• Part of Caxton's Epilogue to the 'Dictes and Sayinges of the Philosophers
    Part of Caxton's Epilogue to the 'Dictes and Sayinges of the Philosophers
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n philosopher a specialist in philosophy
    • n philosopher a wise person who is calm and rational; someone who lives a life of reason with equanimity
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Rembrandt’s Philosophers Rembrandt’s Philosophers

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The French philosopher, Voltaire, reportedly drank fifty cups of coffee a day.
    • Philosopher An alchemist.
    • Philosopher One who philosophizes; one versed in, or devoted to, philosophy. "Then certain philosophers of the Epicureans, and of the Stoics, encountered him."
    • Philosopher One who reduces the principles of philosophy to practice in the conduct of life; one who lives according to the rules of practical wisdom; one who meets or regards all vicissitudes with calmness.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n philosopher One who is devoted to the search for fundamental truth; in a restricted sense, one who is versed in or studies the metaphysical and moral sciences; a metaphysician. The application of the term to one versed in natural science or natural philosophy has become less common since the studies of physicists have been more specialized than formerly.
    • n philosopher One who conforms his life to the principles of philosophy, especially to those of the Stoical school; one who lives according to reason or the rules of practical wisdom.
    • n philosopher An alchemist: so called with reference to the search for the philosopher's stone.
    • n philosopher One who deals in any magic art.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Philosopher fi-los′ō-fėr a lover of wisdom: one versed in or devoted to philosophy: a metaphysician: one who acts calmly and rationally in all the affairs and changes of life—also Phil′osophe
    • ***


  • Georg Hegel
    “The courage of the truth is the first condition of philosophic study.”
  • William James
    “To be a real philosopher all that is necessary is to hate some one else's type of thinking.”
  • Walter Lippmann
    “When philosophers try to be politicians they generally cease to be philosophers.”
  • H. L. Mencken
    “There is no record in history of a happy philosopher.”
  • Blaise Pascal
    “To have no time for philosophy is to be a true philosopher.”
  • Proverb
    “Many talk like philosophers yet live like fools.”


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. philosophre, F. philosophe, L. philosophus, Gr. ; loving + wise. Cf. Philosophy
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.,—L.,—Gr. philosophosphilos, a lover, sophos, wise.


In literature:

All the philosophers thought matter eternal but the arts appear new.
"Voltaire's Philosophical Dictionary" by Voltaire
Philosophers contradict themselves like other mortals.
"The Last Harvest" by John Burroughs
Dionysius thought that he wanted a philosophic court, but all he wanted was to make folks think he had a philosophic court.
"Little Journeys To The Homes Of Great Teachers" by Elbert Hubbard
The generality of doubt is not philosophical but practical.
"Modern Religious Cults and Movements" by Gaius Glenn Atkins
The philosopher has always exerted a great power upon those who do not philosophize.
"History of Rationalism Embracing a Survey of the Present State of Protestant Theology" by John F. Hurst
There are a few advantages after all in being of a philosophic turn of mind.
"The Opinions of a Philosopher" by Robert Grant
This is not a mere fancy; it is philosophically true.
"George Bernard Shaw" by Gilbert K. Chesterton
We say to our would-be philosophers, When you tell us that matter is eternal, how does that account for the formation of this world?
"Fables of Infidelity and Facts of Faith" by Robert Patterson
The Stoic (Cynic) Philosopher also belonged to the factors from which the Christian Priests or Bishops were formed.
"History of Dogma, Volume 1 (of 7)" by Adolph Harnack
But was not that the ideal of Greek sages and philosophers?
"History of Dogma, Volume 2 (of 7)" by Adolph Harnack
The grotto, one would fear, was better fitted for frogs than for philosophers capable of rheumatic twinges.
"Alexander Pope" by Leslie Stephen
But the religious imagination played a small part in our philosopher's life, and least of all was it active in these London days.
"Benjamin Franklin" by Paul Elmer More
The student learns names of philosophers, and attempts to memorize the philosophic system developed by each thinker.
"College Teaching" by Paul Klapper
This was enlarging the field of history, and opening a new combination for philosophical speculation.
"Curiosities of Literature, Vol. 3 (of 3)" by Isaac Disraeli
Men philosophize in order to live before they live in order to philosophize.
"Creative Intelligence" by John Dewey, Addison W. Moore, Harold Chapman Brown, George H. Mead, Boyd H. Bode, Henry Waldgrave, Stuart James, Hayden Tufts, Horace M. Kallen
In all this the Christian philosopher can sympathize with the devout Mohammedan.
"History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, Volume II (of 2)" by John William Draper
AB'BOTT, Thomas Kingsmill, D.D., biblical scholar and writer on philosophic and other subjects, born at Dublin, 1829, died 18th Dec., 1913.
"The New Gresham Encyclopedia. Vol. 1 Part 1" by Various
From the time of his exile he lived in the society of savants and philosophers.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 2, Slice 5" by Various
This meanness had its reward, for in 1618 the philosopher became Lord Chancellor.
"History of Modern Philosophy" by Alfred William Benn
Philosopher and political economist.
"A Brief Handbook of English Authors" by Oscar Fay Adams

In poetry:

True Philosopher! imparting
Comfort rich to spirits pained:
Chider of proud triumph's madness,
Pointing to the unattained!
"Hope" by Ernest Jones
Alack! Imagination might
As lief with rustic Virgil roam,
Reverent, or, welcomed guest, alight
At Pliny's philosophic home;
"The Door Of Humility" by Alfred Austin
Men of thought, who soar serene,
And loftily philosophize,
Will say they seek the solemn scene,
To contemplate and sympathize.
"The Culprit" by Nathaniel Bloomfield
Philosopher of many parts,
Beloved of all true honest hearts,
A man who laughs at every ill,
Because "there's corn in Egypt still."
"To William Henry Parker" by William Henry Drummond
Even the man whose ways are wise,
Whose life is rul'd by Honour's laws;
Who owns, in philosophic guise,
A Deity ... a first great cause: ...
"The Culprit" by Nathaniel Bloomfield
A hope from lives like yours must everywhere
Become like faith — that blessing undefiled,
The refuge of the grey philosopher —
The consolation of the simple child.
"John Bede Polding" by Henry Kendall

In news:

The cartoon character turns philosophical in translation.
When it comes to cost-cutting, downsizing and philosophical and practical compromise, how low is it possible to go before there's nothing left to cut — and nowhere to go but up.
Acclaimed philosopher and eloquent preacher at St Louis University.
Dion Bailey has long been the best example of the philosophical changes USC made nearly two years ago to get smaller and faster on defense.
ZZ Top philosophized that every girl's crazy 'bout a sharp dressed man, but that's not guaranteeing a jury feels the same way.
I do not know how many of you have heard of the Canadian Catholic philosopher and humanitarian, Jean Vanier.
Philosophically , The Same Thing.
Philosophizing can be fun.
We're going to get philosophical for a minute, so please bear with us.
Coover shows that there are real stakes, both philosophical and theological, to postmodernist self-consciousness.
Our guest knows Socrates, to be sure, but has focused much of his recent scholarship on a group of ancient philosophers who get their name from the very fact that they come before Socrates: the Presocratics.
Scott should have pointed out examples of worthwhile movies ("La Jetée," "Blade Runner," "Solaris") that do provide striking visualizations of the questions and themes that have challenged the great philosophers.
Charles Taylor is a sadly endangered type: the philosopher-statesman.
Philosophically speaking, what can Jerry do to put the Cowboys on the right track.
The 1769 transit of Venus was visible in America, so the American Philosophical Society organized three viewing sites.

In science:

Some philosophical aspects of particle physics.
Empirical Equivalence, Artificial Gauge Freedom and a Generalized Kretschmann Objection
Earman, J., Janis, A. I., Massey, G. J., and Rescher, N., editors, Philosophical Problems of the Internal and External Worlds: Essays on the Philosophy of Adolf Gr¨unbaum, page 129.
Empirical Equivalence, Artificial Gauge Freedom and a Generalized Kretschmann Objection
French, S. and Krause, D.: Identity in Physics: A Historical, Philosophical, and Formal Analysis.
How Classical Particles Emerge From the Quantum World
In Brading, K. and Castellani, E. (eds.) Symmetries in Physics: Philosophical Reflections.
How Classical Particles Emerge From the Quantum World
It goes back to such leading mathematicians and philosophers as Hilbert, G¨odel, Tarski, Reichenbach, Carnap, Suppes and Friedman.
A logic road from special relativity to general relativity
This philosophical paper proposes a modified version of the scientific method, in which large databases are used instead of experimental observations as the necessary empirical ingredient.
Compression Rate Method for Empirical Science and Application to Computer Vision
Another philosophically significant aspect of the new method is its use of large (“vast”) datasets to overcome the problem of induction.
Compression Rate Method for Empirical Science and Application to Computer Vision
A full discussion of the philosophical significance of the scientific method is beyond the scope of this paper, but some brief remarks are in order.
Compression Rate Method for Empirical Science and Application to Computer Vision
Above it was argued that the power of the traditional scientific method depended on two core philosophical elements; these elements are retained in the new method.
Compression Rate Method for Empirical Science and Application to Computer Vision
Vast Data and Intersub jective Verifiability The history of statistics has observed a ma jor philosophical struggle between two schools of thought, which advocate opposing perspectives regarding the meaning and justification of statistical inference.
Compression Rate Method for Empirical Science and Application to Computer Vision
CRM research makes the same philosophical commitment to the use of prior distributions as do the Bayesians.
Compression Rate Method for Empirical Science and Application to Computer Vision
But the present paper suggests an alternative hypothesis, which is that the problem lies in the philosophical foundation of the field.
Compression Rate Method for Empirical Science and Application to Computer Vision
The philosophical difficulties involved in the evaluation of computer vision solutions stands in stark contrast to the conceptual ease with which two theories of physics can be compared, by finding an experimental configuration for which the two theories make conflicting predictions and running the experiment.
Compression Rate Method for Empirical Science and Application to Computer Vision
This approach shares some philosophical background with the idea of asymptotic safety, initiated in and experiencing a resurgence of recent interest.
General Covariance in Gravity at a Lifshitz Point
Methodological, epistemological and philosophical questions would be acknowledged to be an integral part of AOE science.
Do We Need a Scientific Revolution?