• WordNet 3.6
    • n pear sweet juicy gritty-textured fruit available in many varieties
    • n pear Old World tree having sweet gritty-textured juicy fruit; widely cultivated in many varieties
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The most common pear world-wide is the Bartlett. It is bell-shaped, sweet and soft with a light green colour
    • n Pear pâr (Bot) The fleshy pome, or fruit, of a rosaceous tree (Pyrus communis), cultivated in many varieties in temperate climates; also, the tree which bears this fruit. See Pear family, below.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: In 1970, Chip maker Intel purchased a pear orchard to build their corporate headquarters on
    • n pear The fruit of the pear-tree.
    • n pear The tree Pyruts communis. The wild tree is common over temperate Europe and Asia, often scrubby, but under favorable conditions becoming, as under culture, a handsome tree of good height, inclining to a pyramidal form. Though close to the apple botanically, it differs in its more upright habit, smooth shining leaves, pure-white flowers with purple stamens, the granular texture of the wild fruit, the juicy melting quality of the fine varieties, and the form of the pome, which tapers toward the base and has no depression around the stem. The tree is long-lived, specimens existing which are two or three hundred years old. The pear was known in a number of varieties in the days of Pliny, but its excellence is of much later date. In recent times it has received great attention, its culture being pushed with special zeal in France. It is a highly successful fruit in the United States. The varieties of pear are numbered by thousands, but only a few are really important. The Seckel is an American variety—the fruit small, but unsurpassed in quality. The Bartlett, known in Europe, where it originated, as Williams's bon Chrétien, is also universally popular. Pomologists place some others, as the beurre d' Anjou, as high as these or higher. Dwarf pears (that is, those grafted or budded on quince-stocks) are more convenient for gardens: standard pears (that is, those grafted or budded on seedling-pear stocks) are commonly more profitable. In some regions, as England and northern France, a liquor is made from the juice of the fruit. (See perry) Pear-wood has a compact fine grain, and is highly prized for cabinet- and mill-work, etc., and second only to boxwood for wood-engraving and turnery.
    • n pear A pear-shaped pearl, as for the pendant of an ear-ring. Evelyn, Mundus Muliebris
    • pear An obsolete form of peer.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Pears ripen from the inside out, and according to a survey on the lifestyle channel, men prefer hard pears while women prefer soft pears.
    • n Pear pār a common fruit of a somewhat conical shape, and very juicy to the taste: the tree on which it grows, allied to the apple
    • n Pear pē′ar (Spens.) Same as Peer.
    • ***


  • William Shakespeare
    “Your old virginity is like one of our French withered pears: it looks ill, it eats dryly.”
  • Rebecca West
    “All men should have a drop of treason in their veins, if nations are not to go soft like so many sleepy pears.”
  • Marcia Moore
    Marcia Moore
    “The only thing you will take through those pearly gates is what you have given away.”


Go pear-shaped - (UK) If things have gone wrong, they have gone pear-shaped.
Gone pear-shaped - (UK) If things have gone pear-shaped they have either gone wrong or produced an unexpected and unwanted result.


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. pere, AS. peru, L. pirum,: cf. F. poire,. Cf. Perry


In literature:

Peeled apples or pears may be used for the same purpose.
"A Plain Cookery Book for the Working Classes" by Charles Elmé Francatelli
Men and animals are sometimes saved from death by chewing the pulp of the prickly-pear or other cactuses.
"The Western United States" by Harold Wellman Fairbanks
Beside this trail, behind a clump of prickly pear, the Ranger sat down and waited.
"Oh, You Tex!" by William Macleod Raine
Johnson, writing in 1634, said that all then in New England could have apple, pear, and quince tarts instead of pumpkin-pies.
"Home Life in Colonial Days" by Alice Morse Earle
How'll your old horse feel if he eats the other half of that pear tree?
"Fair Harbor" by Joseph Crosby Lincoln
The pear, though cultivated in classical times, appears, from Pliny's description, to have been a fruit of very inferior quality.
"On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection" by Charles Darwin
The pear-shaped man didn't have arms either, Dewforth noticed.
"In the Control Tower" by Will Mohler
The rest of us employed our time in collecting the prickly-pear for fortifying our post, as David had proposed.
"In the Wilds of Africa" by W.H.G. Kingston
One of these, the species of cactus known as the prickly pear, the Queenslander has pretty nearly all to himself.
"Wealth of the World's Waste Places and Oceania" by Jewett Castello Gilson
He compares her size to that of a pear-tree, her lips to two blushing rose-buds, and her womanly form to that of a dove.
"Searchlights on Health: Light on Dark Corners" by B.G. Jefferis
The Bible 'pears ter me ter hev Tobe in special mind when it gits, ter mournin' 'bout'n the stiff-necked ones.
"'way Down In Lonesome Cove" by Charles Egbert Craddock (AKA Mary Noailles Murfree)
There were once three brothers who owned a pear-tree and lived on the pears.
"Italian Popular Tales" by Thomas Frederick Crane
They were upon a plain about six miles in breadth abounding with the prickly pear.
"Daniel Boone" by John S. C. Abbott
Her teeth, I presume, were "pearly": But which was she, brunette or blonde?
"The Book of Humorous Verse" by Various
Don't I know that we must 'pear to be the two warriors whose business it is to take back the canoe?
"The Eyes of the Woods" by Joseph A. Altsheler
Every fig and vine and pear and olive has been carefully trained.
"Odysseus, the Hero of Ithaca" by Homer
A pear which is the product of three soils is sometimes sold in the capital for five or six francs.
"Bouvard and Pécuchet" by Gustave Flaubert
The fruit, shaped like a pear, is yellow.
"Fil and Filippa" by John Stuart Thomson
Sometimes hit 'pears like you air kin to them, and they ain't kin to you.
"Judith of the Cumberlands" by Alice MacGowan
Apples and pears are for the most part uneatable.
"Travels in Peru, on the Coast, in the Sierra, Across the Cordilleras and the Andes, into the Primeval Forests" by J. J. von Tschudi

In poetry:

He was a stalwart knight, and strong;
Of giant make he 'pear'd to be:
He stirr'd his horse, as he were wode,
Wi' gilded spurs, of faushion free.
"Thomas the Rhymer" by Sir Walter Scott
Golden in hue, and rosy and blue,
And white as blossom of pears,
Her sheep they did run in the trail of the sun,
As she had been running in theirs!
"Little Bo-Peep" by George MacDonald
The food was scant, the fruits were few
A red-streak glistening here and there;
Perchance in statelier precincts grew
Some stern old Puritanic pear.
"The New Eden" by Oliver Wendell Holmes
Ae nicht whan the win' gaed ravin aboot,
And the winnocks war speckled wi' faem,
Frae room to room she strayt in and oot,
And she spied her pearly kaim.
"The Mermaid" by George MacDonald
Why dost thou shed those tears that flow
Down thy sad cheeks with pearly glow '
Thou’lt break thy heart with sobbing so,--
Whom wilt thou have to sing oror?
"Cradle Song (2)" by Raphael Patkanian
Where the wise snailfish move their pearly towers
To carven rocks and sculptured promont'ries,"
Hearing you whisper, "Lands
Where blaze the unimaginable flowers."
"Brumana" by James Elroy Flecker

In news:

A famous pear tree planted in the mid-1600's by Peter Stuyvesant, the Dutch governor of New Amsterdam, at what is now the northeast corner of Third Avenue and 13th Street, died a very New York death.
A Junko in Pear Tree .
And a Chicken in the Pear Tree.
Two turtledoves & a squirrel in a pear tree.
Pear Tree Greetings – Mankato, Minn.
Pear Tree Greetings creates personalized cards, invitations, and stationary for Halloween.
Pear Tree in our yard.
A Junko in Pear Tree.
Seattle indie-rock outfit Pearly Gate Music debuts some tracks live on KEXP's Audioasis.
Restoring Teeth to Pearly -White.
The October 29 snowstorm took its toll on many trees in the Lehigh Valley, but none were harder hit than the Bradford pears.
While pears are cooking, toast almonds.
When pears are cooking, toast almonds.
Reduce the heat to simmer and poach the pears, uncovered, turning them occasionally with a wooden spoon so that they cook evenly.
Using tongs, gently lower the pears into the liquid.

In science:

In simulations, the flexoelectric coefficients of pear-shaped GayBerne ellipsoid/Lennard-Jones sphere molecules have been measured directly using expressions involving the direct correlation function31 .
Dipolar interactions, molecular flexibility, and flexoelectricity in bent-core liquid crystals
So it ap pears that several physical mechanisms exist (heat conduction and/or mixing, early wind, jets) which all may contribute to the X-ray emission, as pointed out by Soker & Kastner (2003).
The evolution of planetary nebulae. V. The diffuse X-ray emission
In Paskowitz and Scheeres (2006) the authors included the J3 (the “pear shape” of the central body) Europa’s effect in their system.
Frozen Orbits at high eccentricity and inclination: Application to Mercury orbiter
TIME-VARYING BLOCK-ALL (SOME): Bad addresses may change over time : new sources may send malicious traffic and conversely, previously active sources may disap pear (e.g., when their vulnerabilities are patched).
Optimal Source-Based Filtering of Malicious Traffic
Let us call so(f) the set of existentially quantified function symbols that ap pear in f.
Hierarchies in Dependence Logic
The bound d pears to be the volume of a log d√d -neighborhood of the real locus for the metric induced by the curvature form of Ld .
What is the total Betti number of a random real hypersurface?
The continuous lines C pear and C sto denote lines of continuous transitions at which the up/down symmetry of the vesicle shape is broken.
Amphiphilic Membranes
The two other galaxies (DG 137 and DG 339) present pear-shaped isophotes and a detailed morphology that we did not find in any Coma galaxy, but again one is fainter than the absolute magnitude limit of the Coma-center sample, and both are fainter than that of the Coma-whole sample.
The morphological segregation of galaxies in clusters. III. The distant cluster Cl0939+4713 (Abell 851)
Notes to galaxies: 137 roundish galaxy, pear-shaped at intermediate radii, large twist in the envelope.
The morphological segregation of galaxies in clusters. III. The distant cluster Cl0939+4713 (Abell 851)
In the polarisation space, a multiplication by Sµ pears as a rotation operator.
Quantum Localisation Observables and Accelerated Frames
The apparent inconsistency between MS1054 (which has a very low f10 ) and the CL1604 clusters (which have signi ficantly higher values) ap pears entirely consistent with the variations seen in lower redshift clusters.
The Evolution of [OII] Emission from Cluster Galaxies
In other words, we eventually need to test precise hypotheses Y ∈ A against precise alternatives Y ∈ B , where A, B ⊂ Y (“Is it an apple or a pear ?”).
Hierarchical testing designs for pattern recognition
To pin things down, consider a toy example: Suppose Y = {a, p}, standing for apple and pear, and Y = 0 stands for other, the most likely explanation.
Hierarchical testing designs for pattern recognition
Academic Press, third edition, 2000, fourth edition, to ap pear.
The Levy-Gromov Isoperimetric Inequality in Convex Manifolds with Boundary
This conclusion is also corroborated by pears clearer when a larger temperature range is conthe work of Lyra & Porto de Mello (2005).
The discontinuous nature of chromospheric activity evolution