pituitary gland


  • WordNet 3.6
    • n pituitary gland the master gland of the endocrine system; located at the base of the brain
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Pituitary gland (Anat) a a small, somewhat cherry-shaped endocrine gland, situated in the pituitary fossa, and suspended from the base of the hypothalamus; the hypophysis; -- called also glandula pituitaria, and basilaris. It secretes th pituitary hormones: oxytocin; vasopresin; antidiuretic hormone; luteinizing hormone; somatotropins; prolactin; thyroid stimulating hormone; gonadotropins; adrenal corticotropin and other peptide hormones. It affects all hormonal functions, and is thus called the “master gland”.
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In literature:

It has been found that an abnormality quite like brachydactyly is produced by abnormality in the pituitary gland.
"Applied Eugenics" by Paul Popenoe and Roswell Hill Johnson
Long ago we learned that the pituitary gland influenced growth and development.
"The Goat-gland Transplantation" by Sydney B. Flower
Other cases of mental deficiency may be due to an alteration in the pituitary gland.
"Mentally Defective Children" by Alfred Binet

In news:

The endocrine system is a collection of glands in the human body, including the thyroid, pituitary, and adrenal glands.
The tumor sits on his pituitary gland and is about a millimeter across.
The growth hormone (GH) is a protein hormone released from the anterior pituitary gland under the control of the hypothalamus.
I had surgery in the last half of May It was for a tumor on the pituitary gland.
An operation commonly performed to remove brain tumors from the pituitary glands of humans is now available to dogs, thanks to a collaboration between a neurosurgeon and some veterinarians in Los Angeles.
Michael Etuckmelra, 14, gets his four hour checkup from Heather Benson, RN, as he recovers in Doernbecher Hospital following surgeries to remove a tumor on his pituitary gland.
Human growth hormone is released by the pituitary gland and stimulates growth and cell reproduction, reports Mintel.
Some researchers also suspect an inflammatory link to another form of epilepsy, infantile spasms, because children with the disease respond to ACTH, a hormone produced in the pituitary gland with strong anti- inflammatory effects.