peat

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n peat partially carbonized vegetable matter saturated with water; can be used as a fuel when dried
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Peat pēt A small person; a pet; -- sometimes used contemptuously.
    • n Peat A substance of vegetable origin, consisting of roots and fibers, moss, etc., in various stages of decomposition, and found, as a kind of turf or bog, usually in low situations, where it is always more or less saturated with water. It is often dried and used for fuel.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n peat Partly decomposed vegetable matter, produced under various conditions of climate and topography, and of considerable importance in certain regions as fuel. Peat occurs in many countries and in different latitudes, but always either in swampy localities or in damp and foggy regions. It is formed of vegetable matter undergoing decay, and in some respects it is the modern representative of the coal of the earlier geological epochs, and its formation illustrates the conditions under which coal has originated. Peat is abundant in northern Europe, and particularly so in Ireland, where it is perhaps of greater importance as fuel than in any other country. It occurs in India, especially in the Neilgherry hills and in Bengal; also in various parts of the United States, and there are in the latter country regions (especially in New England) where it is occasionally used as fuel. The vegetation of which peat is made up in the various countries where it occurs is quite different, and occasionally the number of species which have taken part in its formation is large. The genus sphagnum is an important element in much of the European peat. The peat of Bengal, on the other hand, is said to be formed almost exclusively from one plant, the wild rice, Oryza sylvestris. The peat of New England is made up of a considerable variety of aquatic plants. Peat is very spongy, and contains a large amount of water near the surface; the deeper down it is taken, the more compact it is. A great variety of processes for compressing and hot-drying it have been invented and put in use in different parts of the world.
    • n peat A small block of peat-bog or -moss, resembling an ordinary brick in shape, cut and dried for fuel.
    • peat An obsolete variant of pet.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Peat pēt decayed vegetable matter like turf, cut out of boggy places, and when dried used for fuel
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Prob. for beat, prop., material used to make the fire burn better, fr. AS. bētan, to better, mend (a fire), bōt, advantage. See Better Boot advantage
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
True form beat—M. E. beten, to mend a fire—A.S. bétan, to make better—bót, advantage.

Usage

In literature:

After passing it two or three times through this, the peat water will be fairly palatable.
"Patsy" by S. R. Crockett
The inferior lobe was indurated, resembling a piece of moist peat.
"An Investigation into the Nature of Black Phthisis" by Archibald Makellar
No longer would she rake the ash from the peat and blow the red of it to a little blaze.
"The Wind Bloweth" by Brian Oswald Donn-Byrne
For a peat fire smouldered on the hearth and the room was filled with smoke.
"Stories from the Ballads" by Mary MacGregor
Peat is a mass of plant stems, roots, and moss, partly decayed and pressed together.
"The Western United States" by Harold Wellman Fairbanks
The place was full of deafening noises and peat-smoke.
"John Splendid" by Neil Munro
Anger burned in him like a smouldering fire in peat.
"Oh, You Tex!" by William Macleod Raine
He stirred up the blazing peats in the fireplace.
"Lippincott's Magazine of Popular Literature and Science, Volume 11, No. 24, March, 1873" by Various
Peat is organic matter in the first stages of its conversion into coal and is found in bogs and similar places.
"Steam, Its Generation and Use" by Babcock & Wilcox Co.
They were packed in German peat.
"Northern Nut Growers Association Report of the Proceedings at the Thirty-Eighth Annual Meeting" by Northern Nut Growers Association
***

In poetry:

Sheep huddle in the hollows,
And the cattle seek the byre,
But I must be up and faring
Away from the warm peat fire;
"Rain Song" by Clinton Scollard
They have gone down, they have gone down,
They are standing all arow -
Twenty knights in the peat-water,
That never struck a blow!
"Tarrant Moss" by Rudyard Kipling
They faund the dure wide to the wa',
And the peats blawn rosy reid:
They war shuneless feet gaed in and oot,
Nor clampit as they gaed.
"Halloween" by George MacDonald
Five me wild things of moss and peat-
The gipsy flower that bravely goes,
The heather's little hard, brown feet,
And the black eyes of sloes.
"The Cloudberry" by Muriel Stuart
One day after the steamer "Resistless" had arrived,
Belle's spirits seemed suddenly to be revived;
And as Belle was lifting peats a few feet from the door
She was startled by a voice she never heard before.
"The Bonnie Lass o' Ruily" by William Topaz McGonagall
Then Belle shook her head and lifted the peats on her back,
But he followed her home whilst to her he did crack;
And by and by she brought him a drink of watter,
While with loving words he began Belle to flatter.
"The Bonnie Lass o' Ruily" by William Topaz McGonagall

In news:

1 Knicks batter Pistons Vettel three-peats.
Three-peat For Kentucky In Big Blue Crush.
BOYS' WATER POLO: Dominick Beaudine puts Agoura on the brink of three-peat.
Christopher 's Project is lead by saxophonist Chris Pipkins, a three-peat winner at Showtime at the Apollo, a prestigious Theater in New York City that showcases the best of up-and-coming talent.
King was a member of the Bulls first three-peat squad and has been a color commentator for the team since 2007.
Summit High Tigers deploy for five-peat.
Blake & Miranda Three-Peat for Male & Female Vocalist.
6-Peat #Inc5000 Honoree @TMone Goes NASCAR Racing With David Reutimann in the No 10 CVP@TMone.com BPO Chevrolet at Talladega.
Nikiski wrestlers aim for 4-peat at conference tourney.
Will may have to be content with a nomination: We all know Alec Baldwin will probably seven-peat.
PH change over time (A) and medium calcium 
 concentrations (B) measured in a limestone amended peat medium.
Posts Tagged ' Peat .
Shady's Three- Peat Powers Eskomos Eight- Peat .
Martha Stewart makes decorative Easter egg baskets using peat pots.
Jay-z & Lebron Three Peat .
***

In science:

Part (ii) of the theorem below follows from a general result by Edmundo, Jones and Peatfield, see .
On central extensions and definably compact groups in o-minimal structures
Finite extensions of groups in o-minimal structures were studied by Edmundo, Jones and Peatfield in .
On central extensions and definably compact groups in o-minimal structures
Peatfield, Hurewicz Theorems for definable groups, Lie groups and their cohomologies, preprint. M´ario J.
On central extensions and definably compact groups in o-minimal structures
Peatfield, G′ has a very good reduction, i.e., there is a semialgebraic group H defined without parameters such that G is definably isomorphic to H (see, e.g., [13, Thm.4.4]).
On the o-minimal LS-category
Peatfield Sheaf cohomology in o-minimal structures J.
Poincar\'e-Verdier duality in o-minimal structures
***