parity

Definitions

• WordNet 3.6
• n parity functional equality
• n parity (physics) parity is conserved in a universe in which the laws of physics are the same in a right-handed system of coordinates as in a left-handed system
• n parity (computer science) a bit that is used in an error detection procedure in which a 0 or 1 is added to each group of bits so that it will have either an odd number of 1's or an even number of 1's; e.g., if the parity is odd then any group of bits that arrives with an even number of 1's must contain an error
• n parity (mathematics) a relation between a pair of integers: if both integers are odd or both are even they have the same parity; if one is odd and the other is even they have different parity "parity is often used to check the integrity of transmitted data"
• n parity (obstetrics) the number of liveborn children a woman has delivered "the parity of the mother must be considered","a bipara is a woman who has given birth to two children"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
• Parity (Physics) A property assigned to elementary particles, conceptualized as a form of symmetry, representing the fact that no fundamental distinctions can be observed between right-handed and left-handed systems of particles in their interactions, and supported by the typical observation that the total parity of a system is unchanged as particles are created or annihilated; however, certain interactions involving the weak force have been shown to violate the principle of conservation of parity.
• Parity (Physics) A property of the wave function of a system, which takes the value of +1 or -1, indicating whether the value of the wave function changes sign if each of the variables of the system is replaced by its negative.
• Parity (Finance) Equivalence in value to the currency of another country.
• Parity (Med) The condition of having borne a child or children, alive or dead.
• Parity (Math) The property of being even or odd; as, 3 has odd parity, but 6 has even parity .
• Parity (Computers) The property of having an even or odd number of bits set to the value of 1 (as opposed to 0); -- applied to bytes or larger groups of bits in a data structure. It is used mostly in the process of parity checking. The parity of a data structure can be changed by changing the value of the parity bit.
• Parity The quality or condition of being equal or equivalent; a like state or degree; equality; equivalence; close correspondence; analogy; as, parity of reasoning. "No parity of principle.""Equality of length and parity of numeration."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
• n parity Equality; similarity or close correspondence or equivalence as regards state, position, condition, quality, degree, etc.
• n parity In logic,analogy; similarity; similar or like course, as of reasoning or argument.
• n parity Specifically, in ecclesiastical history,the equality of religious bodies in their relations to the state, their standing in universities, etc.; the principle of such equality; in Presbyterian churches, the equality of all the members of the clerical order.
• n parity The condition of being able to bear offspring.
• n parity In banking and com.: An equivalence in the currency of another country. See mint par, under par.
• n parity Equivalence in or between money of different metals as legal tender, in the proportions of weight and quality fixed by law.
• n parity Same as par, 3.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
• n Parity par′i-ti state of being equal in rank, position, quality, &c.: resemblance: analogy.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. paritas, fr. par, paris, equal: cf. F. parité,. See Pair Peer an equal
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr. parité—L. paritaspar, equal.

Usage

In literature:

At the cost of such a childish conception, a parity of content in the sensations of our two spectators A and B might be supposed.
"The Mind and the Brain" by Alfred Binet
And thus there is no parity between their prayers and the Church's suffrages.
"On Prayer and The Contemplative Life" by St. Thomas Aquinas
Consistently with this prejudice, is it to be credited that parity of rank would be allowed to such a race?
"Diary in America, Series One" by Frederick Marryat (AKA Captain Marryat)
There had to be a parity of ranks; and the same principle might well apply to fortunes.
"Sir Walter Ralegh" by William Stebbing
Pluto's court was expressed from this fancy; and the persons are much about the same parity that is there.
"Microcosmography" by John Earle
There is more reason for him to do that than there is for us to provide against the failure to maintain the parity.
"One Thousand Secrets of Wise and Rich Men Revealed" by C. A. Bogardus
The orbits of man's and woman's lives are separate, though each ascribes to the individuals of the other sex an ethical and religious parity.
"Quaker Hill" by Warren H. Wilson
With us, able to live off ourselves, there is more approach to parity.
"Lessons of the war with Spain and other articles" by Alfred T. Mahan
Good illustrations of the parity and disparity of accent may be drawn from certain names of places.
"A Handbook of the English Language" by Robert Gordon Latham
The parity flag is set if the parity condition is not met while the tape is being read (during MWA, MWB, MRA, or MRB).
"Preliminary Specifications: Programmed Data Processor Model Three (PDP-3)" by Digital Equipment Corporation
By parity of evolution, pleasure came to be the sensation of continuance, of uninterrupted action, of increasing vigor and life.
"The Religious Sentiment" by Daniel G. Brinton
There is not anything like a parity of advance between the two centuries.
"The Galaxy, Volume 23, No. 2, February, 1877" by Various
A further revision of the exchange rate was put into effect on February 13, 1973, which established a parity of 0.97 leva per US\$1.
"Area Handbook for Bulgaria" by Eugene K. Keefe, Violeta D. Baluyut, William Giloane, Anne K. Long, James M. Moore, and Neda A. Walpole
No Governor of the Philippines, therefore, need have any fear of his ability to maintain the parity of the Philippine coinage.
"Readings in Money and Banking" by Chester Arthur Phillips
That a Power which may by parity of Reason destroy the whole Laws, can never be reserved by the Laws.
"A Character of King Charles the Second" by George Savile, Marquis of Halifax
With the disciples of parity, a free election, and not a royal appointment, was a first state principle.
"Amenities of Literature" by Isaac Disraeli
Our gold, silver, and paper money stand at a parity with each other.
"Money" by John P. Jones
In a way such as this it would be brought to a parity with the direct, although longer, southern route.
"Our Railroads To-Morrow" by Edward Hungerford
It seemed, therefore, unjust to Virginians to put their State on a parity with those Commonwealths who had been less prompt.
"The Life of John Marshall (Volume 2 of 4)" by Albert J. Beveridge
If bygones are to be bygones, futurities may, by a parity of treatment, be left to the future.
"Mrs. Maxon Protests" by Anthony Hope
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In news:

Trying to Escape the Purgatory of Parity .
Parity , or at Least Something Like It, Has Arrived.
The league needs parity .
State considers autism parity .
Tis the season for parity .
Parity marks Kansas playoffs.
On Anniversary of Women's Suffrage, Parity Is Still Elusive.
Sign ' parity ' bill.
Cutting through the chaos of parity .
Don't Expect College Football ' Parity ' to Last.
The Grammys, like the National Football League, have achieved their own blissful state of parity .
Content tagged with " parity bit".
Parity is a good thing in recreational sports.
Parity in golf showing itself at majors.
Ohio Public Employees Retirement System, Columbus, is searching for a firm to conduct a needs assessment for its risk- parity investment program.
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In science:

WR is the R-parity conserving piece, and W6R breaks R-parity.
R-parity-violating SUSY and CP violation in B --> phi K_s
We (following ) write v ↔ n if the sum of the coordinates of v has the same parity as n, and w ↔ w if v and w have the same parity in this sense.
Simulating a Random Walk with Constant Error
It then suﬃces to introduce the right chiral parity conjugated world (its action) to plainly restore Parity invariance of the total action.
Negative energies and time reversal in Quantum Field Theory
Shown are state of f parity (a) and e parity (b).
Ultracold Collisions of Fermionic OD Radicals
Moreover, these conserved currents have opposite parity from the gauge ﬁelds, so we expect that parity plays a role in our discussion.
Holography, Duality and Higher-Spin Theories
Pws is worldsheet parity and Pts is the target space parity.
Observations On The Moduli Space Of Two Dimensional String Theory
Recall that p denotes the parity function and Pty is the parity operator, i.e., Pty(x) = (−1)p(x)x.
How to realize Lie algebras by vector fields
Thus for each positive parity state there should be a negative parity state with equal mass.
Introduction to Chiral Perturbation Theory
From (2.3) we obtain [ΓαΛh] = (−1)(α,α) (h, α)Γα (recall that h is always odd in our setting, while the parity of Γα is the parity of (α, α)).
SUSY Lattice Vertex Algebras
Let I be the vector of parities of the generators; the parity of each positive generator should equal to that of the corresponding negative one.
Classification of Finite Dimensional Modular Lie Superalgebras with Indecomposable Cartan Matrix
The formulas of Linear Algebra are superized by means of the Sign Rule: if something of parity p moves past something of parity q , the sign (−1)pq accrues; the expressions deﬁned on homogeneous elements are extended to arbitrary ones via linearity.
Classification of Finite Dimensional Modular Lie Superalgebras with Indecomposable Cartan Matrix
Since H conserves spin, isospin, and parity, the eigenfunctions of H are simultaneously eigenfunctions of total spin J , total isospin T , and parity Π.
Random Matrices and Chaos in Nuclear Physics
Since X is even (being contained in the simple group L), the parity of H is equal to the parity of „`.
Second maximal subgroups of the finite alternating and symmetric groups
Otherwise, H is even and by [KL90, 2:6:3] the parity of G is the parity of „r⁄ „r£ where „r⁄ , „r£ are re(cid:176)ections in vectors whose norm is a square or a non square.
Second maximal subgroups of the finite alternating and symmetric groups
We say that A has odd parity if y is an odd length word and that A has even parity if y is an even length word.
Homotopy invariants of Gauss phrases
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