# plasma

## Definitions

• WordNet 3.6
• n plasma the colorless watery fluid of the blood and lymph that contains no cells, but in which the blood cells (erythrocytes, leukocytes, and thrombocytes) are suspended
• n plasma (physical chemistry) a fourth state of matter distinct from solid or liquid or gas and present in stars and fusion reactors; a gas becomes a plasma when it is heated until the atoms lose all their electrons, leaving a highly electrified collection of nuclei and free electrons "particles in space exist in the form of a plasma"
• n plasma a green slightly translucent variety of chalcedony used as a gemstone
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
• Interesting fact: The water inside of a coconut is identical to human blood plasma. Many lives in third world countries have been saved from coconut water fed through an IV
• Plasma (Med) A mixture of starch and glycerin, used as a substitute for ointments.
• Plasma (physics) a state of matter in which charged particles such as electrons and atomi nuclei have sufficiently high energy to move freely, rather than be bound in atoms as in ordinary matter; it has some of the properties of a gas, but is a conductor of electricity.
• Plasma (Min) A variety of quartz, of a color between grass green and leek green, which is found associated with common chalcedony. It was much esteemed by the ancients for making engraved ornaments.
• Plasma same as blood plasma.
• Plasma (Biol) The viscous material of an animal or vegetable cell, out of which the various tissues are formed by a process of differentiation; protoplasm.
• Plasma Unorganized material; elementary matter.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
• Interesting fact: The liquid inside young coconuts can be used as substitute for blood plasma
• n plasma A variety of translucent quartz, or silica, of a rich grass-green or leek-green color, occurring in large pieces, associated with common chalcedony. Many fine engraved ornaments of this stone have been found among the ruins of Rome.
• n plasma The liquid part of unaltered blood, lymph, or milk, as distinguished from the corpuscles of the blood or lymph, or the oil-globules of the milk; also, the juice expressed from fresh muscle; the muscle-plasma
• n plasma The primitive indifferent nitrogenized hydrocarbon which forms the basis of all tissues of plants and animals; the “physical basis of life,” in its simplest expression: now generally called protoplasm. Plasma is now less used in this sense than formerly, as it had originally the more restricted meaning given in def. 2. See protoplasm and starch.
• n plasma In pharmacy, same as glycerite of starch.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
• n Plasma plas′ma a green variety of translucent quartz or silica
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## Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
See Plasm
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Gr.,—plassein, to form.

## Usage

### In literature:

The plasmo tissue (blood plasma).
"Valere Aude" by Louis Dechmann
The plasma is itself immortal and will in fact live forever, provided only external circumstances are favorable.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 810, July 11, 1891" by Various
A plasma furnace melted them down into new blocks.
"Badge of Infamy" by Lester del Rey
Plasma: the liquid portion of animal fluids and cells.
"Explanation of Terms Used in Entomology" by John. B. Smith
It glittered viciously in emptiness, the plasma-gas necessary for its existence furnishing a medium for radiation.
"The Pirates of Ersatz" by Murray Leinster
The virus of the yellow fever is in the blood-plasma, not in the corpuscles, for these may be removed and the plasma still be infective.
"Insects and Diseases" by Rennie W. Doane
M. and L. Bleibtreu have endeavoured indirectly to ascertain the relation of the volume of the corpuscles to that of the plasma.
"Histology of the Blood" by Paul Ehrlich
But as I watched, the plasma became substance.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, October, 1930" by Various
The large appendiculate cell seems, however, to yield to its consort a portion of the plasma it contains.
"Fungi: Their Nature and Uses" by Mordecai Cubitt Cooke
The blood in the Chaetopoda consists of a plasma in which float a few corpuscles.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 7" by Various
In the one case the primordial plasma formed in the cellulose cell wall a stimulus-proof covering.
"A Mechanico-Physiological Theory of Organic Evolution" by Carl Von Nägeli
The food stuffs carried by the plasma are proteins, carbohydrates, salts and water.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 4, Slice 1" by Various
Suppose, for instance, the plasma of the rootlets has an osmotic pressure of six atmospheres, corresponding to that of a 9 per cent.
"The Mechanism of Life" by Stéphane Leduc
Besides these, and floating along in the same plasma, are the white corpuscles.
"A Treatise on Physiology and Hygiene" by Joseph Chrisman Hutchison
There are many insects which likewise possess a poisonous blood plasma.
"Handbook of Medical Entomology" by William Albert Riley
We're making an emergency delivery of blood plasma to the Apollonion General Hospital in Iraklion.
"Project Cyclops" by Thomas Hoover
It would appear that the ion is never introduced into the general circulation but into the cell plasma.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 9, Slice 3" by Various
To obtain pure coagulated fibrin it is best to heat blood-plasma (preferably that of the horse) to 56 deg.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 10, Slice 3" by Various
The pressure of the blood within the blood vessels forces continually more plasma into the lymph; thus a slow current is maintained.
"A Civic Biology" by George William Hunter
The "dropsical cells" suggest a disturbance of the salt balance in the plasma.
"Scurvy Past and Present" by Alfred Fabian Hess
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### In news:

Thermal Technology shipped a spark plasma sintering (SPS) system to a leading Russian research institute.
Eliminating slag time in plasma cutting.
Researchers reproduce plasma loops to help understand solar physics .
Tekna Plasma Systems Inc of Sherbrooke, Quebec, announced the inauguration of its new induction plasma powder production line for metal and ceramic powders.
Bang & Olufsen Ships Stylish BeoVision 12 65-inch Plasma.
Bang and Olufsen says their big fancy 3D plasma TV is finally here, in the US.
The TV I'm talking about is the BeoVision 12, a 65-inch 3D plasma TV that goes for $11,350. New Plasma-Cutting Torch Shapes and Materials Increase Thickness Range. What is a Plasma Sphere. The stylish cabinet can hide that plasma or LCD at the touch of a button. The literal centerpiece of SGA Corporate Center's high-end conference room is its pentagonal plasma video display system, weighing nearly 1 ton. The V1-HD/LE is designed for use with high-resolution video projectors, plasmas, and LCD displays in theme parks, museums, concerts, and stage events. Sports-lover simultaneously watches nine football games on plasma video wall. Panasonic to Include 'Coraline,' ' Ice Age 3' 3D Blu-rays with VT25 Plasmas. Panasonic will begin shipping 'Coraline' and ' Ice Age : Dawn of the Dinosaurs' to VT25 plasma buyers. *** ### In science: Consequently we consider in this paper all types of plasma as an electromagnetic plasma. Space-Time Evolution of the Oscillator, Rapidly moving in a random media In this model plasma waves accelerate stochastically the electrons in a plasma slab. The spectral evolution of impulsive solar X-ray flares. II.Comparison of observations with models Coulomb logarithm, n the ambient plasma electron density, L the length of the plasma sheet and W0 the time-dependant spectral energy density in the waves causing the acceleration. The spectral evolution of impulsive solar X-ray flares. II.Comparison of observations with models It was shown, however, that the plasma effects give no noticeable modiﬁcation to the neutrino emissivity from the plasma at temperatures and densities where the annihilation processes dominate. Random phase approximation to neutrino energy losses from a relativistic electron-positron plasma To include the plasma effects we use the Random Phase Approximation (RPA) to the weak polarization tensor of the plasma. Random phase approximation to neutrino energy losses from a relativistic electron-positron plasma The idea is the following : Alfv´en waves (AW) are often observed or inferred in astrophysical plasmas ; it has been theoretically demonstrated that they could be the source of plasma acceleration. Comment on "PIC simulations of circularly polarised Alfv\'en wave phase mixing: A new mechanism for electron acceleration in collisionless plasmas" by Tsiklauri et al They are the consequence of the nonlinear interaction of the beams of accelerated electrons and current densities with the bulk of the plasma (beam-plasma and Buneman instabilities). Comment on "PIC simulations of circularly polarised Alfv\'en wave phase mixing: A new mechanism for electron acceleration in collisionless plasmas" by Tsiklauri et al Indeed, at ﬁnite temperature, the N = 4 SYM plasma is found to have properties quite similar to the QCD plasma [24, 25]. Gluon scattering in${\cal N}=4\$ Super Yang-Mills at finite temperature
The damping of hydromagnetic waves in a collisionless plasma is stronger than in a collisional plasma, since collisions serve to suppress the wave-particle interactions which damp the wave so strongly in the collisionless case.
The turbulent destruction of clouds - I. A k-epsilon treatment of turbulence in 2D models of adiabatic shock-cloud interactions
Plasma processes The standard and electromagnetically induced plasmon emission rates (εplasma and εµ plasma) depend differently on the plasma frequency, and hence on the density.
The Impact of Neutrino Magnetic Moments on the Evolution of Massive Stars
Therefore the ratio of the standard εplasma and the additional nonstandard εµ plasma cooling rates is equal to the corresponding ratio of the plasmon decay rates, Γµ/Γ (cf.
The Impact of Neutrino Magnetic Moments on the Evolution of Massive Stars
At SPS and lower energies, charmonia can be formed in the pre-plasma phase and must be destroyed in the plasma if suppression by QGP is to take place.
Charmonium from Statistical Hadronization of Heavy Quarks -- a Probe for Deconfinement in the Quark-Gluon Plasma
Nevertheless, thermal instabilities appear if radiative losses from the prominence plasma are omitted or signiﬁcantly reduced (e.g. caused by an increase of the optical thickness) since the plasma cannot dissipate the extra injected heat in an efﬁcient way.
Prominence seismology using small amplitude oscillations
Chromospheric and prominence plasmas are not fully ionised and so several new effects are present in comparison to a fully ionised plasma.
Prominence seismology using small amplitude oscillations
Since the total angular momentum for a given volume of the plasma (including its vorticity) and a radio beam passing through, or in any other way interacting with, this plasma volume is a conserved quantity.
Angular Momentum of Electromagnetic Radiation. Fundamental physics applied to the radio domain for innovative studies of space and development of new concepts in wireless communications
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