• WordNet 3.6
    • adj penal subject to punishment by law "a penal offense"
    • adj penal serving as or designed to impose punishment "penal servitude"
    • adj penal of or relating to punishment "penal reform","penal code"
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Before 1917, goalies (in hockey) were not allowed to fall to the ice to make saves or else they were penalized.
    • a Penal Of or pertaining to punishment, to penalties, or to crimes and offenses; pertaining to criminal jurisprudence "Adamantine chains and penal fire."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: In 1910 football teams were penalized 15 yards for an incompleted forward pass.
    • penal Of or pertaining to punishment. Enacting or prescribing punishment; setting forth the punishment of offenses: as, the penal code; a penal clause in a contract.
    • penal Constituting punishment; inflicted as a punishment.
    • penal Subject to penalty; incurring punishment: as, penal neglect.
    • penal Used as a place of punishment: as, a penal settlement.
    • penal Payable or forfeitable as a punishment, as on account of breach of contract, etc.: as, a penal sum.
    • penal In a more general sense, those statutes which impose a new liability for the doing or omitting of an act. Thus, a statute making the officers of a corporation personally liable for its debts if they neglect to file an annual report of its affairs is apenal statute.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • adj Penal pē′nal pertaining to, incurring, or constituting punishment: used for punishment
    • ***


  • Anthony Powell
    Anthony Powell
    “Growing old is like being increasingly penalized for a crime you haven't committed.”
  • Lord Byron
    “I cannot help thinking that the menace of Hell makes as many devils as the severe penal codes of inhuman humanity make villains.”


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. poenalis, fr. poena, punishment: cf. F. pénal,. See Pain
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.,—L. pœnalispœna, Gr. poinē, punishment.


In literature:

Whilst the penal laws increased in rigor, and extended in application over all the colonies, the direct force was applied but to one part.
"The Works of the Right Honourable Edmund Burke, Vol. VI. (of 12)" by Edmund Burke
What he wants done in this flat I cannot guess, but it's an absolute certainty that you're in for three years' penal, my friend.
"Hugo" by Arnold Bennett
I feel like one emerging from ten years in the galleys, ten years of penal servitude.
"Grey Roses" by Henry Harland
Experience showed that penal colonies were a failure, and that the truly criminal could be more effectively dealt with at home.
"Crime and Its Causes" by William Douglas Morrison
One of these liberties was to persecute Catholics in accordance with the penal Acts of 1560.
"A Short History of Scotland" by Andrew Lang
It was also necessary to reorganize, reconstruct and, in many instances, rebuild some of the penal and charitable institutions of the State.
"The Facts of Reconstruction" by John R. Lynch
A penal law not ordinarily put in execution seems to me to be a very absurd and a very dangerous thing.
"The Works of the Right Honourable Edmund Burke, Vol. VII. (of 12)" by Edmund Burke
Other penal enactments of Solon are yet to be mentioned.
"The Great Events by Famous Historians, Vol. 1" by Various
Madame Mendes proved from the volume Ta- Tsilg-Leu-Lee, the penal code of China, that Ling's law was correct.
"Lost Leaders" by Andrew Lang
They were both in due course put upon their trials, and sent into penal servitude.
"The Life Story of an Old Rebel" by John Denvir

In poetry:

This penal fire is still the same,
Though diff'rent its degrees of flame;
Some feel a fierce or fainter fire,
Just as their various crimes require.
"The Complaint And The Advice Of Dives, To His Five Brethren, (Part 2­), Or A Description Of Hell, An" by Rees Prichard
Mankind's Redeemer must be God and man,
E'er He (consider well the wond'rous plan!)
Can save thy soul, and set it wholly free
From penal fire, and endless misery.
"Christ Is All In All" by Rees Prichard
Thy neck, for thy bad life, He might have bow'd,
And hurl'd thee headlong to the abyss of hell,
(Not the least time for penitence allow'd!)
Amongst the damn'd in penal fire to dwell.
"Reasons To Persuade The Sick To Be Patient" by Rees Prichard
For an instant it will die away, that 'When? When?'
forever pulsing in you in your penal plight,
and we shall meet there on that bridge in heaven,
face to face we'll meet, this Christmas night.
"Christmas Greetings 1941" by Marie Under
OH, listen to the tale of MISTER WILLIAM, if you please,
Whom naughty, naughty judges sent away beyond the seas.
He forged a party's will, which caused anxiety and strife,
Resulting in his getting penal servitude for life.
"Mister William" by William Schwenck Gilbert
Trembling before Thee as I stand,
Where'er I gaze on either hand
The sentence is gone forth, the ground is cursed:
Yet mingled with the penal shower
Some drops of balm in every bower
Steal down like April dews, that softest fall and first.
"Sexegesima Sunday" by John Keble

In news:

The California Department of Education has penalized 23 schools for cheating and irregularities in standardized testing.
Commodores are the fifth-most penalized team in the Southeastern Conference at more than six per game More.
Critics said the old system unfairly penalized African-Americans.
Expanding the safety net penalizes the working poor.
Jay Cutler flips ball at defender, gets penalized (GIF).
Jeff Gordon, pictured here before a NASCAR Sprint Cup Series auto race in Kansas City, was penalized for intentionally wrecking Clint Bowyer, dropping him to 11th place in the Chase for the Sprint Cup championship.
The Income Tax prevents the US economy from being competitive in world markets, penalizes wealth production and is easily manipulated to suit current political power.
Hospitals are given a gauge for readmissions and if they go above the given amount, they will be penalized.
Schwalbauch was sentenced to two years in the state penal system to be served along with his current sentence.
Will he be penalized for inaccurate withholdings.
Ref penalizes 'gesture to heaven' in high school football game .
Louisville football players were penalized for gesturing to heaven after a touchdown.
The Central Wyoming College volleyball team is being penalized for rules violations.
An amendment to the Illinois UCC penalizes filing of false financing statements or liens and gives the secretary of state authority to investigate, punish, and even terminate false filings.
Ref penalizes ' gesture to heaven' in high school football game.

In science:

Proof We use a potential function that rewards us for adding edges and penalizes us for connecting components.
The Randomness Recycler: A new technique for perfect sampling
Thirdly, one should explore the properties of penalized maximum likelihood.
An invitation to quantum tomography (II)
Risk bound s for model selection via penalization.
An invitation to quantum tomography (II)
Given (y, sd ), the decoder seeks ˆu ∈ C = Spse C (pse ) that maximizes the penalized empirical mutual information criterion [I (u; ysd ) − ψ(pse )].
Capacity and Random-Coding Exponents for Channel Coding with Side Information
It is found that a short range Coulomb repulsion penalizes the d-wave superconductor and that a moderate Coulomb repulsion brings them very close in energy.
Bond-order modulated staggered flux phase for the $t{-}J$ model on the square lattice