parliament

Definitions

  • ACCORDING TO ACT OF PARLIAMENT
    ACCORDING TO ACT OF PARLIAMENT
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n parliament a card game in which you play your sevens and other cards in sequence in the same suit as the sevens; you win if you are the first to use all your cards
    • n parliament a legislative assembly in certain countries
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Additional illustrations & photos:

Old Parliament House, Quebec Old Parliament House, Quebec
The Parliament of Paris Reprimanded——217 The Parliament of Paris Reprimanded——217
Houses of Parliament, in Beehive frame Houses of Parliament, in Beehive frame
THE HOUSES OF PARLIAMENT THE HOUSES OF PARLIAMENT
HOUSE OF PARLIAMENT, HAVANA HOUSE OF PARLIAMENT, HAVANA
PARLIAMENT ASSEMBLED IN THE REIGN OF RICHARD II PARLIAMENT ASSEMBLED IN THE REIGN OF RICHARD II

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Isaac Newton used to be a member of parliament
    • Parliament A formal conference on public affairs; a general council; "They made request that it might be lawful for them to summon a parliament of Gauls."
    • Parliament A parleying; a discussion; a conference. "But first they held their parliament ."
    • Parliament In France, before the Revolution of 1789, one of the several principal judicial courts.
    • Parliament The assembly of the three estates of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, viz., the lords spiritual, lords temporal, and the representatives of the commons, sitting in the House of Lords and the House of Commons, constituting the legislature, when summoned by the royal authority to consult on the affairs of the nation, and to enact and repeal laws.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: On a Canadian two dollar bill, the flag flying over the Parliament building is an American flag
    • n parliament A conference or consultation.
    • n parliament A meeting or assembly for conference or deliberation; especially, an assembly of the people or their representatives to deliberate or legislate on national affairs. The word is nearly confined to the legislative bodies of Great Britain and its colonies. Sometimes it is used with reference to other countries, as the German Parliament of 1848, the Italian Parliament: usually the word diet or the native name is preferred, as the Hungarian Diet, the German Reichstag, the Norwegian Storthing, etc.
    • n parliament Specifically [capitalized] The supreme legislative body of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, consisting of the three estates of the realm, namely the lords spiritual, the lords temporal, and the commons; the general council of the nation, constituting the legislature, summoned by the sovereign's authority to consult on the affairs of the nation and to enact and repeal laws. Primarily, the sovereign may be considered as a constituent element of Parliament; but the word as generally used has exclusive reference to the three estates above named, ranged in two distinct branches, the House of Lords and the House of Commons. The House of Lords includes the lords spiritual and lords temporal. (See House of Lords, under lord.) The House of Commons consists of 670 members: viz., for England and Wales, 253 representatives of county constituencies (counties or divisions of counties), 237 of boroughs, and 5 of universities; for Scotland, 39 representatives of counties, 31 of burghs, and 2 of universities; for Ireland, 85 representatives of counties, 16 of boroughs, and 2 of a university. The authority of Parliament extends over the United Kingdom and all its colonies and foreign possessions. The duration of a Parliament was fixed by the Septennial Act of 1716 at seven years, but it seldom even approaches its limit. Sessions are held annually, usually from about the middle of February to the end of August, and are closed by prorogation. Government is administered by the ministry (see ministry and cabinet), which is sustained by a majority in the House of Commons, should the ministry be outvoted in the house on a question of vital importance, it either resigns office or dissolves Parliament and appeals to the country. The precursors of the Parliament were the Witenagemot in the Anglo-Saxon period and the National Council in the Norman and Angevin periods. The composition and powers of Parliament were developed in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries; the right of representation from shires and towns dates from 1295, and the separation of the two houses dates from the middle of the fourteenth century. Parliamentary government was in large measure suspended from 1461 to the middle of the reign of Henry VIII. Prolonged struggles between the Parliament and the crown took place under James I. and Charles I., which led to the Civil War and the Commonwealth. The Triennial Act of 1694 (modified by the Septennial Act of 1716) fixed the life of Parliament at three years, and government by party dates from the same period. The right of election to Parliament has been greatly modified by the Reform Acts of 1832, 1867, and 1884, and the Redistribution Act of 1885.
    • n parliament [capitalized] One of similar legislative bodies constituting the legislatures of the Dominion of Canada, New South Wales, Tasmania, Victoria, and other self-governing colonies of the British empire. The Parliament of the Dominion of Canada, established by royal proclamation in 1867, consists of two houses—a Senate, or upper house, whose members, 80 in number, are nominated for life by the governor-general, and a House of Commons, whose members are elected for five years by the people of the different provinces, there being one representative for every 20,000 of the population. In the other colonies the two houses are usually styled the Legislative Council and the Legislative Assembly. The members of the latter body are elected; the members of the former body may be elected, as in Tasmania, or nominated by the crown, as in New South Wales.
    • n parliament In France, before the revolution of 1789, one of several courts, including various provincial parliaments, and especially the Parliament of Paris (see below).
    • n parliament In law, an assembly of the members of the two Temples (Inner and Middle) to consult upon the affairs of the society.
    • n parliament [Short for parliament-cake.] Same as parliament-cake
    • parliament To busy one's self with parliamentary matters; attend to one's duties as member of Parliament.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In 1991, during an attempted political coup on Russian President Boris Yelstin, food supplies had dwindled down at the parliament buildings so they ordered Pizza Hut to deliver pizzas
    • n Parliament pär′li-ment a meeting for deliberation: the supreme legislature of Great Britain, also of some of her colonies: in France, down to the Revolution, one of certain superior and final courts of judicature, in which also the edicts of the king were registered before becoming law
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Quotations

  • Jean Jacques Rousseau
    Jean%20Jacques%20Rousseau
    “The English think they are free. They are free only during the election of members of parliament.”
  • A. P. Herbert
    A. P. Herbert
    “People must not do things for fun. We are not here for fun. There is no reference to fun in any act of Parliament.”
  • Lord Burleigh
    Lord Burleigh
    “England can never be ruined except by a Parliament.”
  • John Wagstaff
    John Wagstaff
    “Wherever there is a parliament, there must of necessity be an opposition.”
  • Daniel O'Connell
    Daniel O'Connell
    “I would walk from here to Drogheda and back to see the man who is blockhead enough to expect anything except injustice from an English Parliament.”
  • John Pym
    John Pym
    “A Parliament is that to the Commonwealth which the soul is to the body. It behooves us therefore to keep the facility of that soul from distemper.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. parlement, F. parlement, fr. parler, to speak; cf. LL. parlamentum, parliamentum,. See Parley
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr. parlementparler, to speak.

Usage

In literature:

It is the only Scottish bank established by act of parliament.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Part 1, Slice 3" by Various
He sat in the Long Parliament as a Royalist, and in the Oxford Parliament in 1644.
"State Trials, Political and Social" by Various
LORD LIVERPOOL was at the head of affairs when Lord John Russell entered Parliament.
"Lord John Russell" by Stuart J. Reid
The King yielded to their obstinacy; and the charters were repealed by authority of parliament.
"The Great Events by Famous Historians, Volume 07" by Various
In the meantime, Parliament had been engaged in long and grave discussions on Asiatic affairs.
"Critical and Historical Essays, Volume III (of 3)" by Thomas Babington Macaulay
It has the distinction of having been twice held by a poet, once for the Parliament and once for the King.
"Highways and Byways in Surrey" by Eric Parker
Next year, 1641, the king, having fallen out with his English parliament, came to Scotland, where he attended the Scots parliament.
"Biographia Scoticana (Scots Worthies)" by John Howie
You have two representatives in Parliament.
"British Socialism" by J. Ellis Barker
It was at this crisis that the Parliaments of England, if they did not actually begin, yet first attained to a definite form and efficiency.
"A History of England Principally in the Seventeenth Century, Volume I (of 6)" by Leopold von Ranke
They will meet Parliament therefore without making any changes in the offices.
"The Letters of Queen Victoria, Volume III (of 3), 1854-1861" by Queen of Great Britain Victoria
He found a seat in Parliament for his friend.
"The Life of Sir James Fitzjames Stephen, Bart., K.C.S.I." by Sir Leslie Stephen
There has been no Parliament in England for ten years, hence the people have had no say in the direction of the government.
"Browning's England" by Helen Archibald Clarke
His figure is one of the best known and most characteristic in Parliament.
"The Confessions of a Caricaturist, Vol. 1 (of 2)" by Harry Furniss
An Irish Parliament will do them no good, no, nor fifty Irish Parliaments.
"Ireland as It Is" by Robert John Buckley (AKA R.J.B.)
A parliament was held at Coventry by Henry VI., and Henry VII.
"England, Picturesque and Descriptive" by Joel Cook
That was in July, 1765, just after Parliament passed the Stamp Act.
"Daughters of the Revolution and Their Times" by Charles Carleton Coffin
The Parliament returned in 1906 had an immense Liberal majority.
"The History of Woman Suffrage, Volume VI" by Various
Studied law; appointed third barrister of the Parliament of Paris, 1690; and attorney-general, 1700.
"The Makers of Canada: Index and Dictionary of Canadian History" by Various
Across the wide roadway that runs past Westminster Abbey from the Houses of Parliament, stands a low group of buildings, facing the north door.
"The Children of Westminster Abbey" by Rose G. Kingsley
The presence of a parliament was wholly unnecessary.
"An Essay on the Trial by Jury" by Lysander Spooner
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In poetry:

And so she went to Parliament,
But those ungainly men
Woke up from sleep, and turned about,
And fell asleep again.
"The Ballad of Hampstead Heath" by James Elroy Flecker
We can, as freeborn subjects, make
Our wants and wishes known--
Our voices move the parliament
And vibrate to the throne.
"Lines Of Annexation" by Nora Pembroke
And then he wrote a lighter play
That made him famous in a day.
He won a seat in Parliament,
And starry was the way he went.
"Failure" by Robert W Service
Great men withstood him many a weary day;
In Press and Parliament full well they strove:
But all in vain, for he was bound to play
A travesty on Jove!
"Arms And The Man - The Oaks And The Tempest" by James Barron Hope
There is no trust in temp'ral things,
For they are all unsteady: That no assurance from them springs,
Too well I find already;
And that ev'n parliaments and kings
Are frail, or false, or giddy.
"The Contented Man's Morice" by George Wither
"The nation's welfare," said the chief, "is what I have in mind;
And this bad old Party Government must all be left behind.
Henceforth I set my Parliament a task it may not shirk,
And members will, please, understand that fighting isn't work.
"In The First Elective Ministry" by C J Dennis

In news:

Parliament has chosen retired government administrator Eluid Williams to replace former President Nicholas Liverpool, who resigned because of health reasons.
Vice President Biden addresses the European Parliament in Brussels May 6.
A vigil against South Africa's Secrecy Bill in front of Parliament, Cape Town, September 2011.
Amid Rioting In Athens, Greek Parliament Grudgingly Approves Painful Cuts.
The Dutch Party for the Animals leader Marianne Thieme gained two seats in parliament on November 22, 2006.
Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe, in car, right, arrives for the opening of Parliament in Harare, Zimbabwe, Tuesday, Oct 30, 2012.
Greece's Parliament did what it had to do on Thursday.
Gary Gensler told the European Parliament this week that Libor deception had not stopped.
Uganda's parliament voted to reopen a debate on a bill that seeks to outlaw homosexuality that may be expanded to include the death penalty for gay people.
Canadian Member of Parliament Graham Evans was caught on camera playing a little air-guitar in the House of Commons as Canada's Defense Secretary was presenting a speech on military cuts.
I was tried for a thought crime despite being an elected politician and the leader of the third-largest party in the Dutch parliament.
CALL ON EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT TO CANCEL TRIP TO IRAN.
In the wake of court challenges to government authority, the ruling party submitted an impeachment complaint in Parliament accusing her of unexplained wealth and misuse of power.
The impeachment motion follows months of power struggles between the judiciary and parliament.
The impeachment motion requires more than half, or at least 113 votes, in parliament to be passed.
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In science:

At the reverse of the same effect we find that the amounts of unemployed people in several countries (including ours) seem to be very resistant with respect to changes of governments and parliaments, not to mention a ”New Politics” claimed frequently during elections.
Why everything gets slower ?
Examples for discussing groups are parliaments, a commissions of experts or citizens in a participation process.
Fostering Consensus in Multidimensional Continuous Opinion Dynamics under Bounded Confidence
The opinion issues in parliaments can be tax rates or items of the budget plan, in commissions of experts predictions about macroeconomic factors and for citizens the willingness to pay taxes or the commitment to a constitution.
Fostering Consensus in Multidimensional Continuous Opinion Dynamics under Bounded Confidence
HT06] Hosli M.O.; Taagepera R. (2006): National Representation in International Organizations: The Seat Allocation Model Implicit in the European Union Council and Parliament.
Invariably Suboptimal - An attempt to improve the voting rules of Treaties of Nice and Lisbon
We briefly review recent results obtained by two of us in previous contributions for the case of the Peter principle and the efficiency of a Parliament.
The beneficial role of random strategies in social and financial systems
Excited by the success of these first studies, we have recently investigated a way to improve the efficiency of an institution like the Parliament by means of random selection of part of its members .
The beneficial role of random strategies in social and financial systems
In this section we discuss a recent application of random strategies for improving the efficiency of a prototypical Parliament and present the main results obtained by two of us in ref..
The beneficial role of random strategies in social and financial systems
In our simulations we considered a Parliament with N members and two parties or coalitions, P1 (the ma jority one) and P2 (the minority one), with a different percentage of members.
The beneficial role of random strategies in social and financial systems
Panel (a): Average percentage of accepted proposals vs Nind ; Panel (b): Average overall social gain vs Nind ; Panel (c): Size of the three Parliament components (P1 , P2 and Nind ) vs Nind ; Panel (d): Global efficiency vs Nind .
The beneficial role of random strategies in social and financial systems
At this point we can calculate the efficiency E f f (L) of the Parliament during a legislature L by simply multiplying the percentage of accepted proposals Nacc (L) times the overall social gain Y (L) they ensure (notice that E f f (L) will be therefore expressed by a real number included in the interval [-100,100]).
The beneficial role of random strategies in social and financial systems
In this respect, we investigated how the three quantities Nacc (L), Y (L) and E f f (L) change as function of the number Nind of independent legislators introduced in the Parliament.
The beneficial role of random strategies in social and financial systems
It results that (for our choice of parameters) the party P1 looses the absolute ma jority in the Parliament for Nind > 84, therefore only over this first threshold Nacc and Y (L) start to significantly change.
The beneficial role of random strategies in social and financial systems
Finally, in panel (d), we plot the product of the two previous quantities, therefore obtaining (a-posteriori) the global efficiency of the Parliament (averaged over the 100 legislatures).
The beneficial role of random strategies in social and financial systems
The state treaty has been ratified by both state parliaments.
TESLA Technical Design Report Part I: Executive Summary
The data annotated in FuSe are taken from the Europarl corpus (Koehn, 2002)2 , which contains proceedings of the European parliament.
Building a resource for studying translation shifts
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