phalanx

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n phalanx any of the bones of the fingers or toes
    • n phalanx a body of troops in close array
    • n phalanx any closely ranked crowd of people
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Phalanx (Gr. Antiq) A body of heavy-armed infantry formed in ranks and files close and deep. There were several different arrangements, the phalanx varying in depth from four to twenty-five or more ranks of men. "In cubic phalanx firm advanced.""The Grecian phalanx , moveless as a tower."
    • Phalanx A Fourierite community; a phalanstery.
    • Phalanx (Bot) A group or bundle of stamens, as in polyadelphous flowers.
    • Phalanx Any body of troops or men formed in close array, or any combination of people distinguished for firmness and solidity of a union. "At present they formed a united phalanx .""The sheep recumbent, and the sheep that grazed,
      All huddling into phalanx , stood and gazed."
    • Phalanx (Anat) One of the digital bones of the hand or foot, beyond the metacarpus or metatarsus; an internode.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n phalanx In Gr. antiquity, in general, the whole of the heavy-armed infantry of an army; particularly, a single grand division of that class of troops when formed in ranks and files close and deep, with their shields joined and long spears overlapping one another so as to present a firm and serried front to a foe. The celebrated Macedonian phalanx was normally drawn up sixteen ranks deep, the men being clad in armor, bearing shields, and armed with swords and with spears from 21 to 24 feet long. In array the shields formed a continuous bulwark, and the ranks were placed at such intervals that five spears which were borne pointed forward and upward protected every man in the front rank. The phalanx on smooth ground, and with its flanks and rear adequately protected, was practically invincible; but it was cumbrous and slow in movement, and if once broken could only with great difficulty be reformed.
    • n phalanx Any body of troops or men formed in close array, or any combination of people distinguished for firmness and solidity of union.
    • n phalanx In Fourier's plan for the reorganization of society, a group of persons, numbering about 1, 800, living together and holding their property in common. See Fourierism.
    • n phalanx In anatomy and zoology:
    • n phalanx A row or series of bones in the fingers or toes.
    • n phalanx One of the bones of the fingers or toes; a digital internode, succeeding the metacarpal or metatarsal bones, collectively constituting the skeleton of the third and distal segment of the hand or foot: so called from their regular disposition in several rows. The normal number of the phalanges of each digit is three. This is only exceptionally increased, as in the flippers of some cetaceans and extinct reptiles; but it is frequently reduced, as in most of the digits of birds, and in the inner digits of mammals which have five fingers and toes. In man the phalanges of the fingers and toes are each fourteen, three to every digit excepting the thumb and great toe, which have two apiece. The original implication of the term seems to have been any one of the cross-rows of small bones between the successive knuckles of the fingers or toes, or the longitudinal series of small bones of any one finger or toe. But usage transfers the sense of phalanx to any one of these bones, two or more of which are phalanges. See cuts under Artiodactyla, carpus, Catarrhina, foot, hand, Ichthyosauria, Perissodactyla. pinion, Plesiosaurus, solidungulate, tarsus, and Ornithoscelida.
    • n phalanx One of the fiddle-shaped cells of the lamina reticularis of the Cortian organ. Also called Deiters's phalanges.
    • n phalanx In zoology, a group or series of animals, of indeterminate classificatory value; one of several groups which may be interposed above genera and below classes or orders. A phalanx frequently corresponds in value to a subfamily, but has no recognized fixed place in classification. Sometimes synonymous with cohort or agmen.
    • n phalanx In entomology, any one of the joints of the tarsus.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Phalanx fal′angks or fā′- a line of battle: a square battalion of heavy-armed infantry drawn up in ranks and files close and deep: any compact body of men: one of the small bones of the fingers and toes
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
pl,. Phalanges
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L.,—Gr. phalangks.

Usage

In literature:

The "phalanx" had again saved them from disaster.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume III (of VIII)" by Various
Hands appeared from within the flowing sleeves, and they were skeleton hands, each phalanx clearly marked.
"When the Sleepers Woke" by Arthur Leo Zagat
On political circles, especially in constitutional lands, the influence of this Teutonic phalanx was profound and lasting.
"England and Germany" by Emile Joseph Dillon
Five minutes later and the signal went forth to the phalanx of the volunteers.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science April 1930" by Various
The slopes of Germany may bear up a race more familiar with the Greek text than the Greek phalanx.
"Christopher Columbus and His Monument Columbia" by Various
Out of the corners of his eyes he saw team-mates forming a phalanx in front.
"Interference and Other Football Stories" by Harold M. Sherman
The solid phalanx of Egyptian chariots pressed onward, and the Rebu were forced steadily back.
"The Cat of Bubastes" by G. A. Henty
Beyond the outline of the platform they saw the warrior clans, a phalanx of protecting bodies.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, June, 1930" by Various
The woods, dark guarding phalanxes of tall oaks and firs, seemed marshalled on the slopes for its defence.
"Angelot" by Eleanor Price
From Heraclea, Thebes, Ys and Mayda will come the Phalanxes.
"Astounding Stories, February, 1931" by Various
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In poetry:

Up in factory! Up in mill!
Freedom's mighty phalanx swell!
You have God and Nature still.
What have they, but Gold and Hell.
"The Factory Town" by Ernest Jones
The phalanxes of corn stand grim and serried,
Dull gold the sodden sheaves,
The violets that smiled with Spring are buried
Under the leaves.
"Under The Leaves" by Leigh Gordon Giltner
But the vanguard is Valour and Glory;
The phalanx is Freedom and Right;
The leaders are Honour and Duty:
Are they soldiers to fail in the fight?
"The Painter Of Florence" by Ernest Jones
The Spaniards said that phalanx seemed
To move like one black, solid wall;
They flung defiance back at Death,
And, answering to that thrilling call,
"A Hero Of San Juan [Hill]" by Olivia Ward Bush-Banks
But never may that day of horror be known,
When these hills and these valleys shall feel
The rush of the phalanx by phalanx o'erthrown,
And the bound of the thundering wheel.
"To The British Channel" by Robert Bloomfield
But when pallid winter, again on the rocks
Shakes down in a shower the snow from his locks,
Then comes the desire for heat, in full force,
And Southward our phalanx bends swiftly its course.
"Birds Of Passage (From The Swedish)" by George Borrow

In news:

Mirant faces off against a phalanx of adversaries.
To Equip Support Vessels With Phalanx Protection.
This line, which is marked by light aluminum gates and a phalanx of police officers and National Guardsmen, runs along Chambers Street and down Broadway to Wall Street.
Plexpress, Phalanx Offer Biomarker Discovery and Validation Service.
Phalanx Biotech Group provides expression profiling products and services worldwide to academic, pharmaceutical and biotechnology researchers.
Phalanx CIWS Machine Gun Fire.
Footage of the only true autonomous military robot, the Phalanx Close-in Weapon System (CIWS), in action.
View full size August Schilling/Ascending the Giants Portland arborist Will Koomjian prepares to descend from near the top of Phalanx, a ponderosa pine he measured at 268.3 feet, the tallest known pine in the world.
When House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi announced that she would seek to keep her leadership role she stood flanked by a cheering phalanx of her female colleagues.
Now that corporate offices have all but converted to casual dress, how can cool-chasing employees differentiate their informal wear from the phalanxes of nerdy oxfords and pleated khakis.
The phalanx of freighters is expanding, courtesy of the arrival of a new type at the small end of the spectrum.
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In science:

In many ways, the world has gotten smaller as globalization has come about. Communication of huge quantities of information is virtually instantaneous thanks to countless kilometers of optical fiber and phalanxes of orbiting satellites.
Fully Digital: Policy and Process Implications for the AAS
Virtually no significant difference can be identified under the first metatarsal bone, but significant difference (p < 0.05) can be noticed under the first proximal phalanx bone.
Natural gaits of the non-pathological flat foot and high-arched foot
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