first pleas.
"In The Boyhood of Lincoln" by Hezekiah Butterworth
It was late that night when Job said his prayer by his bed at home, but he made it long enough to put in one plea for Slim Jim.
"The Transformation of Job" by Frederick Vining Fisher
If this plea cannot establish my innocence, it must excuse or at least extenuate my guilt.
"A Practical View of the Prevailing Religious System of Professed Christians, in the Middle and Higher Classes in this Country, Contrasted with Real Christianity." by William Wilberforce
One hears the towering creature rend the seas, Frustrated, cowering, and his pleas ignored.
"American Poetry, 1922" by Edna St. Vincent Millay
And it is with reference to this ability that I am making the plea for self-culture.
"Autobiography of Frank G. Allen, Minister of the Gospel" by Frank G. Allen
In admiralty law, a probable plea.
"The Sailor's Word-Book" by William Henry Smyth
This plea is not peculiar to those who have been some time in the ministry.
"Thoughts on Missions" by Sheldon Dibble
Nae plea is the best plea.
"The Proverbs of Scotland" by Alexander Hislop
And then there was a spasmodic attempt at paddling, followed by another season of prayer and a piteous plea for haste.
"The End of the Rainbow" by Marian Keith
Should she set out her plea for forgiveness in the folds of her mother's dress as she had done as a baby?
"Too Old for Dolls" by Anthony Mario Ludovici
All his active strength decays; And all that pleas'd so lately.
"The Metamorphoses of Publius Ovidus Naso in English blank verse Vols. I & II" by Ovid
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In poetry:

Dost thou ask me, who I am?
Ah, my Lord, thou know'st my name!
Yet the question gives a plea,
To support my suit with thee.
"My Name Is Jacob" by John Newton
Struck dumb, and left without a plea,
I heard my gracious Saviour say,
Know Satan, I this sinner free,
I died to take his sin away.
"A Brand Plucked Out Of The Fire" by John Newton
And silence, pleas'd, his reign resign'd.
Whene'er he heard her vocal tongue;
And grief in slumbers sweet reclin'd,
As on his ear its accents hung.
"Bertram And Anna" by Thomas Gent
"Come, come (said one), I'll hold the plea,
That highest praise is due by me;
For mine of all the sav'd by grace,
Was the most dreadful, desp'rate case."
"The Believer's Principles : Chap. V." by Ralph Erskine
What tastes he pleas'd is quite unknown;
But, it was thought, he pleas'd his own.
For where's the man, among a host,
Who will not think of self the most?
"Preferment" by William Hutton
Thus pleas'd at Heart, and not with Fancy's Dream,
In silent Happiness I rest unknown;
Content with what I am, not what I seem,
I live for Delia, and myself alone.
"Elegy XIII" by James Hammond

In news:

The sister of a man struck by a vehicle while attempting to help an injured dog in 2010 has filed a wrongful death lawsuit in Columbiana County Common Pleas Court against the driver.
News»Top Stories» Plea Deal Rejected in Decapitation of Baltimore Children.
Obama's plea that he "can't change Washington from the inside" isn't a surrender.
Plea made to not declaw your cats.
Defense lawyers must inform clients of plea bargains.
A Juneau woman charged in connection with a prescription scam is scheduled to change her plea to guilty Thursday.
Two days after the first guilty plea in the Abu Ghraib prison abuse scandal, yet more damning evidence was revealed by The Washington Post on Friday.
A former Pocahontas County Deputy Sheriff spent the weekend in jail after he entered not guilty pleas to 47 charges during an arraignment hearing on Friday.
Mark Spencer, president of PLEA.
Plea Deal in Seton Hall Dormitory Fire.
Schenectady arson attempt plea to draw up to 15 years.
Drug company gives unapproved cancer drug after video plea.
The Army psychiatrist charged in the deadly Fort Hood shooting rampage will enter pleas in the case after the judge refused to delay his trial.
Late Nun's Plea to Live Holy Week Still Resonates.
LONG PRAIRIE, Minn. (AP) — A former Browerville High School athlete accused of sexually assaulting teammates has entered a plea agreement.
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In science:

The question of the existence of such a sequence, as well as the questions of the existence of sequences avoiding other kinds of repetitions, were studied in algebra [Adian, Justin, Kol], discrete analysis [Carpi, Dekk, Evdok, Ker, Pleas] and in dynamical systems [MorseHedl].
Counting the occurrences of generalized patterns in words generated by a morphism
Our final conclusion, therefore, is a plea – directed at physicists in general, but commentators on Bell’s theorem, textbook writers, and students in particular – to simply read (and not just read, but read ) Bell’s writings.
Local Causality and Completeness: Bell vs. Jarrett
Plea se note that the region S0 coincide with R for all the models used in the literature, such as the spherical model and the φ4 model.
No spin glass phase in ferromagnetic random-field random-temperature scalar Ginzburg-Landau model
The magnitude estimations of pleasure of reading the answers provided measured this way is abbreviated later as P1. rtng.pleas.rd.
Curiosity and Pleasure
The magnitude estimations of pleasure of reading the answers provided measured this way is abbreviated later as P2. pleas.learn.
Curiosity and Pleasure
This concept is closed to Poper’s (whose poor understanding of the EPR argument obscured his deep plea in favor of propensities).
Is realism compatible with true randomness ?
Flache, Understanding complex social dynamics: A plea for cellular automata based modelling.
Fundamental and Real-World Challenges in Economics
First I think I should address the plea ”Why bother to study clusters?”, raised provocatively by Colin Norman at one stage during the proceedings1 .
Conference Summary
A plea for contributions to keep the papers of R.
Astrophysics in 2005
My plea is for someone (not me!) to bring that book up-to-date.
Astrophysics in 2006
Simon’s plea for reexamination of the heavy element contribution to stellar opacity has been an inspiration for the OPAL (Iglesias et al. 1987) and the OP (Seaton 1993) projects.
Driving mechanism in massive B-type pulsators
These discrepancies may justify a new plea to atomic physicists for revisiting opacity calculations.
Driving mechanism in massive B-type pulsators
It is remarkable that was said about pp collisions, which is a good plea for similar studies at the LHC experiments.
Experimental summary of ISMD10
And indeed I wish to conclude my talk with a plea.
Summary and Outlook
This would amount to an admission that the success of renormalized perturbation theory and its finest product, the standard model, only temporarily sidelined the plea for a total autonomous framework of QFT and that the right time to return to this old issue with new vigor is now (even before LHC is running).
The power of AQFT: the area law for entropy of localized quantum matter
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