paramagnetism

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n paramagnetism materials like aluminum or platinum become magnetized in a magnetic field but it disappears when the field is removed
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Paramagnetism (Physics) A property of materials which are not magnetized in the absence of an external magnetic field, but in which the magnetic moments of their constituents align with and enhance an applied magnetic field; the induced magnetic field of the substance is in direct proportion to the strength of the applied magnetic field; -- opposed to diamagnetic and contrasted with ferromagnetic.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n paramagnetism The phenomena exhibited by paramagnetic substances. See diamagnetism.
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Usage

In literature:

The properties of paramagnetism and diamagnetism are not possessed by solids only, but exist also in liquids and gases.
"Beacon Lights of History, Volume XIV" by John Lord
The corresponding group consists of nitrogen, vanadium and niobium; they are triatomic, paramagnetic, and negative.
"Occult Chemistry" by Annie Besant and Charles W. Leadbeater
He anchored one end of it there by flipping the paramagnetic control on the tape case, and pulled the tape across the room.
"Breaking Point" by James E. Gunn
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In news:

Gadolinium contrast media is typically used for its paramagnetic properties in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
Magnetic filtration can be used in almost any environment where ferrous and paramagnetic contamination of a liquid is a problem.
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In science:

Part of the reason for this is that including the Onsager reaction term stabilizes the trivial (paramagnetic) solution ~m = 0.
Free energy landscapes, dynamics and the edge of chaos in mean-field models of spin glasses
The arrows show the paramagnetic localized spins.
Theoretical Aspects of Charge Ordering in Molecular Conductors
The quenched disorder leads to a phase transition from an ordered ferromagnetic phase to a disordered paramagnetic phase.
Random field Ising model on networks with inhomogeneous connections
In regions I and IV, there is a second-order paramagnetic to ferromagnetic transition and in region II, a second-order transition between paramagnetic and QLRO phases.
Two-loop Functional Renormalization Group of the Random Field and Random Anisotropy O(N) Models
We stress again that d = 4 is the lower critical dimension for N > 1 and for the paramagnetic to ferromagnetic transition.
Two-loop Functional Renormalization Group of the Random Field and Random Anisotropy O(N) Models
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