penalty

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n penalty the act of punishing
    • n penalty (games) a handicap or disadvantage that is imposed on a competitor (or a team) for an infraction of the rules of the game
    • n penalty the disadvantage or painful consequences of an action or condition "neglected his health and paid the penalty"
    • n penalty a payment required for not fulfilling a contract
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: British scientists have found evidence that heart attacks increase significantly for people who watch soccer penalty shoot-outs
    • Penalty A handicap.
    • Penalty Penal retribution; punishment for crime or offense; the suffering in person or property which is annexed by law or judicial decision to the commission of a crime, offense, or trespass. "Death is the penalty imposed."
    • Penalty The suffering, or the sum to be forfeited, to which a person subjects himself by covenant or agreement, in case of nonfulfillment of stipulations; forfeiture; fine. "The penalty and forfeit of my bond."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: In Australia, there is no death penalty.
    • n penalty Suffering, in person or property, as a punishment annexed by law or judicial decision to a violation of law; penal retribution.
    • n penalty The loss or burden to which a person subjects himself by covenant or agreement in ease of the non-fulfilment of an obligation; the forfeiture or sum to be forfeited for non-payment, or for non-compliance with an agreement: as, the penalty stipulated in a bond. Penalties provided thus by contract may be either in addition to the original obligation, so that the creditor can ask both, or may be intended merely to fix the damages which he can ask in case of breach.
    • n penalty Money recoverable by virtue of a penal statute; a fine; a mulct.
    • n penalty Hence The painful consequences which follow some particular course of action, or are invariably attached to some state or condition: as, the penalty of carelessness, or of riches; he paid the penalty of his rashness.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In the 17th century, no citizen of Japan was allowed to leave the country on penalty of death.
    • n Penalty pen′al-ti punishment: suffering in person or property for wrong-doing or for breach of a law: a fine or loss which a person agrees to pay or bear in case of his non-fulfilment of some undertaking: a fine
    • ***

Quotations

  • Bobby Hull
    Bobby Hull
    “Always keep your composure. You can't score from the penalty box; and to win, you have to score.”
  • Kin Hubbard
    Kin%20Hubbard
    “Getting talked about is one of the penalties for being pretty, while being above suspicion is about the only compensation for being homely.”
  • Lady Nancy Astor
    Lady Nancy Astor
    “The penalty for success is to be bored by people who used to snub you.”
  • Alfred Sutro
    Alfred Sutro
    “That's the penalty we have to pay for our acts of foolishness -- someone else always suffers for them.”
  • H. L. Mencken
    H.%20L.%20Mencken
    “The penalty for laughing in a courtroom is six months in jail; if it were not for this penalty, the jury would never hear the evidence.”
  • H. Wheeler Robinson
    H. Wheeler Robinson
    “The penalty of leadership is loneliness.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. pénalité,. See Penal

Usage

In literature:

Vice carries its penalty in its own nature.
"Practical Ethics" by William DeWitt Hyde
His bribe was refused, and he suffered the penalty of death.
"Memoirs of Extraordinary Popular Delusions and the Madness of Crowds" by Charles Mackay
Men are not drafted for the death penalty; they volunteer.
"The Shadow On The Dial, and Other Essays" by Ambrose Bierce
She was paying the penalty of having married the wrong man.
"The Manxman A Novel - 1895" by Hall Caine
Every player who infringes a rule should suffer the full penalty therefor.
"Games for the Playground, Home, School and Gymnasium" by Jessie H. Bancroft
In principle that is the innocent paying the penalty of the guilty.
"God's Plan with Men" by T. T. (Thomas Theodore) Martin
The effect or penalty of transgressing the laws.
"The Sailor's Word-Book" by William Henry Smyth
No; great as was the coming penalty, she could not do that.
"The Bertrams" by Anthony Trollope
Terrible 'penalties,' withal, if thou still need 'penalties,' are there for disobeying.
"Past and Present" by Thomas Carlyle
The first is the wrong and the penalty thereof: "Amply have thy evil deeds been returned to thee," namely, his treatment of men.
"Homer's Odyssey" by Denton J. Snider
All the senses of my palate were of the acute kind, and so were a continual source of the penalties of gluttony.
"The No Breakfast Plan and the Fasting-Cure" by Edward Hooker Dewey
This death penalty was also fixed for such conduct as placed another in danger of death.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Part 1, Slice 1" by Various
Chinese secret societies and faction fights; death penalty for membership.
"British Borneo" by W. H. Treacher
The most awful penalties were visited upon the head of any vestal virgin who was guilty of violating her vows.
"Romulus, Makers of History" by Jacob Abbott
The dealer only has the same chances as the others, and such a penalty seems unjust.
"Round Games with Cards" by W. H. Peel
When no penalty for the breach of a rule is stated, the penalty shall be the loss of the hole.
"The Complete Golfer [1905]" by Harry Vardon
The Court will not entertain such a plea, and they have to endure the penalty of the law.
"Cotton is King and The Pro-Slavery Arguments" by Various
As I am a living man, he shall pay the penalty of his treason.
"Historic Tales, Vol 14 (of 15)" by Charles Morris
Beyond twelve years, the child as well as its parents suffered the penalty.
"Women of England, Volume 9 (of 10)" by Burleigh James Bartlett
In case of disobedience the penalty was death.
"Historia Amoris: A History of Love, Ancient and Modern" by Edgar Saltus
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In poetry:

But the king, with a hope to change the future,
Proclaimed this law to be:
That, if in all the land there was kept one spindle,
Sure death was the penalty.
"The Sleeping Princess" by Clara Doty Bates
"Thou'rt gone, Altheëtor; of thy gentle breath
Guiltless am I, but bear the penalty!
Oh! is there one to whom thine earthly death
Can cause the sorrow it has caused to me?
"Zophiel’s Lament Over Altheetor" by Maria Gowen Brooks
Once in life I watched a Star;
But I whistled, "Let her go!
There are others, fairer far,
Which my favouring skies shall show
Here I lied, and herein I
Stood to pay the penalty.
"The Penalty" by Rudyard Kipling
He owned like a hero the penalty dread—
"By the sweat of thy brow shalt thou earn thy bread,"
And his toil through summer, and mid-winter snows,
Has made the wild wilderness bloom as the rose.
"To The Memory of David Scott" by John Henry Kimble
The offence, whate'er it was, was his!
As my offences must be mine;
And all that was, and all that is,
Beneath the Sovereign Eye divine,
Fit pain or penalty shall meet,
From the all-judging mercy-seat.
"Adam's Fall" by John Bowring
For they had reached that stage of grief
Where tears could bring them no relief.
The Arrest — The Charge — The Penalty
Had followed each so rapidly
That there had been no time for thought
Upon their strange and arduous lot.
"Banishment Of Man From The Garden Of The Lord" by James Madison Bell

In news:

Oklahoma store clerk could face death penalty in killing of 16-year-old.
The Minnesota Department of Commerce collected $1 million in penalties this week from a national mortgage settlement announced in February.
Desertion carries stiffer penalties than AWOL.
Egypt's former president Mubarak could face the death penalty in his trial.
But Bay County Prosecutor Kurt C Asbury thinks the stiffer penalties for drivers who fall under the super drunk guidelines serve as a deterrent , and therefore do more to protect society.
It may be tempting to take money out of your 401(k) to pay off a debt, but be prepared to pay penalty fees and have less money for retirement.
Many of you asked that question this week after referee Walt Anderson overturned a pass interference penalty on the Dallas Cowboys during the Chicago Bears' 34-18 victory.
GlaxoSmithKline hit with $3B penalties.
Kiffin voices displeasure over penalty.
Death Penalty Leaves Victims' Families Dissatisfied .
Only in America can you be pro-life and also pro-gun, pro-death penalty, pro-war and pro-torture.
The term "pro-life" was originally coined by Catholics more than 100 years ago meaning against the death penalty.
Jerry Sandusky "extremely distraught " over Penn State penalties.
While some residents might bemoan New Jersey's $100 fine for talking on a cell phone while driving, Elizabeth resident Joyce Vence thinks the penalty is not tough enough.
I'm all for the death penalty but I'm for doing it humanely.
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In science:

The path receives a penalty e−2β for every self-intersection.
Weak-interaction limits for one-dimensional random polymers
The statistical significance of this correlation was found to be 6 × 10−5 with penalty factor included (for explanation of penalty factor see below).
Cuts and penalties: comment on "The clustering of ultra-high energy cosmic rays and their sources"
They concluded, however, that we have underestimated the penalty factor.
Cuts and penalties: comment on "The clustering of ultra-high energy cosmic rays and their sources"
Divided by Ntot it determines the corrected probability P (p) and the penalty factor F (p) as defined in Eq. (1).
Cuts and penalties: comment on "The clustering of ultra-high energy cosmic rays and their sources"
The resulting penalty factor F (p) is shown in Fig. 1.
Cuts and penalties: comment on "The clustering of ultra-high energy cosmic rays and their sources"
FIG. 1: MC calculation of the penalty factor P (p).
Cuts and penalties: comment on "The clustering of ultra-high energy cosmic rays and their sources"
We believe that we have accounted for all contributions to the penalty factor (“effective number of tries”) directly related to our work.
Cuts and penalties: comment on "The clustering of ultra-high energy cosmic rays and their sources"
All these attempts should contribute, in principle, into the penalty factor.
Cuts and penalties: comment on "The clustering of ultra-high energy cosmic rays and their sources"
However, while the sandboxes provide a solution with relatively high degree of security, they are hard to implement portably and may introduce a performance penalty.
Fine-Grained Authorization for Job Execution in the Grid: Design and Implementation
However in many practical cases we can approximate the original constrained optimal control problem with a smooth unconstrained one by introducing smooth penalty functions to represent constraints.
Order Reduction of Optimal Control Systems
As the proof of Theorem 3.2 indicates, any other choice of the penalty function would in general result in a lower error exponent.
Capacity and Random-Coding Exponents for Channel Coding with Side Information
The penalty function ψ(·) in (5.6) will soon be optimized, resulting in the “matched design” ψ = ρ.
Capacity and Random-Coding Exponents for Channel Coding with Side Information
On the other hand one can consider a Domb-Joyce model [ 36] where there is a finite penalty for self overlapping of polymer segments, and then the strength of v can be varied substantially and reduced continuously to zero.
Localization of Polymers in Random Media: Analogy with Quantum Particles in Disorder
Rademacher penalties and structural risk minimization.
Moment inequalities for functions of independent random variables
If β ≤ 0, then there is a penalty for having B -monomers in B -blocks.
Localization transition for a copolymer in an emulsion
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