phenol

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n phenol a toxic white soluble crystalline acidic derivative of benzene; used in manufacturing and as a disinfectant and antiseptic; poisonous if taken internally
    • n phenol any of a class of weakly acidic organic compounds; molecule contains one or more hydroxyl groups
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Vaccines contain formaldehyde, ethylene glycol (antifreeze), phenol (disinfectant / pesticide), and aluminum.
    • Phenol A white or pinkish crystalline substance, C6H5OH, produced by the destructive distillation of many organic bodies, as wood, coal, etc., and obtained from the heavy oil from coal tar.
    • Phenol Any one of the series of hydroxyl derivatives of which phenol proper is the type.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n phenol Phenyl alcohol, C6H5OH, more commonly called carbolic acid.
    • n phenol The general name of a compound formed from benzene and its homologues by the substitution of hydroxyl for hydrogen in the benzene nucleus. The phenols correspond to tertiary alcohols, as they contain the group COH, and all have weak acid properties.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Phenol fē′nol. phenyl alcohol or carbolic acid.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Gr. to show + -ol,: cf. F. phénol,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.

Usage

In literature:

For such application, phenol or iodin should not be used, pure or in strong solution.
"Anomalies and Curiosities of Medicine" by George M. Gould
Under the bed a deep plate full of phenol exhaled an insipid smell.
"Nana, The Miller's Daughter, Captain Burle, Death of Olivier Becaille" by Emile Zola
The object of my experiments has been to prove the identity of wood creosote and its freedom from phenol.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 363, December 16, 1882" by Various
His results with phenol, thymol, and salicylic acid have been unfavorable.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 344, August 5, 1882" by Various
The use of copper mordant with phenolic coloring matters is perfectly natural.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 810, July 11, 1891" by Various
All these reactions show that the phenol occurs in the free state in the cones of this plant.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 443, June 28, 1884" by Various
The first group is called phenolic colours.
"The Dyeing of Woollen Fabrics" by Franklin Beech
Phenol for claret from Diamine cutch, and for gold yellow from Primuline, etc.
"The Dyeing of Cotton Fabrics" by Franklin Beech
C. of 1.044-1.065 is detected by causing a material rise in the proportion of phenols.
"The Handbook of Soap Manufacture" by W. H. Simmons
The process was carried out comparatively with ordinary preparations, and with specially pure preparations of the phenol.
"Researches on Cellulose" by C. F. Cross
The spray had the biting smell of phenol.
"The Hate Disease" by William Fitzgerald Jenkins
Other phenolates may be obtained from potassium phenolate by precipitation.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 3" by Various
Tannins are either free phenol-acids or, more commonly, glucosides of these acids.
"The Chemistry of Plant Life" by Roscoe Wilfred Thatcher
Phenol and water, 97.
"The Phase Rule and Its Applications" by Alexander Findlay
Picric acid is made from phenol or carbolic acid.
"The New Gresham Encyclopedia" by Various
Similar effects have been observed on the addition of this salt to phenol and other disinfectants.
"Chlorination of Water" by Joseph Race
The treatment is swabbing with iodized phenol or curettage.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 12, Slice 7" by Various
A trace of phenol will generally suffice.
"Scientific American, Vol. XXXIX.--No. 24. [New Series.], December 14, 1878" by Various
Phenol (carbolic acid) 43 C. 8.
"Physics" by Willis Eugene Tower
They are organic acids containing phenolic groups.
"Animal Proteins" by Hugh Garner Bennett
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In news:

Revision of D4768 - 11 Standard Test Method for Analysis of 2,6-Ditertiary- Butyl Para-Cresol and 2,6-Ditertiary- Butyl Phenol in Insulating Liquids by Gas Chromatography.
Revision of D4768 - 11 Standard Test Method for Analysis of 2,6-Ditertiary-Butyl Para- Cresol and 2,6-Ditertiary-Butyl Phenol in Insulating Liquids by Gas Chromatography.
View Other Phenolic Resins companies.
The medicated lip balm is 95% natural and provides antibacterial protection through the natural active ingredient phenol, the company stated.
What is Nitrile -Phenolic Tape.
Get the most comprehensive and accurate phenol price assessments.
Revision of D4768 - 11 Standard Test Method for Analysis of 2,6-Ditertiary-Butyl Para-Cresol and 2,6-Ditertiary-Butyl Phenol in Insulating Liquids by Gas Chromatography.
Is it possible to separate phenol from water using liquid extraction method.
Another one-step route to phenol emerges.
What is Nitrile- Phenolic Tape.
The formula also clearly explains the 1999 catastrophic failure of a phenol -formaldehyde reactor resulting from a grossly undersized relief system.
An easy to use generalized vent sizing formula is illustrated to be consistent with large scale industry experience and dedicated phenolic runaway reaction tests performed by Fauske & Associates, LLC.
Wine phenolics are responsible for important wine attributes and include compounds like tannins , anthocyanins, polymer pigments, and antioxidants.
Loos & Dilworth Inc, Bristol, PA, now offers a family of light-colored terpene phenolic resins in varying softening point ranges.
What gives red wine it's healthy kick is resveratrol, a natural phenol found in the alcoholic beverage.
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In science:

The two RPCs prepared for the aging test have resistive plates made of phenolic bakelite with resistivity ρ = 9 · 109 Ω cm.
First results from an aging test of a prototype RPC for the LHCb Muon System
It shows for instance that the qualitative variable “label” is linked (in term of correlation ratio) with the quantitative variable “Phenolic”.
ClustOfVar: An R Package for the Clustering of Variables
Other ma jor chemical components of wildland fuel include hemicelluloses (copolymers of glucosan and a variety of other possibly monomers) and lignin (a phenolic compound) in varying amounts, depending upon the species, cell type and plant part (See Table 2).
A review of wildland fire spread modelling, 1990-present, 1: Physical and quasi-physical models
Yang R.D. and Humphrey A.E., Dynamics and Steady State Studies of Phenol Biodegradation in Pure and Mixed Cultures, Biotechnol.
Switching model with two habitats and a predator involving group defence
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