pallium

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n pallium cloak or mantle worn by men in ancient Rome
    • n pallium (Roman Catholic Church) vestment consisting of a band encircling the shoulders with two lappets hanging in front and back
    • n pallium (zoology) a protective layer of epidermis in mollusks or brachiopods that secretes a substance forming the shell
    • n pallium the layer of unmyelinated neurons (the grey matter) forming the cortex of the cerebrum
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Pallium (R. C. Ch) A band of white wool, worn on the shoulders, with four purple crosses worked on it; a pall.
    • Pallium (Anc. Costume) A large, square, woolen cloak which enveloped the whole person, worn by the Greeks and by certain Romans. It is the Roman name of a Greek garment.
    • Pallium (Zoöl) The mantle of a bird.
    • Pallium (Zoöl) The mantle of a bivalve. See Mantle.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n pallium In Roman antiquity, a voluminous rectangular mantle for men, corresponding to the Greek himation (see himation), and considered at Rome, because worn by Greek savants, as the particular dress of philosophers; also, a toga or other outer garment; a curtain, etc., of rectangular shape.
    • n pallium Eccles.: In the early church, a large mantle worn by Christian philosophers, ascetics, and monks.
    • n pallium A vestment worn by certain bishops, especially patriarchs and metropolitans. It seems to have come first into use in the Eastern Church, where it is known as the omophorion, and to have been worn by patriarchs, and given by them to metropolitans. Some authorities think that it was of primitive origin and at first worn by all bishops, while others hold that it was originally an imperial garment, bestowed by the emperor as a mark of distinction upon patriarchs and others, and afterward given to metropolitans and bishops generally. It has always been of wool, as indicating the pastoral office. It seems at first to have been a mantle rolled together and passed round the neck so as to fall both in front and at the back. It then became contracted in width and was worn nearly as it still is in the Greek Church, as a wide woolen band fastened round the shoulders and descending nearly to the feet. In the Latin or Roman Catholic Church it gradually assumed a different shape, and is now a narrow band like a ring, passing round the shoulders, with two short vertical pieces, falling respectively down the breast and the back. It is ornamented with crosses, and has three golden pins by which it is attached with loops to the chasuble. The pallium was worn anciently in the Western Church by the Pope and by Gallican metropolitans. From the sixth century it began to be given by the Pope to some metropolitans outside of his own diocese, in sign of special favor or distinction—at first, according to some authorities, only with approval of the emperor. By the seventh or eighth century it came to be regarded as a sign of acknowledgment of papal supremacy. At present, in the Roman Catholic Church, a bishop elected or translated to a see of metropolitical or higher rank must beg the Pope for the pallium, and receives it after taking an oath of allegiance to the Pope. The Pope wears it whenever he officiates, bishops only on certain great feasts. Anglican archbishops no longer wear the pallium since the Reformation, but it forms part of the heraldic insignia of the archbishops of Canterbury, Armagh, and Dublin. Also called pall.
    • n pallium An alter-cloth; a frontal or pall.
    • n pallium In conchology, the mantle, mantle-flap, or mantle-skirt of a mollusk, an outgrowth of the dorsal body-wall. It is a specialized, more or less highly and very variously developed integument, including epithelial, vascular, glandular, and muscular structures, and forming folds or processes which represent the foot and other parts. It is often wanting. See cuts under Lamellibranchiata, Pulmonata, and Tridacnidæ.
    • n pallium In ornithology, the mantle; the stragulum; the back and folded wings together, in any way distinguished, as by color in a gull, etc.
    • n pallium A cirro-stratus cloud when it forms a uniform sheet over the whole sky.
    • n pallium The cerebral cortex, or that portion of it which forms the roof and sides of the lateral ventricles: this is termed the pallium, or brain mantle, as distinguished from the stem of the brain on which it rests.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Pallium pal′i-um a large, square mantle, worn by learned Romans in imitation of the Greeks: an annular white woollen band, embroidered with black crosses, worn by the Pope, and on some occasions by archbishops, to whom it is granted:
    • n Pallium pal′i-um (ornith.) the mantle
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. See Pall the garment
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L.

Usage

In literature:

Peter is giving the pallium to the Pope, and a standard to Charlemagne.
"The Innocents Abroad" by Mark Twain (Samuel Clemens)
When, you go out with me everyone looks round as if I had a stain on my pallium.
"The Emperor, Complete" by Georg Ebers
Peter is giving the pallium to the Pope, and a standard to Charlemagne.
"The Innocents Abroad, Part 3 of 6" by Mark Twain (Samuel Clemens)
This favor, being bought by potent arguments, was granted unwisely, and the pallium was sent to William with the greatest secrecy.
"Beacon Lights of History, Volume V" by John Lord
The Archbishop of Saltzburg paid, in 1745, 995 scudi for his pallium, and 31,338 for his confirmation; i.e.
"The Mirror of Literature, Amusement, and Instruction" by Various
In 1151 Cardinal Paparo arrived in Ireland with the palliums which had been solicited by St. Malachy.
"An Illustrated History of Ireland from AD 400 to 1800" by Mary Frances Cusack
Then comes the Archbishop himself, robed in full pontificals, though, out of respect to the Pallium, with bare feet.
"The Purpose of the Papacy" by John S. Vaughan
He journeyed to Rome, and received the pallium of Primate of the Anglo-Saxons, from Pope John XII.
"Arts and Crafts in the Middle Ages" by Julia De Wolf Addison
To the base of each bullet is attached a thin wire of pallium.
"In Search of the Unknown" by Robert W. Chambers
Pallium: an erectile membrane partially closing the open cavity formed by the walls of the sub-genital plate in Melanopli.
"Explanation of Terms Used in Entomology" by John. B. Smith
But, whatever had been his part in the schism, Cranmer had received his Pallium from the Pope.
"History of the English People" by John Richard Green
Above the stola, women wore a mantle called palla or pallium.
"Museum of Antiquity" by L. W. Yaggy
The Annates were transferred to the crown; never more was an English bishop to receive his pallium from Rome.
"A History of England Principally in the Seventeenth Century, Volume I (of 6)" by Leopold von Ranke
Arles receives the pallium for the Frankish kingdom, as it held it for the Theodocian empire, from Rome.
"The Formation of Christendom, Volume VI" by Thomas W. (Thomas William) Allies
Born about 678, he was ordained deacon at Rome, and received the archiepiscopal pallium from Gregory III.
"St. Gregory and the Gregorian Music" by E. G. P. Wyatt
The pallium is reptilian in character, though its cortical area is more extensive.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 4, Slice 4" by Various
He acknowledged Urban as Pope, and conferred the pallium upon Anselm.
"The New Gresham Encyclopedia. Vol. 1 Part 2" by Various
He removed another revolver from under his pallium, offering it to Trent.
"Caravans By Night" by Harry Hervey
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In poetry:

‘Mid splendid forms of faith which flower and fill
God’s oldest Church with gleams ineffable
You stand, Our Lord’s serene disciple still,
In all the blaze which on your pallium fell.
"John Bede Polding" by Henry Kendall

In news:

Boston Cardinal Sean Patrick O'Malley arrived in St Peter's square at the Vatican in 2004 to receive the pallium from Pope John Paul II.
What is The Pallium, 17th Century Martyr's Corpse Found in 20th Century, and much more.
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