paper

Definitions

  • Paper Dolls
    Paper Dolls
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v paper cover with wallpaper
    • v paper cover with paper "paper the box"
    • n paper the physical object that is the product of a newspaper publisher "when it began to rain he covered his head with a newspaper"
    • n paper a medium for written communication "the notion of an office running without paper is absurd"
    • n paper a daily or weekly publication on folded sheets; contains news and articles and advertisements "he read his newspaper at breakfast"
    • n paper a scholarly article describing the results of observations or stating hypotheses "he has written many scientific papers"
    • n paper an essay (especially one written as an assignment) "he got an A on his composition"
    • n paper a business firm that publishes newspapers "Murdoch owns many newspapers"
    • n paper a material made of cellulose pulp derived mainly from wood or rags or certain grasses
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Paper Mother and Child Paper Mother and Child
Paper Girl Paper Girl
Paper Boats 1 Paper Boats 1
Paper Boats 2 Paper Boats 2
Paper Darts Paper Darts
Paper Mats Paper Mats
Paper Boxes Paper Boxes
Joe's Wall Paper Duds Joe's Wall Paper Duds

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In 1391, China began producing toliet paper for use by its Emperors
    • Paper A medicinal preparation spread upon paper, intended for external application; as, cantharides paper .
    • Paper A paper containing (usually) a definite quantity; as, a paper of pins, tacks, opium, etc.
    • Paper A printed or written instrument; a document, essay, or the like; a writing; as, a paper read before a scientific society. "They brought a paper to me to be signed."
    • Paper A printed sheet appearing periodically; a newspaper; a journal; as, a daily paper .
    • Paper A sheet, leaf, or piece of such substance.
    • Paper A substance in the form of thin sheets or leaves intended to be written or printed on, or to be used in wrapping. It is made of rags, straw, bark, wood, or other fibrous material, which is first reduced to pulp, then molded, pressed, and dried.
    • Paper Decorated hangings or coverings for walls, made of paper. See Paper hangings, below.
    • Paper Documents establishing a person's identity, or status, or attesting to some right, such as the right to drive a vehicle; as, the border guard asked for his papers .
    • paper Existing only on paper; unsubstantial; as, a paper box; a paper army; a paper tiger.
    • Paper Negotiable evidences of indebtedness; notes; bills of exchange, and the like; as, the bank holds a large amount of his paper .
    • paper Of or pertaining to paper; made of paper; resembling paper.
    • paper To cover or line with paper, especially with wallpaper; to furnish with paper hangings; to wallpaper; as, to paper a room or a house.
    • paper To fold or inclose in paper.
    • paper To put on paper; to make a memorandum of.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The production of toilet paper in China began in 1391, which was used for the Emperors
    • n paper A material consisting of a compacted web felting of vegetable fibers, commonly in the form of a thin, flexible sheet: used in writing, for printing, and for various other purposes. The fibers most used for writing-papers are those of linen and cotton rags, and for printing-papers those of straw, wood, paper-cuttings or paper-waste, and selected grasses. These fibers are prepared by grinding, bleaching, beating, and boiling until they are reduced to a fluid pulp, in which state they readily mat or felt together when freed from, the water in which they are suspended. More than 400 varieties of fibers usable for this purpose are known; all have curling filaments that readily interlace with one another. Paper was formerly made wholly by hand, pulp from the vat being dipped up in a mold, from which the water drains away, leaving a felted sheet, which is then pressed and dried. Some fine grades of writing-, printing-, and drawing-papers are still made in this way, but the larger part of the paper, for what-ever purpose used, is now made by machinery. for some purpose, as newspapers-printing, the sheet is made in continuous webs of very great length, and is printed from the uncut roll. Paper is made in a great variety of qualities, ranging from heavy drawing-board to the lightest tissue-paper, and in every color and shade. It is cut for the trade by accurate machines in a number of sizes, the sheets varying somewhat according to fashion or special requirements. (See list of sizes given below.) Paper is also molded from the pulp into cartridge-cases, embossed sheets for wall-decoration, pails, boxes, and other vessels, boats, barrels. Car-wheels, domes for observatories, bricks, building materials, etc., in all of which lightness is combined with strength. From the sheet it is transformed by various processes and operations into roofing material, carpets, bags, etc. The principal varieties of ordinary paper are—writing-and printing-papers, coarse papers for wrapping and other purposes, and blotting-and filtering-papers; while some useful kinds are the result of manipulations subsequent to the paper-marker's work, as lithographic paper, tracing-paper, etc. The ordinary counts of paper are the quire of twenty-four sheets, the ream of twenty quires (of which two are inferior to the other eighteen), and the bundle of two reamas.
    • n paper A piece, leaf, or sheet of this material.
    • n paper Any written or printed document or instrument, as a note, receipt, bill, invoice, bond, memorial, deed, etc.: specifically, in the plural letters, notes, memoranda, etc.: as, the private papers of Washington.
    • n paper A printed sheet of news; a newspaper; a journal.
    • n paper An essay or article; a dissertation on a special topic.
    • n paper Negotiable evidences of indebtedness, such as promissory notes, bills of exchange, etc.: used collectively: as, commercial paper; negotiable paper.
    • n paper The written or printed questions, collectively, set for an examination.
    • n paper Hangings of paper, printed, stamped, or plain; paper for covering the walls of interiors. See paper-hangings and wall-paper.
    • n paper Free passes of admission to a place of entertainment; also, the persons admitted by such passes: as, the house was filled with paper.
    • n paper A very thin, soft paper, of a faint yellowish or brownish tint, prepared from the bark of the bamboo. It is much used for fine impressions from wood-engravings, and occasionally for proofs from steel-plate engravings, etc.
    • n paper In photography, any paper that has not a glossy surface, such as that of albuminized paper.
    • paper Made of paper; consisting of paper, in any sense: as, a paper box; paper currency.
    • paper Appearing merely in certain written or printed statements, and not existing in reality or in tangible form: as, a paper army.
    • paper To line or cover with paper, or apply paper to in any way; also, to cover with paper-hangings.
    • paper To fold or inclose in paper.
    • paper In book-binding, to paste the end-papers and fly-leaves at the beginning and end of (a volume), before fitting it in its covers.
    • paper To treat in any way by means of paper; perform any operation on, such as some kinds of polishing, in which paper enters as a material or medium; sandpaper, or smooth by means of sandpaper.
    • paper To fill, as a theater or other place of amusement, with all audience mostly admitted by paper—that is, by free passes; fill with non-paying spectators: as, the house was papered nightly during his engagement.
    • paper To register; note or set down on paper.
    • n paper A sheet or piece of paper used to wrap up and carry small articles: as, a paper of nuts, a paper of soap.
    • n paper A folded paper with needles or pins stuck through it in rows: as, a paper of pins, a paper of needles.
    • n paper Sometimes applied to papier-mâché and other manufactured articles which are made with paper-pulp.
    • n paper plural Credentials.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Americans on average use about 580 pounds of paper per year per person
    • n Paper pā′pėr the material made from rags or vegetable fibres on which we commonly write and print: a piece of paper: a written or printed document or instrument, note, receipt, bill, bond, deed, &c.: a newspaper: an essay or literary contribution, generally brief: paper-money: paper-hangings for walls: a set of examination questions: free passes of admission to a theatre, &c., also the persons admitted by such
    • adj Paper consisting or made of paper
    • v.t Paper to cover with paper: to fold in paper: to treat in any way by means of paper, as to sand-paper, &c.: to paste the end-papers and fly-leaves at the beginning and end of a book before fitting it into its covers
    • ***

Quotations

  • William Faulkner
    William%20Faulkner
    “The tools I need for my work are paper, tobacco, food, and a little whiskey.”
  • Mao Zedong
    Mao%20Zedong
    “All reactionaries are paper tigers.”
  • Henry David Thoreau
    Henry%20David%20Thoreau
    “I put a piece of paper under my pillow, and when I could not sleep I wrote in the dark.”
  • Pearl Bailey
    Pearl Bailey
    “What the world really needs is more love and less paper work.”
  • Will Rogers
    Will%20Rogers
    “All I know is just what I read in the papers.”
  • Jim Rohn
    Jim%20Rohn
    “Never begin the day until it is finished on paper.”

Idioms

Cigarette paper - If you cannot get or put a cigarette paper between people, they are so closely bonded that nothing will separate them or their positions on issues.
***
Paper over the cracks - If you paper over the cracks, you try to make something look or work better but only deal with superficial issues, not the real underlying problems.
***
Paper tiger - A paper tiger is a person, country, institution, etc, that looks powerful, but is actually weak.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. papier, fr. L. papyrus, papyrus, from which the Egyptians made a kind of paper, Gr. pa`pyros. Cf. Papyrus

Usage

In literature:

I have decided to show you the paper.
"The Cryptogram" by James De Mille
In 1902, the first fancy duplex paper bag made by machinery from a roll of paper was produced by the Union Bag & Paper Corporation.
"All About Coffee" by William H. Ukers
She was spoken of as a young writer of great promise, and a well-known critic took the trouble to write a short paper on her story.
"The Time of Roses" by L. T. Meade
Lay them on paper to dry in a cool oven, and keep them in paper bags in a dry place.
"The Cook and Housekeeper's Complete and Universal Dictionary; Including a System of Modern Cookery, in all Its Various Branches," by Mary Eaton
There was a landscape paper here, of trees in a smoky mist and dull blue skies behind a waft of cloud.
"The Prisoner" by Alice Brown
Above all things I wished to take these papers and wave them defiantly, exultantly, in the air.
"The O'Ruddy" by Stephen Crane
She was searching through a portfolio, and finally extracted a photograph from other pictures and papers.
"The Bondwoman" by Marah Ellis Ryan
Cut a sheet of heavy wrapping paper or light-weight cardboard about 5 x 9 inches.
"Common Science" by Carleton W. Washburne
After the rupture he sat about and read all the papers.
"The Paliser case" by Edgar Saltus
However, from these papers he was to learn nothing.
"In the Shadow of the Hills" by George C. Shedd
He must know thoroughly the bias of his paper, to know what to clip and publish.
"News Writing" by M. Lyle Spencer
Our papers are publishing Milroy's papers captured at Winchester.
"A Rebel War Clerk's Diary at the Confederate States Capital" by John Beauchamp Jones
The pieces of paper need not be of tissue paper, as any very thin paper will do.
"What Shall We Do Now?: Five Hundred Games and Pastimes" by Dorothy Canfield Fisher
The paper was all but dying when a new "whip" was made for money, and the Rev.
"Old and New London" by Walter Thornbury
Cover with a buttered paper, place a weight over paper and let stand over night in a cold place.
"Fifty-Two Sunday Dinners" by Elizabeth O. Hiller
He's not quite sure, anyhow, whether girls ought to carry papers.
"The Rosie World" by Parker Fillmore
The papers you speak about are past dates but I will send you a paper from time to time, as soon as I am able to go out again.
"The Works of Robert Louis Stevenson - Swanston Edition Vol. 24 (of 25)" by Robert Louis Stevenson
This is a one-sided paper.
"The Library and Society" by Various
One, with a paper novel lying beside her plate, said that he was fiercely handsome.
"A Yankee from the West" by Opie Read
We want men who know what a paper is, and can do the work themselves.
"The Bread Line" by Albert Bigelow Paine
***

In poetry:

I vonder if dot's nefer so,
Shaymeezle Russia take.
You can't pelieve von half you know,
Such lies dose papers make.
"Hans Begins To Wonder" by Abner Cosens
- The crawling creature, called in scorn
A woman!--with this pen
We sign a paper that may warn
His crowing fellowmen.
"Archduchess Anne" by George Meredith
She shudders
like a clutch of burnt paper.
She does not remember that she was evil.
But she knows
that she feels cold.
"She Does Not Remember" by Anna Swirszczynska
The papers wrote that all the men
That had been called the spring before
Were due to quit the site of war;
So to the village came again
Now one, and now another yet
Of those who had left then.
"Three, Mighty God, All Three!" by George Cosbuc
The papers they had finished lay
In piles of blue and white.
They answered every thing they could,
And wrote with all their might,
But, though they wrote it all by rote,
They did not write it right.
"The Vulture and the Husbandman" by Arthur Clement Hilton
Ten mile in twenty minutes! 'E done it, sir. That's true.
The only time we ever found what that 'ere 'orse could do.
Some say it wasn't 'ardly fair, and the papers made a fuss,
But 'e broke the ten-mile record, and that's good enough for us.
"The Groom's Story" by Arthur Conan Doyle

In news:

But that count does not include Pennsylvania papers, along with many smaller papers in swing states.
Vintage Paper Fair offers California's finest selection of antique paper.
Chad Wasilenkoff, CEO, Fortress Paper Ltd. Fortress Paper Ltd Chief Executive Officer Chad Wasilenkoff says his strategy of buying unprofitable Canadian pulp mills will either spark a rally or push him to buy the whole company.
Parent volunteers grade papers to help teachers parent, work, papers, one, understand, want, kids, help, teacher, volunteers.
A former manager of Xpedx paper store is betting, even as paper sales slow internationally, that there is still demand for a physical paper store in Colorado Springs.
Release paper producer Ahlstrom has announced a new initiative for recycling silicone coated paper release liners used by the pressure sensitive adhesive label industry.
The quality of recovered paper remains essential for the profitability and sustainability of paper mills .
Our sister publication, Paper Crafts, has a fantastically inspirational blog called Moxie Fab World hosted by creative editor Cath Edvalson, that highlights all of the latest and greatest trends in paper crafting.
What sounds like bad news for paper producers is actually good news for manufacturers of innovative paper products.
He is currently senior VP-sales at Gould Paper Corp. A New York-based paper distributor.
We plan to add new content features to the paper and anticipate that your paper will be larger on delivery days.
During the blind review process, members of the Program Committee recommend papers to consider for the Outstanding Paper Award.
ALBANY — Democrat Cecilia Tkaczyk gained votes as officials here counted over 2,000 paper ballots in her state Senate race against Assemblyman George Amedore, the first in the five-county district to begin opening its paper records.
The Mosinee Fire Department has been called to a fire near the Mosinee Paper Mill , a branch of Wausau Paper.
Catalyst Paper has announced that they will be closing their paper mill in the northeastern Arizona town, leaving more than 300 families without a job.
***

In science:

Then, as before, we color the piece of paper, verify that this coloring is consistent (in particular, verifying that the assignment of layers was valid), and rotate the blue portion of paper, barring self-intersection.
When Can You Fold a Map?
In this paper, we present updated results with respect to the first measurements that are described by Bord´e et al. (2002), hereafter referred to as Paper I.
Updated results on prototype chalcogenide fibers for 10-um wavefront spatial filtering
All host galaxies of SNe discovered during LOSS/LOTOSS – i.e., the sum of the data from the present paper and those from Paper I.
Classifications of the Host Galaxies of Supernovae, Set II
In that paper I could not prove a better estimate for random integrals Jn,k (f ) with a small variance. I do not know of other papers where the distribution of the random integral Jn,k (f ) was investigated directly.
An estimate about multiple stochastic integrals with respect to a normalized empirical measure
This paper generalizes the results of the paper [FF3] to the case of the general sl2 Schubert varieties.
Schubert varieties and the fusion products. The general case
Since the result [15, (2.2)] is crucial for both the present paper and the paper , we include at the end of this paper an appendix given by Xiaoyi Cui who fixes the gap.
The number of simple modules for the Hecke algebras of type G(r,p,n) (with an appendix by Xiaoyi Cui)
There are many overlaps between this work and other works in the literature, in particular with the paper by Bai and Silverstein and the paper by Anderson and Zeitouni (although this last paper is primarily devoted to band matrix models, i.e. symmetric matrices with a symmetric variance profile).
A CLT for Information-theoretic statistics of Gram random matrices with a given variance profile
This concerns this paper, the paper , and, basically, all other papers on quantum field theory published in physics journals.
Witten index in supersymmetric 3d theories revisited
The current paper does not only follow on from those two earlier papers, but also naturally continues and builds on Keisler’s original papers , .
Generically stable and smooth measures in NIP theories
It is also worth mentioning that this paper is a continuation of paper and, for purposes of completeness, the content of the latter is included in this paper.
Simple Moufang loops and Galois extensions
Freyne et al. demonstrates that papers in leading conferences match the impact of papers in mid-ranking journals and surpass the impact of papers in journals in the bottom half of the Thompson Reuters rankings.
Development of Computer Science Disciplines - A Social Network Analysis Approach
In the second step, we used two similarity metrics to compare paper titles in each cluster: one less expensive Jaccard similarity to filter out papers which are clearly un-matched, another more expensive Smith-Waterman distance to correctly identify pair of matched papers.
Development of Computer Science Disciplines - A Social Network Analysis Approach
We can construct a Reviewer (cid:2) Paper matrix where each entry in this matrix is a score measuring the e(cid:11)ectiveness of using the respective sources, (Reviewer i ; Paper j ), to compute similarity between reviewers and papers when performing a ranked-retrieval.
Technical Paper Recommendation: A Study in Combining Multiple Information Sources
In any case, submission of unpolished papers causes a waste of time and effort on the authors’, reviewers’, and possibly readers’ side; furthermore, such papers will typically lead to incremental follow-up papers, which increase the reviewing load later on as well. 9) Proliferation of conferences.
A Revised Publication Model for ECML PKDD
In this paper I am not concerned with putting the EPR paper in the context of Einstein’s earlier or later writings (unlike in ), but rather with presenting the formal argument in the EPR paper itself quite rigorously (unlike in ).
Quantum discord is Bohr's notion of non-mechanical disturbance introduced in his answer to EPR
***