phalarope

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n phalarope small sandpiper-like shorebird having lobate toes and being good swimmers; breed in the Arctic and winter in the tropics
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Phalarope (Zoöl) Any species of Phalaropus and allied genera of small wading birds (Grallæ), having lobate toes. They are often seen far from land, swimming in large flocks. Called also sea goose.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n phalarope A small wading bird of the family Phalaropodidæ, having lobate toes. There are 3 species, usually placed in as many genera, of elegant and varied coloration, and in general resembling sandpipers; but the body is depressed rather than compressed, and the plumage of the under parts is thick and compact to resist water, upon which these little birds swim with great ease and grace. They are found on inland waters and along the coasts of most parts of the world, sometimes venturing far out to sea. Two of the three species breed only in boreal regions, and perform extensive migrations in the spring and fall. Wilson's phalarope, Phalaropus (Steganopus) wilsoni, the largest and handsomest species, is confined to America, breeding from northerly parts of the United States northward, and dispersing in winter over South America. It is 8¾ inches long, and 15¾ in extent of wings; the bill is 1⅓ inches long and extremely slender; the margins of the toes are not scalloped. The female exceeds the male in size and beauty, and the male performs the task of incubation. The red-necked or northern phalarope is Phalaropus (Lobipes) hyperboreus; this has a slender bill like the first, but is smaller, and the membrane of the toes is scalloped. The red or gray phalarope is P. fulicarius, also called the coot-footed tringa: the bill is broad and depressed, with a lancet-shaped tip, and the membrane of the toes is scalloped. This species is noted for its great seasonal changes of plumage. See also cut under Steganopus.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Phalarope fal′a-rōp a genus of wading birds, forming a sub-family of the snipes.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Gr. having a patch of white + , , a foot: cf. F. phalarope,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Gr. phalaris, a coot, pous, a foot.

Usage

In literature:

Along the shores of Fond du Lac we descry a long-legged wader, the phalarope.
"The New North" by Agnes Deans Cameron
Other shorebirds that eat leaf-beetles are the Wilson phalarope and dowitcher.
"Our Vanishing Wild Life" by William T. Hornaday
The Snipe, Sandpipers, Plovers, Phalaropes, Curlews, etc., are great destroyers of insects.
"A Book of Natural History" by Various
Though not exactly web-footed, the phalarope swims with the greatest ease.
"Love's Meinie" by John Ruskin
The most striking example is that of the gray phalarope (Phalaropus fulicarius).
"Contributions to the Theory of Natural Selection" by Alfred Russel Wallace
Only the phalarope was still met with in large numbers, even pretty far out at sea.
"The Voyage of the Vega round Asia and Europe, Volume I and Volume II" by A.E. Nordenskieold
What a story he could tell of his life among the phalaropes and jelly-fishes!
"The Log of the Sun" by William Beebe
Wilson's Phalarope is exclusively an American bird, more common in the interior than along the sea coast.
"Birds Illustrated by Color Photography [August, 1897]" by Various
At Kaolak River (July 12-18, 1952) red phalaropes were uncommon.
"Birds Found on the Arctic Slope of Northern Alaska" by James W. Bee
The Phalaropes are swimming Snipes.
"Color Key to North American Birds" by Frank M. Chapman
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In news:

Tools of the Trade— The Phalarope 's Capillary Ratchet.
Red-necked phalaropes in breeding plumage, at the Hayward Regional Shoreline.
The northbound phalaropes passed through a few weeks ago.
While resting on salty inland lakes and along seashores during its winter migration from the Arctic to the west coast of South America, the red-necked phalarope has been spotted spinning in circles for minutes at a time.
During the summer months, Mono Lake in eastern California is a great place to spot snowy plovers, red-necked phalaropes, and other shorebirds.
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In science:

However, results on the Spotted Sandpiper, Actidis macularia, the Wilson's Phalarope, Phalaropus tricolour, the Bar-headed Goose, Anser indicus, the Common Eider and the Bantam hen, Gallus domesticus, mitigate this assumption (Dittami, 1981; Oring et al., 1986, 1988; Sharp et al., 1988; Criscuolo et al., 2002).
Post-hatching parental care behaviour and hormonal status in a precocial bird
Hormonal change associated with natural and manipulated incubation in the sex-role reversed Wilson's phalarope.
Post-hatching parental care behaviour and hormonal status in a precocial bird
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