penguin

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n penguin short-legged flightless birds of cold southern especially Antarctic regions having webbed feet and wings modified as flippers
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: A penguin swims at a speed of approximately 15 miles per hour
    • Penguin (Zoöl) Any bird of the order Impennes, or Ptilopteri. They are covered with short, thick feathers, almost scalelike on the wings, which are without true quills. They are unable to fly, but use their wings to aid in diving, in which they are very expert. See King penguin, under Jackass.
    • Penguin (Bot) The egg-shaped fleshy fruit of a West Indian plant (Bromelia Pinguin) of the Pineapple family; also, the plant itself, which has rigid, pointed, and spiny-toothed leaves, and is used for hedges.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Penguins can jump as high as 6 feet in the air
    • n penguin The great auk, Alca impennis; the original sense.
    • n penguin Any species of the family Spheniscidæ or Aptenodytidæ. (See Spheniscidæ for technical characters.) Penguins are remarkably distinguished from all other birds by the reduction of the wings to mere flippers, covered with scaly feathers (see Impennes, Squamipennes), used for swimming under water, but unfit for flight. The feathers of the upper parts have also broad flattened shafts and slight webs, being thus like scales; the feet are webbed and four-toed, though the hind toe is very short; the tail is short and stiff; the general form is stout and ungainly. On land the birds stand nearly erect and waddle clumsily, but they are agile and graceful in the water. They feed on fish and other animal food, and congregate on shore to breed in penguineries of great extent. Penguins are confined to the southern hemisphere, especially about Cape Horn and the Cape of Good Hope, and islands in high southern latitudes, coming nearest the equator on the west coast of South America, as in the case of Humboldt's penguin of Peru. There are more than a dozen species, referable to three leading types. Those of the genus Aptenodytes are the largest, standing about three feet high, and have a slender bill. The name Patagonian penguin, applied to these, covers two species or varieties—a larger, the emperor penguin, A. forsteri or imperator, and a smaller, A. pennanti or rex. (See emperor.) Jackass-penguins, so called from braying, are medium-sized or rather small, with stout bill, as Spheniscus demersus of South Africa and S. magellanicus of Patagonia. (See cut at Spheniscus.) None of the foregoing are crested; but the members of the genus Eudyptes (or Catarractes), as E. chrysocome or chrysolophus, known as rock-hoppers and macaronis, have curly yellow plumes on each side of the head. (See cut at Eudyptes.) Other medium-sized penguins are Pygoscelis tæniata, P. antarctica, P. antipoda, and Dasyrhamphus adeliæ. The smallest penguin, about a foot long, is Eudyptila minor of Australian and New Zealand shores. The largest, which was taller than a man usually is, is a fossil species named Palæeudyptes antarcticus, from the New Zealand Tertiary.
    • n penguin The wild pineapple, Bromelia Pinguin. Its ovoid succulent berry yields a cooling juice much used in fevers.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The largest type of penguin is the Emperor Penguin which can stand to be almost 3.5 feet tall and weigh more than 90 pounds
    • n Penguin pen′gwin an aquatic bird in the southern hemisphere, unable to fly, but very expert in diving—also Pin′guin
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Quotations

  • James Dye
    James Dye
    “Their real names roggenfelder but they changed it, the crafty bastards. We Are Change confronted him and exposed him. He ran away like a BIG PUSSY EVIL PENGUIN. ”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Perh. orig. the name of another bird, and fr. W. pen, head + gwyn, white; or perh. from a native South American name
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Ety. dub.; a corr. of pen-wing, or from W. pen, head, gwen, white.

Usage

In literature:

Instead of going directly inland, we made our way along the shore among the penguin grass.
"A Voyage round the World" by W.H.G. Kingston
He was well off for food, for whales were plentiful on the shores of the Bay, and seals, penguins, and gulls abounded.
"A Book of Discovery" by Margaret Bertha (M. B.) Synge
The next thing, a penguin will walk in here, tip his top hat, and abase himself while he mutters obsequiously in penguinese.
"Unwise Child" by Gordon Randall Garrett
They were in reality penguins, which abounded in those regions.
"Notable Voyagers" by W.H.G. Kingston and Henry Frith
Seals, penguins, petrels, cormorants, and gulls are found in considerable numbers.
"Wealth of the World's Waste Places and Oceania" by Jewett Castello Gilson
The birds embrace enormous numbers of sea-fowl, especially geese and penguins.
"The World's Greatest Books, Volume 19" by Various
The Penguin had fourteen killed and twenty-eight wounded.
"Thrilling Narratives of Mutiny, Murder and Piracy" by Anonymous
It now means a hurried movement; it is more especially applied to seals or penguins taking to the water in fright.
"The Sailor's Word-Book" by William Henry Smyth
We'll stroll round and see how the penguins are getting on.
"Love at Paddington" by W. Pett Ridge
But there was no alternative, so the vessel was stranded on Penguin Island.
"Celebrated Travels and Travellers" by Jules Verne
Hear later that President is a penguin.
"Punch, or the London Charivari, Vol. 147, August 19th, 1914" by Various
Penguins, guano from, 297.
"Manures and the principles of manuring" by Charles Morton Aikman
The birds comprise a darter, a cormorant, a guillemot, and a penguin.
"Little Folks (Septemeber 1884)" by Various
We all went ashore, and pitched tents, and ate ducks and penguins till the men grew strong.
"If, Yes and Perhaps" by Edward Everett Hale
A typical polar scene met his eyes: penguins strutted about on cakes of ice, a whale blowing in the icy water.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science February 1930" by Various
DUCK, penguin, hybrid of, with Egyptian goose, ii.
"The Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication, Volume II (of 2)" by Charles Darwin
It is no easy trick at first, to control the "penguin" and keep its course direct.
"Aircraft and Submarines" by Willis J. Abbot
So, controlling myself, I returned to Penguin Light.
"Stories by American Authors, Volume 9" by Various
Except a few penguins.
"Martyr" by Alan Edward Nourse
Well, the puffins are to Labrador what penguins are to the South Pole country.
"Grenfell: Knight-Errant of the North" by Fullerton Waldo
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In poetry:

Penguin, static traveler,
deliberate priest of the cold,
I salute your vertical salt
and envy your plumed pride.
"Magellanic Penguin" by Pablo Neruda
A life of its own and a long one is led
By this penguin, with nothing to do with the breast-
The wingless pullover, the patient's old vest;
Now pass it some warmth, move the lamp to the bed.
"The Patient's Sweater" by Boris Pasternak
The pompous penguins made us smile
just as they did, ah ! years ago.
We watched them strut in single file,
their shirts as white as driven snow.
"It's jolly being here," I said.
He jerked an acquiescent head.
"AT THE ZOO" by Wilhelmina Stitch
In Iceland's greasy mountains, where Eskimos shoot whales,
And the penguin pens and pipes his plaintive song;
The storks are busy stalking and the auks have gone out hawking,
And the niff-niff bird is humming all day long.
"The Eskimoos" by Billy Bennett

In news:

The Poems of Exile translated with introduction, notes, and glossary by Peter Green Penguin, 451 pp.
At the beginning of The Steal: A Cultural History of Shoplifting (Penguin), DePaul University professor Rachel Shteir discusses England's Shoplifting Act, which made the crime punishable by hanging.
That's likely because the little penguin on their screens had won them over.
In explaining the steep drop in Penguin Group USA's profits for the first six months of 2012, CEO David Shanks said one important factor was the decline in backlist sales.
Red-hot MacArthur powers Leafs to 1-0 win over Penguins.
A rescued Magellanic Penguin from South America swims in the water at the new June Keys Penguin Habitat at the Aquarium of the Pacific in Long Beach, California, on May 16, 2012.
A rapidly expanding South Atlantic fishery is among the greatest threats to Argentina's marine species, such as this Magellanic penguin.
Magellanic Penguin Burrow Photo.
A New Twist in Penguins' Already Uncertain Future.
Magellanic penguins near Puerto Madryn in Argentina.
Energy, Security, and the Remaking of the Modern World By Daniel Yergin Penguin Group 816 pp.
The Emmetsburg Penguins Swim Team hosted a Quadrangular Invitational Swim Meet on December 17 at the Smith Wellness Center at Iowa Lakes Community College.
Swimmers from Carroll, Denison and Manning all competed along with the Penguins in the event.
Meanwhile, Werner Herzog tries to avoid penguins.
Penguin poop reveals secrets of the Antarctic climate.
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In science:

If in addition we also have “a is a penguin”, we prefer the penguin rule.
Evaluating Defaults
Now let us consider a somewhat more complex example: Suppose we know that typically birds fly, and that typically penguins don’t.
Evaluating Defaults
If b is a red bird and not a penguin, no conclusion about flying ability is justified.
Evaluating Defaults
Decays that get significant contributions from penguins are most likely to be affected by new physics .
R-parity-violating SUSY and CP violation in B --> phi K_s
In particular the decay B → φKS is very interesting because it is pure penguin and is dominated by a single amplitude in the SM.
R-parity-violating SUSY and CP violation in B --> phi K_s
The usefulness of the decay Λb → Λφ for probing non-SM-chirality penguins has been discussed in G.
R-parity-violating SUSY and CP violation in B --> phi K_s
In particular, we present the complete three-loop anomalous dimension matrix describing the mixing of currentcurrent and QCD penguin operators.
Effective Hamiltonian for Non-Leptonic |Delta F| = 1 Decays at NNLO in QCD
The amplitude for a given non-leptonic quark decay is calculated perturbatively in the full theory including all possible diagrams such as W -boson exchange, QCD penguin and box diagrams as well as gluon corrections to all these building blocks.
Effective Hamiltonian for Non-Leptonic |Delta F| = 1 Decays at NNLO in QCD
The QCD penguin and box contributions to the matrix element that contain an effective b → sg vertex are not shown.
Effective Hamiltonian for Non-Leptonic |Delta F| = 1 Decays at NNLO in QCD
QQ relating the QCD penguin operators in the unprimed and primed scheme are not.
Effective Hamiltonian for Non-Leptonic |Delta F| = 1 Decays at NNLO in QCD
Second, the f and f 2 parts of the three-loop ADM ˆγ ′(2) describing the mixing of the QCD penguin operators in the “traditional” basis depend on the definition of these operators.
Effective Hamiltonian for Non-Leptonic |Delta F| = 1 Decays at NNLO in QCD
The direct link penguins 6→ f ly will thus be accepted, or considered valid, but not the composite path penguins → birds → f ly , by specificity - see below.
Remarks on Inheritance Systems
We admit, however, soft contradictions, and preclusion, which allows us to solve some soft contradictions - as we already did in the penguins example.
Remarks on Inheritance Systems
In the above example, our intuition tells us that it is not admissible to conclude from the fact that penguins are birds, and that most birds fly that most penguins fly.
Remarks on Inheritance Systems
In the Tweety diagram, see Diagram 2.1, Tweety has access to penguins and birds, the horizontal link from penguin to bird compares the strengths, and the fly/not fly arrows are the information.
Remarks on Inheritance Systems
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