paralogism

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n paralogism an unintentionally invalid argument
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Paralogism (Logic) A reasoning which is false in point of form, that is, which is contrary to logical rules or formulæ; a formal fallacy, or pseudo-syllogism, in which the conclusion does not follow from the premises.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n paralogism In logic, fallacious argument or false reasoning; reasoning which is false in form—that is, in which the conclusion does not follow from the premises; a conclusion unwarranted by the premises.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Paralogism par-al′ō-jizm reasoning beside the point: a conclusion not following from the premises—also Paral′ogy
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Gr. paralogismo`s, fr. paralogi`zesqai to reason falsely; para` beside + logi`zesqai to reason, lo`gos discourse, reason: cf. F. paralogisme,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.,—L.,—Gr. paralogismospara, beside, logismoslogos, discourse.

Usage

In literature:

He forgot that all the apologetics in the world are based upon just this audacious paralogism.
"Robert Louis Stevenson a Record, an Estimate, and a Memorial" by Alexander H. Japp
This dialectical argument I shall call the transcendental paralogism.
"The Critique of Pure Reason" by Immanuel Kant
The reasons were what you would call paralogisms.
"Phaethon" by Charles Kingsley
He's quiet enough now, but you just wait till he gets another paralogism.
"Cobwebs From an Empty Skull" by Ambrose Bierce (AKA: Dod Grile)
His reasonings were all paralogisms, and he had always much to say, from not understanding the subject of his inquiries.
"Calamities and Quarrels of Authors" by Isaac Disraeli
This is a mere paralogism; we can never infer either absolute or infinite from relative or finite.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 7, Slice 6" by Various
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In science:

Many similarities between paralogs can be shown to be the result of convergent evolution.
The Emergence of Modularity in Biological Systems
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